Bennett Jones LLP

Public Works and Government Services Canada Integrity Clauses

This information circular provides an overview of the integrity provisions recently implemented by Public Works and Government Services Canada (“Public Works”), as they apply to real estate transactions across Canada (“Integrity…more

Canada, Contractors, Public Works, Real Estate Market

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The Internet of Things and Canadian Copyright Law

Many of you have read about the dispute over copyright ownership of the monkey-selfie, where a primate took a digital photo that went viral and for which the owner of the camera tried to claim ownership. Ultimately the U.S…more

Canada, Copyright, Copyright Infringement, Internet of Things, Popular

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Ontario Superior Court Awards Damages for Family Status Discrimination

Justice Healy’s January 2015 decision in Patridge v Botony Dental Corporation is likely to be on many lists of top human rights law decisions already decided this year. Besides awarding damages under the Human Rights Code,…more

Canada, Discrimination, Family Status Accommodation, Family Status Discrimination, Human Rights Code

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CSA Publishes Progress Report on Review of the Proxy Voting Infrastructure

On January 29, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Staff Notice 54-303?Progress Report on Review of the Proxy Voting Infrastructure. The report outlines the progress made to date by the CSA in its…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Proxy Season, Proxy Voting Guidelines

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Four Takeaways from the CSA on the Public Disclosure of Medical Marijuana Companies

On February 23, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) released Staff Notice 51-342 Staff Review of Issuers Entering Into Medical Marijuana Business Opportunities in which it was made clear that the CSA is not…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Marijuana, Marijuana Related Businesses, Medical Marijuana

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The Legal Perspective on Technical Documents in the Construction Industry

A lawyer adds value to a project by applying his or her unique knowledge of legal principles and industry experience to the particular circumstances of a client’s business. In the construction industry, the substance of…more

Construction Contracts, Contract Drafting, Contractors, General Contractors, Scope of Work

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CBSA CLVS Seizure Policy Targets Exporters and Ups the Ante on Non-Resident Importers

Background to the Courier Low Value Shipment (CLVS) Program - When goods are purchased through e-commerce or mail order, conventionally Canadian consumers or non-resident importers (i.e., the exporters in most cases)…more

CBSA, Customs, E-Commerce, Exporters, GST

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New Good-Faith Duty of Honesty in Contractual Performance Recognized by Supreme Court of Canada

In a precedent setting case, the Supreme Court of Canada has: (1) recognized good faith as a "general organizing principle" of Canadian contract law; and (2) recognized a new duty of "honest performance", which requires parties…more

Canada, Contract Formation, Good Faith, SCC

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Canadian Securities Administrators Adopt National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms

On April 30, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) adopted National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms. The Policy may be viewed on the websites of CSA members, including the Alberta Securities…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Final Guidance, Ontario Securities Commission, Proxy Advisors

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Do You Issue Loans for Less than $5000? The Ontario Government Wants to Call you a Payday Lender

Businesses that issue loans to customers for $5,000 or less should be aware that the Ontario Ministry of Consumer Services (MCS) is proposing an amendment to the regulations under the Payday Loans Act, 2008 which, read literally…more

Canada, Loans, Payday Loans, Proposed Regulation, Registration

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Ontario Unveils Plan to Join Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade System

On the eve of a provincial premiers summit on climate change, the Ontario Government has announced it is joining with Quebec and California in a greenhouse gas ("GHG") cap-and-trade system. Ontario, Quebec and California are…more

Cap-and-Trade, Climate Change, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Ontario

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Alberta Court says Air Cargo Liability Limits can be Broken

Cargo airlines operating in Alberta may soon find themselves training their front-line staff to ask more questions when dealing with individual consumers. Last month, the Provincial Court of Alberta released a decision in which…more

Air Cargo, Canada, Liability Insurance, Notice Requirements, Valuation

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National Securities Regulator Moves Forward; Draft Legislation Published

On September 8, 2014, the governments of Canada, British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan and New Brunswick announced the signing of a memorandum of agreement formalizing the terms of the Cooperative Capital Markets Regulatory…more

Canada, CCMR, Financial Regulatory Reform, Securities

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Canada Lays Corruption and Fraud Charges Against SNC-Lavalin

On February 19, 2015, the RCMP laid corruption and fraud charges against the SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., its division SNC-Lavalin Construction Inc., and its subsidiary SNC-Lavalin International Inc. under section 3(1)(b) of the…more

Bribery, Canada, Corruption, Foreign Official, Fraud

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Reserves Reports and Asset Write-Downs – Legal Consequences for Public Companies

Summary - - Low oil prices may have a significant impact on reserves reports, financial statements and reserves based credit facilities of oil-weighted energy companies in Canada. How will reserves reports and write-downs…more

Canada, Commodities, Energy Sector, Oil & Gas, Oil Prices

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Ghomeshi Claim Faces Significant Challenges

The controversial firing of former CBC radio host and personality Jian Ghomeshi has captured the public’s attention in recent days for many reasons, most of which have nothing to do with the law. In terms of the legal issues…more

Canada, Common-Interest Privilege, Defamation, Employer Liability Issues, Hiring & Firing

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Canada’s Federal Budget Does Not Address Cross-Border Income Trusts

The March 2013 Federal Budget did not contain any provisions aimed at cross-border income trusts (CBITs, also known as foreign asset income trusts, or FAITs). Mention was made, however, of a continued intention to implement the…more

Canada, Cross-Border Income Trusts, Federal Budget

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Supreme Court Clarifies that Expert’s Duty to the Court is a Threshold Requirement for Admissibility

The Supreme Court of Canada issued a decision today which furthers existing law requiring experts in court proceedings to give fair, objective and non-partisan opinion evidence. A number of cases stood for the proposition that,…more

Canada, Expert Testimony, Impartiality, Supreme Court of Canada

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Inappropriate E-mail Use by Employees Can Constitute Cause for Dismissal

Increased usage and reliance on the Internet creates new challenges for both employees and an employer’s human resources department. In certain circumstances, employees can be fired for engaging in inappropriate Internet use at…more

Email, Hiring & Firing, Internet, Investigations, Just Cause

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Alberta Court of Appeal Considers the Duty to Accommodate Probationary Employees

In reasons released on May 6, 2014, the Alberta Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal by the Telecommunications Workers Union in respect of an unsuccessful judicial review application to question a labour arbitrator award. The…more

Arbitration Awards, Canada, Disability, Hiring & Firing, Judicial Review

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Supreme Court Clarifies that Expert’s Duty to the Court is a Threshold Requirement for Admissibility

The Supreme Court of Canada issued a decision today which furthers existing law requiring experts in court proceedings to give fair, objective and non-partisan opinion evidence. A number of cases stood for the proposition that,…more

Canada, Expert Testimony, Impartiality, Supreme Court of Canada

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Theratechnologies Inc. v. 121851 Canada Inc.: The Supreme Court Gives the Leave Test Teeth

For the first time, the Supreme Court of Canada has weighed in on the threshold for granting leave for plaintiffs to commence statutory causes of action for secondary market misrepresentation cases. In contrast to recent…more

Canada, Misrepresentation, Securities Litigation, Supreme Court of Canada

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Important Restrictions Placed on use of CBCA for Debt Restructurings

In a recent unreported decision denying approval of a plan of arrangement under the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) proposed by Connacher Oil and Gas Limited, Justice C.M. Jones of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench…more

Canada, CBCA, Commercial Bankruptcy, Debt Restructuring, Plan of Arrangement

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Legal Privilege

Privilege provides special protection that exempts certain documents and other forms of communication from having to be disclosed in legal proceedings. Its protection is powerful, but it can be easily lost if the privileged…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada

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Court of Appeal Denies Certification in Another Misclassification Overtime Class Action

In the latest installment in a series of recent employment class actions, the Court of Appeal for Ontario has dismissed an appeal by class action plaintiffs in Brown v Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. The decision (upholding…more

Canada, Class Action, Class Certification, Employee Rights, Misclassification

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The Canadian Oil Sands: A Backgrounder

In this issue: - Preface - Current Issues in the Oil Sands - Introduction - Advantages of Investing in the Oil Sands - Challenges - Location and Extraction - Emerging…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Oil Sands

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Uncharted Territory: Individual Settlements in Certified Class Actions

Despite the passage of more than 20 years since the enactment of Ontario’s Class Proceedings Act, 1992, there is limited jurisprudence on post-certification procedures. In his recent decision in Lundy v Via Rail Canada Inc,…more

Canada, Class Action, Individualized Damages, Railways, Settlement

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Inconsistent Administrative Tribunal Decisions: The Alberta Court of Appeal Weighs In

Conflicting interpretations of the same statute by an administrative tribunal are unlikely to be reasonable, let alone correct, the Alberta Court of Appeal recently held in Altus Group Limited v Calgary (City), 2015 ABCA 86…more

Canada, Statutory Interpretation, Tribunals

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Securities Regulators in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan Propose Prospectus Exemption for Certain Distributions through an Investment Dealer

On April 16, 2015, the securities regulatory authorities in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan (the Participating Jurisdictions) published Multilateral CSA Notice 45-315 Proposed Prospectus Exemption for Certain…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Exemptions, Investment Adviser, Proposed Regulation

