Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

FinCEN Rulings Designate Certain Virtual Currency Businesses as Money Transmitters

On October 27, 2014, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) issued two administrative rulings regarding virtual currency. The first administrative ruling concerns a proposed virtual currency trading and booking...more

Financial Services Weekly News Roundup - October 2014 #5

In this issue: - In preliminarily denying two exemption requests, the SEC takes a stand for market transparency in ETFs and upholds the arbitrage mechanism that allows market prices to closely track NAVs. -...more

FinCEN Issues New Rulings Covering Virtual Currency Exchanges and Payment Processors

On Monday, FinCEN issued two advisory rulings responding to requests for clarification regarding the money transmitter status of two virtual currency companies. While the advisory rulings are technically limited to only the...more

FinCEN Releases Two Rulings Classifying a Bitcoin Payment System and Virtual Currency Trading Platform as MSBs

In its opening salvo bringing bitcoin under the watchful eye of the federal government, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a Guidance (FIN-2013-G001) in March 2013 clarifying that anti-money laundering...more

Virtual Currencies: New York State Department of Financial Services Discusses Proposed Regulations

As the proposed BitLicense takes shape, New York regulators are engaging in discussions with industry players. On October 14, 2014 Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law organized a panel discussion as part of its Tech...more

GMAC/CFTC Hosts Open Meeting Regarding Bitcoin and Digital Currency

The CFTC discusses first Bitcoin swap listed on a CFTC-regulated platform and Bitcoin regulation generally with panel of industry participants. The Global Markets Advisory Committee (GMAC) of the U.S. Commodity...more

New York DFS Superintendent Lawsky Comments On Virtual Currency and Bitcoin Regulation

On October 14, Superintendent Lawsky delivered remarks on virtual currency and Bitcoin regulation in New York City. Specifically, Lawsky addressed the comments received in connection with the DFS’s July 17 proposal to...more

Bitcoin: Currency, Commodity or None of the Above?

In my recent post, I discussed the shortcomings of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code as applied to Bitcoin. Bitcoin does not fall within the definition of “money” under UCC § 1-201, nor do Bitcoin wallets come within...more

CFTC Hears Testimony on Bitcoin

The Global Markets Advisory Committee of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission held a public meeting on October 9, in which one panel addressed Bitcoin. The meeting focused on informing the staff regarding basic...more

Bridging the Week - October 2014 #2

UK Court Authorizes LME to Proceed With Reform of Physical Warehouse Network - The UK Court of Appeals held that the London Metal Exchange may proceed with a previously announced plan aimed at shortening the amount of...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 40

In this issue: - SEC Division of Corporation Finance Issues New C&DI Related to Rule 147 and Website/Social Media Use - Director of SEC Division of Corporation Finance Gives Speech on Securities...more

Russia Issues Draft Legislation Prohibiting Virtual Currencies

Last week, the Russian Finance Ministry, in conjunction with the Ministries of Economic Development, Communications, Internal Affairs and Financial Monitoring, issued draft legislation amending existing Russian law to...more

FinCrimes Update - September 2014 Summary, Volume 1, Issue 7

IN THIS ISSUE: BSA/AML & OFAC | Virtual Currency & Payment Systems | FCPA & Anti-Corruption | Criminal Enforcement. BSA/AML & OFAC: FINCEN OFFERS RED FLAGS GUIDANCE ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND...more

New Jersey

A superior court judge will reportedly issue an opinion within the next 30 days in a case brought over a subpoena issued by the state attorney general against a team of MIT students, who developed an experimental software...more

Digital Insights and Trends: Can Bitcoin Support Money Laundering Charges?

Bitcoin owners and exchange operators are coming face-to-face with prosecutors focused on money laundering crimes, leading to novel legal arguments about whether the virtual currency is money, or sufficiently “money-like” to...more

Bit Bites: Latest Legal Developments in Digital Currencies

When Is Bitcoin “Money” Versus a “Security”? In motions involving a high-profile criminal prosecution with ties to Silk Road and a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) enforcement action, two federal courts have clarified...more

Virtual Currencies: International Actions and Regulations

Argentina - In addition to issuing warnings about their use, Argentina has suggested an increased interest in virtual currency transactions by requiring financial institutions and other entities to report virtual...more

FinCrimes Update - August 2014 Summary, Volume 1, Issue 6

In This Issue: - BSA/AML & OFAC - Virtual Currency & Payment Systems - FCPA & Anti-Corruption - Criminal Enforcement - Excerpt from BSA/AML & OFAC: FINCEN PUBLISHES LONG-AWAITED...more

Bitcoin – Haven In Hong Kong? - Part Ten

“Virtual currencies” in general, and bitcoin in particular, continue to attract media attention as well as intense public and regulatory scrutiny. The regulators seem to have realized that the bitcoin genie is out of the...more

Federal District Court Holds Bitcoin Is Money

On August 19, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York found that Bitcoin is “money” in a memorandum order denying a defendant’s motion to dismiss a federal money laundering charge. Faiella et al. v....more

Bitcoin Regulatory Update: CFPB Issues Consumer Advisory Regarding Virtual Currencies, Begins Accepting Complaints

On August 11, 2014, the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau (“CFBP”) issued a consumer advisory warning customers of the potential risks associated with virtual currencies....more

New York’s Proposed Regulation of Bitcoin Businesses - Polishing Up or Polishing Off?

Thousands of commenters on New York’s proposed virtual currency regulations have had mixed reactions. The New York Department of Financial Services (“NYDFS”) recently extended the public comment period until October 21....more

New York Extends Comment Period For BitLicense Proposal

This week, the New York DFS announced the extension of the comment period on its proposal to create a regulatory licensing framework for virtual currency companies, including a so-called BitLicense. Given the “significant...more

CFPB Issues Consumer Advisory Concerning Risks of Virtual Currencies; Announces it Will Accept Consumer Complaints Regarding...

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) issued a consumer advisory (the “Advisory”) in which it describes risks faced by consumers when engaging in transactions that involve virtual currencies. The CFPB also...more

CFPB Issues Consumer Advisory on the “Wild West” of the Virtual Currency Economy

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) recently issued a consumer advisory summarizing the purported risks of virtual currencies, and announced that it would begin collecting complaints from the public regarding...more

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