Genevra Forwood

Genevra Forwood

White & Case LLP

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US Further Liberalizes Burma Sanctions

On May 17, 2016, the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) further eased the sanctions on Burma by issuing and expanding general licenses and removing certain parties from the Specially...more

5/19/2016 - Burma Economic Sanctions Exports Financial Institutions General Licenses Myanmar OFAC SDN List State-Owned Enterprises US Department of State

US Significantly Expands Sanctions Targeting North Korea

On March 16, 2016, the United States Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) expanded sanctions on North Korea (the DPRK) pursuant to Executive Order 13722 (EO 13722). This action implements in...more

3/21/2016 - Economic Sanctions North Korea OFAC SDN List U.S. Treasury UN Security Council

US Further Liberalizes Cuba Sanctions

On March 15, 2016, in advance of the historic visit to Cuba by the President, the United States announced significant amendments to existing Cuba-related economic sanctions and export control regulations to implement the...more

3/16/2016 - BIS Corporate Counsel Cuba Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) Economic Sanctions Export Controls Exports Financial Services Industry OFAC Shipping Travel

Highest EU court strikes down vague and ambiguous information requests

Statement of reasons was excessively vague in light of the extent of information requested and the advanced investigation stage. Introduction - On 10 March 2016, the European Court of Justice issued a landmark...more

3/11/2016 - Ambiguous Antitrust Investigations Corporate Counsel EU European Commission European Court of Justice (ECJ) Exports Imports Information Requests Manufacturers Price-Fixing Set-Asides

EU Lifts (and Extends) Sanctions against Belarus and Zimbabwe

The EU has lifted most of the asset freezes under sanctions against Belarus and Zimbabwe, but at the same time extended certain limited measures. We provide further details about these sanctions developments below....more

2/29/2016 - Belarus Belarus Sanctions Economic Sanctions EU Zimbabwe

Overview of US and EU “Implementation Day” Guidelines on Iran Sanctions Relief

This overview describes the status of US and EU sanctions following the first round of nuclear-related sanctions relief that occurred on “Implementation Day” under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) concluded with...more

2/10/2016 - Automotive Industry Banking Sector Energy Sector EU General Licenses IAEA Implementation Day Iran Iran Sanctions ITSR Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Metals OFAC SDN List Shipping

“Implementation Day” Sanctions Relief Provided to Iran by UN, US, and EU

On January 16, 2016, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) verified that Iran has met its nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). On this day, known as “Implementation Day,”...more

1/18/2016 - Economic Sanctions EU Implementation Day International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) SDN List UN Security Council

EU and US Take Actions to Ease Belarus Sanctions

On October 29, 2015, the EU and the United States took separate action to ease certain Belarus-related sanctions. As of October 31, 2015, the EU suspended asset freezes and travel restrictions imposed on 170 persons, as well...more

11/2/2015 - Asset Freeze Belarus Sanctions EU Executive Orders General Licenses OFAC Reporting Requirements Sanction Suspensions Sanctions SDN List Travel Restrictions

European Commission adopts first two decisions in EU tax probe in push for corporate tax reform

On 21 October, the European Commission (“EC”) adopted its first decisions in its investigation into Member States’ tax rulings. The investigation, which began in June 2013, has also targeted tax rulings given to Apple and...more

10/23/2015 - Advanced Pricing Agreements BEPS Corporate Taxes EU European Commission Fiat Luxembourg Netherlands OECD Starbucks State Aid Transfer Pricing Unfair Competition

Adoption Day Marks Start of Preparations for Iran Sanctions Relief

October 18, 2015 marked the starting point for official preparations for the expected lifting of sanctions against Iran under the recently agreed Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). On this day, termed “Adoption Day,”...more

10/22/2015 - Adoption Day EU Council of Ministers Implementation Day International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power OFAC SDN List Secretary of State UN Security Council

New era dawns in UK competition damages actions

The entry into force of the UK Consumer Rights Act 2015 (the "CRA") on 1 October 2015 marks the introduction of opt-out class actions in the UK, further transforming the legal landscape for private damages claims in the UK....more

10/13/2015 - Antitrust Violations Class Action Competition Competition Act 1998 Competition Appeals Tribunal (CAT) Damages Enterprise Act 2002 EU Damages Directive Opt-Outs UK UK Consumer Rights Act

First EU Steps to Prepare for Sanctions Relief under Iran Deal

On July 31, 2015, the European Union (EU) adopted the first measures to prepare for the implementing of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran by allowing EU Member States to authorise certain activities...more

8/4/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Implementation Day International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations Transition Day UN Security Council