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BC Supreme Court to Consider Cumulative Impacts of Resource Development on Treaty Rights

On March 3, 2015, Blueberry River First Nation (“BRFN”) sued the Province of BC seeking to break new ground by considering the cumulative impacts of resource development on BRFN’s traditional territory and treaty rights. Members…more

Canada, Energy Projects, Supreme Court of Canada, Treaties, Tribal Lands

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Changes to First Nations Consultation in Alberta

On April 2, 2013, Alberta released a draft of The Government of Alberta's Policy on Consultation with First Nations on Land and Natural Resource Management, 2013 (the "Draft Policy"). The Government's deadline for comments on…more

Consultation, Disclosure Requirements, Funding, Jurisdiction, Levy

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Ontario Employers Must Comply with New Poster Requirements

The Ontario Ministry of Labour recently released version 6.0 of the Employment Standards Poster, which outlines employees’ minimum rights and employers’ minimum obligations. With the release of this new poster, almost every…more

Canada, Ministry of Labour, Posting Requirements, Wage and Hour

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Final Disclosure Rules Regarding Women on Boards and in Senior Management

TSX-listed companies will almost certainly need to include disclosure in their information circulars or annual information forms on the representation of women on their boards and in senior management for the 2015 proxy season…more

Board of Directors, Canada, Disclosure Requirements, Diversity, Proxy Statements

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The National Energy Board’s New System of Administrative Monetary Penalties

On February 16, 2013, draft Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations (AMP Regulations) were published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, setting out necessary details for a new enforcement tool in the form of administrative…more

AMP Regulations, Enforcement Actions, National Energy Board, New Regulations, Penalties

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Alberta Court of Appeal Affirms Sanctity of Solicitor-Client Privilege under FOIPPA

In University of Calgary v JR, 2015 ABCA 118, the Alberta Court of Appeal strongly affirmed the central importance of solicitor-client privilege to the proper functioning of the legal system. At issue was whether the Freedom of…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada, FIPPA

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BC LNG Tax Regime: Rate Concessions and New Tax Credit but Uncertainty Remains

On October 21, 2014, the British Columbia government introduced Bill 6, the Liquefied Natural Gas Income Tax Act (LNGITA). The LNGITA proposes a two-tier tax on income derived from liquefaction activities at liquefied natural…more

Canada, Income Taxes, Liquid Natural Gas, Oil & Gas, Tax Credits

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BC LNG Tax Regime: Rate Concessions and New Tax Credit but Uncertainty Remains

On October 21, 2014, the British Columbia government introduced Bill 6, the Liquefied Natural Gas Income Tax Act (LNGITA). The LNGITA proposes a two-tier tax on income derived from liquefaction activities at liquefied natural…more

Canada, Income Taxes, Liquid Natural Gas, Oil & Gas, Tax Credits

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Election Act 101 for Apartment and Condominium Owners and Managers

Alberta’s provincial election is fast approaching and that can only mean two things: bright-eyed candidates door-knocking across the province, and an increasing number of calls to our office from landlords and property managers…more

Canada, Multi-Family Development, Political Campaigns, Property Managers

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Tax Effective Use by Canadian Online Retailers of Bermuda Operations for International Expansion - 2011 Canada-Bermuda Tax Information Exchange Agreement

E-tail Foreign Market Opportunity - The growth of online retail sales has globally outstripped the growth of all other retail channels, including during the last recession. For example, in England during 2012, it has been…more

Canada, E-Commerce, International Tax Issues, Internet, Internet Taxation

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The Canadian Oil Sands: A Backgrounder

In this issue: - Preface - Current Issues in the Oil Sands - Introduction - Advantages of Investing in the Oil Sands - Challenges - Location and Extraction - Emerging…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Oil Sands

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Canada Combats Counterfeiting with Bill C-56 (Copyright Act and the Trade-marks Act)

On March 1, 2013, the Government of Canada introduced Bill C-56 in the House of Commons (The Combating Counterfeit Products Act). Bill C-56 introduces a series of amendments to the Copyright Act and the Trade-marks Act,…more

ACTA, Copyright, Counterfeiting, Proposed Legislation, Trademarks

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GST/HST Joint-Venture Elections and Nominee Corporations

Joint-ventures (JVs) with nominee corporations or bare trustees that have been elected to account for the GST/HST of the JV should be aware of the period of CRA administrative tolerance expiring on January 1, 2015. This…more

Canada, Joint Venture, Real Estate Development

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The CSA Announces Proposed Amendments to the Take-Over Bid Regime

On March 31, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced the publication of proposed amendments to the Canadian take-over bid rules…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Hostile Takeover, Proposed Amendments, Target Company

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Restoring the Duty of Care Analysis to Negligence Claims in Third-party Proceedings

The Alberta Court of Appeal has provided some helpful guidance on the scope of third-party claims in O’Connor Associates Environmental Inc v MEC OP LLC, 2014 ABCA 140, narrowing the scope and application of the decision of…more

Duty of Care, Negligence, Third-Party Liability

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New Canadian Resource Revenue Transparency Rules Released

On October 23, 2014, the Government of Canada introduced its Extractive Sector Transparency Measures Act (the Bill), which will impose mandatory reporting requirements for each entity engaged in the "commercial development of…more

Canada, Energy, Natural Resources, Oil & Gas, Transparency

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Election Act 101 for Apartment and Condominium Owners and Managers

Alberta’s provincial election is fast approaching and that can only mean two things: bright-eyed candidates door-knocking across the province, and an increasing number of calls to our office from landlords and property managers…more

Canada, Multi-Family Development, Political Campaigns, Property Managers

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Ontario Employers Must Comply with New Poster Requirements

The Ontario Ministry of Labour recently released version 6.0 of the Employment Standards Poster, which outlines employees’ minimum rights and employers’ minimum obligations. With the release of this new poster, almost every…more

Canada, Ministry of Labour, Posting Requirements, Wage and Hour

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Supreme Court Decision in Keewatin Confirms Provincial Ability to Take up Treaty Lands

On July 11, 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada delivered its decision in Grassy Narrows First Nation v Ontario (Natural Resources), 2014 SCC 48, also known as Keewatin. The decision affirms the Court’s approach in Tsilhqot’in…more

Aboriginal Issues, Canada, Takings, Treaties

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Ontario Court of Appeal says Draft Expert Reports are not Producible

The Court of Appeal for Ontario confirmed today that: - counsel can and should discuss draft expert reports with their expert witnesses, and - draft reports and other communications between counsel and expert…more

Appeals, Canada, Draft Documents, Expert Testimony

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Reserves Reports and Asset Write-Downs – Legal Consequences for Public Companies

Summary - - Low oil prices may have a significant impact on reserves reports, financial statements and reserves based credit facilities of oil-weighted energy companies in Canada. How will reserves reports and write-downs…more

Canada, Commodities, Energy Sector, Oil & Gas, Oil Prices

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SCC to Consider Use of Criminal Wiretaps in Class Actions

On June 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada announced that it would hear appeals in two matters from Quebec (Imperial Oil v Simon Jacques and Couche-Tard Inc v Simon Jacques) that may determine whether and to what extent wire tap…more

Canada, Class Action, Price-Fixing, Wiretapping

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The Top 5 Trends in Canadian Intellectual Property Law for 2015

Last year promised significant changes in Canadian IP law; some of which will be realized in 2015. As the first quarter draws to a close, this year’s trends in IP law are emerging. Canada’s international trade negotiations will…more

Canada, Copyright, Legislative Agendas, Patent Litigation, Patents

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Bennett Jones Winter 2015 Economic Outlook

Oil prices have fallen sharply since the release of our Fall 2014 Economic Outlook. While this shock should have relatively little effect on our outlook for global growth, in part because of other offsetting developments in the…more

Canada, Energy Sector, Global Economy, Infrastructure, Oil & Gas

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Bennett Jones Winter 2015 Economic Outlook

Oil prices have fallen sharply since the release of our Fall 2014 Economic Outlook. While this shock should have relatively little effect on our outlook for global growth, in part because of other offsetting developments in the…more

Canada, Energy Sector, Global Economy, Infrastructure, Oil & Gas

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Industry Canada and the Competition Bureau Announce New Review Thresholds for 2015

On February 2, 2015, the Competition Bureau announced the 2015 “size of transaction” pre-merger notification threshold under the Competition Act would increase to $86 million; the 2014 threshold was $82 million. Acquisitions…more

Canada, Competition Authorities, Pre-Merger Filing Requirements, Threshhold Requirements

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REITs Cautioned on Disclosure Practices

OSC Publishes Results of Review on REIT Distribution Disclosure; Excess Distributions, Non-IFRS Metrics Among Key OSC Concerns - On January 26, 2015, the Ontario Securities Commission published OSC Staff Notice 51-724 –…more

Disclosure Requirements, Distribution Rules, Ontario, Ontario Securities Commission, OSC

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TSX Adopts Extension Amendments Regarding Security-Based Compensation Arrangements and Backdoor Listings

The Toronto Stock Exchange has adopted amendments to the TSX Company Manual, which: - allow listed issuers to adopt security-based compensation arrangements for employees of a target company in the context of an…more

