Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler LLP

Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Judge Rakoff Holds a 3-D “Magic Trick” Implemented With Software Is Not Equivalent to One Implemented With Hardware

On April 24, 2016, District Judge Jed S. Rakoff (S.D.N.Y.) ruled that defendants Nintendo Co., Ltd. and Nintendo of America, Inc.’s (collectively, “Nintendo”)’s 3DS pocket gaming console does not infringe Tomita Technologies…more

Appeals, Doctrine of Equivalents, Function-Way-Result Test, Gaming, Judge Rakoff

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Delaware Chancery Court Holds that a Reverse Triangular Merger Is Not an Assignment by Operation of Law

On February 22, 2013, the Delaware Chancery Court in Meso Scale v. Roche restored a degree of certainty to M&A planning by holding that the acquisition of a company through a reverse triangular merger (RTM) did not constitute an…more

Assignments, Reverse Triangular Mergers, Terms and Conditions

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New Website Brings History of Giving to Life

On April 26, National Philanthropic Trust, a public charity dedicated to providing philanthropic expertise to donors, foundations and financial institutions, launched a website on the History of Modern Philanthropy. The…more

Charitable Organizations, Philanthropy

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What’s Next for the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield?

With European regulators continuing to debate the current proposal for the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, the fate of the new trans-Atlantic data framework is becoming murkier by the day. Rapprochement may still be a possibility, but…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), Data Protection Authority, Data Security, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield

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Department of Health and Human Services Cracks Down on Vendor Oversight in Recent Hospital Settlements

From the rise in ransomware attacks to inadvertent disclosure of information by subcontractors, the health services industry is reminded that a potential consequence of a data breach is the threat of a regulatory enforcement…more

Business Associates, Covered Entities, Cyber Attacks, Data Breach, Data Security

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Who Is a U.S. Person? Disparities Between U.S. Tax and Immigration Law

The question of who is a U.S. person has always been relevant for tax purposes because it determines who is subject to (a) U.S. income, gift and estate tax, (b) filing Foreign Bank Account Reports (FBARs), and (c) the ‘‘exit…more

Citizenship, Disparate Treatment, Estate Tax, Exit Tax, FATCA

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Department of Health and Human Services Cracks Down on Vendor Oversight in Recent Hospital Settlements

From the rise in ransomware attacks to inadvertent disclosure of information by subcontractors, the health services industry is reminded that a potential consequence of a data breach is the threat of a regulatory enforcement…more

Business Associates, Covered Entities, Cyber Attacks, Data Breach, Data Security

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Major Reversal of Insider Trading Convictions After Trial: Second Circuit Sets High Bar for Tippee Liability

The United States Court of Appeals today reversed the convictions for insider trading of Todd Newman and Anthony Chiasson. The Court held that the government was required to prove, but did not, that the defendants knew that the…more

Appeals, Criminal Prosecution, Dell, Dismissals, Indictments

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013

In this Report: - Overview of Applicability - Summary of the Act’s Governance Requirements - Summary of the Act’s Financial Reporting Rules for Organizations Required to Register to Conduct Charitable…more

Corporate Governance, New Legislation, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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AbbVie Submits Citizen Petition on Interchangeable Biosimilars

AbbVie, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, has submitted a citizen petition to the FDA regarding determinations of interchangeability under the BPCIA. An interchangeable biological product is biosimilar to a reference product…more

AbbVie, Biologics, Biosimilars, Citizen Petitions, FDA

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Federal Circuit’s Jurisdictional Decision for ANDA Cases Has Important Implications for BPCIA Litigation

Since the Supreme Court’s decision in Daimler AG v. Bauman, 134 S.Ct. 746 (2014)—effectively limiting the reach of general jurisdiction to defendant’s “home” states of incorporation or principal place of business—generic drug…more

ANDA, BPCIA, DaimlerChrysler v Bauman, Patent Litigation, Personal Jurisdiction

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DHS Warns of New Ransomware Threats

The Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) recently issued a joint alert with the Canadian Cyber Incident Response Centre warning of two new ransomware threats behind recent well-publicized attacks against healthcare companies…more

Bitcoin, Canada, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, DHS

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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Merrick Garland on Efficiencies

