Genevra Forwood

Genevra Forwood

White & Case LLP

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Overview of Sanctions Relief in Nuclear Deal with Iran

On July 20, 2015, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted resolution 2231 endorsing the final nuclear deal agreed between the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (US),...more

7/22/2015 - Aircraft Equipment Automotive Industry Energy Sector Financial Institutions Implementation Day Insurance Industry International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Metals Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations Shipping Transition Day UN Security Council United Nations

Final Nuclear Deal Reached Between Iran and the International Community

On July 14, 2015, the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States (US), plus Germany), the European Union (EU), and Iran announced the “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” (JCPOA) regarding the...more

7/20/2015 - EU International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons P5+1 Nations United Nations

Additional Extension of Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Through July 13, 2015

On June 30, 2015, the P5 + 1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union (EU), and Iran decided by mutual consent to extend the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) for seven days,...more

7/15/2015 - EU Extensions Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA P5+1 Nations Sanctions

Joint Plan of Action Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Continued Through July 7, 2015

On November 24, 2013, the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, coordinated by the European Union's High Representative) and Iran reached an initial understanding, which was outlined...more

7/9/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Negotiations P5+1 Nations Time Extensions

EU continues sanctions against Russia and Crimea into 2016

On 19 June 2015, the EU Council decided to extend until 23 June 2016 the EU sanctions against Crimea/Sevastopol imposed in June 2014 in response to the annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol. On 22 June 2015, the EU...more

6/24/2015 - Asset Freeze Crimea EU Jurisdiction Russia Sanctions Ukraine

Dawn raids under scrutiny again by European Human Rights Court

ECtHR rules that French dawn raids in Vinci/GTM case breached fundamental rights - The European Court of Human Rights (the “ECtHR”) has ruled in the Vinci case that the circumstances surrounding the electronic removal of...more

4/28/2015 - Antitrust Investigations Computer Servers Dawn Raids Electronic Records EU European Commission European Court of Human Rights France Infringement Privacy Concerns Search & Seizure

Sanctions implications of the nuclear deal between Iran and the international community

Yesterday, an important tentative deal was agreed between the P5+1, the European Union, and Iran. Below, we look at what elements of the current sanctions could potentially be suspended or lifted if final agreement is reached...more

4/8/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons

US Imposes Additional Ukraine/Russia- Related Sanctions By Designating Individuals and Entities Pursuant to Executive Orders 13660...

On March 11, 2015, the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued further designations pursuant to Executive Order 13660 (EO 13660) and Executive Order 13685 (EO 13685). EO 13660, which was...more

3/13/2015 - Crimea Executive Orders OFAC Political Corruption Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU asset freeze developments: Ukraine state fund misappropriation list, Syria, Libya

The EU has recently removed four persons from its asset freeze list featuring persons deemed responsible for misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds, and added 13 parties to the Syria related asset freeze list. In addition,...more

3/11/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Libya Misappropriation State Funding Syria Ukraine

EU Court limits the scope of environmental liability for new owners of polluted land

The Court of Justice of the European Union (the “CJEU”) has shed light on the application of the “polluter pays” principle in the context of the EU’s Environmental Liability Directive. The judgment, handed down on 4 March...more

3/10/2015 - Bona Fide Purchaser CJEU Contaminated Properties Discharge of Pollutants Environmental Liability Environmental Remediation Costs EU Groundwater Italy Pesticides Remedial Actions

EU adds more separatists and five Russian officials to Ukraine related asset freeze list

The EU has extended its sanctions in relation to Ukraine by adding 19 persons and nine entities to the asset freeze list. These newly designated parties are deemed to be actively involved in separatist activities in Eastern...more

2/17/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Sanctions Ukraine

After a busy 2014 for sanctions, what can we expect in 2015?

2014 was a very eventful year for sanctions, with both the European Union (EU) and United States (US) making extensive use of trade sanctions to attain foreign policy goals. Certain sanctions measures against Iran were (and...more

2/11/2015 - Crimea Cuba EU Iran Iran Sanctions Russia Sanctions SDN List SSI List Sudan Ukraine

European Commission extends State aid probe into Belgian tax scheme

The European Commission (“Commission”) has opened a fifth formal State aid investigation into national tax rulings. This investigation concerns the Belgian “excess profit” provision, which allows multinational groups to...more

2/10/2015 - Amazon Apple Belgium Corporate Taxes EU European Commission Fiat Government Investigations Starbucks

Crimea-related Developments: OFAC Issues Authorizations for Certain Crimea-related Communications Activity and Personal...