Acquisitions, Backdoor Listings, Canada, Compensation Agreements, TSX Venture Exchange

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CSA Announce Amendments to Accredited Investor, Minimum Amount and Short-Term Debt Prospectus Exemption Rules

On February 19, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced amendments to National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus and Registration Exemptions (NI 45-106), which are expected to come into force this spring…more

Accredited Investors, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Funding, Investors

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CSA Publishes Progress Report on Review of the Proxy Voting Infrastructure

On January 29, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Staff Notice 54-303?Progress Report on Review of the Proxy Voting Infrastructure. The report outlines the progress made to date by the CSA in its…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Proxy Season, Proxy Voting Guidelines

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Ontario Superior Court States Clear Rule on Pre-Certification Production of Medical Records in Class Actions

On March 20, 2015, Justice Belobaba released his reasons in Dine v Biomet, a motion concerning the production of medical records prior to a certification motion. The case is a proposed product liability class action…more

Canada, Class Action, Discovery, Medical Devices, Medical Records

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CSA Announce Amendments to Accredited Investor, Minimum Amount and Short-Term Debt Prospectus Exemption Rules

On February 19, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced amendments to National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus and Registration Exemptions (NI 45-106), which are expected to come into force this spring…more

Accredited Investors, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Funding, Investors

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Alberta Securities Commission Applies to SCC for Leave to Appeal Insider Trading Decision in Walton

The Alberta Securities Commission (ASC) has applied to the Supreme Court of Canada for leave to appeal the August 2014 decision of the Alberta Court of Appeal (Court) in Walton v Alberta (Securities Commission), 2014 ABCA 723 –…more

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The OSC Introduces Amendments to the Voluntary Delisting Rules in the TSX Company Manual

An issuer seeking to voluntarily delist its securities from the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is now faced with new rules aimed at providing protection to its security holders, which may require security holder approval to…more

Canada, Delisting, Ontario Securities Commission, Toronto Stock Exchange

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Ontario Superior Court States Clear Rule on Pre-Certification Production of Medical Records in Class Actions

On March 20, 2015, Justice Belobaba released his reasons in Dine v Biomet, a motion concerning the production of medical records prior to a certification motion. The case is a proposed product liability class action…more

Canada, Class Action, Discovery, Medical Devices, Medical Records

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Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation: An Advantage for Cloud Computing?

The communications provisions of Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation (CASL) came into force on July 1, 2014. Generally speaking, CASL prohibits a person from sending a “commercial electronic message” without the consent of the…more

Corporate Counsel

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Important Restrictions Placed on use of CBCA for Debt Restructurings

In a recent unreported decision denying approval of a plan of arrangement under the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) proposed by Connacher Oil and Gas Limited, Justice C.M. Jones of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench…more

Canada, CBCA, Commercial Bankruptcy, Debt Restructuring, Plan of Arrangement

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Six Considerations for Rent Arbitration Clauses in Commercial Leases

When a commercial tenant exercises an option to renew a lease it is imperative that the landlord and tenant have effective mechanisms in place to determine the rent for the renewal term. Ideally both parties will agree on the…more

Appraisal Clauses, Arbitration, Commercial Leases, Commercial Tenants, Fair Market Value

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Theratechnologies Inc. v. 121851 Canada Inc.: The Supreme Court Gives the Leave Test Teeth

For the first time, the Supreme Court of Canada has weighed in on the threshold for granting leave for plaintiffs to commence statutory causes of action for secondary market misrepresentation cases. In contrast to recent…more

Canada, Misrepresentation, Securities Litigation, Supreme Court of Canada

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Securities Regulators in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan Propose Prospectus Exemption for Certain Distributions through an Investment Dealer

On April 16, 2015, the securities regulatory authorities in British Columbia, New Brunswick and Saskatchewan (the Participating Jurisdictions) published Multilateral CSA Notice 45-315 Proposed Prospectus Exemption for Certain…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Exemptions, Investment Adviser, Proposed Regulation

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The CSA Proposes Amendments to the Passport System

On April 16, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA), except for the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC), published a notice and request for comments on proposed amendments to Multilateral Instrument 11-102 - Passport…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, NPRM, Passports

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Operator Granted Summary Judgment Against Producer for Disputed Invoice Amounts

A gas facility operator was recently awarded summary judgment for its unpaid invoices, even though the non-paying producer disputed the amounts owing and claimed various set-offs. In SemCAMS ULC v Blaze Energy Ltd, 2015 ABQB 218…more

Canada, Contract Disputes, Summary Judgment

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Alberta Court of Appeal Considers the Duty to Accommodate Probationary Employees

In reasons released on May 6, 2014, the Alberta Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal by the Telecommunications Workers Union in respect of an unsuccessful judicial review application to question a labour arbitrator award. The…more

Arbitration Awards, Canada, Disability, Hiring & Firing, Judicial Review

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Amendments to the Regulations Designating Physical Activities

On April 12, 2013, the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency released its Draft Regulations Amending the Regulations Designating Physical Activities (the Amended Regulations). According to the Regulatory Impact Analysis…more

Amended Regulation, Canada, Environmental Policies

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CRTC Issues $48,000 Fine for Technical Violation of CASL

Following up on its recent $1.1MM CASL enforcement action against Quebec executive training firm Compu-Finder, the CRTC announced today that it has entered into an undertaking with online dating service operator Plenty of Fish…more

Canada, CASL, Corporate Fines, CRTC

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Access on the Table: the ChAFTA and Lessons for Canada

On November 17, 2014, the governments of Australia and the People’s Republic of China signed a declaration of intent on the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA), bringing to a close 24 rounds of negotiations conducted…more

Australia, Canada, China, Free Trade Agreement, Trade Policy

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The CSA Announces Proposed Amendments to the Take-Over Bid Regime

On March 31, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced the publication of proposed amendments to the Canadian take-over bid rules…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Hostile Takeover, Proposed Amendments, Target Company

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Appeal Court Confirms Tax Advisors Do Not Owe Common Law Duty to Indemnify

In Addison & Leyen Ltd v Fraser Milner Casgrain LLP, 2014 ABCA 230, the Alberta Court of Appeal confirmed that tax advisors do not owe a common law duty of contribution and indemnity to recipients of their tax advice when that…more

Canada, Indemnification, Tax Advice, Tax Liability

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BC LNG Tax Regime: Rate Concessions and New Tax Credit but Uncertainty Remains

On October 21, 2014, the British Columbia government introduced Bill 6, the Liquefied Natural Gas Income Tax Act (LNGITA). The LNGITA proposes a two-tier tax on income derived from liquefaction activities at liquefied natural…more

Canada, Income Taxes, Liquid Natural Gas, Oil & Gas, Tax Credits

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Miners Beware: Regulators Read Your Investor Presentations

On April 9, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Staff Notice 43-309 - Review of Website Investor Presentations by Mining Issuers (the Staff Notice), which summarizes the findings of a review of 130…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Issuers, Material Disclosures, Mining

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Not on the Rink in My Backyard - Ontario Court Rejects Bid to Enforce Ecuadorian Judgment Against Chevron Corp.

It is well-known that for 20 years Chevron Corp. has been engaged in litigation with residents of the Lago Agrio region of Ecuador over alleged environmental and health damage arising out of oil exploration activities by…more

Canada, Chevron, Enforcement, Foreign Jurisdictions, Multinationals

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Canadian Securities Administrators Publish Comment Letters on Proposed National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms

On April 24, 2014, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published for comment proposed National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms. Issuers, law firms and other market participants submitted comment letters…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Market Participants, New Guidance, Proxy Advisors

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CRTC Issues $48,000 Fine for Technical Violation of CASL

Following up on its recent $1.1MM CASL enforcement action against Quebec executive training firm Compu-Finder, the CRTC announced today that it has entered into an undertaking with online dating service operator Plenty of Fish…more

Canada, CASL, Corporate Fines, CRTC

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Getting a Deal to Closing with Transaction Insurance

The M&A field has begun to find a lot of upside in use of representation and warranty insurance (RWI) – sometimes referred to as transaction insurance – to get a deal to closing. In the past five years the RWI market has matured…more

Insurance Industry, Representations and Warranties, Representations and Warranties Insurance

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How the Madrid Protocol, Singapore Treaty and Nice Agreement Will Affect Trademark Owners

On January 27, 2014, a number of international intellectual property related treaties were tabled by the Canadian government. This is the first procedural step towards ratification and implementation. Once implemented, these…more

Canada, Patent Litigation, Trademark Litigation, Trademarks

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Does Demoting an Employee Equal Constructive Dismissal?

