Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP

OUCH! Now What? OSHA Creates New Rules for Reporting and Submitting Records of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses

On May 11, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued a Final Rule modifying workplace injury and illness reporting requirements. Certain employers will be subject to new…more

OSHA, Recordkeeping Requirements, Reporting Requirements, Workplace Injury

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Judge Briccetti Stays Patent Case Against a Customer Pending Resolution of Lawsuit Against Supplier

On June 3, 2016, District Judge Vincent L. Briccetti (S.D.N.Y.) stayed a patent infringement action brought by plaintiff Marine Travelift (“Marine”) against defendant K. Graefe & Sons Corp. (“Graefe”), pending the resolution of…more

Collateral Estoppel, Order to Stay, Patent Infringement

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Delaware Chancery Court Holds that a Reverse Triangular Merger Is Not an Assignment by Operation of Law

On February 22, 2013, the Delaware Chancery Court in Meso Scale v. Roche restored a degree of certainty to M&A planning by holding that the acquisition of a company through a reverse triangular merger (RTM) did not constitute an…more

Assignments, Reverse Triangular Mergers, Terms and Conditions

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FTC Oversight May Be Extended To Include Charities

We have recently written about the increasing importance of cybersecurity as an aspect of risk management for nonprofits in light of the proliferation of data security breaches across different sectors. A bill recently…more

Cybersecurity, FTC, Non-Profits, Pending Legislation, Risk Management

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The Paper Trail: The Potential Data-Breach Sitting in your Printer

In April 2016, the sensitive personal medical information of NFL players was stolen from the car of a trainer who had left the files in a backpack in his locked car. In 2014, Safeway, Inc. settled charges brought by the State…more

Breach Notification Rule, Data Breach, Data Security, Gramm-Leach-Blilely Act, HIPAA

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Department of Health and Human Services Cracks Down on Vendor Oversight in Recent Hospital Settlements

From the rise in ransomware attacks to inadvertent disclosure of information by subcontractors, the health services industry is reminded that a potential consequence of a data breach is the threat of a regulatory enforcement…more

Business Associates, Covered Entities, Cyber Attacks, Data Breach, Data Security

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Proposed Regulations on Foreign-Owned U.S. Disregarded Entities

On May 10, 2016 the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) published proposed regulations that, if finalized, will treat a domestic disregarded entity wholly owned (directly or indirectly) by a foreign person as a corporation for…more

Corporate Taxes, Domestic Corporations, Foreign-Owned Corporations, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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Cyber Attacks on Vulnerable Financial Institutions Linked to North Korea

Has North Korea struck again? Do its recent attacks signal a shift from those motivated by political retribution to those motivated by financial gain? What does this mean for financial institutions?…more

Cyber Attacks, Economic Sanctions, FBI, Financial Institutions, North Korea

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Major Reversal of Insider Trading Convictions After Trial: Second Circuit Sets High Bar for Tippee Liability

The United States Court of Appeals today reversed the convictions for insider trading of Todd Newman and Anthony Chiasson. The Court held that the government was required to prove, but did not, that the defendants knew that the…more

Appeals, Criminal Prosecution, Dell, Dismissals, Indictments

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China’s New Laws on Foreign and Domestic NGOs

Operating in China just became a bit more complex for foreign nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). China’s new “Law on the Management of Foreign Non-Governmental Organizations’ Activities within Mainland China”, which was…more

China, Domestic Corporations, Foreign Charities, Foreign Entities, NGOs

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AbbVie Submits Citizen Petition on Interchangeable Biosimilars

AbbVie, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, has submitted a citizen petition to the FDA regarding determinations of interchangeability under the BPCIA. An interchangeable biological product is biosimilar to a reference product…more

AbbVie, Biologics, Biosimilars, Citizen Petitions, FDA

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Full Federal Circuit Denies En Banc Review of Jurisdictional Decision with Important Implications for BPCIA Litigation

On June 20, 2016, the full Federal Circuit denied Mylan’s petitions for rehearing en banc in Acorda Therapeutics Inc. v. Mylan Pharms. Inc., 817 F.3d 755 (Fed. Cir. 2016), leaving intact the panel’s decision affirming two…more

