Conflict of Laws Updates

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Federal Law Preempts State Wage Law in Employee Misclassification Case

A Massachusetts Superior Court recently ruled against a group of truck drivers who claimed that a delivery company violated the Massachusetts Wage Act by misclassifying the drivers as independent contractors rather than as...more

Marijuana Regulations Growing Like Weeds in California

Although California legalized medical marijuana in 1996, cities have differed widely in their response to medical marijuana dispensaries. Recently, Newport Beach joined Huntington Beach, Laguna Hills, Anaheim and Rancho Santa...more

Expanding Scope of Federal Wiretapping Powers

USA Today’s front-page headline, above the fold, on November 12, 2015 read, “Massive Wire-tapping Operation in L.A.” The secondary headline read, “Drug Agents Intercept More Than 2 Million Conversations in USA.” ...more

Sixth Circuit Rejects Clean Air Act Preemption of State Common Law Claims: Four Things to Know

In two decisions released on November 2, 2015, Merrick, et al. v. Diageo Americas Supply, Inc. and Little et al. v. Louisville Gas & Electric Company; PPL Corporation, the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit...more

Reality Check: Fantasy Sports Sites Facing Serious New Challenges

Fantasy sports, especially Daily fantasy sports (“DFS”), are big business in the United States. Two DFS sites in particular, FanDuel and DraftKings, are the most dominant players in this industry (they control 95% of the DFS...more

PSQIA held to preempt florida constitutional right to access adverse medical incident reports

On October 28, 2015, the District Court of Appeal in the First District of Florida held in Southern Baptist Hospital, Inc. v. Jean Charles, Jr. et al. that the federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005...more

There’s More Enforcement Overlap Between Federal OSHA and State Plans Than You Think

One of the fascinating things about an OSHA citation defense practice is the distinctions you see in prosecution by Federal OSHA versus state plans. It is very unusual in the legal world to have the same laws enforced by...more

Another Thought on the Tax Treatment of the Marijuana Industry—Oregon Taxation

In general, the Oregon income tax laws are based on the federal income tax laws. In other words, Oregon is generally tied to the Internal Revenue Code for purposes of income taxation. As a consequence, we generally look to...more

First Circuit Court of Appeals Clarifies Limited Deference to Surface Transportation Board Views on Railroad Preemption

In two companion decisions released in October, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit, considered the extent to which federal preemption of state and local laws applies to railroad operations involving the...more

Gaming Legal News: Volume 8, Number 20: Landlords, Beware! Medical Marijuana And Gaming: How Close Is Too Close?

Landlords, Beware! Medical Marijuana And Gaming: How Close Is Too Close? On June 12, 2013, Nevada became the 14th state to legalize medical marijuana businesses. Suddenly, the country’s oldest gaming jurisdiction was...more

U.S. Supreme Court Asked to Decide Whether National Bank Act Preemption of State Usury Laws Applies to Loans Transferred to...

The defendants in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC have filed a petition for certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court, asking the Court to decide whether the preemption of state usury laws under Section 85 of the National Bank...more

Joining the Crowd: SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Regulations - Part I

On October 30, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) adopted its long-anticipated Regulation Crowdfunding, as mandated by Title III of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”). Regulation...more

Supreme Court Update: Mullenix V. Luna (14-1143) And Order List

Was it Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr or Jon Bon Jovi who remarked, "The more things change, the more they stay the same"? (They both did!) Over the last few terms, we've encountered a few steady themes in the Supreme Court's...more

House Passes Transportation Bill with Meal and Rest Break Implications

On November 5, 2015, the House of Representatives approved a transportation funding bill with an amendment that would reverse a 2014 Ninth Circuit decision that California's meal and rest break laws are not preempted under...more

Case Update: Madden v. Midland Funding

On May 22, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held in Madden v. Midland Funding that the federal preemption provision of the National Bank Act, 12 U.S.C. § 85, could not be invoked by a non-national bank...more

Dodd-Frank News: November 2015: Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act Update

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act was enacted as a measure to promote financial stability and protection for consumers through increased regulation of nearly every aspect of the consumer finance...more

Government contractor industry brief urges Fourth Circuit to reaffirm “battlefield contractor” tort-suit defenses

On October 29, 2015, Dentons filed an amicus brief with the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals on behalf of its clients, the Professional Services Council—The Voice of the Government Services Industry and the Coalition for...more

Florida Constitutional Provision Mandating Disclosure of Adverse Medical Incidents Preempted by Federal Patient Safety and Quality...

The First District Court of Appeal in Florida recently held in Baptist Hospital of Florida, Inc. v. Jean Charles, Jr., No. 1D15-0109, October 28, 2015, that a Florida constitutional provision mandating disclosure of adverse...more

Culture of Safety Wins: Federal Patient Safety Law Preempts Amendment 7

Florida’s First District Court of Appeal issued its opinion in the highly watched case of Southern Baptist Hospital of Florida, Inc. v. Charles et al. The First District Court ruled that the federal Patient Safety and Quality...more

Ninth Circuit Affirms Iskanian Ruling Rendering PAGA Waivers Illegal

In Sakkab v. Luxottica Retail North America, Inc., the Ninth Circuit affirmed the California Supreme Court’s Iskanian v. CLS Transportation Los Angeles, LLC decision (originally summarized in our June 2012 issue), which held...more

McCarran-Ferguson Lands a Jab on the FAA

As we reported in this space late last year, the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in AT&T Mobility LLC v. Concepcion, 131 S.Ct. 1740, 1745 (2011), tilted the scales toward federal power in the field of arbitration, preempting...more

Judge Stops St. Louis Minimum Wage Increase Due to State Law

Judge Steven Ohmer of the St. Louis Circuit Court on Wednesday stopped the city's planned minimum wage increase from taking effect because it violates state law. As such, the minimum wage rate in St. Louis and in all of...more

St. Louis Minimum Wage Hike Struck Down at the 11th Hour

Hours before a St. Louis ordinance increasing the city’s minimum wage was set to take effect, St. Louis Circuit Court Judge Steven Ohmer struck down the ordinance. The ordinance, which was passed on August 28, with an...more

FHFA, Fannie and Freddie File Defensive Class Action in Nevada

In an effort to “avoid the cost and burden of piecemeal litigation” of hundreds of cases in the Nevada HOA foreclosure crisis, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac (collectively,...more

Seventh Circuit Rules ERISA Does Not Preempt State Law Prohibiting Discretionary Clauses

In Fontaine v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., No. 14-1984, 2015 U.S. App. (7th Cir. Sept. 4, 2015), the Seventh Circuit affirmed a U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois decision holding that Illinois’s...more

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