The British Columbia Supreme Court’s decision of Meyers v. Chevron Canada Limited, 2013 BCSC 420, demonstrates the uncertainty that can arise when predicting whether the conduct of an employer amounts to constructive dismissal…more

Adverse Employment Action, Canada, Constructive Discharge, Retaliation

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Alberta Court Skewers Gibberish Legal Arguments

The Courts are taking a bold stand. In a decision that will no doubt have significant ramifications for businesses, governments, and the litigation bar across Canada, Associate Chief Justice Rooke of the Alberta Court of…more

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Employers Must Follow Privacy Protocols When Implementing Biometric Attendance Systems

In response to concerns about employee attendance and building security, some employers have chosen to implement biometric attendance systems in the workplace. These systems allow an employer to monitor employees’ work hours by…more

Attendance, Biometric Information, Employee Rights, Employer Liability Issues, Facial Recognition Technology

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More Provinces Crowd into Crowdfunding, but Not Yet Ontario or Alberta

On May 14, 2015, the securities regulators of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Québec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (the Crowdfunding Jurisdictions) announced that they have implemented, or expect to implement,…more

Canada, Crowdfunding, Entrepreneurs, OSC, Popular

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Saskatchewan Prime Contractor Regulations Coming into Force January 1, 2015

On January 1, 2015, The Occupational Health and Safety (Prime Contractor) Regulations will come into force in Saskatchewan (the Prime Contractor Regulations). If you are doing business in Saskatchewan, you should consider…more

Canada, Construction Industry, Construction Site, General Contractors, OHSA

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There is a Border in Cross-Border Proceedings - NASDAQ Purchasers Excluded from Ontario Class in IMAX

Those who have been following the progress of the securities class action saga of Silver v. IMAX will be interested to note that another decision in the long-running case has been released. On March 19, Justice van Rensburg of…more

Canada, Class Action, Class Certification, Cross-Border, IMAX

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Bennett Jones Winter 2015 Economic Outlook

Oil prices have fallen sharply since the release of our Fall 2014 Economic Outlook. While this shock should have relatively little effect on our outlook for global growth, in part because of other offsetting developments in the…more

Canada, Energy Sector, Global Economy, Infrastructure, Oil & Gas

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Use of Competitor's Trademarks in Metatags does not Constitute Infringement

A recent decision of the Federal Court of Canada has addressed issues that have received little judicial consideration in Canada, specifically whether use of a competitor's registered trademark in metatags constitutes…more

Canada, Copyright, Metadata, Trademark Infringement, Trademarks

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Canada Imposes New Trade Restrictions on Russia’s Oil Exploration and Extraction Sector

On Friday, December 19, 2014, the Government of Canada announced amendments to the Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations to impose product-specific restrictions on the supply of certain goods to Russia’s oil sector,…more

Canada, Energy Exploration, Oil & Gas, Russia, Sanctions

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Superior Court of Justice Makes Unilateral Amendment to Plan of Distribution in Class Action Settlement Zaniewicz v Zungui Haixi Corporation

On August 27, 2013, Justice Perell of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice released a decision in Zaniewicz v Zungui Haixi Corporation approving a class action settlement, but which varied the proposed plan of distribution…more

Canada, Class Action, Distribution Rules, Settlement

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No More House Arrest for Competition Act Offenders as Amendments Enter into Force

On November 20, 2012, amendments to the sentencing provisions of the Criminal Code, introduced by Bill C-10, the Safe Streets and Communities Act, entered into force. The Safe Streets Act received Royal Assent on March 13, 2012…more

Safe Streets and Communities Act

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The Top 5 Trends in Canadian Intellectual Property Law for 2015

Last year promised significant changes in Canadian IP law; some of which will be realized in 2015. As the first quarter draws to a close, this year’s trends in IP law are emerging. Canada’s international trade negotiations will…more

Canada, Copyright, Legislative Agendas, Patent Litigation, Patents

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OSC Proposes New Whistleblower Program, with Financial Awards

Ontario may soon become the first Canadian jurisdiction to implement a whistleblower program for suspected securities law violations. On February 3, 2015, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) issued Staff Consultation…more

Canada, Ontario Securities Act, Whistleblower Protection Policies, Whistleblowers

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Expedited Examination Options for Patent Applications Filed in the United States

In the United States, patents are granted and issued through the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Each patent application received by the USPTO is examined by a United States patent examiner in the order it is…more

Expedited Actions Process, Patent Applications, Patent Examinations, Patents, USPTO

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Ontario Court Certifies Class Action Relating to Allegedly Faulty Hip Implants

In a decision released on August 27, 2013, Justice Belobaba of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice certified a class action against DePuy Orthopaedics Inc. on behalf of persons who were surgically implanted with any one of two…more

Class Action, Design Defects, Failure To Warn, Manufacturing Defects, Medical Devices

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Canada’s Federal Budget Does Not Address Cross-Border Income Trusts

The March 2013 Federal Budget did not contain any provisions aimed at cross-border income trusts (CBITs, also known as foreign asset income trusts, or FAITs). Mention was made, however, of a continued intention to implement the…more

Canada, Cross-Border Income Trusts, Federal Budget

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Supreme Court Revitalizes Summary Judgment to Foster Access to Justice

In a much-anticipated decision released on January 23, 2014, Hryniak v Maudlin, 2014 SCC 7, the Supreme Court of Canada articulated a new approach to summary judgment under Rule 20 of Ontario's Rules of Civil Procedure (RRO…more

Canada, SCC, Summary Judgment

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Industry Canada and the Competition Bureau Announce New Review Thresholds for 2015

On February 2, 2015, the Competition Bureau announced the 2015 “size of transaction” pre-merger notification threshold under the Competition Act would increase to $86 million; the 2014 threshold was $82 million. Acquisitions…more

Canada, Competition Authorities, Pre-Merger Filing Requirements, Threshhold Requirements

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ISS Announces 2015 Canadian Proxy Voting Guideline Updates

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) released updates to its Canadian proxy voting guidelines for the upcoming 2015 proxy season. The ISS updates will apply to shareholder meetings of publicly traded Canadian companies…more

Annual Meeting, Annual Notices, Bylaws, Canada, Independent Boards

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CRA Releases Important Transfer Pricing Guidance on Management Fees and Other Intra-Group Services

CRA recently released a new Transfer Pricing Memorandum (TPM-15) giving detailed guidance on CRA’s audit approach to management fees and other charges for intra-group services, including on allocation keys for indirect…more

Canada, Corporate Taxes, Multinationals, OECD, Transfer Pricing

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Miners Beware: Regulators Read Your Investor Presentations

On April 9, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Staff Notice 43-309 - Review of Website Investor Presentations by Mining Issuers (the Staff Notice), which summarizes the findings of a review of 130…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Issuers, Material Disclosures, Mining

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Saying You’re Right Isn’t Enough: Default Notices and Freehold Leases

Most freehold oil and gas leases in Canada require the lessor to provide the lessee with notice of an alleged default. The lessee then has a certain amount of time to remedy the default or commence proceedings for a judicial…more

Canada, Default, Leases, Notice Requirements, Off-Set Wells Clause

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Alberta Court of Appeal Affirms Sanctity of Solicitor-Client Privilege under FOIPPA

In University of Calgary v JR, 2015 ABCA 118, the Alberta Court of Appeal strongly affirmed the central importance of solicitor-client privilege to the proper functioning of the legal system. At issue was whether the Freedom of…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada, FIPPA

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CSA Announce Amendments to Accredited Investor, Minimum Amount and Short-Term Debt Prospectus Exemption Rules

On February 19, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced amendments to National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus and Registration Exemptions (NI 45-106), which are expected to come into force this spring…more

Accredited Investors, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Funding, Investors

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Canada Lays Corruption and Fraud Charges Against SNC-Lavalin

On February 19, 2015, the RCMP laid corruption and fraud charges against the SNC-Lavalin Group Inc., its division SNC-Lavalin Construction Inc., and its subsidiary SNC-Lavalin International Inc. under section 3(1)(b) of the…more

Bribery, Canada, Corruption, Foreign Official, Fraud

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Inconsistent Administrative Tribunal Decisions: The Alberta Court of Appeal Weighs In

Conflicting interpretations of the same statute by an administrative tribunal are unlikely to be reasonable, let alone correct, the Alberta Court of Appeal recently held in Altus Group Limited v Calgary (City), 2015 ABCA 86…more

Canada, Statutory Interpretation, Tribunals

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Departing Investment Advisors: An Update Since the Supreme Court's Decision in RBC v. Merrill Lynch

The Departure of an Investment Advisor - The departure of an investment advisor (IA) raises a number of serious and often conflicting considerations. For the IA, a departure could mean uncertainty in terms of earning a…more

Canada, Hiring & Firing, Investment Adviser, Merrill Lynch, Non-Compete Agreements

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Theratechnologies Inc. v. 121851 Canada Inc.: The Supreme Court Gives the Leave Test Teeth

For the first time, the Supreme Court of Canada has weighed in on the threshold for granting leave for plaintiffs to commence statutory causes of action for secondary market misrepresentation cases. In contrast to recent…more

Canada, Misrepresentation, Securities Litigation, Supreme Court of Canada

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U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Fraud on the Market Theory in Securities Class Actions

A much-anticipated decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. was released on June 23, 2014. While the Supreme Court upheld the "fraud on the market" presumption of reliance which has made…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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OSC Proposes New Whistleblower Program, with Financial Awards

Ontario may soon become the first Canadian jurisdiction to implement a whistleblower program for suspected securities law violations. On February 3, 2015, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) issued Staff Consultation…more

Canada, Ontario Securities Act, Whistleblower Protection Policies, Whistleblowers