ANDA, BPCIA, Commercial Marketing, Corporate Counsel, Forum Selection

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DHS Warns of New Ransomware Threats

The Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) recently issued a joint alert with the Canadian Cyber Incident Response Centre warning of two new ransomware threats behind recent well-publicized attacks against healthcare companies…more

Bitcoin, Canada, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, DHS

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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Freedom to Whiten: Teeth-Whitener’s Antitrust Suit Against Georgia Board of Dentistry Allowed to Proceed

Earlier this week, in Colindres v. Battle, et al., No. 15-CV-2843 (N.D. Ga.), the District Court for the Northern District of Georgia refused to dismiss antitrust claims brought by the owner of a teeth-whitening company against…more

Antitrust Litigation, Dentists, NC Board of Dental Examiners v FTC, Restraint of Trade, SCOTUS

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Disclosure Requirements Under the BPCIA

The Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act (BPCIA) provides for a series of disclosures between a biosimilar applicant and the innovator company, commonly referred to as the “patent dance.” 42 U.S.C. §262(l). While the…more

ANDA, Biologics, BPCIA, Disclosure Requirements, Hatch-Waxman

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Significant Changes Proposed to New York Estate and Income Tax Laws

The New York State Legislature is considering some significant proposed changes to the New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. Some important…more

Estate Planning, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Tick-Tock: The Overtime Clock Starts Running For Millions More Workers

On May 18, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (“DOL”) issued a final rule modifying overtime eligibility under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”). The final rule, which goes into effect on December 1,…more

DOL, Exempt-Employees, Final Rules, FLSA, Minimum Salary

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The Federal Circuit Will Hear Apotex’s Appeal from a Preliminary Injunction Under the BPCIA in Early 2016

In Amgen v. Apotex, Judge Cohn of the Southern District of Florida recently enjoined Apotex from selling its proposed biosimilar of Amgen’s Neulasta for 180 days following FDA approval. In Amgen v. Sandoz, 794 F.3d 1347 (Fed…more

aBLA, Amgen, Apotex, Biosimilars, BPCIA

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US Regulators Investigate Chinese Steelmakers for Hacking Trade Secrets

The U.S. International Trade Commission (“ITC”) last week launched an investigation into United States Steel Corporation’s (“U.S. Steel”) complaint that Chinese hackers stole trade secret information—including proprietary…more

ALJ, China, Hackers, Illegal Imports, ITC

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OCC’s Cybersecurity Regulatory Expectations: A Call to Action

Not surprisingly, cybersecurity remains a top examination priority for the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”). And that means national banks and federal savings associations – and their leadership teams – should be prepared…more

Banks, Cybersecurity, FFIEC, Financial Institutions, Interagency Guidance

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Court Halts FTC’s Bid to Block Chicago-Area Hospital Merger

On June 14, 2016, in FTC v. Advocate Health Care et al., No. 15-cv-11473, the District Court for the Northern District of Illinois denied the Federal Trade Commission’s attempt to stop the merger of Advocate Health Care Network…more

Antitrust Provisions, FTC, Hospital Mergers, The Clayton Act

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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Proposed Disregarded Entity Regulations: Potential Implications for Charities

On May 10, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) published proposed regulations that would impose additional reporting and record-keeping requirements on domestic “disregarded entities” that are wholly owned (directly or…more

Charitable Organizations, Disregarded Entities, Foreign-Owned Corporations, IRS, Recordkeeping Requirements

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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Supreme Court Endorses Implied Certification Theory of Liability But Establishes “Demanding” Materiality Standard Under the False Claims Act

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar et al., holding that the so-called “implied certification” theory is viable under the False Claims Act (“FCA”),…more

Conditions of Payment, Failure To Disclose, False Claims Act (FCA), False Implied Certification Theory, Federal Contractors

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Merrick Garland on Efficiencies

Judge Merrick Garland, if he is confirmed, may become one of the Supreme Court’s foremost authorities in antitrust law. He taught antitrust law at Harvard, and he has published on the subject, so it’s fair to expect him to seek…more

