On May 6, 2014, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced the publication of two proposed immigration rules, with the goal of attracting and retaining highly skilled immigrants and attracting new businesses and new investment to the U.S. The first proposed rule will allow H-4 dependent spouses of certain principal H-1B workers to request employment authorization. The principal H-1B worker must be the beneficiary of an approved Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker or must have been granted an extension of their authorized stay in the U.S. under the American Competitiveness in the Twenty-first Century Act. The second proposed rule would enhance opportunities for professionals from Chile, Singapore, and Australia, as well as Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Island, and it would expand the current list of evidentiary criteria for outstanding professors and researchers. The DHS encourages the public to comment on the proposed rules for a 60-day period before the rules will be published and go into effect.