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Are You Done Yet? Compensation for Impacts of Public Works in Alberta

During the recent resurfacing of Bow Trail there was a message posted on a pylon sign by an adjacent business owner that read “Bow Trail is not Rome. Please Complete” (see “Road Construction Delays Cause Headaches for Drivers,…more

Canada, Public Works, Reimbursements

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Avoiding Self-Incrimination in Canada: The Overlap of Criminal and Civil Proceedings Has a New Frontier

It is increasingly common for counsel to find themselves dealing with a civil action in which one party may be facing criminal or regulatory sanctions arising from the same events underlying the civil action. For example, a…more

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Evidence, Self-Incrimination, Use-Immunity

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Four Takeaways from the CSA on the Public Disclosure of Medical Marijuana Companies

On February 23, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) released Staff Notice 51-342 Staff Review of Issuers Entering Into Medical Marijuana Business Opportunities in which it was made clear that the CSA is not…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Marijuana, Marijuana Related Businesses, Medical Marijuana

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The OSC Introduces Amendments to the Voluntary Delisting Rules in the TSX Company Manual

An issuer seeking to voluntarily delist its securities from the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is now faced with new rules aimed at providing protection to its security holders, which may require security holder approval to…more

Canada, Delisting, Ontario Securities Commission, Toronto Stock Exchange

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Commercial Arbitration: Guidance from Canadian, US, UK and Australian Appellate Courts

Back in March, I wrote in this space that the Supreme Court of Canada had decided to hear a commercial arbitration case from British Columbia…more

Arbitration, Arbitration Agreements, Binding Arbitration, Canada, UK

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The CSA Proposes a New Framework for Shareholder Rights Plans and Amendments to the Early Warning Reporting Regime

Last week, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published a proposed new regulatory framework for shareholder rights plans under National Instrument 62-105 Security Holder Rights Plans, and significant changes to…more

Bids, Canadian Securities Administration, Hostile Takeover, Reporting Requirements, Shareholder Rights

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Changes to First Nations Consultation in Alberta

On April 2, 2013, Alberta released a draft of The Government of Alberta's Policy on Consultation with First Nations on Land and Natural Resource Management, 2013 (the "Draft Policy"). The Government's deadline for comments on…more

Consultation, Disclosure Requirements, Funding, Jurisdiction, Levy

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Reminder: Three New Statutory Leaves of Absence are Set to Take Effect in Ontario on October 29, 2014

On October 29, 2014, the following three new job-protected leaves of absence will come into effect under Ontario’s Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA)..…more

Canada, Employee Rights, Employer Liability Issues, Leave of Absence

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Domestic Anti-Treaty-Shopping Proposals and Further Consultation Announced in Canada's Federal Budget 2014

In the Canadian Federal Budget released on February 11, 2014, the Department of Finance signaled its intention to enact a domestic treaty-shopping rule, generally allowing the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to deny treaty benefits…more

Canada, Foreign Investment, Multinationals, Proposed Legislation, Safe Harbors

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Alberta Court of Appeal Affirms Sanctity of Solicitor-Client Privilege under FOIPPA

In University of Calgary v JR, 2015 ABCA 118, the Alberta Court of Appeal strongly affirmed the central importance of solicitor-client privilege to the proper functioning of the legal system. At issue was whether the Freedom of…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada, FIPPA

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The OSC Introduces Amendments to the Voluntary Delisting Rules in the TSX Company Manual

An issuer seeking to voluntarily delist its securities from the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is now faced with new rules aimed at providing protection to its security holders, which may require security holder approval to…more

Canada, Delisting, Ontario Securities Commission, Toronto Stock Exchange

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BC LNG Tax Regime: Rate Concessions and New Tax Credit but Uncertainty Remains

On October 21, 2014, the British Columbia government introduced Bill 6, the Liquefied Natural Gas Income Tax Act (LNGITA). The LNGITA proposes a two-tier tax on income derived from liquefaction activities at liquefied natural…more

Canada, Income Taxes, Liquid Natural Gas, Oil & Gas, Tax Credits

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Those Hiring Private Investigators Must Be Aware of Privilege and Privacy Legislation

When a fraud is suspected, the litigator often turns to a private investigator to gather evidence about, and to use against, the fraudster. Retaining and instructing an investigator must be undertaken with extreme caution to…more

Litigation Privilege, Privacy Laws, Private Investigators, Work Product Privilege

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Canadian Securities Regulators Propose Significant Changes to the Rights Offering Regime

The Canadian Securities Administrators, or CSA, have published for comment proposed rule changes which would create a streamlined prospectus exemption for rights offerings conducted by reporting issuers other than investment…more

Canada, Offerings, Proposed Regulation, Regulatory Reform

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Public Works and Government Services Canada Integrity Clauses

This information circular provides an overview of the integrity provisions recently implemented by Public Works and Government Services Canada (“Public Works”), as they apply to real estate transactions across Canada (“Integrity…more

Canada, Contractors, Public Works, Real Estate Market

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The CSA Announces Proposed Amendments to the Take-Over Bid Regime

On March 31, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced the publication of proposed amendments to the Canadian take-over bid rules…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Hostile Takeover, Proposed Amendments, Target Company

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Supreme Court Decision in Keewatin Confirms Provincial Ability to Take up Treaty Lands

On July 11, 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada delivered its decision in Grassy Narrows First Nation v Ontario (Natural Resources), 2014 SCC 48, also known as Keewatin. The decision affirms the Court’s approach in Tsilhqot’in…more

Aboriginal Issues, Canada, Takings, Treaties

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How the New Federal Pension Benefits Standards Regulations Affect Plan Administrators

Amendments to the Pension Benefits Standards Regulations, 1985 (PBSR), first announced by the Minister of Finance in October 2009 and released in draft form on September 19, 2014, were released in final form on March 25, 2015…more

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Legal Privilege

Privilege provides special protection that exempts certain documents and other forms of communication from having to be disclosed in legal proceedings. Its protection is powerful, but it can be easily lost if the privileged…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada

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CSA Announce Amendments to Accredited Investor, Minimum Amount and Short-Term Debt Prospectus Exemption Rules

On February 19, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced amendments to National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus and Registration Exemptions (NI 45-106), which are expected to come into force this spring…more

Accredited Investors, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Funding, Investors

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Feedlot Health Management Services Ltd v The Queen, 2015 TCC 32 - The Tax Court Considers Fundamental SR&ED Principles

Bennett Jones LLP represented Feedlot Health Management Services Ltd. (FHMS) in the recent Tax Court of Canada proceeding, Feedlot Health Management Services Ltd v The Queen (2015 TCC 32). The case concerned certain fundamental…more

Canada, Research and Experiment Tax Credit, Tax Court

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Alberta's Policy on Consultation with First Nations on Land and Natural Resource Management, 2013

On August 16, 2013, the Government of Alberta ("Alberta") released its Policy on Consultation with First Nations on Natural Resource Management, 2013 (the "Policy"). The Policy is the product of extensive consultation with First…more

Canada, Consultation, First Nations, Jurisdiction, Transparency

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Ontario Unveils Plan to Join Greenhouse Gas Emissions Cap-and-Trade System

On the eve of a provincial premiers summit on climate change, the Ontario Government has announced it is joining with Quebec and California in a greenhouse gas ("GHG") cap-and-trade system. Ontario, Quebec and California are…more

Cap-and-Trade, Climate Change, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Ontario

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A Little Less Murky: The Court of Appeal Clarifies the Line Between Oppression and Derivative Actions

On May 26, 2015, the Court of Appeal for Ontario released its decision in Rea et al v Wildeboer, clarifying the distinct role of derivative actions under the Ontario Business Corporations Act. The role is so distinct that the…more

Appeals, Business Corporation Act, Canada, Derivative Suit, Oppression Remedy

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Seismic Data Held by a Board: A Further Look

The Federal and Nova Scotia regulations that require oil and gas companies to submit seismic data to Nova Scotia’s offshore oil and gas board are not ultra vires, the Nova Scotia Supreme Court recently held in Geophysical…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Seismic Data

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Court of Appeal Denies Certification in Another Misclassification Overtime Class Action

In the latest installment in a series of recent employment class actions, the Court of Appeal for Ontario has dismissed an appeal by class action plaintiffs in Brown v Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. The decision (upholding…more

Canada, Class Action, Class Certification, Employee Rights, Misclassification

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More Provinces Crowd into Crowdfunding, but Not Yet Ontario or Alberta

On May 14, 2015, the securities regulators of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Québec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (the Crowdfunding Jurisdictions) announced that they have implemented, or expect to implement,…more

Canada, Crowdfunding, Entrepreneurs, OSC, Popular

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BC Court of Appeal Overturns Ruling that BC Government Liable to Logging Company for Failure to Consult

In Moulton Contracting Ltd. v British Columbia, 2015 BCCA 89, the BC Court of Appeal recently overturned the trial judge’s decision (reported at 2013 BCSC 2348, and summarized in an earlier update here) which had awarded $1.75…more

Appeals, Canada, Logging

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Saskatchewan Prime Contractor Regulations Coming into Force January 1, 2015