Judge Merrick Garland, if he is confirmed, may become one of the Supreme Court’s foremost authorities in antitrust law. He taught antitrust law at Harvard, and he has published on the subject, so it’s fair to expect him to seek…more

Antitrust Provisions, Judicial Appointments, Market Participants, Merrick Garland, SCOTUS

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Disclosure Requirements Under the BPCIA

The Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act (BPCIA) provides for a series of disclosures between a biosimilar applicant and the innovator company, commonly referred to as the “patent dance.” 42 U.S.C. §262(l). While the…more

ANDA, Biologics, BPCIA, Disclosure Requirements, Hatch-Waxman

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Significant Changes Proposed to New York Estate and Income Tax Laws

The New York State Legislature is considering some significant proposed changes to the New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. Some important…more

Estate Planning, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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The Federal Circuit Will Hear Apotex’s Appeal from a Preliminary Injunction Under the BPCIA in Early 2016

In Amgen v. Apotex, Judge Cohn of the Southern District of Florida recently enjoined Apotex from selling its proposed biosimilar of Amgen’s Neulasta for 180 days following FDA approval. In Amgen v. Sandoz, 794 F.3d 1347 (Fed…more

aBLA, Amgen, Apotex, Biosimilars, BPCIA

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Obama Announces Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

Yesterday, President Obama issued an Executive Order creating a Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity within the Department of Commerce. The commission “will make detailed recommendations to strengthen cybersecurity in…more

Cybersecurity, Executive Orders, Governance Standards, Risk Management, U.S. Commerce Department

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OCC’s Cybersecurity Regulatory Expectations: A Call to Action

Not surprisingly, cybersecurity remains a top examination priority for the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”). And that means national banks and federal savings associations – and their leadership teams – should be prepared…more

Banks, Cybersecurity, FFIEC, Financial Institutions, Interagency Guidance

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Bad Basketball at High Prices? Timberwolves Season Ticket Holders Seek to Enjoin the Team’s “Draconian” Resale Policies

Minnesota Timberwolves season ticket holders unhappy with the team’s 20-45 record and hoping to resell their tickets have filed a putative class-action lawsuit over the team’s “draconian” ticketing policy. Starting this season,…more

Breach of Contract, Event Tickets, Monopolization, Putative Class Actions, Spectator Sports

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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Provisions Affecting Charities in Proposed Budget

The Administration’s proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2017 features several proposals that would impact charitable organizations and their donors, including proposals to streamline the private foundation excise tax on net…more

Charitable Deductions, Charitable Donations, Charitable Organizations, Conservation Easements, Excise Tax

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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Second Circuit Declares Off-Label Promotion Ban Unconstitutional: Implications for False Claims Act Defendants

On December 3, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that the First Amendment protects pharmaceutical companies who truthfully promote the lawful, off-label use of prescription drugs from criminal…more

Commercial Speech, False Claims Act (FCA), FDA, FDCA, Fraud

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Merrick Garland on Efficiencies

Judge Merrick Garland, if he is confirmed, may become one of the Supreme Court’s foremost authorities in antitrust law. He taught antitrust law at Harvard, and he has published on the subject, so it’s fair to expect him to seek…more

Antitrust Provisions, Judicial Appointments, Market Participants, Merrick Garland, SCOTUS

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Amgen Opposes Sandoz’s BPCIA Cert Petition and Files Conditional Cross-Petition on Patent Dance

Amgen has fired back in response to Sandoz’s cert petition in Amgen v. Sandoz, arguing that the Supreme Court should not hear the case—but that if it does, it should also review the Federal Circuit’s holding on the Biologics…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Patent Litigation, Petition for Writ of Certiorari, Pharmaceutical Patents

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“Interoperable” Healthcare Data Will Be a Tempting Target

At a panel during last week’s Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, Edith Ramirez, chair of the Federal Trade Commission – America’s top privacy regulator – said she would not wear a Fitbit personal fitness tracker. “I don’t…more

Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA), Edith Ramirez, Electronic Medical Records, Fitbit

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Biotech Industry Supports Cert in Sequenom to Avert “Crisis of Patent Law and Medical Innovation”

