Flurry of California Suits Alleging Breach of Employee-Seating Regulations


Although receiving little attention, California regulations have long required employers in many industries to provide seats for employees when the nature of the work permits it. Now, because of a flurry of lawsuits alleging violations of the regulations, employers are advised to sit up and take note. Costly litigation might be avoided for the price of a stool!

In two recent cases, Bright v. 99¢ Only Store1 and Home Depot v. Superior Court,2 California courts of appeal have ruled that employees may bring class action lawsuits against employers who fail to provide them with seats during work hours.

The specific requirement is:

All working employees shall be provided with suitable seats when the nature of the work reasonably permits the use of seats.

When employees are not engaged in the active duties of their employment and the nature of the work requires standing, an adequate number of suitable seats shall be placed in reasonable proximity to the work area and employees shall be permitted to use such seats when it does not interfere with the performance of their duties.3

To varying degrees, employee-seating requirements exist in at least 10 other states including Florida, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Although it used to be that only the labor commissioner could enforce the California requirement, now, under the Private Attorney General Act (PAGA), employees can step into the shoes of the labor commissioner and sue on behalf of themselves and others. Penalties can add up quickly: $100 for each aggrieved employee for each pay period for the initial violation, and $200 for each aggrieved employee for each pay period for each subsequent violation.

Please see full article below for more information.

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DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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