Antitrust Provisions, Judicial Appointments, Market Participants, Merrick Garland, SCOTUS

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Supreme Court Asks Solicitor General to Weigh In on Amgen v. Sandoz

Today, the Supreme Court deferred a decision on certiorari in Amgen v. Sandoz, inviting the Solicitor General to file a brief expressing the views of the United States. Sandoz petitioned for review of one aspect of the Federal…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Injunctive Relief, Patent Dance, Patent Litigation

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“Interoperable” Healthcare Data Will Be a Tempting Target

At a panel during last week’s Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Edith Ramirez, chair of the Federal Trade Commission – America’s top privacy regulator – said she would not wear a Fitbit personal fitness tracker. “I don’t…more

Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA), Edith Ramirez, Electronic Medical Records, Fitbit

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Biotech Industry Supports Cert in Sequenom to Avert “Crisis of Patent Law and Medical Innovation”

The biotechnology and life sciences community has voiced broad support for Sequenom’s recent request that the Supreme Court review the Federal Circuit’s decision holding Sequenom’s diagnostic fetal DNA patent ineligible under 35…more

Biotechnology, DNA, Innovation, Life Sciences, Myriad-Mayo

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Four Takeaways from Staples-Office Depot Merger Block

After last month’s bench trial, Judge Emmet G. Sullivan has granted the FTC a preliminary injunction enjoining the merger between Staples and Office Depot. As a result, the companies have decided to end their efforts to merge. …more

Competition, FTC, Merger Agreements, Office Depot, Retailers

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NYSE Proposes Rule Changes Requiring Foreign Private Issuers to Submit Semi-Annual Financial Information to SEC

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) recently proposed amendments to the NYSE Listed Company Manual (Manual) to adopt a requirement that NYSE-listed foreign private issuers (FPIs) submit semi-annual unaudited financial information…more

Financial Statements, Foreign Private Issuers, NYSE, Proposed Amendments, Publicly-Traded Companies

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Impact of Nautilus on Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents

In Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2120 (2014), the Supreme Court rejected the Federal Circuit’s “insolubly ambiguous” standard for determining whether a patent claim meets the definiteness requirement…more

Claim Construction, Indefiniteness, Patent Litigation, Pharmaceutical Patents

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Spring Update: Insights Regarding The Antitrust Division’s Recent Activity

The Antitrust Division recently issued its 2016 annual spring update. Taking advantage of modern technology, Bill Baer—now the Acting Associate Attorney General serving in the DOJ’s third-highest ranking position—prepared…more

Acquisitions, Antitrust Division, Bid Rigging, Competition Authorities, DOJ

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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In re Capacitors Antitrust Class Action Update: Claims Slightly Narrowed, Parties Continue Discovery

When we last wrote in June 2015 about In re Capacitors Antitrust Litig., No. 14-03264-JD, consolidated putative class actions pending before Judge James Donato in the Northern District of California, the plaintiffs had just…more

Antitrust Litigation, Cartwright Act, Injury-in-Fact, Price-Fixing, Putative Class Actions

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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A Closer Look At The Fallout From The Home Depot Data Breach

More than a year and a half ago, Home Depot announced that it had been a victim of one of the largest data breaches in U.S. history. Media outlets reported that the breach had affected Home Depot’s customers who had made…more

Article III, Banking Sector, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Cyber Attacks

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Supreme Court Endorses Implied Certification Theory of Liability But Establishes “Demanding” Materiality Standard Under the False Claims Act

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar et al., holding that the so-called “implied certification” theory is viable under the False Claims Act (“FCA”),…more

Conditions of Payment, Failure To Disclose, False Claims Act (FCA), False Implied Certification Theory, Federal Contractors

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Remijas v. Neiman Marcus: Seventh Circuit Affords Broad Standing To Sue Over Consumer Data Breaches

When hackers breach a business’s systems, class actions are sure to follow. Often, however, these suits have faltered right out of the starting gate. Citing the Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Clapper v. Amnesty International,…more

Appeals, Article III, Data Breach, Debit and Credit Card Transactions, Imminent Harm