The biotechnology and life sciences community has voiced broad support for Sequenom’s recent request that the Supreme Court review the Federal Circuit’s decision holding Sequenom’s diagnostic fetal DNA patent ineligible under 35…more

Biotechnology, DNA, Innovation, Life Sciences, Myriad-Mayo

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Publishers close the book on one e-books case; Supreme Court decides whether to reopen another

We will soon know whether the Supreme Court will grant Apple’s cert petition asking the Court to review and reverse its antitrust violation for conspiring with publishers to fix the prices of e-books. The Court will consider…more

Antitrust Violations, Apple, Corporate Counsel, e-Books, Popular

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NYSE Proposes Rule Changes Requiring Foreign Private Issuers to Submit Semi-Annual Financial Information to SEC

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) recently proposed amendments to the NYSE Listed Company Manual (Manual) to adopt a requirement that NYSE-listed foreign private issuers (FPIs) submit semi-annual unaudited financial information…more

Financial Statements, Foreign Private Issuers, NYSE, Proposed Amendments, Publicly-Traded Companies

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Impact of Nautilus on Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents

In Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2120 (2014), the Supreme Court rejected the Federal Circuit’s “insolubly ambiguous” standard for determining whether a patent claim meets the definiteness requirement…more

Claim Construction, Indefiniteness, Patent Litigation, Pharmaceutical Patents

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1st Circuit Joins 3rd Circuit: Non-Cash Reverse Payments Subject to Antitrust Scrutiny

Courts continue to evaluate the degree to which “reverse payments” are permitted post-Actavis. In the latest of these decisions, issued on February 22, 2016, the First Circuit held that non-cash payments may run afoul of the…more

Anti-Competitive, Antitrust Litigation, FTC v Actavis, Generic Drugs, Patent Infringement

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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In re Capacitors Antitrust Class Action Update: Claims Slightly Narrowed, Parties Continue Discovery

When we last wrote in June 2015 about In re Capacitors Antitrust Litig., No. 14-03264-JD, consolidated putative class actions pending before Judge James Donato in the Northern District of California, the plaintiffs had just…more

Antitrust Litigation, Cartwright Act, Injury-in-Fact, Price-Fixing, Putative Class Actions

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013

In this Report: - Overview of Applicability - Summary of the Act’s Governance Requirements - Summary of the Act’s Financial Reporting Rules for Organizations Required to Register to Conduct Charitable…more

Corporate Governance, New Legislation, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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Sunbeam Products, Inc. V. Chicago American Manufacturing, LLC

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago has issued a decision with significant implications for licensees of trademarks whose licensors become debtors in bankruptcy. In Sunbeam Products, Inc. v. Chicago…more

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Seventh Circuit Hears Argument in Clorox Appeal

This week, the Seventh Circuit heard argument in the Woodman’s Food Market v. Clorox Co. appeal. As members of our team have previously reported, this case concerns whether a plaintiff can state a claim under Section 2(e) of…more

Antitrust Violations, Clorox, FTC, Grocery Stores, Product Packaging

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The Impact of the Supreme Court’s Recent Halliburton Decision on Securities Litigation

On June 23, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. In Halliburton, the Court declined to overrule Basic v. Levinson, but rather imposed limitations on the…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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Significant Changes to New York Estate and Income Tax Enacted

We previously alerted you to proposed legislation affecting New York estate tax law, the tax treatment of gifts by New York residents, and New York income taxation of certain trusts. This month Governor Cuomo signed final…more

Beneficiaries, Estate Tax, Generation-Skipping Transfer, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes

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Remijas v. Neiman Marcus: Seventh Circuit Affords Broad Standing To Sue Over Consumer Data Breaches

When hackers breach a business’s systems, class actions are sure to follow. Often, however, these suits have faltered right out of the starting gate. Citing the Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Clapper v. Amnesty International,…more

Appeals, Article III, Data Breach, Debit and Credit Card Transactions, Imminent Harm

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Hitachi Chemical to Plead Guilty to Price-Fixing

The Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced this week that Hitachi Chemical Co. will plead guilty to a criminal charge for conspiring with competitors to fix the prices of electrolytic capacitors sold in the United States and…more

