Tyco International – The Importance of the Books and Records under the FCPA

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On Monday, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Department of Justice (DOJ) announced settlement with Tyco International (Tyco) for books and records violation of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Tyco agreed to a fine of $26MM for “at least twelve different, post-injunction illicit payment schemes occurring at Tyco subsidiaries across the globe. The schemes frequently entailed illicit payments to foreign officials that were inaccurately recorded so as to conceal the nature of the payments” and failure “to devise and maintain internal controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that all transactions were properly recorded in the company’s books, records, and accounts”. $10,564,992 of the fine was paid in disgorgement and an additional $2,566,517 in prejudgment interest was paid to the SEC and the remainder of $13.68MM was paid as fine to the DOJ. All of this was discovered because Tyco was already a FCPA violator, having admitted to violations back in 2006 and these additional violations were discovered as a part of a companywide review required under its 2006 Deferred Prosecution Agreement (DPA). Tyco received a Non-Prosecution Agreement (NPA) from the DOJ for this post-DPA conduct and I will discuss the NPA in a subsequent post.

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