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Hitachi Chemical to Plead Guilty to Price-Fixing

The Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced this week that Hitachi Chemical Co. will plead guilty to a criminal charge for conspiring with competitors to fix the prices of electrolytic capacitors sold in the United States and…more

Cartels, Criminal Prosecution, DOJ, Electronics, Guilty Pleas

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Implications of the Supreme Court’s Windsor Decision on Estate Planning for Same-sex Couples

On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court, in its decision in United States v. Windsor, overturned Section 3 of the Federal Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”). The Court ruled that the Federal government could not deny tax and other…more

DOMA, Estate Planning, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes, Lifetime Limits

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Antitrust Lessons from Oil Giants’ Proposed Merger

In perhaps an unsurprising move, last week the U.S. Department of Justice filed a civil antitrust lawsuit challenging the merger of Halliburton and Baker Hughes, the first and third largest oilfield services companies in the…more

Anti-Competitive, Antitrust Litigation, Antitrust Violations, Baker Hughes, DOJ

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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Lessons from the Bangladesh Central Bank Heist

By now, you’ve probably heard about the massive cyber attack that hit Bangladesh’s central bank last month, resulting in the loss of $81 million through fraudulent transfers to accounts in the Philippines. Although the size and…more

ACH Payments, Banks, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Crimes, Foreign Banks

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Supreme Court Rejects the Government’s “Fishy” Interpretation of Sarbanes-Oxley Obstruction Statute

On February 25, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision in Yates v. United States.1 This case involved the interpretation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1519, a statute that was added as part of the…more

Destruction of Evidence, Evidence, Sarbanes-Oxley, SCOTUS, US v Yates

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New DOL Overtime Rule Changes the Landscape for Nonprofits, Too

On May 18, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (“DOL”) issued a final rule modifying overtime eligibility under the Fair Labor Standards Act. The final rule increases the salary threshold for overtime…more

DOL, FLSA, Highly Compensated Employees, Non-Profits, Wage and Hour

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Four Takeaways from the FTC’s Healthcare Merger Losses

The Federal Trade Commission has made clear that it considers the regulation of competition in health care markets one of its top priorities, but in recent weeks the FTC has been dealt a string of tough losses in its healthcare…more

Affordable Care Act, Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Health Care Providers, Hospital Mergers

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Soda bottler has bitter taste from alleged Pepsi price-fixing

A recent complaint charges PepsiCo Inc. with several antitrust violations, including price fixing and predatory pricing in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, conspiracy and attempt to monopolize in violation of Section 2…more

Anticompetitive Agreements, Antitrust Conspiracies, Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Monopolization

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Seventh Circuit (Again) Finds Consumers Have Standing To Sue Over Data Breaches

On April 14, 2016, the Seventh Circuit held in Lewart v. P.F. Chang’s that customers who may have had personal information compromised in a P.F. Chang’s data breach have standing, at the motion-to-dismiss stage, to sue the…more

Clapper v. Amnesty International, Class Action, Credit Monitoring, Data Breach, Injury-in-Fact

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Proposed Disregarded Entity Regulations: Potential Implications for Charities

On May 10, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) published proposed regulations that would impose additional reporting and record-keeping requirements on domestic “disregarded entities” that are wholly owned (directly or…more

Charitable Organizations, Disregarded Entities, Foreign-Owned Corporations, IRS, Recordkeeping Requirements

See All Updates »

New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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Supreme Court Nixes Aereo TV, Holding That Internet Streaming of Broadcast TV to Subscribers Violates Copyright Law

On June 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court decided ABC v. Aereo, one of the more important (and most closely watched) copyright cases of the digital era. The Court’s 6-3 decision that streaming-TV startup Aereo “publicly…more

ABC, ABC v Aereo, Aereo, Broadcasting, Copyright

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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Come Back With a Warrant: Proposed Rule Change Expands the Government’s Ability to Access Electronically Stored Information in Criminal Investigations

On April 28, 2016 the United States Supreme Court proposed a modification to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41 that significantly alters the manner in which the government can obtain search warrants to access computer…more

