Genevra Forwood

Genevra Forwood

White & Case LLP

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EU and US Take Actions to Ease Belarus Sanctions

On October 29, 2015, the EU and the United States took separate action to ease certain Belarus-related sanctions. As of October 31, 2015, the EU suspended asset freezes and travel restrictions imposed on 170 persons, as well...more

11/2/2015 - Asset Freeze Belarus Sanctions EU Executive Orders General Licenses OFAC Reporting Requirements Sanction Suspensions Sanctions SDN List Travel Restrictions

European Commission adopts first two decisions in EU tax probe in push for corporate tax reform

On 21 October, the European Commission (“EC”) adopted its first decisions in its investigation into Member States’ tax rulings. The investigation, which began in June 2013, has also targeted tax rulings given to Apple and...more

10/23/2015 - Advanced Pricing Agreements BEPS Corporate Taxes EU European Commission Fiat Luxembourg Netherlands OECD Starbucks State Aid Transfer Pricing Unfair Competition

Adoption Day Marks Start of Preparations for Iran Sanctions Relief

October 18, 2015 marked the starting point for official preparations for the expected lifting of sanctions against Iran under the recently agreed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). On this day, termed “Adoption Day,”...more

10/22/2015 - Adoption Day EU Council of Ministers Implementation Day International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power OFAC SDN List Secretary of State UN Security Council

New era dawns in UK competition damages actions

The entry into force of the UK Consumer Rights Act 2015 (the "CRA") on 1 October 2015 marks the introduction of opt-out class actions in the UK, further transforming the legal landscape for private damages claims in the UK....more

10/13/2015 - Antitrust Violations Class Action Competition Competition Act 1998 Competition Appeals Tribunal (CAT) Damages Enterprise Act 2002 EU Damages Directive Opt-Outs UK UK Consumer Rights Act

First EU Steps to Prepare for Sanctions Relief under Iran Deal

On July 31, 2015, the European Union (EU) adopted the first measures to prepare for the implementing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran by allowing EU Member States to authorise certain activities...more

8/4/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Implementation Day International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations Transition Day UN Security Council

Overview of Sanctions Relief in Nuclear Deal with Iran

On July 20, 2015, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted resolution 2231 endorsing the final nuclear deal agreed between the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (US),...more

7/22/2015 - Aircraft Equipment Automotive Industry Energy Sector Financial Institutions Implementation Day Insurance Industry International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Metals Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations Shipping Transition Day UN Security Council United Nations

Final Nuclear Deal Reached Between Iran and the International Community

On July 14, 2015, the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States (US), plus Germany), the European Union (EU), and Iran announced the “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” (JCPOA) regarding the...more

7/20/2015 - EU International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons P5+1 Nations United Nations

Additional Extension of Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Through July 13, 2015

On June 30, 2015, the P5 + 1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union (EU), and Iran decided by mutual consent to extend the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) for seven days,...more

7/15/2015 - EU Extensions Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA P5+1 Nations Sanctions

Joint Plan of Action Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Continued Through July 7, 2015

On November 24, 2013, the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, coordinated by the European Union's High Representative) and Iran reached an initial understanding, which was outlined...more

7/9/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Negotiations P5+1 Nations Time Extensions

EU continues sanctions against Russia and Crimea into 2016

On 19 June 2015, the EU Council decided to extend until 23 June 2016 the EU sanctions against Crimea/Sevastopol imposed in June 2014 in response to the annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol. On 22 June 2015, the EU...more

6/24/2015 - Asset Freeze Crimea EU Jurisdiction Russia Sanctions Ukraine

Dawn raids under scrutiny again by European Human Rights Court

ECtHR rules that French dawn raids in Vinci/GTM case breached fundamental rights - The European Court of Human Rights (the “ECtHR”) has ruled in the Vinci case that the circumstances surrounding the electronic removal of...more

4/28/2015 - Antitrust Investigations Computer Servers Dawn Raids Electronic Records EU European Commission European Court of Human Rights France Infringement Privacy Concerns Search & Seizure

Sanctions implications of the nuclear deal between Iran and the international community

Yesterday, an important tentative deal was agreed between the P5+1, the European Union, and Iran. Below, we look at what elements of the current sanctions could potentially be suspended or lifted if final agreement is reached...more

4/8/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons

US Imposes Additional Ukraine/Russia- Related Sanctions By Designating Individuals and Entities Pursuant to Executive Orders 13660...