Cartels, Criminal Prosecution, DOJ, Electronics, Guilty Pleas

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Implications of the Supreme Court’s Windsor Decision on Estate Planning for Same-sex Couples

On June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court, in its decision in United States v. Windsor, overturned Section 3 of the Federal Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”). The Court ruled that the Federal government could not deny tax and other…more

DOMA, Estate Planning, Gift-Tax Exemption, Income Taxes, Lifetime Limits

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Antitrust Lessons from Oil Giants’ Proposed Merger

In perhaps an unsurprising move, last week the U.S. Department of Justice filed a civil antitrust lawsuit challenging the merger of Halliburton and Baker Hughes, the first and third largest oilfield services companies in the…more

Anti-Competitive, Antitrust Litigation, Antitrust Violations, Baker Hughes, DOJ

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Breaking News: PRI Examples Are Finalized, with Improvements

Yesterday, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) finalized the regulations describing nine new program-related investment (PRI) examples that were first proposed on April 19, 2012. The final regulations incorporate…more

Charitable Organizations, Exempt Organizations, Investment Funds, IRS, New Regulations

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Lessons from the Bangladesh Central Bank Heist

By now, you’ve probably heard about the massive cyber attack that hit Bangladesh’s central bank last month, resulting in the loss of $81 million through fraudulent transfers to accounts in the Philippines. Although the size and…more

ACH Payments, Banks, Cyber Attacks, Cyber Crimes, Foreign Banks

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Supreme Court Rejects the Government’s “Fishy” Interpretation of Sarbanes-Oxley Obstruction Statute

On February 25, the United States Supreme Court issued a decision in Yates v. United States.1 This case involved the interpretation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 1519, a statute that was added as part of the…more

Destruction of Evidence, Evidence, Sarbanes-Oxley, SCOTUS, US v Yates

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New York State Takes an Ax to the Workplace Glass Ceiling: New Legislation to Advance the Rights of Women and Transgender Individuals in the Workplace

On October 21, Governor Cuomo signed into New York State law five bills aimed at eliminating discrimination against women in the workplace. These laws, which take effect on January 19, 2016, add new protected classifications and…more

Anti-Discrimination Policies, Equal Pay, Glass Ceiling, Pregnancy Discrimination, Reasonable Accommodation

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What’s Next for the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield?

With European regulators continuing to debate the current proposal for the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, the fate of the new trans-Atlantic data framework is becoming murkier by the day. Rapprochement may still be a possibility, but…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), Data Protection Authority, Data Security, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield

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Soda bottler has bitter taste from alleged Pepsi price-fixing

A recent complaint charges PepsiCo Inc. with several antitrust violations, including price fixing and predatory pricing in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, conspiracy and attempt to monopolize in violation of Section 2…more

Anticompetitive Agreements, Antitrust Conspiracies, Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Monopolization

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Seventh Circuit (Again) Finds Consumers Have Standing To Sue Over Data Breaches

On April 14, 2016, the Seventh Circuit held in Lewart v. P.F. Chang’s that customers who may have had personal information compromised in a P.F. Chang’s data breach have standing, at the motion-to-dismiss stage, to sue the…more

Clapper v. Amnesty International, Class Action, Credit Monitoring, Data Breach, Injury-in-Fact

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IRS Announces Changes to the Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program

As you may have read, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) recently announced changes to its offshore voluntary disclosure programs and announced new options for taxpayers to come into compliance with their U.S. tax…more

Credit Suisse, DOJ, Enforcement, Enforcement Actions, FBAR

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013

In this Report: - Overview of Applicability - Summary of the Act’s Governance Requirements - Summary of the Act’s Financial Reporting Rules for Organizations Required to Register to Conduct Charitable…more

Corporate Governance, New Legislation, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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Supreme Court Nixes Aereo TV, Holding That Internet Streaming of Broadcast TV to Subscribers Violates Copyright Law

On June 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court decided ABC v. Aereo, one of the more important (and most closely watched) copyright cases of the digital era. The Court’s 6-3 decision that streaming-TV startup Aereo “publicly…more

ABC, ABC v Aereo, Aereo, Broadcasting, Copyright

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Keeping it Together: Foundations, DAFs, and the Problem of Bifurcated Payments

