FHFA Request for Comment on State-Level Guarantee Fee Pricing
On September 20, the FHFA released a notice presenting an approach to adjust the guarantee fees that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac charge on single-family mortgages in states where costs related to foreclosure practices are statistically higher than the national average. FHFA expects to direct Fannie and Freddie to implement pricing adjustments in 2013. Comments must be submitted within 60 days after publication in the Federal Register. FHFA Release. Federal Register Notice.
OCC Guidance on 1- to 4-Family Residential Real Estate
On September 17, the OCC issued guidance to national banks and federal savings associations on risk management practices for investor-owned, one- to four-family residential real estate lending where the primary repayment source for the loan is rental income. The guidance includes: (i) credit risk management expectations; (ii) loan underwriting standards; (iii) loan identification and portfolio monitoring expectations; (iv) allowance for loan and lease losses considerations; (v) internal risk assessment and rating systems; and (vi) regulatory reporting, HOLA, and risk-based capital treatment. OCC Release.
ESMA consultation on guidelines on remuneration policies and practices under MiFID
On September 17, the European Securities and Markets Association (ESMA) published a consultation paper on proposed guidelines on remuneration policies and practices under MiFID.
The proposed guidelines are intended to enhance the implementation of MiFID’s existing conduct of business and conflicts of interests rules in relation to remuneration, with a view to improving investor protection.
The guidelines focus on:
the governance and structure of remuneration policies and practices in the context of existing MiFID requirements; and
the control of risks created by remuneration policies and practices.
The deadline for comments is December 7, with a final report and guidelines expected to be published by Q2 of 2013.
ESMA consultation paper on draft guidelines for the exemption of market making activities under the Short Selling Regulation
ESMA has published a consultation paper on its draft guidelines in relation to the exemption for market making activities and primary dealer operations under the Regulation on short selling and certain aspects of Credit Default Swaps (the “Regulation”). Certain market making activities (as defined under Article 2.1 of the Regulation) enjoy exemptions (under Article 17 of the Regulation) from net short position transparency requirements and the restrictions on uncovered short sales. ESMA is consulting on the scope and definition of market making activities and how the exemption of such activities should be applied in practice.
ESMA’s consultation includes questions on:
the definition and scope of the exemption for market making activities;
determination of the competent authority that should be notified;
the general principles applicable to persons intending to make use of the exemption; and
the qualifying criteria of eligibility for the exemption.
ESMA invites responses to its consultation paper by October 5.
HM Treasury consultation paper on the macroprudential directive tools of the FPC
HM Treasury has published a consultation paper on the tools available to the Financial Policy Committee (FPC) to address systemic risks to the stability of the financial system entitled ‘The Financial Services Bill: the Financial Policy Committee’s macro-prudential tools’ (the “Consultation Paper”).
The Financial Service Bill provides the FPC with two primary powers. The first of these is the power to make recommendations (which can be made on a comply-or-explain basis) to the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA), the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the Treasury and the Bank of England. The second is the power to direct the PRA and FCA to take action, and the tools that the PRA should have under this power (the “directive tools”) are the subject of the Consultation Paper.
In December 2011 the Bank of England published a discussion paper entitled ‘Instruments of Macroprudential Policy’. The Consultation Paper builds on the responses to the discussion paper and proposes directive tools that the FPC should have, including:
control over the level of the UK’s counter-cyclical capital buffer;
a direction-making power to impose sectoral capital requirements; and
once international standards are in place, the power to set, and vary over time, a leverage ratio cap.
HM Treasury invites responses to its Consultation Paper by December 11.
FSA fines IFA network firm in relation to misselling of high risk products
The FSA has published a final notice (dated September 18) issued to Pi Financial Limited, an IFA network firm. The notice imposed a fine of £58,300 for failures in relation to systemic weaknesses in Pi’s systems and controls, and the suitability of advice given to clients. Had Pi not settled at an early stage, the fine would have been £83,363.
Pi was found to have breached Principles 3 (management and control) and 9 (customer’s relationships of trust) of the FSA’s Principles for Business. In respect of Principle 3, Pi had failed to take reasonable steps to organise and control its affairs in a responsible and effective manner. Specific areas of failure included sales monitoring, training and supervision of advisers, and compliance and file checking arrangements. In respect of Principle 9, Pi was found to have lacked reasonable care in advising its clients. In particular, none of its recommendations to invest in unregulated collective investment schemes (UCIS) or structured products was considered suitable for the clients concerned.
Pi’s failures were considered to be aggravated, due to previous concerns having been raised by the FSA regarding systems and controls, and the availability of extensive guidance on ensuring product suitability in relation to the products Pi had advised on. However, the FSA also commented that Pi’s failings were partially mitigated, as it had attempted to address the FSA’s concerns and had voluntarily varied its permission such that it can now no longer arrange or promote UCIS.