Title VII

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII... more +
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII has been subsequently extended to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and sexual stereotypes and to prohibit sexual harassment. Title VII applies to all employers with fifteen or more employees including private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions.  less -
News & Analysis as of

Anti-Discrimination and Anti-Retaliation Policies Save Employer from $3.5 Million Punitive Damages Award

On January 7, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the District of Puerto Rico issued an opinion overturning a jury’s $3.5 million punitive damages award for retaliation claims brought under Title VII and Puerto Rico law,...more

Making Way For Religious Accommodation In The Workplace

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on religion and puts an affirmative obligation on an employer to accommodate employees’ religious practices. Issues involving religion arise in many...more

Department of Justice To Assert Title VII Protects Transgender Status

In a memorandum dated December 15, 2014, the United States Attorney General has changed the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) position with respect to the protection of transgender status under Title VII. ...more

$300,000 In Punitive Damages Upheld In Sexual Harassment Case Despite Nominal Damages Award

Angela Aguilar who worked in a copper mine for approximately 11 months claimed she was sexually harassed, retaliated against, subjected to intentional infliction of emotional distress and was constructively terminated from...more

SEC Adopts New Rules for Security-Based Swap Market

On January 14, the SEC adopted new rules that will require security-based swap data repositories (SDRs) to register with the SEC and prescribe reporting and public dissemination requirements for security-based swap...more

Can Saks Fifth Avenue Legally Discriminate Against Transgender Employees?

Saks Fifth Avenue’s latest fashion trend is receiving mixed reviews from critics across the nation. According to a discrimination and retaliation complaint filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of...more

EEOC Files Landmark Suits Challenging Transgender Discrimination Under Title VII

For years, it has been widely understood that federal law prohibits employers from making decisions on the basis of certain protected characteristics, such as race, religion, or sex. Historically, the inclusion of “sex” in...more

Sexualized Conduct Absent Sexual Desire Not Actionable Harassment Under Title VII

In its Oncale decision, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed that same sex sexual harassment is actionable under Title VII. However, the Court qualified this decision by stating that the harassment must be motivated by sexual...more

Department of Justice Switches Sides: Title VII Now Prohibits Transgender Discrimination

On December 18, 2014, Attorney General Eric Holder, in an unanticipated move, revised the Department of Justice’s (“DOJ”) interpretation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. (“Title VII”),...more

Beyond U.S. Citizens and Lawful Permanent Residents: Are Other Classes of Individuals Legally Authorized to Work Protected from...

In a novel case, a New York federal court judge recently denied an employer’s motion to dismiss a Section 1981 alienage discrimination class action lawsuit. The lawsuit alleges that Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company...more

DOJ Says Gender Identity Discrimination Violates Title VII

Over the past several months, EmployNews reported a growing trend of claims alleging that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and transgendered status violates Title VII if the alleged conduct involves gender...more

Justice Department Files Pregnancy Discrimination Lawsuit against the Chicago Board of Education

WASHINGTON - The Justice Department today announced the filing of a lawsuit against the Chicago Board of Education, alleging that the board discriminated against pregnant teachers at Scammon Elementary School by subjecting...more

Justice Department Extends Title VII Protection to Transgender Government Employees

In a surprising reversal, on December 18, 2014, Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ") will now interpret Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ("Title VII") as...more

DOJ Says Title VII's Sex Discrimination Prohibition Includes Gender Identity

U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder has announced that the Department of Justice (DOJ) now takes the position that Title VII's prohibition against sex discrimination includes discrimination based on gender identity, including...more

Department of Justice to Include Gender Identity Under Discrimination Protection

In a memo released by the Department of Justice yesterday, Attorney General Holder directed government attorneys to no longer exclude gender identity, including transgender issues, from Title VII’s protection against sex...more

2014 Employment and Labor Law Final Exam Answer Key

Thank you to everyone who participated in this year’s Employment and Labor Law Final Exam. We hope the exam was challenging and informative. Congratulations to Margi Fleming and Danisha Sheppard. Both Margi and Danisha will...more

Volunteers Alleging Employment Status Lose Title VII Case, but Court Applies Vigorous Analysis First

Everyone’s looking for volunteers. The Salvation Army recruits helpers with the promise of “Doing the most good.” Volunteers of America invites participation by reminding the public “There are no limits to caring.” Even...more

Employment Client Alert: Punitive Damages Award in Title VII Sexual Harassment Case Does Not Violate Due Process

In State of Arizona v. ASARCO LLC, WL 6918577, published December 10, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that an award of $300,000 in punitive damages did not violate due process even though no compensatory damages...more

Employment Law Advice You Should Never Follow

This is terrible advice on so many levels. First, an employee who doesn’t have even the relatively minimal income provided by unemployment is going to be that much more likely to sue you — as a matter of financial survival,...more

EEOC Consent Decree Ends Midway Neurological Pregnancy Discrimination Case

Federal Agency Charged Bridgeview Facility Illegally Fired Pregnant Social Worker - CHICAGO - Midway Neurological & Rehabilitation Center, a provider of short- and long- term medical and rehabilitation care located in...more

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Granting Equal Rights to Being Treated Poorly?

In 1978 Congress enacted the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. Why then in 2014, over forty-five years later, is...more

Employment Law Commentary -- Volume 26, Issue 11 -- Is She Really Allowed To Wear That? Religious Accommodation In The Workplace

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 19641 prohibits discrimination based on religion and puts an affirmative obligation on an employer to accommodate employees’ religious practices. Issues involving religion arise in many...more

Responding to West-African Employees who Travel to Ebola-Affected Countries - Employee Rights vs. Public Health Concerns

Buried near the end of articles in the New York Times and The Washington Post about the first United States Ebola patient, Thomas Eric Duncan, was the observation that the quarantine being imposed on Mr. Duncan’s fiancée, her...more

Judicial Review of EEOC Conciliation Efforts

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandates that “…if the EEOC [Equal Employment Opportunity Commission] finds that there is reasonable cause to believe a charge of discrimination against a private party it “shall...more

Transgender Employees: The New Protected Category?

By now, most employers are familiar with the list of categories protected from employment discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act: race, color, religion, national origin and sex. Additional categories are...more

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