Cyber Attacks, Digital Media, Electronically Stored Information, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Foreign Jurisdictions

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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The “Cannibal Cop” and Protection of Computerized Data

In an unusual criminal case, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently weighed in on an important question at the intersection of employment law and data security. The decision will likely have implications wherever questions…more

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), Data Security, Trade Secrets, Unauthorized Access, Web Scraping

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Final WHO Biosimilar Naming Proposal Resembles FDA Approach

On January 26, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) unveiled the final version of its proposal for a worldwide biosimilar naming convention. The WHO proposes to add a “biologic qualifier” (BQ), which consists of four…more

Biologics, Biosimilars, FDA, Pharmaceutical Industry, Product Labels

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Impact of Nautilus on Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents

In Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2120 (2014), the Supreme Court rejected the Federal Circuit’s “insolubly ambiguous” standard for determining whether a patent claim meets the definiteness requirement…more

Claim Construction, Indefiniteness, Patent Litigation, Pharmaceutical Patents

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Cyber Attacks on Vulnerable Financial Institutions Linked to North Korea

Has North Korea struck again? Do its recent attacks signal a shift from those motivated by political retribution to those motivated by financial gain? What does this mean for financial institutions?…more

Cyber Attacks, Economic Sanctions, FBI, Financial Institutions, North Korea

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Four Takeaways from the FTC’s Healthcare Merger Losses

The Federal Trade Commission has made clear that it considers the regulation of competition in health care markets one of its top priorities, but in recent weeks the FTC has been dealt a string of tough losses in its healthcare…more

Affordable Care Act, Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Health Care Providers, Hospital Mergers

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Proposed Regulations on Foreign-Owned U.S. Disregarded Entities

On May 10, 2016 the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) published proposed regulations that, if finalized, will treat a domestic disregarded entity wholly owned (directly or indirectly) by a foreign person as a corporation for…more

Corporate Taxes, Domestic Corporations, Foreign-Owned Corporations, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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Tough Choices Confront Trade Creditors When a Retailer Faces Bankruptcy

The Great Recession, which began in December 2007 and officially ended in September 2009, has been especially hard on U.S. retailers, and its impact likely will be felt for many more years. Retailers sustained record-breaking…more

Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Creditors, Debt Collection, Internet Retailers

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US Regulators Investigate Chinese Steelmakers for Hacking Trade Secrets

The U.S. International Trade Commission (“ITC”) last week launched an investigation into United States Steel Corporation’s (“U.S. Steel”) complaint that Chinese hackers stole trade secret information—including proprietary…more

ALJ, China, Hackers, Illegal Imports, ITC

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An Unforeseen Obstacle: Consultants Can Prevent Validity Challenges Through the Use of the Assignor Estoppel Doctrine

Imagine hiring a consultant who designs a process, only to find that the process infringes a patent invented by the same consultant owned by someone else. How much worse would it be if your use of that consultant prevented you…more

Assignor Estoppel, Consultants, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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The Impact of the Supreme Court’s Recent Halliburton Decision on Securities Litigation

On June 23, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. In Halliburton, the Court declined to overrule Basic v. Levinson, but rather imposed limitations on the…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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India’s Competition Authorities Investigate Monsanto

Monsanto’s Indian joint venture has come under fire anew for allegedly anti-competitive behavior. India’s Competition Commission opened investigations this week into allegations that Monsanto and its partner Mahyco abused…more

Abuse of Dominance, Anti-Monopoly, Antitrust Violations, Competition Act, Competition Authorities

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Proposed Regulations on Foreign-Owned U.S. Disregarded Entities

On May 10, 2016 the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) published proposed regulations that, if finalized, will treat a domestic disregarded entity wholly owned (directly or indirectly) by a foreign person as a corporation for…more

Corporate Taxes, Domestic Corporations, Foreign-Owned Corporations, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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FTC: Data Security Primer for Small Businesses and Start-ups

The Federal Trade Commission will host a one day-conference in Chicago at Northwestern’s Pritzker School of Law on June 15, 2016. This event will be the fourth of the FTC’s Start with Security Events nationwide, which build on…more

