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Conflict of Laws Updates

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Food and Beverage News and Trends - August 2017 #2

by DLA Piper on

A new legal problem crops up for Cook County beverage tax. The Illinois Department of Human Services told the Cook County Board of Commissioners on August 10 that the county's new penny-per-ounce tax on soft drinks violates...more

High Time for Massachusetts Employers to Consider a Marijuana Use Policy

by Murtha Cullina on

All employers should maintain an employee handbook or similar policy statement that clearly sets out the employer’s position on drug and alcohol use. While federal laws relating to marijuana possession and use have not...more

New OregonSaves Retirement Program Impacts Employers with Oregon Employees

by Benesch on

On July 1, 2017, OregonSaves Retirement Program (“OregonSaves”) went into effect. OregonsSaves is sponsored by the State of Oregon, and is a state-run automatic Roth Individual Retirement Account (“IRA”) for private-sector...more

In the First Case of its Kind, Court Rules Federal Law Does Not Trump Employee Protections under State Medical Marijuana Law

by Littler on

Employers nationwide take note: if your workplace drug and alcohol-testing policies take a zero tolerance approach to medical marijuana because the use, distribution, or possession of marijuana is unlawful under federal law,...more

Federal Courts’ Dismissal of Pre-emption Challenges to Illinois and New York ZEC Nuclear Subsidies Returns Focus to FERC

On July 14, 2017, and July 25, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, respectively, dismissed challenges to the Illinois and New...more

Medical Marijuana Users Can Sue Their Employers

by Murtha Cullina on

In a case of first impression, a federal trial judge has found that, under Connecticut law, an employer can be sued for refusing to hire an applicant who tested positive for medical marijuana use. See Noffsinger v. SSC...more

Ninth Circuit Raises Bar for Approving Changes in State Medicaid Reimbursement

by Perkins Coie on

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Court raised the bar last week for what states must prove to establish that their Medicaid provider reimbursement rates are sufficient to ensure a robust network of providers...more

St. Louis Minimum Wage Out, Statewide Preemption In (Eff. 8/28/17)

by Messner Reeves LLP on

Local minimum wage ordinances in Missouri will become invalid on August 28, 2017, when House Bill 1194, which bans local minimum wage ordinances, becomes law. Importantly, this change in law affects both the St. Louis...more

Federal Law Does Not Preempt Connecticut Medical Marijuana Law Employment Discrimination Prohibition

by Jackson Lewis P.C. on

Federal law does not preempt the Connecticut medical marijuana statute’s prohibition on employers’ firing or refusing to hire qualified medical marijuana patients, even if they test positive on an employment-related drug...more

Financing California’s Cannabis Businesses: Public Banking Model as a State-Level Solution

by Wilson Elser on

The California Cannabis Banking Working Group (CBWG) is meeting this week to discuss the prospect of implementing a public banking model in California to facilitate access to financial services for marijuana-related...more

Cannabis Trademark Opposition: A Fanciful Counterfactual Illustration

by Revision Legal on

Parties file oppositions against pending trademark applications for a wide variety of reasons. Often, a party filing an opposition or requesting an extension of time to do so will contact the Applicant before filing or at the...more

CA Supreme Court Holds CEQA Not Preempted by Federal Rail Transportation Law for Projects Carried Out by State Agencies

by Perkins Coie on

The California Supreme Court has issued its decision in Friends of the Eel River v. North Coast Railroad, an important case regarding preemption of state environmental law by the Interstate Commerce Commission Termination Act...more

SELF DRIVE Act Cruises from Committee to Full House

by Jones Day on

On July 27, 2017 the first federal bill that addresses autonomous vehicle technology advanced to the full U.S. House of Representatives. Only eight days after advancing out of a subcommittee, the House Energy and Commerce...more

Calif. High Court: U.S. Rail Law Doesn't Categorically Pre-empt CEQA on Public Entity Projects - Decision Sets Up Showdown with...

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), Cal. Pub. Res. Code §21000 et seq., imposes significant procedural and substantive requirements on private and public projects throughout the state. However, even a state law...more

CEQA Not Preempted in State-Owned Rail Project - California Supreme Court Decision Could Impact High-Speed Rail Project

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

In a decision that could have significant implications for California’s high-speed rail project, the California Supreme Court recently held in Friends of the Eel River v. North Coast Railroad Authority that the federal...more

STB Finds Arkansas City's Effort to Create New At-Grade Rail Crossing is Pre-empted

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Surface Transportation Board (STB) has found that efforts by the city of Ozark, Ark., to force the reinstallation of a highway-rail at-grade crossing are pre-empted by federal law....more

Another Employer’s Defense in Disability/Medical Marijuana Case Goes Up in Smoke

by Shipman & Goodwin LLP on

Many states have approved the use of medical marijuana, despite the fact that the federal government continues to classify marijuana as a Schedule I controlled substance. As a result there is a tension between state rights to...more

“Self-Governance,” Not “Regulation”: California Supreme Court Rules No Federal Preemption of CEQA under ICCTA for State-Owned Rail...

by Downey Brand LLP on

On July 27, the California Supreme Court released its long-awaited decision in Friends of the Eel River v. North Coast Railroad Authority (S222472), resolving a split among the State’s courts of appeal—but arguably...more

WPI State of the States: Statehouses Continue to Release Summer Blockbusters

by Littler on

Despite recent publicity surrounding bills pending in the U.S. Congress, state legislatures have not lost their focus. More than 30 states have concluded their legislative sessions, and another half-dozen are in recess. But...more

New York Federal District Court Decision Supports State’s Role in Furthering Clean Energy

by Holland & Knight LLP on

For the third time in the past month, a federal court has upheld a state program to pursue support for clean energy, including renewable energy certificates (RECs), and zero emission credits (ZECs) in New York and Illinois....more

Court Ruling Means We’re One Step Closer To A Unionized Gig Economy

by Fisher Phillips on

The battle over organizing workers in the on-demand economy continues to heat up. Yesterday, a federal court in Washington dismissed a lawsuit filed by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and others challenging the City of Seattle’s...more

States Diverge on Employment Law Protections for Medical Marijuana Users

Several courts have held that employees are not protected from termination or other adverse employment action for medical marijuana use, even in cases where they hold a medical marijuana card under state law, when they test...more

California Supreme Court Holds CEQA Applies to State Entity’s Railroad Project on State-Owned Rail Line As Act of...

by Miller Starr Regalia on

On July 7, 2017, the California Supreme Court filed its 69-page opinion, written by Chief Justice Cantil-Sakauye and joined by five other justices, in Friends of the Eel River v. North Coast Railroad Authority, et al. (2017)...more

AIA Does Not Override 28 USC § 1447(d) Reviewability Bar

by McDermott Will & Emery on

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit ruled that provisions in the America Invents Act (AIA) related to federal courts’ jurisdiction over patent claims do not override 28 USC § 1447(d)’s limit on appellate review of...more

Media Law Bulletin: “All I’ve Got Is a Photograph” — Copyright Law’s Preemption of Right of Publicity Claims

by Sedgwick LLP on

The names and likenesses of celebrities, athletes and other public figures can be extremely valuable, as evidenced by the premium prices paid by many companies for celebrity endorsements and celebrity-branded goods. Think...more

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