Do you have a personal laptop computer, iPad, iPhone or other personal electronic device requiring an access password? Who, besides you, has that information? If something happens to you, how will your information be retrieved?
If you maintain active online bank, brokerage, e-mail, social media, and game accounts that require username, password or other information for access, who knows what these accounts are and how to access them if you can't?
While technology can simplify our lives while we’re living, it can complicate things significantly when we become ill, incapacitated, or die. The applicable laws are anything but settled. That is why it is essential to plan for and document your wishes about access to, and disposition of, your digital assets.
If you want to be assured that your choices about who has access to and control of your digital assets in the event of your illness, disability, or death are honored, you need to take the following steps:
When your digital asset inventory is complete, safeguard the information. Perhaps you are comfortable entrusting the inventory to a family member or prospective fiduciary. If your information is more complex, or involves business assets, you may want to explore a secure online password manager, such as Dashlane, LastPass, PasswordBox, SecureSafe, etc.* Some services provide secure sharing and access by designated “emergency contacts.”
Most online accounts are contractual, license arrangements that control who (other than you) may access your account, and under what circumstances. There are as many different policies as there are online account providers. For example, Facebook does not allow anyone other than a designated “legacy contact” (designated through the user’s security settings) to access a deceased user’s Facebook page – even if that person has the password to do so. Given the uncertainties under current law, your estate planning documents should ensure that only the people you choose have access to your digital information, and that your choice is documented in your power of attorney, Will and trust agreement, as appropriate.
Some forms of digital assets have monetary value (e.g., online bank or brokerage accounts) which can be transferred when accessed. Others hold inherent financial value that can be exchanged or transferred, e.g., a domain name, iTunes account or PayPal credit balance. Other assets may exist only in digital form, for example, photographs, recipes and manuscripts, and have tremendous sentimental or family historical value.
A traditional Will or revocable trust agreement may be options for directing the disposition of many digital assets, particularly those with monetary value. Another tool is a “digital asset trust” which is created to hold title to the electronic account and govern who may have access to what information, and when.
As the rate of electronic growth significantly outpaces the related law, it is imperative that you take the necessary steps to provide access to your digital assets, if necessary, and provide directions to give effect to your wishes with respect to your digital assets. For further information on this topic, and others related to “digital afterlife,” you may enjoy a visit to www.thedigitalbeyond.com.
*NOTE: Pullman & Comley, LLC is not recommending any of these companies and no endorsement should be implied because any company has, or has not, been mentioned in this article.