Article III

News & Analysis as of

Credit Card Theft Plaintiffs Discover Warm Home After 7th Circuit Rulings

One of the great scourges for retail companies in the digital age has been the ever-present threat of massive data breaches by hackers attempting to steal millions of consumers ’debit and credit card information. In...more

Ninth Circuit Rejects Director Cordray's Recess Appointment as Defense to CFPB Enforcement Action; Dissenting Judge Disagrees

Since it was filed in a California federal court in July 2012, we have been following Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) v. Chance Edward Gordon, a case in which the CFPB alleged that an attorney duped consumers by...more

7th Circuit Court of Appeals finds Article III Standing for P.F. Chang’s Plaintiffs

On April 14, 2016, the Court of Appeals for 7th Circuit reinstated plaintiffs’ action against P.F. Chang’s restaurant chain that arose out of the well-reported breach of payment card information. The action was previously...more

Back at it Again (with the Standing Opinions): Seventh Circuit Reiterates Article III Standing in Data Breach Class Actions

On July 20, 2015, the Seventh Circuit issued its opinion in Remijas v. Neiman Marcus Group, 794 F. 3d 688 (7th Circ. 2015), which immediately became the low-water mark for Article III standing in data breach cases. In short,...more

Supreme Court Hears Oral Arguments in Important Immigration Case, United States v. Texas

On April 18, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral arguments in United States v. Texas, the lawsuit challenging President Obama’s executive actions on immigration. The case concerns a program that President Obama announced...more

Ninth Circuit: Conditional Tender Does Not Moot Putative Class Action

In the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision in Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez, the Ninth Circuit has held that an offer tendering complete relief, conditioned on the dismissal of a putative class action, is insufficient to moot the...more

Supreme Court Reinforces Strict Rule On Citizenship of Unincorporated Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction to the Detriment of...

Article III of the U.S. Constitution extends the jurisdiction of federal courts to “[c]ontroversies … between Citizens of different States.” U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 1. “This rule is easy enough to apply to humans, but...more

Third Circuit Follows Gomez on Mootness Issue, But Narrowly

In the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court's holding in Campbell-Ewald Company v. Gomez that an unaccepted Rule 68 offer of complete relief does not moot a plaintiff's individual claims, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third...more

Global Corporate and Transactional Highlights - March 2016

The 2016 Global Corporate and Transactional Highlights Brochure showcases various deals from across our five-continent platform over the past year. In the ninth year of this annual distribution of deal highlights, the...more

Federal Circuit Finds Personal Jurisdiction over Mylan in Two Hatch-Waxman Appeals

On Friday, March 18, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed two District of Delaware rulings that non-resident defendant generic ANDA filer, Mylan, is subject to personal jurisdiction in two Hatch-Waxman suits...more

The Supreme Court's Vindication of The In re Nexium Dissent

We have commented previously on several aspects of the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Tyson Foods. One additional important aspect that deserves special attention in the First Circuit is the issue of how to cull...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending March 11 & 18, 2016

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - - Foreclosure/Standing: substitute plaintiff failed to establish standing to enforce note and fact that original plaintiff had filed original note endorsed in blank before assignment did not...more

U.S. Supreme Court Rejects Nebraska and Oklahoma’s Lawsuit Challenging Colorado Recreational Marijuana Laws

In December 2014, the States of Nebraska and Oklahoma filed a motion for leave to file a complaint against the State of Colorado with the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS). The motion argued, among other things,...more

Proactive Protection of Consumers or Premature Penalty? Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Bucks the Trend in Data Security...

Data breaches and cybersecurity attacks appear to be growing in frequency. Despite the increase in the number of such attacks, plaintiffs have found it difficult to establish a legal foothold for data breach claims, as...more

What Does Americold Realty Trust Have To Do With Rule 147?

Under Article III, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, the judicial power of the federal courts may extend to, among other things, controversies between citizens of different states. When a party is a trust, in what state is...more

ITC Section 337 Update – March 2016

BriarTek IP, Inc. Petitions for Writ of Certiorari - On February 10, 2016, BriarTek IP, Inc. filed a petition for writ of certiorari to review a judgment of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit that...more

In Cybersecurity, No Harm Does Not Necessarily Mean No Foul

How much does the question of harm matter in cybersecurity law? The answer is: It depends on who is bringing the claim. Businesses confronting data breaches can face litigation from private consumers as well as from...more

Scalia’s Death Leaves High Court in Limbo on Three Key Consumer Class Actions

While the sudden death of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia creates an immediate vacancy on the bench, it also likely will leave the high court’s docket in limbo on number of key consumer class actions awaiting the Court’s...more

Naruto v. Slater - USDC, N.D. California, January 28, 2016

District court dismisses copyright infringement action brought on behalf of macaque monkey who took “selfies” using defendant photographer’s camera, holding that animals lack standing under the Copyright Act....more

The Seventh Circuit Revisits Standing for Data Breach Class Actions

One obstacle for named plaintiffs in proposed data breach class actions is the extent to which plaintiffs must allege an injury-in-fact to have standing. Disputes often arise about whether proactive efforts to mitigate...more

SuperValu Latest in Debate over Standing

Last month, a Minnesota federal judge tossed out extensive multidistrict legislation concerning a proposed class action of SuperValu shoppers. Shoppers from Illinois, Minnesota, and Idaho had alleged that the supermarket...more

North Carolina Supreme Court Endorses and Clarifies General Assembly’s Constitutional Authority to Appoint Executive Branch...

On January 29, 2016, the North Carolina Supreme Court issued an opinion endorsing and clarifying the authority of the North Carolina General Assembly to appoint officers to legislatively created offices in State ex rel...more

Federal Circuit Review | January 2016

The Federal Circuit Will Review Appeals from Inter Partes Review Proceedings Under the “Substantial Evidence” Standard - In Merck & Cie v. Gnosis S.p.A., Appeal No. 2014-1779, the Federal Circuit affirmed a PTAB IPR...more

Michaels Crafts Successful Motion to Dismiss in Data Breach Case

Plaintiffs continue to battle for standing in data breach cases, and another federal court recently added to a growing body of decisions helpful to companies who find themselves on the receiving end of a lawsuit after falling...more

Post-Grant PTAB Procedures Are Constitutional - MCM Portfolio LLC v. Hewlett-Packard Co.

In a case of first impression, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit upheld the constitutionality of inter partes review (IPR) proceedings. The Federal Circuit ruled that because patents were a public right,...more

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