81 Spooner Road LLC v. Town of Brookline

SJC Decision in 81 Spooner Road LLC v. Town of Brookline on the use of Floor Area Ration


In the case of 81 Spooner Road LLC v. Town of Brookline (SJC-10104), the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled that towns and cities can use Floor Area Ratio to regulate the density of single-family residential properties.

The uncertainty comes from M.G.L. c.40A, §3 that provides in part:

"No zoning ordinance or by-law shall regulate or restrict the interior area of a single family residential building . . . provided, however, that such . . . structures may be subject to reasonable regulations concerning the bulk and height of structures and determining yard sizes, lot area, setbacks, open space, parking and building coverage requirements. . . ."

A property owner challenged the Town of Brookline's imposition of a 0.3 Floor Area Ratio on a single family house the owner proposed to build on a vacant lot.

The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled in part:

"that regulation of single-family residences pursuant to the authority in the proviso of G. L. c. 40A, § 3, second par., including bulk regulation by floor-to-area ratio, is a proper exercise of the zoning power, provided the effect of such regulation on the interior area of such structures is incidental. Although the town's bylaw requires consideration of gross floor area of single-family residences for purposes of calculating floor-to-area ratio, this is not a prohibited direct regulation of interior area. Its effect is only incidental."

It looks like Massachusetts cities and towns can use Floor Area Ratio to limit McMansions from sprouting up, with over-sized houses growing in existing neighborhoods.

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Reference Info:Decision | State, 1st Circuit, Massachusetts | United States

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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