News & Analysis as of

Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -

Not a Token Gesture: Compensating Service Providers with Virtual Property

by Morrison & Foerster LLP on

Questions surrounding the use of virtual currencies and other digital tokens (“tokens”) as compensation came to the forefront last month following formal guidance from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on...more

Announcement Clarifies Regulatory Position on Digital Token Offerings in Singapore

by Jones Day on

In the wake of a recent increase in the number of initial coin (or token) offerings ("ICOs") in Singapore as a means of raising funds, as well as announcements from other concerned regulators, including in the United States,...more

Blockchain's Steady March to Legitimacy

by White & Case LLP on

Four separate events during the second half of July signal that virtual currency and blockchain are steadily becoming part of mainstream financial services. The interconnected histories of Bitcoin (the most common virtual...more

Blockchain Energizer Vol. 10

by K&L Gates LLP on

There is a lot of buzz around blockchain technology and its potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries from finance and health care to real estate and supply-chain management. Reports estimate that over $1.4...more

SEC Provides Initial Coin Offering Guidance

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

On July 25, 2017, the SEC’s Division of Enforcement issued a Report of Investigation (the “Report”) that concluded that the tokens issued in an initial coin offering (“ICO”) by a decentralized autonomous organization called...more

Fintech Alert: SEC Advises That an Unincorporated Virtual Organization That Issued Virtual Currency Engaged in an Unregistered...

by Blank Rome LLP on

Financial Services - Action Item: The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) has provided guidance for digital currency offerings that may run afoul of the U.S. securities laws. Investors, token issuers, and other...more

Alert: SEC Publishes Landmark Guidance on Blockchain Tokens

by Cooley LLP on

The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) recently published a landmark Report of Investigation finding DAO Tokens are securities under US law. This marks the first time the regulator has found blockchain tokens sold in a...more

Your Daily Dose of Financial News

by Robins Kaplan LLP on

Is the SEC officially on record with a warning about the viability of unregulated ICOs? It is. Is that stopping start-ups from creating and selling new virtual currencies at a torrid pace? It is not....more

Your Daily Dose of Financial News

by Robins Kaplan LLP on

Wells Fargo has reportedly uncovered another trove of unauthorized accounts, according to a regulatory filing on Friday. The bank also disclosed a CFPB investigation over potential harm to customers over its practice of...more

SEC Confirms Certain ICOs Are Securities Offerings; Regulators Renew Focus on Cryptocurrencies

by WilmerHale on

What Is an ICO? An ICO, or initial coin offering, is the sale of virtual coins or tokens, often as a means of capital raising by startup companies that are involved in blockchain technology. Depending on the terms of the...more

SPLITCOIN: The Impact of the World’s Biggest Cryptocurrency Forking Into Two.

by Locke Lord LLP on

On August 1, 2017, Bitcoin, the world’s most capitalized and popular digital currency, was split into two separate blockchains, “Bitcoin”[classic] and “Bitcoin Cash.” The controversial decision to “Hard Fork” Bitcoin’s code...more

SEC Statement on Treatment of Digital Assets under the Federal Securities Laws

by BakerHostetler on

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has provided welcome guidance by publishing its most comprehensive statement to date on the treatment of digital assets – and the offer and sale of such assets by "virtual"...more

SEC's Investigative Report Raises Difficult Questions for ICO Issuers

by Jones Day on

Against the backdrop of recent growth of initial coin or token offerings ("ICOs"), the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), on July 25, 2017, published its first public statements on this fundraising practice. The...more

SEC Warns That Digital Tokens May Be Securities

On July 25, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or the Commission) published a Report of Investigation (Report) pursuant to Section 21(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 19341 concluding that digital tokens issued...more

SEC Issues Guidance on Regulation of Initial Coin Offerings

Over the last 12 months, a growing number of start-ups, primarily those offering blockchain-based services, have raised capital utilizing so-called initial coin offerings or token sales (collectively referred to herein as...more

SEC Report Determines DAO Tokens, A Digital Asset, Were Securities

by King & Spalding on

On July 25, 2017, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) released a Report of Investigation (“Report”) warning market participants that offers and sales of digital assets (“Tokens”) by “virtual” organizations...more

DAO and the Art of Securities Regulation: SEC Clarifies that Digital Tokens May Be “Securities”

by K&L Gates LLP on

The rapid rise of distributed ledger technology and the spate of recent initial coin offerings (“ICOs”) have focused attention on whether, and in what circumstances, virtual currencies and digital tokens may be securities...more

SEC Finds That Internet Sales of Tokens and Virtual Coins Are Subject To Federal Securities Laws

On July 25, 2017 the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) released a report on its investigation of an organization involved in selling digital assets (so-called virtual coins or tokens). Its findings...more

Virtual Coins are ‘Securities’ After All

On July 25, the SEC issued a Rule 21(a) investigative report concluding that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. No, wait, that’s not right. The report actually concluded that tokens offered by an unincorporated...more

Do Not Expect Anonymity from Virtual Currency

by Sanford Millar on

There is a widely held misconception that using virtual currency such as BitCoin assure the users that their transaction is anonymous. For this reason virtual currency is used to move money from countries with currency...more

A Review of Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs)

Given the SEC’s investigative report on initial coin offerings, I thought it would be interesting to review a small sample to see what else is really out there. I turned to coinmarketcap.com for information. In many cases the...more

SEC Finds ICOs May Be Subject to Registration Requirements

by Bryan Cave on

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and other digital currency financing events have enjoyed explosive growth in 2017, with hundreds of millions of dollars invested with little to no regulation or government oversight. That era...more

FinCEN Takes First Action Against Foreign-Located MSB—“The Virtual Currency Exchange of Choice for Criminals”—For Willfully...

by Ballard Spahr LLP on

On July 26, FinCEN, in coordination with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California (“NDCA USAO”), assessed a $110,003,314 civil money penalty against BTC-e a/k/a Canton Business Corporation (“BTC-e”)...more

SEC Speaks on Initial Coin Offerings: Tokens May Be Securities

No blockchain phenomenon has garnered more attention lately than Initial Coin Offerings ("ICOs"), which have exploded in value and raised more than $1.2 billion thus far this year....more

When is an Initial Coin Offering a Security?

As discussed in a post from last week, the SEC determined that Initial Coin Offerings can be securities. The finding stems from the SEC’s investigation into The DAO’s offering and sale of DAO Tokens (a form of virtual...more

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Cybersecurity

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