On January 1, 2015, The Occupational Health and Safety (Prime Contractor) Regulations will come into force in Saskatchewan (the Prime Contractor Regulations). If you are doing business in Saskatchewan, you should consider…more

Canada, Construction Industry, Construction Site, General Contractors, OHSA

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Domestic Anti-Treaty-Shopping Proposals and Further Consultation Announced in Canada's Federal Budget 2014

In the Canadian Federal Budget released on February 11, 2014, the Department of Finance signaled its intention to enact a domestic treaty-shopping rule, generally allowing the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) to deny treaty benefits…more

Canada, Foreign Investment, Multinationals, Proposed Legislation, Safe Harbors

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Legal Privilege

Privilege provides special protection that exempts certain documents and other forms of communication from having to be disclosed in legal proceedings. Its protection is powerful, but it can be easily lost if the privileged…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada

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OSC Proposes Disclosure Requirements Regarding Women on Boards and in Senior Management

On July 30, 2013, the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC), released its proposal to require TSX-listed companies to provide disclosure with respect to women on boards and in senior management as set out in the OSC Staff…more

Board of Directors, Canada, Corporate Management, Disclosure Requirements, Gender Discrimination

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The Canadian Oil Sands: A Backgrounder

In this issue: - Preface - Current Issues in the Oil Sands - Introduction - Advantages of Investing in the Oil Sands - Challenges - Location and Extraction - Emerging…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Oil Sands

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Duty to Consult Not Triggered for Exploration Dispositions: Saskatchewan Court of Appeal

The grant of exploration dispositions for oil sands located beneath treaty lands did not trigger the Crown’s duty to consult, the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal held recently in Buffalo River Dene Nation v Ministry of Energy and…more

Canada, Mineral Exploration, Oil & Gas, Permits, Treaties

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Canada makes Changes to its Customs Administrative Monetary Penalty System

On January 20, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) issued revisions to its Administrative Monetary Penalty System (AMPS), found in Memorandum D22-1-1 Administrative Monetary Penalty System…more

AMPS, Canada, CBSA

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Restoring the Duty of Care Analysis to Negligence Claims in Third-party Proceedings

The Alberta Court of Appeal has provided some helpful guidance on the scope of third-party claims in O’Connor Associates Environmental Inc v MEC OP LLC, 2014 ABCA 140, narrowing the scope and application of the decision of…more

Duty of Care, Negligence, Third-Party Liability

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B.C. Surface Rights Board Reduces Rent Payable After Landowners Fail to Prove Loss

In the recent decision of the B.C. Surface Rights Board in Encana Corporation v Perry Burl Piper and Leslie Lancelot Dowd, the Board awarded compensation to landowners less than the amount previously offered by the operator…more

Canada, Just Compensation, Land Owners, Oil & Gas, Property Damage

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Miners Beware: Regulators Read Your Investor Presentations

On April 9, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Staff Notice 43-309 - Review of Website Investor Presentations by Mining Issuers (the Staff Notice), which summarizes the findings of a review of 130…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Issuers, Material Disclosures, Mining

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Alberta Flood 2013: CRA Extends Tax Filing Deadlines and Offers Guidance to Taxpayers

While the immediate business disruptions resulting from the recent flooding in Southern Alberta have, to some extent, been dealt with, the hard work of rebuilding has only just begun…more

Canada, Filing Deadlines, Flooding, Income Taxes, Property Damage

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Tax Effective Use by Canadian Online Retailers of Bermuda Operations for International Expansion - 2011 Canada-Bermuda Tax Information Exchange Agreement

E-tail Foreign Market Opportunity - The growth of online retail sales has globally outstripped the growth of all other retail channels, including during the last recession. For example, in England during 2012, it has been…more

Canada, E-Commerce, International Tax Issues, Internet, Internet Taxation

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Saskatchewan Prime Contractor Regulations Coming into Force January 1, 2015

On January 1, 2015, The Occupational Health and Safety (Prime Contractor) Regulations will come into force in Saskatchewan (the Prime Contractor Regulations). If you are doing business in Saskatchewan, you should consider…more

Canada, Construction Industry, Construction Site, General Contractors, OHSA

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New Canadian Resource Revenue Transparency Rules Released

On October 23, 2014, the Government of Canada introduced its Extractive Sector Transparency Measures Act (the Bill), which will impose mandatory reporting requirements for each entity engaged in the "commercial development of…more

Canada, Energy, Natural Resources, Oil & Gas, Transparency

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Canadian Securities Administrators Adopt National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms

On April 30, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) adopted National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms. The Policy may be viewed on the websites of CSA members, including the Alberta Securities…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Final Guidance, Ontario Securities Commission, Proxy Advisors

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New Concerns for Bondholders, Lenders and Other Creditors Following SCC’s Indalex Decision

On February 1, 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) released its much-awaited decision in the Indalex case. While the central issue in Indalex was the priority of wind-up deficiencies in defined benefit pension plans versus…more

Bonds, CCAA, Constructive Trusts, Creditors, Debtors

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Canadian Securities Administrators Adopt National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms

On April 30, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) adopted National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms. The Policy may be viewed on the websites of CSA members, including the Alberta Securities…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Final Guidance, Ontario Securities Commission, Proxy Advisors

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Not on the Rink in My Backyard - Ontario Court Rejects Bid to Enforce Ecuadorian Judgment Against Chevron Corp.

It is well-known that for 20 years Chevron Corp. has been engaged in litigation with residents of the Lago Agrio region of Ecuador over alleged environmental and health damage arising out of oil exploration activities by…more

Canada, Chevron, Enforcement, Foreign Jurisdictions, Multinationals

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New LCIA Arbitration Rules Come into Effect on October 1, 2014

International arbitration is often selected over traditional litigation for resolving commercial disputes, as it is typically perceived that arbitrations can be undertaken more efficiently and swiftly than litigation. In recent…more

Arbitration, International Arbitration, LCIA

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Does Your Alberta-related Deal Trigger Foreign Ownership of Land Regulations?

There is no doubt that the Agricultural and Recreational Land Ownership Act and Foreign Ownership of Land Regulations are a mouthful, but they may not always be top of mind when considering buying or leasing land in Alberta, and…more

Canada, Commercial Real Estate Contracts, Corporate Sales Transactions, Foreign Investment, Stock Sale Agreements

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Defending Enforcement Under CASL: Compliance with Informational Formalities

In 2014, the anti-spam provisions of Canada’s Anti-Spam Legislation (CASL) came into force, creating a wide array of compliance requirements for businesses. CASL prohibits a person from sending or causing or permitting to be…more

Advertising, Anti-Spam Legislation, Canada, CASL, Electronic Communications

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Stolen Customer Data Results in Ontario's First Certified Privacy Class Action

Businesses that collect personal information have an added incentive to monitor employees handling customer data – Ontario's first class action arising from the new tort of "intrusion upon seclusion" was certified last week…more

Canada, Class Action, Class Certification, Invasion of Privacy, Right to Privacy

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Ontario Superior Court States Clear Rule on Pre-Certification Production of Medical Records in Class Actions

On March 20, 2015, Justice Belobaba released his reasons in Dine v Biomet, a motion concerning the production of medical records prior to a certification motion. The case is a proposed product liability class action…more

Canada, Class Action, Discovery, Medical Devices, Medical Records

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Court of Appeal Upholds Dismissal of Class Action in Mandeville v Manulife

In the most recent class action decision released by the Ontario Court of Appeal, Mandeville v The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company, 2014 ONCA 417, Justice Gillese, writing for a unanimous Court, upheld the trial decision…more

Canada, Class Action, Life Insurance

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Skechers, Cost Sharing Arrangements, and Canadian Customs Appraisal

In the first three months of 2015, importers have witnessed major Canadian customs valuation law and policy changes. On January 19, 2015, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) issued Customs Notice 15-001, “Treatment of…more

Canada, CBSA, Customs, Importers

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Dispute Over Landscaping Repairs Results in Personal Penalties against Condo Directors and a Fascinating Governance War Story

Court decisions holding corporate directors personally liable for acting in bad faith tend to be few and far between in Canadian jurisprudence. The recent Ontario Court of Appeal decision in Boily et al v Carleton Condominium…more

Board of Directors, Canada, Condominiums, Homeowners' Association, Personal Liability

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Reserves Reports and Asset Write-Downs – Legal Consequences for Public Companies

Summary - - Low oil prices may have a significant impact on reserves reports, financial statements and reserves based credit facilities of oil-weighted energy companies in Canada. How will reserves reports and write-downs…more

Canada, Commodities, Energy Sector, Oil & Gas, Oil Prices

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2015 Canadian Proxy Season – New Requirements and Continuing Trends

Annual meeting season for Canadian public companies starts soon. What new requirements and continuing trends will companies face in 2015? This update discusses some of them. - New requirements: The following new…more

Annual Meeting, Board of Directors, Canada, Clawbacks, Say-on-Pay

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Are You Done Yet? Compensation for Impacts of Public Works in Alberta

During the recent resurfacing of Bow Trail there was a message posted on a pylon sign by an adjacent business owner that read “Bow Trail is not Rome. Please Complete” (see “Road Construction Delays Cause Headaches for Drivers,…more

