Conflict of Laws Updates

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Labor & Employment E-Note - April 17, 2014

In This Issue: - Employers Face Increasing Number of Religious Bias Suits - Small Business Owners Concerned About Overtime Pay Requirements - Rising Number of Wage Theft Lawsuits Highlight Enforcement Issues -...more

Federal Circuit Decision Settles GAO/COFC Split on Agency’s Use of Cooperative Agreements

In March, the Federal Circuit settled a split between the Government Accountability Office (“GAO”) and the Court of Federal Claims that focused on the gray area between cooperative agreements and procurement contracts. Siding...more

Pom Wonderful and Consumer Class Actions Under State Law

The newest wave of false advertising consumer class actions asserts that consumer labeling or marketing violates state unfair competition laws by confusing (or potentially confusing) consumers. While brought under state...more

New Georgia Law Helps Protect Employers from Negligent Hiring and Retention Claims

On April 13, 2014, Georgia's governor signed SB 365 to, in part, protect employers that hire and retain employees with criminal convictions. Under the new law, if the Department of Corrections issues a "Program and Treatment...more

Another California Court Does Backflips To Thwart Arbitration And Elevate The Class-Action Device

The hostility of some California courts to arbitration—and their resistance to preemption under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA)—has produced nearly three decades of U.S. Supreme Court reversals. The most recent is AT&T...more

Florida, Georgia And Texas Appraisal Update: Is Causation A Coverage Question For The Court Or A Damages Question For The Panel?

In most jurisdictions, underlying coverage issues must be resolved prior to invoking appraisal in a first-party property claim. The question of what constitutes a coverage issue (typically reserved for a court’s judicial...more

Court Sanctions Party For Improper Removal Of Action Seeking Confirmation Of Arbitration Award

The facts in Jackson v. Sleek Audio, LLC, et. al., Case No. 13-80725-CIV-Marra (S.D. Fla. March 17, 2014) stemmed from an arbitrators award against Curtis Jackson (“Jackson”) in his action against former business associates,...more

Lenders and Servicers: Be Aware of How Trustees Handle Excess Proceeds from HOA Foreclosure Sales in Nevada

Lenders and servicers have been addressing the issue of some Nevada courts ruling that a foreclosure sale by a homeowners association (HOA) "wipes out" a senior deed of trust. Since the date of our last legal alert on this...more

EPA Asks STB to Resolve Preemption Question

The Administrator of Region IX of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has petitioned the Surface Transportation Board (STB) for a declaratory order to address whether locomotive idling rules issued by the South Coast...more

Federal Preemption Does Not Preclude State Law Claim Based on Alleged HAMP Violations, Minnesota Supreme Court Holds

The Supreme Court of Minnesota last week reversed the dismissal of a borrower’s action against a loan servicer arising out of the servicer’s alleged breach of its Servicer Participation Agreement (SPA) with Fannie Mae under...more

A Bad Turn For Reg A+ And Reg D?

SEC Commissioner Luis A. Aguilar gave a speech to an annual conference of the North American Securities Administrators Association, otherwise known as NASAA. On the issue of Reg A+ preemption of state law, the Commissioner...more

U.S. Supreme Court Unanimously Reverses Ninth Circuit in Northwest, Inc. v. Ginsberg, Holding ADA Preempts State-Imposed Fair...

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously holds that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) preempts a state-law claim for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing where it seeks to enlarge the parties' voluntary...more

Ventress III Provides Another Tool for Airlines: Ninth Circuit Says Federal Aviation Act Preempts Pilot’s State Law Employment...

On March 28, 2014, the Ninth Circuit strengthened its Federal Aviation Act (the “Act”) preemption jurisprudence, holding that state law claims for retaliation and constructive termination are preempted under the Act when they...more

Delayed Discovery Cannot Cure Defective Pre-Litigation Investigations for Proposition 65 Suits

A California appellate court recently determined that a consumer group’s failure to conduct required pre-litigation investigations of several restaurant chains’ alleged Proposition 65 violations warranted dismissal of the...more

Waiting for Iskanian, Part 3 - Friends of the Plaintiff

As we await Thursday's oral argument before the California Supreme Court in Iskanian v. CLS Transportation of Los Angeles, in Part 3 of our series of posts, we'll take a look at the amici curiae supporting plaintiffs. ...more

Help Wanted: Supreme Court Looking for Expert to Fill In The Right Words for Patent Eligibility Test

There's a new job opening at the Supreme Court: Job Description: Complete test of patent eligiblity sketched out by this Court’s decisions in Bilski v. Kappos and Mayo v. Prometheus. Self starter required: must be...more

Tenant’s Use – Illegal or Not?

Impact on lease provisions of state laws allowing marijuana cultivation and distribution. The State of California was a pioneer in legalizing the use, distribution, and cultivation of marijuana in varying forms. In...more

Thank You Commissioner O'Rielly - FCC Acknowledgment of TCPA Confusion is Long Overdue

But One Vote is Not Enough for Action, Nor Does Action Assure a Favorable Outcome - FCC Commissioner Michael O’Rielly recently blogged that “It is Time to Provide Clarity” on issues swirling around application of the...more

Pom Wonderful Brings Food Labeling Dispute To The U.S. Supreme Court: When Are Claims Based On Allegedly Improper Product Labeling...

A long-standing false advertising dispute between beverage companies Pom Wonderful and Coca-Cola has reached the United States Supreme Court and carries far-reaching implications for other food labeling litigation. On January...more

FDA to Revisit “Evaporated Cane Juice” Draft Guidance

Earlier this month, the FDA announced that it would reopen the comment period on its draft guidance for the industry concerning use of the term “evaporated cane juice” (ECJ). Draft Guidance for Industry on Ingredients...more

Utah Passes “Charlee’s Law”

In the wake of the recent vote in Kentucky that allowed cannabis oil to be administered to patients (particularly children) suffering from severe epilepsy, the governor of Utah has signed a bill passing “Charlee’s Law,” which...more

Fracking Heats Up in California: Moratoria and Earthquakes

The last several weeks have seen some interesting developments suggesting an increase in temperature in the debate over hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” in California. First, a couple of jurisdictions took actions...more

A Brief Overview of the Case Law Regarding "Failure to Train" Claims - And Its Implications for Medical Device Manufacturers

In recent years, causes of action for “failure to train,” or allegations predicated on a duty to train, have been on the rise in cases against medical device manufacturers. Historically, however, such claims and allegations...more

Utah Rejects the Multi-Employer Worksite Doctrine: General Contractors are Only Responsible for the Safety of Their Employees at a...

The Utah Supreme Court recently held in Hughes General Contractors, Inc. v. Utah Labor Comm’n that the multi-employer worksite doctrine, which makes a general contractor responsible for the safety of all workers at a...more

State Action Doctrine At The Supreme Court: Take Two

The Supreme Court has a renewed interest in the state action doctrine. After declining to clarify what types of state action are exempt from federal antitrust scrutiny for years, the Supreme Court agreed to hear its second...more

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