Overview of Sanctions Relief in Nuclear Deal with Iran

On July 20, 2015, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) unanimously adopted resolution 2231 endorsing the final nuclear deal agreed between the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (US),...more

7/22/2015 - Aircraft Equipment Automotive Industry Energy Sector Financial Institutions Implementation Day Insurance Industry International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Metals Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations Shipping Transition Day UN Security Council United Nations

Final Nuclear Deal Reached Between Iran and the International Community

On July 14, 2015, the P5+1 (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States (US), plus Germany), the European Union (EU), and Iran announced the “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” (JCPOA) regarding the...more

7/20/2015 - EU International Atomic Energy Agency Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons P5+1 Nations United Nations

Additional Extension of Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Through July 13, 2015

On June 30, 2015, the P5 + 1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), the European Union (EU), and Iran decided by mutual consent to extend the Joint Plan of Action (JPOA) for seven days,...more

7/15/2015 - EU Extensions Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA P5+1 Nations Sanctions

Joint Plan of Action Temporary Sanctions Relief for Iran Continued Through July 7, 2015

On November 24, 2013, the P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, coordinated by the European Union's High Representative) and Iran reached an initial understanding, which was outlined...more

7/9/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Negotiations P5+1 Nations Time Extensions

EU continues sanctions against Russia and Crimea into 2016

On 19 June 2015, the EU Council decided to extend until 23 June 2016 the EU sanctions against Crimea/Sevastopol imposed in June 2014 in response to the annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol. On 22 June 2015, the EU...more

6/24/2015 - Asset Freeze Crimea EU Jurisdiction Russia Sanctions Ukraine

Dawn raids under scrutiny again by European Human Rights Court

ECtHR rules that French dawn raids in Vinci/GTM case breached fundamental rights - The European Court of Human Rights (the “ECtHR”) has ruled in the Vinci case that the circumstances surrounding the electronic removal of...more

4/28/2015 - Antitrust Investigations Computer Servers Dawn Raids Electronic Records EU European Commission European Court of Human Rights France Infringement Privacy Concerns Search & Seizure

Sanctions implications of the nuclear deal between Iran and the international community

Yesterday, an important tentative deal was agreed between the P5+1, the European Union, and Iran. Below, we look at what elements of the current sanctions could potentially be suspended or lifted if final agreement is reached...more

4/8/2015 - Iran Iran Sanctions JPOA Nuclear Power Nuclear Weapons

US Imposes Additional Ukraine/Russia- Related Sanctions By Designating Individuals and Entities Pursuant to Executive Orders 13660...

On March 11, 2015, the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued further designations pursuant to Executive Order 13660 (EO 13660) and Executive Order 13685 (EO 13685). EO 13660, which was...more

3/13/2015 - Crimea Executive Orders OFAC Political Corruption Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU asset freeze developments: Ukraine state fund misappropriation list, Syria, Libya

The EU has recently removed four persons from its asset freeze list featuring persons deemed responsible for misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds, and added 13 parties to the Syria related asset freeze list. In addition,...more

3/11/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Libya Misappropriation State Funding Syria Ukraine

EU Court limits the scope of environmental liability for new owners of polluted land

The Court of Justice of the European Union (the “CJEU”) has shed light on the application of the “polluter pays” principle in the context of the EU’s Environmental Liability Directive. The judgment, handed down on 4 March...more

3/10/2015 - Bona Fide Purchaser Contaminated Properties Discharge of Pollutants Environmental Liability Environmental Remediation Costs EU European Court of Justice (ECJ) Groundwater Italy Pesticides Remedial Actions

EU adds more separatists and five Russian officials to Ukraine related asset freeze list

The EU has extended its sanctions in relation to Ukraine by adding 19 persons and nine entities to the asset freeze list. These newly designated parties are deemed to be actively involved in separatist activities in Eastern...more

2/17/2015 - Asset Freeze EU Sanctions Ukraine

After a busy 2014 for sanctions, what can we expect in 2015?

2014 was a very eventful year for sanctions, with both the European Union (EU) and United States (US) making extensive use of trade sanctions to attain foreign policy goals. Certain sanctions measures against Iran were (and...more

2/11/2015 - Crimea Cuba EU Iran Iran Sanctions Russia Sanctions SDN List SSI List Sudan Ukraine

European Commission extends State aid probe into Belgian tax scheme

The European Commission (“Commission”) has opened a fifth formal State aid investigation into national tax rulings. This investigation concerns the Belgian “excess profit” provision, which allows multinational groups to...more

2/10/2015 - Amazon Apple Belgium Corporate Taxes EU European Commission Fiat Government Investigations Starbucks

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