Data Protection, Data Security, FTC, Popular, Small Business

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Supreme Court Asks Solicitor General to Weigh In on Amgen v. Sandoz

Today, the Supreme Court deferred a decision on certiorari in Amgen v. Sandoz, inviting the Solicitor General to file a brief expressing the views of the United States. Sandoz petitioned for review of one aspect of the Federal…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Injunctive Relief, Patent Dance, Patent Litigation

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Judge Woods Holds Multiple Lawsuits on Same Patent Is Not A “Meaningful Connection” to S.D.N.Y. For Venue

On June 1, 2016, District Judge Gregory H. Woods (S.D.N.Y.) granted Defendant ASUS Computer International’s (“ACI’s”) motion to transfer its patent infringement suit to the Northern District of California, where it is…more

Appeals, Clear and Convincing Evidence, Forum Selection, Patent Infringement, Patents

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Come Back With a Warrant: Proposed Rule Change Expands the Government’s Ability to Access Electronically Stored Information in Criminal Investigations

On April 28, 2016 the United States Supreme Court proposed a modification to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41 that significantly alters the manner in which the government can obtain search warrants to access computer…more

Cyber Attacks, Digital Media, Electronically Stored Information, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Foreign Jurisdictions

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FTC Delays Ruling in LabMD Appeal

The Federal Trade Commission has decided to put off until late July a decision about whether to overturn a ruling by the agency’s chief administrative law judge in the closely watched data security action against LabMD, the…more

Actual Injuries, ALJ, Appeals, Burden of Proof, Data Security

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China’s New Laws on Foreign and Domestic NGOs

Operating in China just became a bit more complex for foreign nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). China’s new “Law on the Management of Foreign Non-Governmental Organizations’ Activities within Mainland China”, which was…more

China, Domestic Corporations, Foreign Charities, Foreign Entities, NGOs

See All Updates »

Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

See All Updates »

The Paper Trail: The Potential Data-Breach Sitting in your Printer

In April 2016, the sensitive personal medical information of NFL players was stolen from the car of a trainer who had left the files in a backpack in his locked car. In 2014, Safeway, Inc. settled charges brought by the State…more

Breach Notification Rule, Data Breach, Data Security, Gramm-Leach-Blilely Act, HIPAA

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The Supreme Court Sends Spokeo Back

Today, the U.S. Supreme Court decided one of the Term’s most closely watched cases: Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins. The 6-2 decision, while far from sweeping, creates a hurdle for plaintiffs in “no-injury” class actions…more

Article III, Class Action, FCRA, Internet, SCOTUS

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New York District Court Allows Monopolization Claims Alleging Manipulation of Electricity Prices to Proceed Against Barclays

Last week, Judge Victor Marrero of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York partially granted Barclays PLC’s motion to dismiss antitrust and unfair enrichment claims brought against it by Merced Irrigation…more

Barclays, Class Action, FERC, Price Manipulation, Sherman Act

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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AbbVie Submits Citizen Petition on Interchangeable Biosimilars

AbbVie, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, has submitted a citizen petition to the FDA regarding determinations of interchangeability under the BPCIA. An interchangeable biological product is biosimilar to a reference product…more

AbbVie, Biologics, Biosimilars, Citizen Petitions, FDA

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New DOL Overtime Rule Changes the Landscape for Nonprofits, Too

On May 18, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (“DOL”) issued a final rule modifying overtime eligibility under the Fair Labor Standards Act. The final rule increases the salary threshold for overtime…more

DOL, FLSA, Highly Compensated Employees, Non-Profits, Wage and Hour

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Judge Woods Holds Multiple Lawsuits on Same Patent Is Not A “Meaningful Connection” to S.D.N.Y. For Venue

On June 1, 2016, District Judge Gregory H. Woods (S.D.N.Y.) granted Defendant ASUS Computer International’s (“ACI’s”) motion to transfer its patent infringement suit to the Northern District of California, where it is…more

Appeals, Clear and Convincing Evidence, Forum Selection, Patent Infringement, Patents