The end of the year brings a flood of gifts and grants to public charities, as well as perennial questions about how the donor will benefit in return. As a general matter, individual donors may receive “benefits” in…more

Bifurcation, Charitable Donations, Donor-Advised Funds (DAFs), Donors, Excise Tax

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Obama Announces Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity

Yesterday, President Obama issued an Executive Order creating a Commission on Enhancing National Cybersecurity within the Department of Commerce. The commission “will make detailed recommendations to strengthen cybersecurity in…more

Cybersecurity, Executive Orders, Governance Standards, Risk Management, U.S. Commerce Department

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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The “Cannibal Cop” and Protection of Computerized Data

In an unusual criminal case, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently weighed in on an important question at the intersection of employment law and data security. The decision will likely have implications wherever questions…more

CFAA, Data Security, Trade Secrets, Unauthorized Access, Web Scraping

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Final WHO Biosimilar Naming Proposal Resembles FDA Approach

On January 26, 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) unveiled the final version of its proposal for a worldwide biosimilar naming convention. The WHO proposes to add a “biologic qualifier” (BQ), which consists of four…more

Biologics, Biosimilars, FDA, Pharmaceutical Industry, Product Labels

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Impact of Nautilus on Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents

In Nautilus, Inc. v. Biosig Instruments, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2120 (2014), the Supreme Court rejected the Federal Circuit’s “insolubly ambiguous” standard for determining whether a patent claim meets the definiteness requirement…more

Claim Construction, Indefiniteness, Patent Litigation, Pharmaceutical Patents

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CISA Is Now Law—What It Means for Your Organization

After several fits and starts, Congress finally passed the Cyber Information Sharing Act of 2015 (CISA) as part of the omnibus budget bill. President Obama signed the bill into law on December 18, 2015. CISA allows—but…more

Cybersecurity, Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA), Data Security, Information Sharing, New Legislation

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District Court Finds Uber CEO, by Driving for Uber, May be Liable for Driving Up Prices

It is plausible that Uber’s CEO, Travis Kalanick, may have violated antitrust law by fixing prices charged to Uber passengers, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York concluded last week…more

Antitrust Violations, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Price-Fixing, Sherman Act

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Who Is a U.S. Person? Disparities Between U.S. Tax and Immigration Law

The question of who is a U.S. person has always been relevant for tax purposes because it determines who is subject to (a) U.S. income, gift and estate tax, (b) filing Foreign Bank Account Reports (FBARs), and (c) the ‘‘exit…more

Citizenship, Disparate Treatment, Estate Tax, Exit Tax, FATCA

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Tough Choices Confront Trade Creditors When a Retailer Faces Bankruptcy

The Great Recession, which began in December 2007 and officially ended in September 2009, has been especially hard on U.S. retailers, and its impact likely will be felt for many more years. Retailers sustained record-breaking…more

Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Creditors, Debt Collection, Internet Retailers

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New York City Joins a Growing Chorus of Cities and States that Believe in Second Chances: What Does the New “Ban the Box” Legislation Mean for NYC Employers?

The New York City Fair Chance Act (the “Act”) went into effect on October 27. With the Act in place, New York City is one of a growing number of cities and states to implement so-called “ban the box” legislation, which…more

Ban the Box, Conditional Job Offers, Criminal Background Checks, Employment Discrimination, Fair Chance Act

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An Unforeseen Obstacle: Consultants Can Prevent Validity Challenges Through the Use of the Assignor Estoppel Doctrine

Imagine hiring a consultant who designs a process, only to find that the process infringes a patent invented by the same consultant owned by someone else. How much worse would it be if your use of that consultant prevented you…more

Assignor Estoppel, Consultants, Patent Infringement, Patent Litigation, Patents

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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The Impact of the Supreme Court’s Recent Halliburton Decision on Securities Litigation

On June 23, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. In Halliburton, the Court declined to overrule Basic v. Levinson, but rather imposed limitations on the…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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Soda bottler has bitter taste from alleged Pepsi price-fixing

A recent complaint charges PepsiCo Inc. with several antitrust violations, including price fixing and predatory pricing in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, conspiracy and attempt to monopolize in violation of Section 2…more

