Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

How Not to Use Bitcoin

The use of Bitcoin has both legal and potentially illegal applications. Bitcoin is just a contemporary version of the Informal Value Transfer System, (“IVTS”) which in some countries is known as the Hawala. The IVTS has been...more

CFPB Hot Topics for 2015

Despite rumblings from the new Congress about reining in the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (CFPB), the Bureau has indicated a packed agenda for 2015. Following an aggressive push in 2014, the attention of the CFPB...more

State Virtual Currency Regulatory Developments

On February 4, 2015, the New York Department of Financial Services (“NYDFS”) issued for public comment a revised proposed rule to implement a “BitLicense” regulatory regime (the “2015 Proposal”). As discussed below, the 2015...more

California Still Unsure About Bitcoin Regulation

Unlike New York, Kansas, and Texas, which have either published proposed regulations or formal guidance, some states, such as California, have indicated that they are still trying to determine whether Bitcoin and other...more

NYDFS Changes to Proposed BitLicense Regulations

The New York State Department of Financial Services (“NYDFS”) released its revised proposed BitLicense regulations on February 4, 2015. Changes from NYDFS’ initial proposed regulations are listed below. Among the more...more

New York Revises “BitLicense” Regulations for Virtual Currency Businesses

Seven months after releasing its BitLicense proposal, the State of New York has published substantial revisions. Like the original version, the revised regulations apply more broadly than federal regulations and require many...more

Popular Reads on JD Supra

Reading recap - in case you missed them the first time around, some of the most popular posts on JD Supra for January, 2015. And yes, virtual currency is hot....more

NH House Introduces Bill to Exempt Certain Users of VC From The Money Transmitter Licensing Requirements

On January 8, 2015, New Hampshire House Bill 356 was introduced, proposing to exempt persons using private virtual currencies for internet commerce from the licensing requirements for money transmitters. H.B. 356 would define...more

Virtual Currency, Real Risks

CSBS publishes Draft Model Regulatory Framework to promote consistent state regulation of virtual currency activities and protect consumers in the event of a breach. In March 2014, “Mt. Gox,” one of the largest and best-known...more

Bitcoin – The Ever “Curiouser and Curiouser” Bitcoin Wonderland – Part Eleven

“Virtual currencies” in general, and bitcoin in particular, continue to attract media attention as well as intense public and regulatory scrutiny. In the United States, the recent establishment of the Digital Currency...more

Popular European Bitcoin Exchange Suffers Breach

BitStamp, one of the largest Bitcoin exchanges, suspended its services last week and asked customers not to make deposits following a security breach. On January 4, some of BitStamp’s “virtual wallets,” which permit customers...more

Alert: The Regulation of Virtual, Digital and Crypto-currencies

There are more than 6004 virtual currencies in use around the world today. Bitcoin is one of the best known and most widely used in Europe and North America. ...more

Say Hello to the SEC’s Digital Currency Working Group.

Now that enforcement agencies have determined that digital currencies are more than a passing fad, they are establishing more permanent efforts focused on the novel legal issues digital currencies present. The SEC’s formation...more

FinCrimes Update - December 2014, Volumn 1, Issue 10

In this Issue: BSA/AML & OFAC | Virtual Currency & Payment Systems | FCPA & Anti-Corruption | Criminal Enforcement...more

California Repeals Prohibition on Use of Alternative Currencies

From pet grooming services paid with currencies backed by aggregated gift cards to coffee shops in Palo Alto and San Francisco that accept digital currencies for a latte, many Californians are completing everyday transactions...more

Special Alert: CSBS Issues Policy, Draft Model Regulatory Framework, and Request for Comment Regarding State Regulation of Virtual...

On December 16, 2014, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (“CSBS”) issued a Policy on State Regulation of Virtual Currency (the “Policy”), Draft Model Regulatory Framework, and a request for public comment regarding the...more

MoFo New York Tax Insights - Volume 6, Issue 1 - January 2015

In This Issue: - The Top 10 New York Tax Highlights of 2014 - Tribunal Affirms That a Charter Yacht Is Not Exempt from Use Tax as a Commercial Vessel - Court of Appeals Holds City Transfer Tax Does Not...more

DFS Superintendent Lawsky Discusses Revised BitLicense Framework

On December 18, New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) Superintendent Benjamin Lawsky delivered remarks on the revised BitLicense framework at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, DC. If adopted, the...more

Conference of State Bank Supervisors Issues Draft Model Regulatory Framework on Virtual Currency

On December 16, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS), a state banking watchdog group, released a draft model regulatory framework on virtual currency (Draft Framework) that is less stringent than the originally...more

State Bank Regulators Request Feedback On Model Framework for Virtual Currency Activities

On December 16, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) announced its draft regulatory framework and requested public comment on specific questions intended to aid state regulators on the regulation of virtual...more

NY Superintendent of Financial Services Proposes Lighter BitLicense Regulations

On December 18, Superintendent Lawsky delivered remarks regarding New York’s revised proposal for regulating virtual currency companies. The new proposal stems from the original July 17 proposal and includes certain revisions...more

CSBS Emerging Payments Task Force Issues Virtual Currency Policy Framework

The recently formed Emerging Payments Task Force of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) issued a proposed policy on state virtual currency regulation on Dec. 16, 2014 (the “Policy”). The Policy identifies core...more

Orrick's Derivatives in Review - December 2014

The Bitcoin Marketplace and Regulatory Environment: An Overview - Startup companies and financial products focused on bitcoin continue to burgeon, resulting in various regulators recently proposing regulations, making...more

State Virtual Currency Regulatory Heat Map

As we approach the end of a very active year in the emergence of virtual currency regulation, we developed a heat map of the regulatory climate faced by virtual currency wallet providers and exchanges – entities who maintain...more

SEC Fines Virtual Currency Operator For Alleged Registration Violations

On December 8, the SEC fined a computer programmer $68,387.07 for operating two separate online exchanges that traded securities using virtual currency without registering the businesses as broker dealers. Further, the SEC...more

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