Constitutional Law Updates

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Employment Practices Newsletter - May 2016

Department of Labor's Persuader Rule Convinces No One - The Department of Labor's controversial Final Rule on Persuader Reporting became effective April 25, 2016. The Rule significantly strengthens a union's rights under...more

Ninth Circuit Upholds Ruling in Favor of CFPB against Lawyer in Mortgage Relief Scam, Rejects Constitutional Challenge to Director...

The Ninth Circuit recently considered arguments relating to an enforcement action brought by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) against a California attorney who was offering loan modification services. The CFPB...more

Esquivel v. City of Yuma

Jones, Skelton & Hochuli attorneys Michele Molinario and Amelia Esber prevailed by summary judgment in a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 civil rights action against the City of Yuma and one of its law enforcement officers. This case...more

U.S. Supreme Court Proposes Change to Rules Applicable to Searches of Electronic Data

The United States Supreme Court — which establishes rules of civil and criminal procedure, subject to the objection of Congress — has proposed a significant amendment to the rules applicable to searches of electronic data...more

Problems With the CFPB’s Argument: An Analysis of the D.C. Circuit Oral Arguments on Statute of Limitations

What began as a challenge to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB”) $109 million enforcement ruling against the mortgage company PHH Corp. (“PHH”) for alleged violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures...more

French 3% contribution tax on distributions: Claim opportunities for French subsidiaries of MNEs following new developments...

On April 6, 2016 the First Instance Court of Montreuil filed a request with the French Constitutional Court in relation to potential breaches of the French Constitution (more precisely the Declaration of Human Rights dated...more

Court Holds That Parent Corporation Lacks Standing to Sue Subsidiary’s Insurers for Declaratory Relief

In D. Cummins Corp. v. U.S. Fidelity & Guaranty (no. A142985, filed 3/30/16), a California Court of Appeal upheld the dismissal of a declaratory relief action filed by the parent holding company of an insured corporation...more

April 2016: Five Biggest Labor And Employment Law Stories

The world of labor and employment law is always rapidly evolving. In order to make sure that you stay on top of the latest developments, here is a quick review of the five biggest stories from last month that all employers...more

House Sends Email Privacy Act Amendments to Senate

On April 29, 2016, in a 419-0 vote, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill to amend the 30-year-old Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA) to eliminate an exception to the government warrant requirement...more

Ninth Circuit Agrees That Prohibition on the Possession and Distribution of Cannabis Does Not Violate RFRA

Founder and president of Oklevueha Native American Church of Hawaii, Inc. (“Oklevueha”), Michael Rex “Raging Bear” Mooney, filed suit in 2009 against various federal officials in the Federal District Court of Hawaii.  Mooney...more

Policy Fights in the Courts: United States v. Texas

On April 18, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral argument in a major immigration suit, United States v. Texas. This case is a highly-politicized lawsuit in which dozens of states have sued the federal government over what is...more

City of Perris v. Stamper Oral Arguments Are Next Week

If you are an eminent domain junkie like us, then you will appreciate knowing that the City of Perris v. Stamper case (S213468) will be heard by the California Supreme Court on May 5, 2016, at 9:00 a.m. in San Francisco. As a...more

Ninth Circuit Adopts California Rule Voiding Arbitration Provisions Barring Certain Representative Claims

In recent decisions, both the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and the California Supreme Court have held that arbitration clauses barring employees from pursuing class actions in arbitration are unenforceable with...more

Landmark Discrimination Case: Fair Housing Act Thwarts NIMBYs - Avenue 6E Investments, LLC v. City of Yuma (March 25, 2016)

Why It Matters: The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a decision in favor of the City of Yuma, Arizona, and concluded instead that there was sufficient evidence to present to a jury that the City had rejected the...more

South Dakota: The Next Frontier of Sales Tax Nexus

On April 29, 2016, a declaratory action was filed challenging the constitutionality of South Dakota’s sales and use tax economic nexus legislation, which took effect Sunday, May 1, 2016. In American Catalog Mailers...more

Credit Card Theft Plaintiffs Discover Warm Home After 7th Circuit Rulings

One of the great scourges for retail companies in the digital age has been the ever-present threat of massive data breaches by hackers attempting to steal millions of consumers ’debit and credit card information. In...more

DOL Persuader Regulations Expose Every Employer to Reporting Requirements and Disclosures

All employers should examine their use of labor and employment service providers to mitigate unwanted disclosure of fees paid to such providers. To protect confidentiality and the integrity of the attorney-client...more

Religious Institutions Update: May 2016

Timely Topics - Has your nonprofit received a donation for a restricted purpose that has become impractical, impossible to achieve, wasteful or even unlawful? A donor may restrict a contribution to a charity for a...more

Ninth Circuit Rejects Director Cordray's Recess Appointment as Defense to CFPB Enforcement Action; Dissenting Judge Disagrees

Since it was filed in a California federal court in July 2012, we have been following Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) v. Chance Edward Gordon, a case in which the CFPB alleged that an attorney duped consumers by...more

BREAKING NEWS: Sales Tax Battle Breaks Out in South Dakota; Quill’s Last Stand?

On March 22, 2016, South Dakota Governor Dennis Daugaard signed into law Senate Bill 106, which requires any person making more than $100,000 of South Dakota sales or more than 200 separate South Dakota sales transactions to...more

Principles of Equity: Denying Inventors their Constitutionally Promised Exclusivity

Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution, empowers the United States Congress: - ..To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the...more

New York Supreme Court Reverses Lower Court’s Ruling in Foreclosure Case; Observes eNote and Transfer History Sufficient under...

On April 13, the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department issued an opinion reversing a lower court order dismissing a foreclosure action against a borrower who signed a mortgage note electronically...more

In Onboard Wi-Fi Case, Covenant Not To Sue Has Wide Range

Judge Jeffrey Alker Meyer of the District of Connecticut recently released an opinion that is significant to litigants on either side of a covenant not to sue. In a complex case with a host of claims and counterclaims...more

Public Employer May Not Retaliate Against Employee Based on Perception that He Engaged in Political Activity

On Tuesday the U.S. Supreme Court held that a public employee could sue his employer for retaliation where the employer demoted him for engaging in constitutionally-protected political activity, even though the employer was...more

Supreme Court Expands First Amendment Protections For Public Employees

On April 26, 2016, the United States Supreme Court ruled that when a public employer demotes an employee out of a desire to prevent that employee from engaging in First Amendment protected activity, the employee can challenge...more

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