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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The Privilege of PR: Application of the Attorney-Client Privilege to Crisis Communications and Public Relations in Breach Response Planning

Cyber-attacks have become a matter of everyday reality for all businesses: regardless of industry or size, it is no longer if a data breach will happen, but when. And waiting for a breach to occur before designing and…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Crisis Management, Cyber Attacks, Data Breach Plans, Popular

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Data-Security Assessments? You’re Going to Want a Lawyer for That

These days, data breaches and cybersecurity attacks abound. With each news cycle, we’re confronted with stories about yet another big breach, at another big company, with the potential exposure of another big pool of…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Confidential Information, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Data Security

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Second Circuit Lays Out New Rules for Restitution

On February 6, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided an appeal, United States v. Cuti, which interpreted the restitution provisions of the Victims and Witnesses Protection Act (VWPA). The…more

Appeals, Attorney's Fees, Crime Victims, Restitution, SEC

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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Full Federal Circuit Denies En Banc Review of Jurisdictional Decision with Important Implications for BPCIA Litigation

On June 20, 2016, the full Federal Circuit denied Mylan’s petitions for rehearing en banc in Acorda Therapeutics Inc. v. Mylan Pharms. Inc., 817 F.3d 755 (Fed. Cir. 2016), leaving intact the panel’s decision affirming two…more

ANDA, BPCIA, Commercial Marketing, Corporate Counsel, Forum Selection

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Supreme Court Endorses Implied Certification Theory of Liability But Establishes “Demanding” Materiality Standard Under the False Claims Act

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar et al., holding that the so-called “implied certification” theory is viable under the False Claims Act (“FCA”),…more

Conditions of Payment, Failure To Disclose, False Claims Act (FCA), False Implied Certification Theory, Federal Contractors

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Supreme Court Endorses Implied Certification Theory of Liability But Establishes “Demanding” Materiality Standard Under the False Claims Act

Yesterday, the United States Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar et al., holding that the so-called “implied certification” theory is viable under the False Claims Act (“FCA”),…more

Conditions of Payment, Failure To Disclose, False Claims Act (FCA), False Implied Certification Theory, Federal Contractors

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NPRA Redux: Proposed NPCL Amendments Approved by Senate and Assembly

The New York State Assembly and Senate have passed a bill that, if signed by the Governor, would amend the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law (the “NPCL”) and the Estates, Powers and Trusts Law (the “EPTL”) to clarify and refine…more

Beneficiaries, Board of Directors, Bylaws, Estate Planning, Non-Profits

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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“Show Me the Money”: EEOC Seeks Pay Data from Large Employers

On January 29, 2016, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) announced a proposal to begin collecting pay data from private employers with 100 or more employees and federal contractors. The EEOC currently…more

Data Collection, EEO-1, EEOC, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination, Reporting Requirements

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

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Update on Naming Biosimilars

In August 2015, FDA released a long-awaited draft guidance for the nonproprietary names of biologics and biosimilars. The draft guidance recommends that nonproprietary names for biologic products should consist of the “core”…more

Biologics, Biosimilars, Draft Guidance, FDA, Labeling

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NPRA Redux: Proposed NPCL Amendments Approved by Senate and Assembly

The New York State Assembly and Senate have passed a bill that, if signed by the Governor, would amend the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law (the “NPCL”) and the Estates, Powers and Trusts Law (the “EPTL”) to clarify and refine…more

Beneficiaries, Board of Directors, Bylaws, Estate Planning, Non-Profits

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The DOJ’s New Policy of Prosecuting Individuals

On September 9, 2015, Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates of the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ” or the “Department”) issued a new policy memorandum (the “Yates Memo”) entitled “Individual Accountability for Corporate…more

Corporate Crimes, Corporate Investigations, Criminal Investigations, Criminal Prosecution, DOJ

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India’s Competition Authorities Investigate Monsanto

Monsanto’s Indian joint venture has come under fire anew for allegedly anti-competitive behavior. India’s Competition Commission opened investigations this week into allegations that Monsanto and its partner Mahyco abused…more

