Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

Virtual Currency, Real Risks

CSBS publishes Draft Model Regulatory Framework to promote consistent state regulation of virtual currency activities and protect consumers in the event of a breach. In March 2014, “Mt. Gox,” one of the largest and best-known...more

Bitcoin – The Ever “Curiouser and Curiouser” Bitcoin Wonderland – Part Eleven

“Virtual currencies” in general, and bitcoin in particular, continue to attract media attention as well as intense public and regulatory scrutiny. In the United States, the recent establishment of the Digital Currency...more

Popular European Bitcoin Exchange Suffers Breach

BitStamp, one of the largest Bitcoin exchanges, suspended its services last week and asked customers not to make deposits following a security breach. On January 4, some of BitStamp’s “virtual wallets,” which permit customers...more

Alert: The Regulation of Virtual, Digital and Crypto-currencies

There are more than 6004 virtual currencies in use around the world today. Bitcoin is one of the best known and most widely used in Europe and North America. ...more

Say Hello to the SEC’s Digital Currency Working Group.

Now that enforcement agencies have determined that digital currencies are more than a passing fad, they are establishing more permanent efforts focused on the novel legal issues digital currencies present. The SEC’s formation...more

FinCrimes Update - December 2014, Volumn 1, Issue 10

In this Issue: BSA/AML & OFAC | Virtual Currency & Payment Systems | FCPA & Anti-Corruption | Criminal Enforcement...more

California Repeals Prohibition on Use of Alternative Currencies

From pet grooming services paid with currencies backed by aggregated gift cards to coffee shops in Palo Alto and San Francisco that accept digital currencies for a latte, many Californians are completing everyday transactions...more

Special Alert: CSBS Issues Policy, Draft Model Regulatory Framework, and Request for Comment Regarding State Regulation of Virtual...

On December 16, 2014, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (“CSBS”) issued a Policy on State Regulation of Virtual Currency (the “Policy”), Draft Model Regulatory Framework, and a request for public comment regarding the...more

MoFo New York Tax Insights - Volume 6, Issue 1 - January 2015

In This Issue: - The Top 10 New York Tax Highlights of 2014 - Tribunal Affirms That a Charter Yacht Is Not Exempt from Use Tax as a Commercial Vessel - Court of Appeals Holds City Transfer Tax Does Not...more

DFS Superintendent Lawsky Discusses Revised BitLicense Framework

On December 18, New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) Superintendent Benjamin Lawsky delivered remarks on the revised BitLicense framework at the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, DC. If adopted, the...more

Conference of State Bank Supervisors Issues Draft Model Regulatory Framework on Virtual Currency

On December 16, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS), a state banking watchdog group, released a draft model regulatory framework on virtual currency (Draft Framework) that is less stringent than the originally...more

State Bank Regulators Request Feedback On Model Framework for Virtual Currency Activities

On December 16, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) announced its draft regulatory framework and requested public comment on specific questions intended to aid state regulators on the regulation of virtual...more

NY Superintendent of Financial Services Proposes Lighter BitLicense Regulations

On December 18, Superintendent Lawsky delivered remarks regarding New York’s revised proposal for regulating virtual currency companies. The new proposal stems from the original July 17 proposal and includes certain revisions...more

CSBS Emerging Payments Task Force Issues Virtual Currency Policy Framework

The recently formed Emerging Payments Task Force of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) issued a proposed policy on state virtual currency regulation on Dec. 16, 2014 (the “Policy”). The Policy identifies core...more

Orrick's Derivatives in Review - December 2014

The Bitcoin Marketplace and Regulatory Environment: An Overview - Startup companies and financial products focused on bitcoin continue to burgeon, resulting in various regulators recently proposing regulations, making...more

State Virtual Currency Regulatory Heat Map

As we approach the end of a very active year in the emergence of virtual currency regulation, we developed a heat map of the regulatory climate faced by virtual currency wallet providers and exchanges – entities who maintain...more

SEC Fines Virtual Currency Operator For Alleged Registration Violations

On December 8, the SEC fined a computer programmer $68,387.07 for operating two separate online exchanges that traded securities using virtual currency without registering the businesses as broker dealers. Further, the SEC...more

Conference of State Bank Supervisors Releases Policy Statement and Draft Model Regulatory Framework for Virtual Currency

Yesterday, December 16, 2014, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (“CSBS”) released a Policy Statement on state virtual currency regulation, and a Draft Model Regulatory Framework (“Draft Framework”) to support its...more

NYS Department of Taxation and Finance Issues Tax Guidance on Virtual Currency Transactions

On December 5, the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (DTF) issued the memorandum “Tax Department Policy on Transactions Using Convertible Virtual Currency.” The memorandum clarified that under New York law,...more

Spotlight On Federal Tax Developments In 2014

This article highlights a number of interesting federal tax developments that were brought to the table during the 2014 calendar year. Developments discussed in this article include the 18-month transitional period for the...more

SEC Sanctions Operator of Unregistered Virtual Currency Exchanges

On December 8, the Securities and Exchange Commission sanctioned a computer programmer for operating two online exchanges that traded securities using virtual currencies without registering them as broker-dealers or stock...more

Five Things You Should Know About New York State’s Taxation of Convertible Virtual Currency

On December 5, 2014, the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance issued TSB-M-14(5)C, (7)I, (17)S, explaining its policy regarding convertible virtual currency....more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 48

In this issue: - Recent Developments Relating to Rights to Exclude Shareholder Proposals from Proxy Statements - SEC Approves MSRB Best Execution Rule - SEC Sanctions Operator of Unregistered Virtual...more

SEC Settles with Bitcoin/Litecoin Exchange Operator

The SEC recently announced a settlement in connection with the operation of unregistered virtual-currency-based stock exchanges. The settlement is instructive as to how the SEC will evaluate crypto-currency trading platforms...more

NYS DFS Publishes All BitLicense Comments; California Considers Regulation

On December 3, the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) published all 3,746 public comments it received on the proposed “BitLicense” regulatory framework that would cover businesses participating in “virtual...more

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