EU Directive

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Are Dynamic IP Addresses "Personal Data"? German Federal Court of Justice seeks advice from the European Court of Justice

The German Federal Court of Justice (GFCJ) was scheduled to judge, on October 28, 2014, whether dynamic IP addresses are "personal data" as defined in Article 2 of the EC Data Protection Directive, and if so, under which...more

The New European Antitrust Damages Directive: Opening the Floodgates for Civil Litigation?

After more than ten years in gestation, on November 10, 2014, the European Council of Ministers formally adopted the Antitrust Damages Directive....more

Implementing EU Directive 2011/83 Into French Law

The Consumer Rights Directive was implemented in France by the so called Loi Hamon of March 17, 2014. The Loi Hamon strengthens the information obligations on traders which cover in particular the main...more

EU Issues Cartel Damages Directive

The directive eases the way for the private enforcement of competition laws in Europe. On November 10, the European Council adopted a directive designed to make it easier for injured parties to pursue damages claims in...more

The EU Article 29 Working Party's Guidance on the "Legitimate Interest" Ground for Processing Personal Data

When precisely is a data controller lawfully permitted to process personal data? If a data controller does not have the consent of a data subject to process his or her data, when does the “legitimate interest”...more

10 Popular Reads Covering Latest European Union Developments

Recap of popular updates covering latest developments in the European Union....more

Limitation Periods for Antitrust Damages Actions in The European Union

The last decade or so has seen a marked increase in antitrust damages actions brought before the national courts of the EU Member States. As things currently stand, such actions are governed by the various national laws of...more

New E.U. Antitrust Directive

On April 17, 2014 the European Parliament adopted the European Commission’s proposal for a directive on private competition damages actions. The general impetus for the Directive was the paucity of private actions sought...more

EU nears finalisation of new law to promote anti-trust claims

Member States’ ambassadors to the EU, known as the Committee of Permanent Representatives, have endorsed the agreement between the Council Presidency and representatives of the European Parliament on a proposed new EU...more

"EU Institutions Reach Compromise on EU Directive on Private Damage Actions"

On March 18, 2014, representatives of the European Commission (the Commission), the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached a compromise in relation to key provisions of the proposed EU Directive on...more

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