Construction to Permanent Loan on the Return: Tips on Due Diligence and Loan Documents (part 1)


Credit seems to be more available for commercial real estate.  For example, I know of one commercial real estate lender working on a construction to permanent loan program.  This type of lending blends two types of loans: a construction loan to build the project and a term loan to finance it once the project hits certain targets.

If implemented correctly, a lender literally will capture market share.  And a borrower can save time and money by closing two loans at one time.  However, it has unique due diligence and documentation provisions, which are different from a construction to perm loan covering a home.

In this post and in future posts, we’ll look at a few of these elements and provisions.  Understanding these should help you as you jump into offering or accepting a construction to permanent loan.  And, don’t forget to address or include the “lessons learned” over the past 4 years into the equation!



Some of the unique elements of a construction to perm loan:

  • Survey requirements
    • initial survey
    • foundation survey during construction
    • as-built survey as a conversion (and/or as a final advance condition)
  • Title insurance requirements,  such as:
    • mechanics and material mans coverage
    • pending disbursement or down dates on draws
  • Casualty and liability insurance requirements
    • builders risk coverage
    • evidence of coverage by contractor(s)
  • Credit enhancement covering construction risk, such as:
    • Full liability of borrower until rental, loan to value and\or debt service coverage thresholds
    • Guaranty of sponsor: full payment\performance v. completion; and then merely bad-boy events; (one issue: does completion guaranty include merely shell or also tenant improvements?) (another issue: what are the requirements or conditions to migrating the guaranty from a 100% of the loan and project to merely covering bad-boy events?)
    • Letter of credit until rental, loan to value and\or debt service coverage thresholds (another issue: how to handle letters of credit from tenants?)

I’ll cover more in future posts.

Written by:


Winstead PC on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.

Already signed up? Log in here

*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.