Anticompetitive Agreements, Antitrust Conspiracies, Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Monopolization

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Provisions Affecting Charities in Proposed Budget

The Administration’s proposed budget for Fiscal Year 2017 features several proposals that would impact charitable organizations and their donors, including proposals to streamline the private foundation excise tax on net…more

Charitable Deductions, Charitable Donations, Charitable Organizations, Conservation Easements, Excise Tax

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FDIC & Cyber: Words of Warning to Financial Institutions and their Boards

Financial institutions sit atop a wealth of personal information – not to mention money. In an interconnected world in which sensitive customer information is stored on servers and in the cloud – and online and mobile banking…more

Banking Sector, Board of Directors, Corporate Governance, Cybersecurity, FDIC

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Amgen Opposes Sandoz’s BPCIA Cert Petition and Files Conditional Cross-Petition on Patent Dance

Amgen has fired back in response to Sandoz’s cert petition in Amgen v. Sandoz, arguing that the Supreme Court should not hear the case—but that if it does, it should also review the Federal Circuit’s holding on the Biologics…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Patent Litigation, Petition for Writ of Certiorari, Pharmaceutical Patents

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Judge Bianco Holds EasyWeb’s “Publishing Patent” Is Not Infringed Even Though It Broadly Claims an Abstract Idea

On March 30, 2016, District Court Judge Joseph F. Bianco granted defendant Twitter Inc.’s (“Twitter”) motions for summary judgment of invalidity and non-infringement against plaintiff EasyWeb Innovations, LLC (“EasyWeb”),…more

Abstract Ideas, Claim Construction, Patent Infringement, Patent Invalidity, Patent-Eligible Subject Matter

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EU Regulators Decline to Support Privacy Shield Agreement

In the latest twist in the ongoing saga of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield data transfer agreement, EU data protection authorities (commonly known as the Article 29 Working Party) stated on April 13, 2016 that it would not affirm the…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), Data Retention, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, European Commission

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LabMD’s Waiting Game: Lingering Questions over FTC’s Authority in Data Security Matters

A contentious legal battle over data security between the Federal Trade Commission and LabMD, a small medical testing lab, is chronicled in the latest edition of Bloomberg Businessweek. Dune Lawrence’s report raises lingering…more

Actual Injuries, ALJ, Burden of Proof, Data Security, FTC

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

See All Updates »

Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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Seventh Circuit (Again) Finds Consumers Have Standing To Sue Over Data Breaches

On April 14, 2016, the Seventh Circuit held in Lewart v. P.F. Chang’s that customers who may have had personal information compromised in a P.F. Chang’s data breach have standing, at the motion-to-dismiss stage, to sue the…more

Clapper v. Amnesty International, Class Action, Credit Monitoring, Data Breach, Injury-in-Fact

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New York District Court Allows Monopolization Claims Alleging Manipulation of Electricity Prices to Proceed Against Barclays

Last week, Judge Victor Marrero of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York partially granted Barclays PLC’s motion to dismiss antitrust and unfair enrichment claims brought against it by Merced Irrigation…more

Barclays, Class Action, FERC, Price Manipulation, Sherman Act

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New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013

In this Report: - Overview of Applicability - Summary of the Act’s Governance Requirements - Summary of the Act’s Financial Reporting Rules for Organizations Required to Register to Conduct Charitable…more

Corporate Governance, New Legislation, Non-Profits, Reporting Requirements

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AbbVie Submits Citizen Petition on Interchangeable Biosimilars

AbbVie, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company, has submitted a citizen petition to the FDA regarding determinations of interchangeability under the BPCIA. An interchangeable biological product is biosimilar to a reference product…more

AbbVie, Biologics, Biosimilars, Citizen Petitions, FDA

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Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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Judge Rakoff Holds a 3-D “Magic Trick” Implemented With Software Is Not Equivalent to One Implemented With Hardware

On April 24, 2016, District Judge Jed S. Rakoff (S.D.N.Y.) ruled that defendants Nintendo Co., Ltd. and Nintendo of America, Inc.’s (collectively, “Nintendo”)’s 3DS pocket gaming console does not infringe Tomita Technologies…more