Canada, Public Works, Reimbursements

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Reserves Reports and Asset Write-Downs – Legal Consequences for Public Companies

Summary - - Low oil prices may have a significant impact on reserves reports, financial statements and reserves based credit facilities of oil-weighted energy companies in Canada. How will reserves reports and write-downs…more

Canada, Commodities, Energy Sector, Oil & Gas, Oil Prices

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Alberta’s New Pension Legislation: Bill 10, the Employment Pension Plans Act

Bill 10, the proposed new Employment Pension Plans Act (EPPA), was introduced in the Alberta legislature on October 25, 2012, and passed third reading on November 20, 2012. Although the new Act has been passed, it will not…more

Employee Benefits, Pensions

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Operator Granted Summary Judgment Against Producer for Disputed Invoice Amounts

A gas facility operator was recently awarded summary judgment for its unpaid invoices, even though the non-paying producer disputed the amounts owing and claimed various set-offs. In SemCAMS ULC v Blaze Energy Ltd, 2015 ABQB 218…more

Canada, Contract Disputes, Summary Judgment

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BC LNG Tax Regime: Rate Concessions and New Tax Credit but Uncertainty Remains

On October 21, 2014, the British Columbia government introduced Bill 6, the Liquefied Natural Gas Income Tax Act (LNGITA). The LNGITA proposes a two-tier tax on income derived from liquefaction activities at liquefied natural…more

Canada, Income Taxes, Liquid Natural Gas, Oil & Gas, Tax Credits

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Oil & Gas, Mines & Minerals – Security under the Alberta Builders’ Lien Act

When registered in accordance with the Alberta Builders’ Lien Act (BLA), a builders’ lien provides security for unpaid contractors, labourers and suppliers who have “improved” lands. This includes those providing materials or…more

Canada, Contractors, Liens, Minerals, Mining

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Access on the Table: the ChAFTA and Lessons for Canada

On November 17, 2014, the governments of Australia and the People’s Republic of China signed a declaration of intent on the China-Australia Free Trade Agreement (ChAFTA), bringing to a close 24 rounds of negotiations conducted…more

Australia, Canada, China, Free Trade Agreement, Trade Policy

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U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Fraud on the Market Theory in Securities Class Actions

A much-anticipated decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. was released on June 23, 2014. While the Supreme Court upheld the "fraud on the market" presumption of reliance which has made…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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Proposed Prospectus Exemption for Distributions to Existing Security Holders of TSXV Issuers

On November 21, 2013, Canadian securities regulators in all jurisdictions but Ontario and Newfoundland and Labrador published for comment a proposed prospectus exemption for issuers listed on the TSX Venture Exchange (TSXV…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Prospectus, TSX Venture Exchange

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Prison Sentence in Air India Bribery Scheme Sends Deterrent Message to Canadian Executives

On May 23, Nazir Karigar, an agent of Cryptometrics Canada Inc. (Cryptometrics), was sentenced to three years in federal prison under Canada’s foreign bribery statute. Mr. Karigar was convicted last August of conspiring to pay…more

Airlines, Bribery, Canada, CFPOA, Conspiracies

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The OSC Introduces Amendments to the Voluntary Delisting Rules in the TSX Company Manual

An issuer seeking to voluntarily delist its securities from the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) is now faced with new rules aimed at providing protection to its security holders, which may require security holder approval to…more

Canada, Delisting, Ontario Securities Commission, Toronto Stock Exchange

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Canada's Supreme Court Opens the Door to Indirect Purchaser Class Actions

On October 31, 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada released three decisions which many commentators had predicted would be the most critical antitrust class action decisions in recent memory. The Supreme Court did not disappoint…more

Canada, Class Action, Class Certification, Competition, Indirect Purchasers

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Alberta Securities Commission Applies to SCC for Leave to Appeal Insider Trading Decision in Walton

The Alberta Securities Commission (ASC) has applied to the Supreme Court of Canada for leave to appeal the August 2014 decision of the Alberta Court of Appeal (Court) in Walton v Alberta (Securities Commission), 2014 ABCA 723 –…more

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Modernizing Liability for Offshore Oil & Gas Explorations and Operations

This past June, the government of Canada announced plans to implement legislative changes to the four principle Acts which govern oil and gas activities in the Atlantic offshore and Arctic: the Canadian Petroleum Resources Act…more

Canada, CPRA, Energy Exploration, Liability, Oil & Gas

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New Concerns for Bondholders, Lenders and Other Creditors Following SCC’s Indalex Decision

On February 1, 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) released its much-awaited decision in the Indalex case. While the central issue in Indalex was the priority of wind-up deficiencies in defined benefit pension plans versus…more

Bonds, CCAA, Constructive Trusts, Creditors, Debtors

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No Stone Undisclosed: City of Vancouver and Developer Appeal New Public Disclosure Standards for Development Projects

The City of Vancouver and Brenhill Developments Ltd. have appealed the January 27, 2014 decision of the BC Supreme Court in Community Association of New Yaletown v Vancouver (City), 2015 BCSC 117 (the Brenhill/New Yaletown…more

Appeals, Canada, Housing Developers, Public Disclosure, Public Housing

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Disputants Await Clarification of Mediation Privilege’s Boundaries

Today, Canadians are mediating their disputes in record numbers. One partial explanation for this phenomenon is that mediation purports to keep discussions between parties confidential, traditionally backstopped by settlement…more

Canada, Confidentiality, Mediation

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Getting a Deal to Closing with Transaction Insurance

The M&A field has begun to find a lot of upside in use of representation and warranty insurance (RWI) – sometimes referred to as transaction insurance – to get a deal to closing. In the past five years the RWI market has matured…more

Insurance Industry, Representations and Warranties, Representations and Warranties Insurance

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How the New Federal Pension Benefits Standards Regulations Affect Plan Administrators

Amendments to the Pension Benefits Standards Regulations, 1985 (PBSR), first announced by the Minister of Finance in October 2009 and released in draft form on September 19, 2014, were released in final form on March 25, 2015…more

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October 1st Changes to Alberta’s OHS Regulation: Mining, Blasting and Hazardous Work Conditions

On October 1, 2013, amendments to Alberta’s Occupational Health and Safety Regulation (Regulation) come into force. In this post, we bring you the highlights. …more

Canada, Mining, OHSA, Workplace Hazards

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Public Works and Government Services Canada Integrity Clauses

This information circular provides an overview of the integrity provisions recently implemented by Public Works and Government Services Canada (“Public Works”), as they apply to real estate transactions across Canada (“Integrity…more

Canada, Contractors, Public Works, Real Estate Market

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More Provinces Crowd into Crowdfunding, but Not Yet Ontario or Alberta

On May 14, 2015, the securities regulators of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Québec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (the Crowdfunding Jurisdictions) announced that they have implemented, or expect to implement,…more

Canada, Crowdfunding, Entrepreneurs, OSC, Popular

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Important Restrictions Placed on use of CBCA for Debt Restructurings

In a recent unreported decision denying approval of a plan of arrangement under the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) proposed by Connacher Oil and Gas Limited, Justice C.M. Jones of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench…more

Canada, CBCA, Commercial Bankruptcy, Debt Restructuring, Plan of Arrangement

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When Does an Email Form a Legally-Binding Agreement? Ask the Canucks.

A recent decision from the British Columbia Court of Appeal provides an important reminder when communicating by email regarding the negotiation of the terms of an agreement: Just because you haven’t signed a contract, doesn’t…more

Canada, Contract Formation, Email

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The National Energy Board’s New System of Administrative Monetary Penalties

On February 16, 2013, draft Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations (AMP Regulations) were published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, setting out necessary details for a new enforcement tool in the form of administrative…more

AMP Regulations, Enforcement Actions, National Energy Board, New Regulations, Penalties

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More Provinces Crowd into Crowdfunding, but Not Yet Ontario or Alberta

On May 14, 2015, the securities regulators of British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Québec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia (the Crowdfunding Jurisdictions) announced that they have implemented, or expect to implement,…more

Canada, Crowdfunding, Entrepreneurs, OSC, Popular

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Give and Take: Canadian Securities Regulators Ease Disclosure Burdens on Venture Issuers but Enhance Audit Committee Member Requirements

On April 9, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators announced amendments to the continuous disclosure and governance obligations of venture issuers in three national instruments: National Instruments 51-102 Continuous…more

Amended Regulation, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration

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SCC Confirms the Ability of Taxpayers to Seek Rectification to Remedy Errors that May Impact Tax Positions

Uninteded tax consequences of a contract can be avoided by rectification, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in Québec v Services Environnementaux AES inc., 2013 SCC 65 (AES). …more

Canada, SCC, Tax Deferral, Tax Liability

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The CSA Announces Proposed Amendments to the Take-Over Bid Regime

On March 31, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) announced the publication of proposed amendments to the Canadian take-over bid rules…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Hostile Takeover, Proposed Amendments, Target Company

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Bayens v Kinross Gold Corporation – Misrepresentation Claims in Securities Class Actions

Ontario's statutory regime for secondary market liability came into effect in 2006 as a result of amendments to the Securities Act (Ontario) (the OSA), creating a statutory cause of action for deficient market disclosure. Part…more

