Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

Blog: Virtual currencies & the 4th Anti-money Laundering Directive: ECB Opinion on the Commission’s proposals

The European Commission published proposals to amend the 4th Anti-money Laundering Directive, to bring crypto-currency exchanges and wallet providers within scope, in early July 2016. The European Banking Authority...more

Bitcoin: Cybersecurity Regulations on the Horizon?

As legislators grapple with creating legislation intended to bring virtual currencies, such as bitcoin, within the scope of anti-money laundering regulations, the vulnerability of Bitcoin exchanges to theft and other cyber...more

Your Daily Dose of Financial News

In a “highly anticipated” ruling from the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit, a three-judge panel has found the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau unconstitutional, holding that the current organization...more

A System of Voluntary Self-Identification in the World of Virtual Currencies

On 5th July 2016, the European Commission (the “Commission”) published a proposal for a Directive amending the Fourth Money Laundering Directive (“Proposed Directive”), which sets out, amongst other things, to bring into...more

What is Blockchain? Why Does It Matter? Observations As North Carolina’s Virtual Currency Legislation Goes Into Effect

J. K. Rowling’s world of Harry Potter included an array of amazing artifacts; our personal favorites were the books and pictures that changed themselves. Two decades later, a world of Kindles and iPads echoes the wonders of...more

Your daily dose of financial news - The Brief – 10.4.16

The Journal gives us a closer look at Italy’s Monte dei Paschi—the world’s oldest bank (founded in 1472)—that’s deeply tied to Siena and that’s threatening to drag the whole of the region’s economy down with it if it fails,...more

Money, bits and banking: Florida case implicates legal status of digital currencies in the US

Introductory level economics textbooks often begin with a discussion of a surprisingly tricky question – what is money? In economics parlance, money is not simply what is in your wallet; rather, it is any asset that functions...more

Blockchain and Public Securities: Shedding Light on 'Going Dark'

The application of blockchain technology to the securities market could prove to be a game changer by adding transparency, reducing costs and speeding up settlements. Initially known as the technology underlying the...more

Bitcoin Again Held to Be “Funds” for Federal Money Transmitting Purposes

Murgio decision reflects a growing judicial consensus around the application of money transmitting laws to Bitcoin exchangers. On September 19, 2016, U.S. District Judge Alison J. Nathan of the Southern District of New...more

Your daily dose of financial news - The Brief – 9.21.16

Testifying before the Senate Banking Committee yesterday, Wells Fargo CEO John Stumpf admitted that the illegal sham-account-creation activity at the heart of its recent SEC fine may have begun earlier than first reported....more

European Commission tackles financing risks linked to virtual currencies

The European Commission has adopted a proposal to strengthen anti-money laundering (AML) and counterterrorism financing (CFT) measures related to virtual currencies. The proposal, adopted in July 2016, seeks to bring...more

Your daily dose of financial news - The Brief – 9.12.16

The past 2 years have been just short of disastrous for most hedge funds. But even without much to show in the form of results, the world’s biggest fund manager—Bridgewater Associates—has attracted $22.5 billion in investor...more

Virtual Currency May Not Be Money but Dismissal Is Real

Is bitcoin money? Not according to a Florida judge who threw out criminal charges against a defendant accused of money laundering and acting as an unlicensed money services business in violation of state law. What...more

It's All About Blockchain - Don't Miss These 7 Reads

Don't miss these seven popular reads on Blockchain....more

Virtual Currencies: Court Rules that Selling Bitcoin Is Not Money Transmitting and Selling Bitcoin to Criminals Is Not a Crime

The ruling is an outlier driven by its unique facts and is unlikely to change the general regulatory landscape for Bitcoin businesses. In State of Florida v. Espinoza, a trial court in Miami recently dismissed all...more

Twitter Sued For Right of Publicity Violations Over Profile-Trading Game

A class action lawsuit was filed in California yesterday against Hey, Inc. and Twitter regarding Hey’s online trading game in which players collect profiles of (and use virtual currency to invest in) real-life people as if...more

European Banking Authority Opines on Virtual Currencies and the Fourth Anti-Money Laundering Directive

The European Banking Authority published an Opinion on the Commission’s proposed amendments to the Fourth Anti-Money Laundering Directive and its application to virtual currencies. The Commission is proposing to bring...more

Blog: Virtual currencies & the 4th Anti-money Laundering Directive: EBA criticizes Commission’s proposals

The European Banking Authority has published an Opinion, which criticizes the Commission’s approach to virtual currencies (VCs) and its proposed amendments to the 4th Anti-money Laundering Directive (4AMLD). In its 2014...more

Blog: California Senate converts proposed BitLicence into digital currency enrollment program

A Virtual Currency (BitLicence) Bill (AB 1326) was introduced into the California Assembly on 27 February 2015. A few days ago, the Senate amended that Bill to create a Digital Currency Business Enrollment Program instead;...more

Bitcoin Exchange Bitfinex Hacked

Bitcoin Exchange Bitfinex, based in Hong Kong, was hacked last week, incurring a whopping loss of $65 million. It was shut down last week after 119,756 bitcoins were stolen from users’ accounts....more

CFTC Considers Blockchain Technology

The disruptive effects of blockchain technology on the financial system may take several years to materialize. Nevertheless, in preparation, regulators are increasingly focused on understanding potential uses of blockchain...more

Can blockchain live up to the hype?

Is blockchain the revolutionary technology that will rewrite the rules for the finance industry, identifying authenticity and verifying payment flows that arise at a business-to-business level or between business and...more

Financial Services Weekly News - July 2016 #4

Editor's Note - What Exactly Is Bitcoin? In a case featuring a sting operation beginning with meetings in a coffee shop, ice cream store and hotel lobby and ending with the sale of bitcoins to an undercover Miami Beach...more

Florida Judge Rules Bitcoin is not Money

On July 25, a Florida Circuit Court judge dismissed state criminal charges against a defendant who attempted to sell bitcoins for $30,000 in cash on the ground that bitcoins are not money. Defendant Michell Abner Espinoza...more

Blog: European Commission considers database to end crypto-currency anonymity

The European Commission has published a proposal that, if made and brought into force, will amend the 4th Anti-money Laundering Directive (4AMLD) before the Member States are required to transpose it into their national...more

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