On January 30, 2015, the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued three General Licenses, authorizing certain personal remittances, the operation of personal accounts and certain mail and...more

2/5/2015 - BIS Crimea International Remittance Transfers OFAC Ukraine

OFAC Issues General License Authorizing Certain Activities Necessary to Wind Down Operations Involving Crimea

On December 30, 2014, the US Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued General License 5, authorizing until February 1, 2015 certain activities otherwise prohibited by Executive Order 13685...more

1/2/2015 - Crimea Executive Orders OFAC Ukraine Winding Down

US Issues Executive Order Prohibiting Crimea-Related Transactions and General License No. 4 Authorizing Humanitarian Exports to...

On December 19, 2014, President Obama signed an Executive Order (EO) prohibiting a broad range of transactions related to the Crimea region of Ukraine and authorizing the United States to impose sanctions on certain persons...more

12/23/2014 - Barack Obama Crimea Executive Orders Exports OFAC Sanctions SDN List Ukraine

President Signs Russia Sanctions Law But Does Not Intend To Impose New Sanctions At This Time

On December 18, 2014, President Obama signed into law the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (the “Act”), authorizing sanctions related to Russia’s defense, energy, and financial sectors. The Act is the latest in US...more

12/19/2014 - Banking Sector Barack Obama Defense Sector Energy Sector New Legislation Russia Sanctions Ukraine

Where next for EU climate change policy? From Lima to Paris

2014 ended with a number of significant developments affecting EU climate change policy. In October 2014, the EU agreed on its 2030 ‘Climate and Energy Goals’ and, in the same month, the European Commission (“Commission”)...more

12/19/2014 - Climate Change Energy Policy EU European Commission

EU adds separatist names to Ukraine-related asset freeze list

As per a recent request from the EU Council, the EU has extended its sanctions in relation to Ukraine by adding 13 persons and five organizations to the asset freeze list based on their involvement in recent elections in the...more

12/1/2014 - Asset Freeze Sanctions UK Ukraine

Iran sanctions suspension extended, and other EU sanctions news (Syria, Belarus, Serbia/Montenegro)

This alert summarizes certain recent EU sanctions developments with respect to Iran, Syria, Belarus, and Serbia/Montenegro. In sum, they are as follows: • Iran: Today, the EU decided to extend the existing temporary...more

11/26/2014 - EU Extensions Iran Sanctions JPOA P5+1 Nations Sanctions

United States Tightens Sanctions Against Russian Financial, Defense, and Energy Sectors

On September 12, 2014, the United States issued another round of targeted sanctions against the Russian financial, defense, and energy sectors. Today’s measures were a combination of new measures and modifications of prior...more

9/15/2014 - Banking Sector Defense Sector Energy Sector Russia Sanctions SSI List

New EU Russia sanctions: ban on oil project services; wider capital market sanctions (loans and credit, shorter-term equity, with...

Today, the EU published a second round of targeted sanctions against Russia. These new measures expand the EU’s existing Russia sanctions and restrict access to capital markets covering certain loans and credit, trade in...more

9/12/2014 - Asset Freeze Capital Markets Defense Sector Energy Sector EU Oil & Gas Russia Sanctions SDN List SSI List Travel Ban

EU Sanctions Against Russia: Possible Effects on Aircraft Sector

Against the background of recent European Union (EU) sanctions targeting Russian airline Dobrolet, this note provides a general overview of relevant issues – especially in the context of the aircraft sector. I....more

8/22/2014 - Airlines Asset Freeze EU Russia Sanctions

OFAC Issues Revised Guidance on Aggregation of Ownership Interests

On August 13, 2014, the US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued revised guidance with respect to the “50% Rule,” which established that an entity owned 50% or more, directly or indirectly, by a...more

8/15/2014 - Aggregation Rules Executive Orders OFAC Sanctions SDN List

US Expands Export Restrictions on Russia and Targets Russian Energy Sector

On August 1, 2014, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced further export restrictions targeting Russia generally and the Russian oil and gas sector in particular, effective August 6, 2014. This action implements...more

8/8/2014 - BIS Energy Foreign Policy Russia Sanctions

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