Appeals, Doctrine of Equivalents, Function-Way-Result Test, Gaming, Judge Rakoff

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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The Privilege of PR: Application of the Attorney-Client Privilege to Crisis Communications and Public Relations in Breach Response Planning

Cyber-attacks have become a matter of everyday reality for all businesses: regardless of industry or size, it is no longer if a data breach will happen, but when. And waiting for a breach to occur before designing and…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Crisis Management, Cyber Attacks, Data Breach Plans, Popular

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Data-Security Assessments? You’re Going to Want a Lawyer for That

These days, data breaches and cybersecurity attacks abound. With each news cycle, we’re confronted with stories about yet another big breach, at another big company, with the potential exposure of another big pool of…more

Attorney-Client Privilege, Confidential Information, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Data Security

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Second Circuit Lays Out New Rules for Restitution

On February 6, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided an appeal, United States v. Cuti, which interpreted the restitution provisions of the Victims and Witnesses Protection Act (VWPA). The…more

Appeals, Attorney's Fees, Crime Victims, Restitution, SEC

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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Update on Enbrel Biosimilar and Related US Litigation

Amgen’s Enbrel (etanercept), a blockbuster biologic treatment for a number of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, has been an attractive target for biosimilar makers. Sandoz, the maker of Zarxio…more

aBLA, Amgen, Biosimilars, BPCIA, FDA

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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Keeping it Together: Foundations, DAFs, and the Problem of Bifurcated Payments

The end of the year brings a flood of gifts and grants to public charities, as well as perennial questions about how the donor will benefit in return. As a general matter, individual donors may receive “benefits” in…more

Bifurcation, Charitable Donations, Donor-Advised Funds (DAFs), Donors, Excise Tax

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SEC Adopts Final Crowdfunding Rules under the JOBS Act

On October 30, 2015, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules under Title III of the JOBS Act to enable U.S. companies to offer and sell securities through crowdfunding (Regulation Crowdfunding). …more

Crowdfunding, Funding Portal, Investors, JOBS Act, Offerings

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“Show Me the Money”: EEOC Seeks Pay Data from Large Employers

On January 29, 2016, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) announced a proposal to begin collecting pay data from private employers with 100 or more employees and federal contractors. The EEOC currently…more

Data Collection, EEO-1, EEOC, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination, Reporting Requirements

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Some Welcome Relief and Clarification on Affordable Care Act for Employers

As the federal agencies continue to issue more guidance on the application of various provisions of the Affordable Care Act (the “ACA”) to employer-sponsored health coverage, there are some recent developments that we want to…more

Affordable Care Act, Cadillac Tax, Deadlines, Employer Group Health Plans, Form 1094

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Breaking News: PRI Examples Are Finalized, with Improvements

Yesterday, Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) finalized the regulations describing nine new program-related investment (PRI) examples that were first proposed on April 19, 2012. The final regulations incorporate…more

Charitable Organizations, Exempt Organizations, Investment Funds, IRS, New Regulations

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FDA Guidance for Biosimilar Labeling Largely Stays with Generic Model

On Thursday, FDA released draft guidance clarifying its position on labeling biosimilar products. While the guidance addresses some of the concerns raised by physicians and industry, FDA’s guidance mostly continues to treat…more

Biosimilars, Comment Period, Draft Guidance, FDA, Pharmaceutical Industry

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Form 990-N Filing Changes

The IRS recently announced that, beginning February 29, 2016, Form 990-N (also known as the “e-Postcard”) will be filed through the IRS website rather than through the Urban Institute website…more

Filing Requirements, IRS, Required Forms

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The DOJ’s New Policy of Prosecuting Individuals

On September 9, 2015, Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates of the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ” or the “Department”) issued a new policy memorandum (the “Yates Memo”) entitled “Individual Accountability for Corporate…more

Corporate Crimes, Corporate Investigations, Criminal Investigations, Criminal Prosecution, DOJ

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Hitachi Chemical to Plead Guilty to Price-Fixing

The Department of Justice (“DOJ”) announced this week that Hitachi Chemical Co. will plead guilty to a criminal charge for conspiring with competitors to fix the prices of electrolytic capacitors sold in the United States and…more