Abuse of Dominance, Anti-Monopoly, Antitrust Violations, Competition Act, Competition Authorities

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The Impact of the Supreme Court’s Recent Halliburton Decision on Securities Litigation

On June 23, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. In Halliburton, the Court declined to overrule Basic v. Levinson, but rather imposed limitations on the…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Proposed Regulations on Foreign-Owned U.S. Disregarded Entities

On May 10, 2016 the Internal Revenue Service (the “IRS”) published proposed regulations that, if finalized, will treat a domestic disregarded entity wholly owned (directly or indirectly) by a foreign person as a corporation for…more

Corporate Taxes, Domestic Corporations, Foreign-Owned Corporations, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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District Court Finds Uber CEO, by Driving for Uber, May be Liable for Driving Up Prices

It is plausible that Uber’s CEO, Travis Kalanick, may have violated antitrust law by fixing prices charged to Uber passengers, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York concluded last week…more

Antitrust Violations, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Price-Fixing, Sherman Act

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FTC Oversight May Be Extended To Include Charities

We have recently written about the increasing importance of cybersecurity as an aspect of risk management for nonprofits in light of the proliferation of data security breaches across different sectors. A bill recently…more

Cybersecurity, FTC, Non-Profits, Pending Legislation, Risk Management

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Supreme Court Affirms Cuozzo – Leaving in Place BRI and Judicial Review Limitation for IPR Proceedings

In Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC v. Lee, No. 15-446, the Supreme Court affirmed the Federal Circuit’s holdings on claim construction and the scope of judicial review in an inter partes review (IPR) proceeding…more

Administrative Proceedings, America Invents Act, Appeals, Broadest Reasonable Interpretation Standard, Chevron Deference

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SanDisk defeats Walker Process Claim

The District Court for the Northern District of California granted defendant SanDisk’s motion for summary judgment in Giuliano, et al v. SanDisk Corp., et al, 4:10-cv-02787 (N.D. Cal. April 29, 2016). The plaintiffs had alleged…more

Antitrust Violations, Clear and Convincing Evidence, ITC, Material Misstatements, Patent Infringement

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FDA Promises Guidance on Lawful Off-Label Promotion

In June, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the "FDA") announced that by the end of the year, the agency would issue a draft guidance document addressing the contours of lawful and unlawful off-label promotion. The…more

Draft Guidance, Enforcement, FDA, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FTC

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The “Cannibal Cop” and Protection of Computerized Data

In an unusual criminal case, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently weighed in on an important question at the intersection of employment law and data security. The decision will likely have implications wherever questions…more

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), Data Security, Trade Secrets, Unauthorized Access, Web Scraping

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Judge Griesa Grants Endo an Injunction Against Generic Manufacturers of Opioid Opana ER

On April 29, 2016, S.D.N.Y. District Judge Thomas P. Griesa granted Defendants Actavis, Inc., Actavis South Atlantic LLC (together “Actavis”) and Roxane Laboratories, Inc.’s motion to correct the court’s August 14, 2015 judgment…more

ANDA, Generic Drugs, Imminent Harm, Injunctions, Patent Infringement

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Tick-Tock: The Overtime Clock Starts Running For Millions More Workers

On May 18, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division (“DOL”) issued a final rule modifying overtime eligibility under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”). The final rule, which goes into effect on December 1,…more

DOL, Exempt-Employees, Final Rules, FLSA, Minimum Salary

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Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

See All Updates »

New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act Reforms Governance Rules for Nonprofits

Signed into law in 2013, the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act is designed to reform the statutory requirements for governance of nonprofit organizations (both not-for-profit corporations and wholly charitable trusts),…more

Audits, Charitable Organizations, Compensation & Benefits, Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Governance

See All Updates »

Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Long and Wyndham Road: The Federal Trade Commission Extends Section 5 Unfairness to Regulate Data Security

In a surprising development, Wyndham Worldwide Corporation settled a long running dispute last week with the Federal Trade Commission that arose from three data breaches Wyndham suffered between 2008-2010. After an investigation…more

Audits, Cybersecurity, Data Collection, Data Security, FTC

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Contact

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Areas of Practice
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