Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

CFPB Proposes to Treat Prepaid Cards Like Checking Accounts and Credit Cards

The CFPB yesterday proposed a new rule that would regulate prepaid accounts. The rule, which is 870 pages long, would apply not only to plastic prepaid cards, but also to some mobile and electronic prepaid accounts not...more

Taxation of Convertible Virtual Currency, Part III: Reporting and Penalties for Noncompliance

When it comes to Bitcoins and other convertible virtual assets, anonymity may not be all it’s cracked up to be. For one thing, an underlying assumption is that individuals who keep their financial transactions hidden have...more

Recent Key Bitcoin and Virtual Currency Regulatory and Law Enforcement Developments

In recent months, US federal and state regulators have continued to focus on Bitcoin and the adoption of a regulatory framework for it and other "virtual currencies," as well as the enforcement of existing securities laws to...more

New York Federal Prosecutor Intensifies Scrutiny of Illegal Bitcoin Activity

The U. S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, has issued several recent statements signaling a steady pursuit of criminal conduct related to bitcoin. First, on Thursday, November 6, 2014, Trendon...more

UK Treasury Calls for Information on Digital Currencies

On November 3, the UK Treasury issued a call for information on digital currencies, including Bitcoin. Views are being solicited from the public, the financial services industry, regulators, and law enforcement agencies....more

New Bitcoin Firms May Get Transitional License in New York

On November 2, New York Superintendent Lawsky delivered remarks at the Money 20/20 Conference on the state’s virtual currency and Bitcoin regulation. In October, Lawsky publicly stated that, as a result of the comments...more

Taxation of Convertible Virtual Currency, Part II: Taxation of Virtual Currency Income

In Part I of this series, we discussed the IRS guidelines on the taxation of gains and losses associated with convertible virtual currency. In this post, we will focus on the taxation of income--wages, self-employment income...more

FinCEN Continues Scrutiny of Virtual Currency Companies

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network recently issued two administrative rulings holding that certain virtual currency trading platforms and payment systems were subject to registration as money services businesses....more

FinCEN Rules Proposed Virtual Currency Exchange, Bitcoin Payment System Subject to BSA

On October 27, FinCEN issued two administrative rulings to companies seeking guidance on whether they must register as MSBs and be subject to the required reporting, recordkeeping, and monitoring obligations. In its first...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 44

In this issue: - SEC Sanctions 10 Companies for Disclosure Failures Surrounding Financing Deals and Stock Dilution - Delaware Court of Chancery Rejects Entire Fairness Review in Absence of Conflicted...more

Internet Startups: Beware of Being a Money Transmitter

So, you’ve got a great idea. Social media platforms are all about finding new solutions for old inefficiencies. And what’s more efficient than serving as a platform for an account holder to obtain a single cash payment in...more

Taxation of Convertible Virtual Currency, Part I: It’s Not Money

Ecuador will soon be the first country in the world to have digital currency issued by a central bank. Although the new Ecuadorian currency won’t necessarily function like Bitcoin, Litcoin, Peercoin and Freicoin, or other...more

FinCEN Rulings Designate Certain Virtual Currency Businesses as Money Transmitters

On October 27, 2014, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) issued two administrative rulings regarding virtual currency. The first administrative ruling concerns a proposed virtual currency trading and booking...more

Financial Services Weekly News Roundup - October 2014 #5

In this issue: - In preliminarily denying two exemption requests, the SEC takes a stand for market transparency in ETFs and upholds the arbitrage mechanism that allows market prices to closely track NAVs. -...more

FinCEN Issues New Rulings Covering Virtual Currency Exchanges and Payment Processors

On Monday, FinCEN issued two advisory rulings responding to requests for clarification regarding the money transmitter status of two virtual currency companies. While the advisory rulings are technically limited to only the...more

FinCEN Releases Two Rulings Classifying a Bitcoin Payment System and Virtual Currency Trading Platform as MSBs

In its opening salvo bringing bitcoin under the watchful eye of the federal government, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a Guidance (FIN-2013-G001) in March 2013 clarifying that anti-money laundering...more

Virtual Currencies: New York State Department of Financial Services Discusses Proposed Regulations

As the proposed BitLicense takes shape, New York regulators are engaging in discussions with industry players. On October 14, 2014 Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law organized a panel discussion as part of its Tech...more

GMAC/CFTC Hosts Open Meeting Regarding Bitcoin and Digital Currency

The CFTC discusses first Bitcoin swap listed on a CFTC-regulated platform and Bitcoin regulation generally with panel of industry participants. The Global Markets Advisory Committee (GMAC) of the U.S. Commodity...more

New York DFS Superintendent Lawsky Comments On Virtual Currency and Bitcoin Regulation

On October 14, Superintendent Lawsky delivered remarks on virtual currency and Bitcoin regulation in New York City. Specifically, Lawsky addressed the comments received in connection with the DFS’s July 17 proposal to...more

Bitcoin: Currency, Commodity or None of the Above?

In my recent post, I discussed the shortcomings of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code as applied to Bitcoin. Bitcoin does not fall within the definition of “money” under UCC § 1-201, nor do Bitcoin wallets come within...more

CFTC Hears Testimony on Bitcoin

The Global Markets Advisory Committee of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission held a public meeting on October 9, in which one panel addressed Bitcoin. The meeting focused on informing the staff regarding basic...more

Bridging the Week - October 2014 #2

UK Court Authorizes LME to Proceed With Reform of Physical Warehouse Network - The UK Court of Appeals held that the London Metal Exchange may proceed with a previously announced plan aimed at shortening the amount of...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 40

In this issue: - SEC Division of Corporation Finance Issues New C&DI Related to Rule 147 and Website/Social Media Use - Director of SEC Division of Corporation Finance Gives Speech on Securities...more

Russia Issues Draft Legislation Prohibiting Virtual Currencies

Last week, the Russian Finance Ministry, in conjunction with the Ministries of Economic Development, Communications, Internal Affairs and Financial Monitoring, issued draft legislation amending existing Russian law to...more

FinCrimes Update - September 2014 Summary, Volume 1, Issue 7

IN THIS ISSUE: BSA/AML & OFAC | Virtual Currency & Payment Systems | FCPA & Anti-Corruption | Criminal Enforcement. BSA/AML & OFAC: FINCEN OFFERS RED FLAGS GUIDANCE ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND...more

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