Title VII

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII... more +
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII has been subsequently extended to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and sexual stereotypes and to prohibit sexual harassment. Title VII applies to all employers with fifteen or more employees including private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions.  less -
News & Analysis as of

U.S. Supreme Court Rules Against Abercrombie In Headscarf Religious Accommodation Case

The U.S. Supreme Court reinstated the EEOC’s lawsuit against Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc., alleging that Abercrombie violated Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by refusing to hire a Muslim applicant, who wore a...more

Employer Risks in Using Employment-Related Criminal Background Checks

Use of employment-related background checks by employers to discover information about the work history, education, criminal record and financial history of job applicants has become ubiquitous. In one recent survey of...more

U.S. Supreme Court Issues Ruling Favorable To Employers Involved In Disparate-Impact Litigation

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a 5 to 4 ruling in Texas Dep’t of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., No. 13-1371 (2015). Now that the dust has settled from the Supreme Court’s...more

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Disparate-Impact Claims in Fair Housing Act Cases

On June 25, 2015, in Texas Dep't of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a plaintiff may establish a prima facie case under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) on the basis...more

What Will Employers Likely See (or Not See) in the Wake of the Supreme Court's Same-Sex Marriage Decision?

Now that the hubbub surrounding the Supreme Court’s June 26 decision in the consolidated case of Obergefell v. Hodges has begun to level off, employers are wondering how the decision will impact their workplaces. (In case...more

Holiday Systems Voluntarily Settles EEOC Sex Harassment & Retaliation Charges After Agency Finds Violation

LAS VEGAS - Holiday Systems International, a Las Vegas-based travel wholesaler, has agreed to settle alleged sex harassment and retaliation charges filed with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the...more

Lending Industry Take Note: Federal Fair Housing Act Provides For Disparate-Impact Liability

The status quo stands, to a degree. By a 5-4 vote, the United States Supreme Court has concluded that the federal Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) authorizes lawsuits not just for intentional discrimination, but for conduct taken...more

Obergefell v. Hodges – Same-Sex Marriage Now Legal in All 50 States

In 2013, the Supreme Court, in United States v. Windsor, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) which defined marriage, for Federal purposes, as between one man and one woman. The Windsor ruling...more

Court Reaffirms Viability of Disparate Impact Theory in Discrimination Cases

Last week, the Supreme Court issued its highly anticipated ruling in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (Inclusive Communities). For the first time, the Court interpreted...more

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

In Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, held that disparate impact discrimination...more

Supremes Say Abercrombie Not So Hip

The U.S. Supreme Court just issued its much-awaited religious discrimination decision in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch, 575 U.S. ___ (June 1, 2015) (No. 14-86). Samantha Elauf applied for a job with A&F and was denied the job...more

Staffing Company Reaches Agreement with EEOC over “Alarming” Allegations

After a four-year legal battle, a Chicago-area staffing company has reached an agreement with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) over two separate discrimination suits, alleging multiple violations of the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Finds Disparate Impact Claims Cognizable Under FHA

This case arose from a dispute regarding where housing for low-income persons should be constructed in Dallas, Texas—that is, whether low-income housing projects that received government tax credits should be built in the...more

Federal Arbitration Case Update | Compelling and Appealing

Following are two recent federal court rulings related to arbitration. Acknowledgement of Dispute Resolution Policy Sufficient to Compel Arbitration of Retaliation Claim - Ashbey v. Archstone Property Management,...more

Supreme Court Update: Texas Department Of Housing And Community Affairs V. The Inclusive Communities Project (13-1371) And Johnson...

A few hours ago, the gavel banged a close to October Term 2014, after the release of the final three decisions of the term—Glossip v. Gross (14-7955), holding that the use of a particular drug in a three-drug execution...more

The Same-Sex Marriage Ruling: Key Employment Law Take-Aways

On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States answered the two questions it posed in the consolidated same-sex case, Obergefell v. Hodges, No. 14-556 (June 26, 2015). The consolidated case arose from challenges to...more

Fair Housing Disparate Impact Claims Survive SCOTUS Challenge

The U.S. Supreme Court has decided, 5 - 4, that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) permits the use of a major antidiscrimination tool, the legal theory of disparate impact. Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The...more

Supreme Court Holds States Cannot Ban Same-Sex Marriage; All States Must Perform and Recognize Same-Sex Marriage

Executive Summary: The U.S. Supreme Court has held that marriage is a fundamental right, and states must perform and recognize same-sex marriage. See Obergefell v. Hodges (June 26, 2015). ...more

Disparate Impact Doctrine Survives Supreme Court Review

After years of debate and false starts, the Supreme Court has held that the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) permits disparate impact claims. In Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project,...more

Employer’s Motive, Not Confirmed Knowledge Of Accommodation Need, Is Basis Of Religious Accommodation Violation

Federal anti-discrimination laws (“Title VII”) prohibit an employer from refusing to hire a candidate to avoid accommodating a suspected, but unconfirmed religious practice, according to a recent United States Supreme Court...more

Housing Discrimination Claims Given Boost By Supreme Court

Today, by a 5-4 vote, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the federal Fair Housing Act (FHA) encompasses claims of disparate-impact discrimination. This decision, which marks the first time that the Supreme Court addressed this...more

Supreme Court upholds ‘disparate impact’ under the FHA but emphasizes that claims cannot rely on statistics alone

In a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project (“Inclusive Communities”) that claims of disparate impact discrimination are...more

Supreme Court Decides Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., No. 13-1371, holding that a disparate-impact claim is cognizable under the Fair...more

Supreme Court Upholds Use of Disparate Impact in FHA Claims

In a decision certain to have major repercussions for the banking industry, the Supreme Court on Thursday upheld the use of disparate impact theories of liability – that is, suits that claim a law or practice has a...more

US Supreme Court Upholds Use of Disparate Impact Claims in Fair Lending Enforcement

The US Supreme Court finally weighed in today on whether the disparate impact theory may be used to prove housing discrimination and ruled that such claims are viable under the Fair Housing Act (FHA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et...more

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