Cartels, Criminal Prosecution, DOJ, Electronics, Guilty Pleas

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The Impact of the Supreme Court’s Recent Halliburton Decision on Securities Litigation

On June 23, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. In Halliburton, the Court declined to overrule Basic v. Levinson, but rather imposed limitations on the…more

Basic v Levinson, Class Certification, Fraud, Fraud-on-the-Market, Halliburton

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Second Circuit Reverses Conviction in Bond Market Misrepresentation Case, but Endorses Government Theory of Materiality

On December 8, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed the conviction of Jesse C. Litvak, a securities broker and trader at Jefferies & Company. Litvak had been convicted of various counts of…more

Bonds, Convictions, Materiality, Misrepresentation, Reversal

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District Court Finds Uber CEO, by Driving for Uber, May be Liable for Driving Up Prices

It is plausible that Uber’s CEO, Travis Kalanick, may have violated antitrust law by fixing prices charged to Uber passengers, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York concluded last week…more

Antitrust Violations, Class Action, Corporate Counsel, Price-Fixing, Sherman Act

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Proposed Regulations Relating to Type I and Type III Supporting Organizations

The IRS and the Department of the Treasury have released proposed regulations that address rules relating to Type I and Type III “supporting organizations” under the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) and applicable Treasury…more

Comment Period, Exempt Organizations, IRS, Proposed Regulation, U.S. Treasury

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FTC Launches First-Ever Attack on “No-AG Commitment” Pay-for-Delay Settlements

Today the FTC filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania against Endo Pharmaceuticals for entering into “pay-for-delay” agreements with two different generic manufacturers that…more

Antitrust Litigation, Endo Pharmaceuticals, FTC, Generic Drugs, Pay-For-Delay

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FDA Promises Guidance on Lawful Off-Label Promotion

In June, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (the "FDA") announced that by the end of the year, the agency would issue a draft guidance document addressing the contours of lawful and unlawful off-label promotion. The…more

Draft Guidance, Enforcement, FDA, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FTC

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The “Cannibal Cop” and Protection of Computerized Data

In an unusual criminal case, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently weighed in on an important question at the intersection of employment law and data security. The decision will likely have implications wherever questions…more

CFAA, Data Security, Trade Secrets, Unauthorized Access, Web Scraping

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Sandoz Sued for Cutting Short BPCIA “Patent Dance” for Neulasta Biosimilar

Although there have only been a handful of disputes involving the U.S. biosimilars statute, the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 (BPCIA), Amgen and Sandoz have been the protagonists in four of them. In the…more

Biosimilars, BPCIA, Patent Infringement, Pharmaceutical Industry, Pharmaceutical Patents

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Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

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Family Matters: Governor Cuomo Unveils an Ambitious Plan for Paid Family Leave and a Higher Minimum Wage in New York

On April 4, 2016, Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law paid family leave and statewide increases to the minimum wage, making New York the fourth state to guarantee paid family leave and one of a number of states gradually…more

Governor Cuomo, Maternity Leave, Minimum Wage, Paid Leave, Parental Leave

See All Updates »

Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

See All Updates »

New Website Brings History of Giving to Life

On April 26, National Philanthropic Trust, a public charity dedicated to providing philanthropic expertise to donors, foundations and financial institutions, launched a website on the History of Modern Philanthropy. The…more

Charitable Organizations, Philanthropy

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Supreme Court Clarifies Standing For False Advertising Cases

On March 25, 2014, the United States Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision resolving an important issue that has implications for companies seeking redress for false advertising and disparagement. In Lexmark International,…more

Copyright Infringement, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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Long and Wyndham Road: The Federal Trade Commission Extends Section 5 Unfairness to Regulate Data Security

In a surprising development, Wyndham Worldwide Corporation settled a long running dispute last week with the Federal Trade Commission that arose from three data breaches Wyndham suffered between 2008-2010. After an investigation…more

Audits, Cybersecurity, Data Collection, Data Security, FTC

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Contact

1133 Avenue of the Americas
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  • 212-336-2995
  • 212-336-2222

Areas of Practice
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