Canada, Class Action, Misrepresentation, Securities

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Court Considers Unreasonably Withholding Consent under CAPL Operating Procedure in Precedent-Setting Decision

In IFP Technologies (Canada) v Encana Midstream and Marketing, 2014 ABQB 470, the Court clarified for the first time the circumstances in which a party that waives its right of first refusal under Article 24 of the 1990 CAPL…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Right of FIrst Refusal

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Inappropriate E-mail Use by Employees Can Constitute Cause for Dismissal

Increased usage and reliance on the Internet creates new challenges for both employees and an employer’s human resources department. In certain circumstances, employees can be fired for engaging in inappropriate Internet use at…more

Email, Hiring & Firing, Internet, Investigations, Just Cause

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Unsolicited Expressions of Interest may be Material Information Former Daylight CEO and ASC Settle Insider Trading Allegations

The Alberta Securities Commission (ASC) has entered into a settlement agreement with Anthony Lambert, the former CEO of Daylight Energy Ltd., following allegations by the ASC that Mr. Lambert violated provisions of the…more

Alberta Securities Commission, Canada, CEOs, Insider Trading, Settlement

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Canadian Securities Regulators Propose Significant Changes to the Rights Offering Regime

The Canadian Securities Administrators, or CSA, have published for comment proposed rule changes which would create a streamlined prospectus exemption for rights offerings conducted by reporting issuers other than investment…more

Canada, Offerings, Proposed Regulation, Regulatory Reform

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BC Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting and Control Act Passes Second Reading

On October 20, 2014, the Greenhouse Gas Industrial Reporting and Control Act (Bill 2) (hereinafter the Bill) was introduced, and on October 29, 2014, the Bill passed second reading in the British Columbia Legislative Assembly…more

Canada, Coal Industry, Coal-Fired Plants, Energy Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emissions

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BROKEn Promises: 3 Signs your Tenant may be Going Bankrupt

The bankruptcy of a tenant is disruptive and may be confusing to a landlord; however, arming yourself with knowledge of some warning signs of financial distress and an understanding of your basic rights will, along with your…more

Consumer Bankruptcy, Landlords, Tenants

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Canadian Securities Administrators Adopt National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms

On April 30, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) adopted National Policy 25-201 Guidance for Proxy Advisory Firms. The Policy may be viewed on the websites of CSA members, including the Alberta Securities…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Final Guidance, Ontario Securities Commission, Proxy Advisors

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Operator Granted Summary Judgment Against Producer for Disputed Invoice Amounts

A gas facility operator was recently awarded summary judgment for its unpaid invoices, even though the non-paying producer disputed the amounts owing and claimed various set-offs. In SemCAMS ULC v Blaze Energy Ltd, 2015 ABQB 218…more

Canada, Contract Disputes, Summary Judgment

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SCC Recognizes a Lawyer’s Duty of Commitment to the Client’s Cause

In a decision released on Friday, the Supreme Court of Canada has recognized a new principle of fundamental justice: a lawyer’s duty of commitment to the client’s cause. In Canada (Attorney General) v Federation of Law…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Canada, Duty of Care, Money Laundering, SCC

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Change to Alberta Court Rules Eases Service Under Hague Convention

A new Alberta Court Rule seeks to avoid an unfortunate implication that courts have read into the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extra-Judicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters. Effective July…more

Canada, Hague Convention, Human Rights, Service of Process

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Give and Take: Canadian Securities Regulators Ease Disclosure Burdens on Venture Issuers but Enhance Audit Committee Member Requirements

On April 9, 2015, the Canadian Securities Administrators announced amendments to the continuous disclosure and governance obligations of venture issuers in three national instruments: National Instruments 51-102 Continuous…more

Amended Regulation, Canada, Canadian Securities Administration

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ISS Announces 2015 Canadian Proxy Voting Guideline Updates

Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) released updates to its Canadian proxy voting guidelines for the upcoming 2015 proxy season. The ISS updates will apply to shareholder meetings of publicly traded Canadian companies…more

Annual Meeting, Annual Notices, Bylaws, Canada, Independent Boards

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SCC Confirms the Ability of Taxpayers to Seek Rectification to Remedy Errors that May Impact Tax Positions

Uninteded tax consequences of a contract can be avoided by rectification, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in Québec v Services Environnementaux AES inc., 2013 SCC 65 (AES). …more

Canada, SCC, Tax Deferral, Tax Liability

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New LCIA Arbitration Rules Come into Effect on October 1, 2014

International arbitration is often selected over traditional litigation for resolving commercial disputes, as it is typically perceived that arbitrations can be undertaken more efficiently and swiftly than litigation. In recent…more

Arbitration, International Arbitration, LCIA

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Supreme Court to Clarify the Liability of Canadian Corporations for Acts of their Foreign Affiliates

The Supreme Court of Canada today heard argument in a case that will clarify whether a judgment obtained in a foreign country against a foreign corporate entity can be enforced in Canada against a Canadian affiliate of that…more

Canada, Chevron, Foreign Affiliates, Foreign Judgments, Mining

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CFPOA Bribery Fine of $10.3 million Imposed on Canadian Company

Griffiths Energy International Inc. (GEI) pleaded guilty on January 22, 2013, to one charge of bribing a foreign official contrary to the Canadian Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (CFPOA). This is the third conviction…more

Anti-Corruption, Bribery, CFPOA, Due Diligence, Foreign Official

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The Canadian Oil Sands: A Backgrounder

In this issue: - Preface - Current Issues in the Oil Sands - Introduction - Advantages of Investing in the Oil Sands - Challenges - Location and Extraction - Emerging…more

Canada, Oil & Gas, Oil Sands

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New Canadian Resource Revenue Transparency Rules Released

On October 23, 2014, the Government of Canada introduced its Extractive Sector Transparency Measures Act (the Bill), which will impose mandatory reporting requirements for each entity engaged in the "commercial development of…more

Canada, Energy, Natural Resources, Oil & Gas, Transparency

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Bennett Jones Fall 2014 Economic Outlook

We expect a modest strengthening of global growth over the next two years relative to 2013 and 2014, largely originating from the advanced economies, and the U.S. in particular. Growth in the emerging economies as a whole will…more

Brazil, Canada, China, Commodities, Economic Development

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Expedited Examination Options for Patent Applications Filed in the United States

In the United States, patents are granted and issued through the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Each patent application received by the USPTO is examined by a United States patent examiner in the order it is…more

Expedited Actions Process, Patent Applications, Patent Examinations, Patents, USPTO

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GST/HST Joint-Venture Elections and Nominee Corporations

Joint-ventures (JVs) with nominee corporations or bare trustees that have been elected to account for the GST/HST of the JV should be aware of the period of CRA administrative tolerance expiring on January 1, 2015. This…more

Canada, Joint Venture, Real Estate Development

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SCC Protects the Confidentiality of Settlement Amounts to Promote Settlement in Multi-Party Lawsuits

A recent decision of the Supreme Court of Canada has ruled that in a multi-party lawsuit, a plaintiff that settles with only some defendants can keep the settlement amounts confidential from the non-settling defendants, at least…more

Canada, Confidentiality, Multi-Party Litigation, Settlement

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Proposed Prospectus Exemption for Distributions to Existing Security Holders of TSXV Issuers

On November 21, 2013, Canadian securities regulators in all jurisdictions but Ontario and Newfoundland and Labrador published for comment a proposed prospectus exemption for issuers listed on the TSX Venture Exchange (TSXV…more

Canada, Canadian Securities Administration, Prospectus, TSX Venture Exchange

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A Little Less Murky: The Court of Appeal Clarifies the Line Between Oppression and Derivative Actions

On May 26, 2015, the Court of Appeal for Ontario released its decision in Rea et al v Wildeboer, clarifying the distinct role of derivative actions under the Ontario Business Corporations Act. The role is so distinct that the…more

Appeals, Business Corporation Act, Canada, Derivative Suit, Oppression Remedy

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Newco Tank – Cautionary Note on Over-reliance on Headings by Patent Drafters

The Federal Court of Appeal upheld the dismissal of an appeal from a Re-examination Board which had considered Canadian Patent 2,421,384 and had determined that claims 12-14 were cancelled because they were obvious in light of…more

Canada, Obviousness, Patents

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Important Restrictions Placed on use of CBCA for Debt Restructurings

In a recent unreported decision denying approval of a plan of arrangement under the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) proposed by Connacher Oil and Gas Limited, Justice C.M. Jones of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench…more

Canada, CBCA, Commercial Bankruptcy, Debt Restructuring, Plan of Arrangement

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Important Restrictions Placed on use of CBCA for Debt Restructurings

In a recent unreported decision denying approval of a plan of arrangement under the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) proposed by Connacher Oil and Gas Limited, Justice C.M. Jones of the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench…more

Canada, CBCA, Commercial Bankruptcy, Debt Restructuring, Plan of Arrangement

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Contact

4500 Bankers Hall East 855 2nd Street SW
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Contact: Jon Holden, Director, Marketing Communications & Social Media

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Areas of Practice
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Number of Attorneys

100+ Attorneys

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