On March 11, 2015, the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued further designations pursuant to Executive Order 13660 (EO 13660) and Executive Order 13685 (EO 13685). EO 13660, which was...more

3/13/2015 - Crimea Executive Orders OFAC Political Corruption Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU asset freeze developments: Ukraine state fund misappropriation list, Syria, Libya

The EU has recently removed four persons from its asset freeze list featuring persons deemed responsible for misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds, and added 13 parties to the Syria related asset freeze list. In addition,...more

3/11/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Libya Misappropriation State Funding Syria Ukraine

EU Court limits the scope of environmental liability for new owners of polluted land

The Court of Justice of the European Union (the “CJEU”) has shed light on the application of the “polluter pays” principle in the context of the EU’s Environmental Liability Directive. The judgment, handed down on 4 March...more

3/10/2015 - Bona Fide Purchaser Contaminated Properties Discharge of Pollutants Environmental Liability Environmental Remediation Costs EU European Court of Justice (ECJ) Groundwater Italy Pesticides Remedial Actions

EU adds more separatists and five Russian officials to Ukraine related asset freeze list

The EU has extended its sanctions in relation to Ukraine by adding 19 persons and nine entities to the asset freeze list. These newly designated parties are deemed to be actively involved in separatist activities in Eastern...more

2/17/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Sanctions Ukraine

After a busy 2014 for sanctions, what can we expect in 2015?

2014 was a very eventful year for sanctions, with both the European Union (EU) and United States (US) making extensive use of trade sanctions to attain foreign policy goals. Certain sanctions measures against Iran were (and...more

2/11/2015 - Crimea Cuba EU Iran Iran Sanctions Russia Sanctions SDN List SSI List Sudan Ukraine

European Commission extends State aid probe into Belgian tax scheme

The European Commission (“Commission”) has opened a fifth formal State aid investigation into national tax rulings. This investigation concerns the Belgian “excess profit” provision, which allows multinational groups to...more

2/10/2015 - Amazon Apple Belgium Corporate Taxes EU European Commission Fiat Government Investigations Starbucks

Crimea-related Developments: OFAC Issues Authorizations for Certain Crimea-related Communications Activity and Personal...

On January 30, 2015, the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued three General Licenses, authorizing certain personal remittances, the operation of personal accounts and certain mail and...more

2/5/2015 - BIS Crimea International Remittance Transfers OFAC Ukraine

OFAC Issues General License Authorizing Certain Activities Necessary to Wind Down Operations Involving Crimea

On December 30, 2014, the US Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued General License 5, authorizing until February 1, 2015 certain activities otherwise prohibited by Executive Order 13685...more

1/2/2015 - Crimea Executive Orders OFAC Ukraine Winding Down

US Issues Executive Order Prohibiting Crimea-Related Transactions and General License No. 4 Authorizing Humanitarian Exports to...

On December 19, 2014, President Obama signed an Executive Order (EO) prohibiting a broad range of transactions related to the Crimea region of Ukraine and authorizing the United States to impose sanctions on certain persons...more

12/23/2014 - Barack Obama Crimea Executive Orders Exports OFAC Sanctions SDN List Ukraine

President Signs Russia Sanctions Law But Does Not Intend To Impose New Sanctions At This Time

On December 18, 2014, President Obama signed into law the Ukraine Freedom Support Act of 2014 (the “Act”), authorizing sanctions related to Russia’s defense, energy, and financial sectors. The Act is the latest in US...more

12/19/2014 - Banking Sector Barack Obama Defense Sector Energy Sector New Legislation Russia Sanctions Ukraine

Where next for EU climate change policy? From Lima to Paris

2014 ended with a number of significant developments affecting EU climate change policy. In October 2014, the EU agreed on its 2030 ‘Climate and Energy Goals’ and, in the same month, the European Commission (“Commission”)...more

12/19/2014 - Climate Change Energy Policy EU European Commission

EU adds separatist names to Ukraine-related asset freeze list

As per a recent request from the EU Council, the EU has extended its sanctions in relation to Ukraine by adding 13 persons and five organizations to the asset freeze list based on their involvement in recent elections in the...more

12/1/2014 - Asset Freeze Sanctions UK Ukraine

Iran sanctions suspension extended, and other EU sanctions news (Syria, Belarus, Serbia/Montenegro)

This alert summarizes certain recent EU sanctions developments with respect to Iran, Syria, Belarus, and Serbia/Montenegro. In sum, they are as follows: • Iran: Today, the EU decided to extend the existing temporary...more

11/26/2014 - EU Extensions Iran Sanctions JPOA P5+1 Nations Sanctions

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