Fabienne Vermeeren

Fabienne Vermeeren

White & Case LLP

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EU Sanctions Against Russia: Possible Effects on Aircraft Sector

Against the background of recent European Union (EU) sanctions targeting Russian airline Dobrolet, this note provides a general overview of relevant issues – especially in the context of the aircraft sector. I....more

8/22/2014 - Airlines Asset Freeze EU Russia Sanctions

OFAC Issues Revised Guidance on Aggregation of Ownership Interests

On August 13, 2014, the US Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issued revised guidance with respect to the “50% Rule,” which established that an entity owned 50% or more, directly or indirectly, by a...more

8/15/2014 - Aggregation Rules Executive Orders OFAC Sanctions SDN List

US Expands Export Restrictions on Russia and Targets Russian Energy Sector

On August 1, 2014, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced further export restrictions targeting Russia generally and the Russian oil and gas sector in particular, effective August 6, 2014. This action implements...more

8/8/2014 - BIS Energy Foreign Policy Russia Sanctions

EU imposes targeted Russia sanctions (banks, arms and oil sectors); imposes Crimea/Sevastopol trade/investment restrictions and...

The EU has adopted and published targeted sanctions against Russia covering banks, the oil sector and arms in response to the situation in Ukraine. The new sanctions include an EU ban on purchase or sale (and related...more

8/4/2014 - Energy EU Foreign Policy Oil & Gas Russia Sanctions Trade Policy

United States Issues Further Sanctions Targeting Russian Financial, Defense and Energy Sectors

On July 29, 2014, the United States expanded sectoral sanctions, targeting the Russian financial, defense and energy sectors in response to the ongoing unrest in Ukraine. The new sanctions include the addition of three...more

7/31/2014 - Foreign Policy Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU adds names to Ukraine sanctions and widens criteria in preparation for further sanctions, possibly this week; prolongs Iran...

This alert resumes three changes to EU sanctions adopted over the past week. This week is likely to be equally busy as further sanctions on Ukraine and Russia are expected imminently. First, and most important, the...more

7/28/2014 - Asset Freeze EU Iran Sanctions Russia Sanctions Syria Ukraine

US Imposes Sectoral Sanctions on Russian Financial and Energy Companies, Expands Ukraine-Related Designations and Adds Further...

On July 16, 2014, the United States issued new sanctions targeting the Russian financial and energy sectors in response to the ongoing unrest in Ukraine. The new sectoral sanctions target four Russian companies by placing...more

7/17/2014 - Banking Sector Energy Sector Export Controls Exports OFAC Russia Sanctions SDN List U.S. Treasury Ukraine

EU adds 11 ‘rebel’ names to Ukraine list, introduces South Sudan asset freeze

The EU has introduced new sanctions measures, namely the following: • The addition of 11 ‘rebel’ names to the Ukraine asset freeze list; and • The introduction of an asset freeze in relation to South Sudan,...more

7/15/2014 - Asset Freeze EU Sanctions Sudan Ukraine

EU updates sanctions against Libya and Syria, and introduces import ban for Crimean products

The EU Council on 23 June 2014 took several sanctions-related actions,1 all effective on 24 or 25 June 2014, including: • the introduction of an EU import ban for products from Crimea and Sevastopol (and related...more

6/26/2014 - Asset Freeze EU Illegal Imports Importation Limits Imports Oil & Gas Sanctions Syria Vessels

European Commission Provides insight into possible directions for future EU dual-use export control regime

The European Commission has recently outlined its priorities and suggestions for modernising and improving the EU’s Dual-Use export controls regime in a Communication. The proposed approach focuses on ‘smarter’ controls,...more

6/24/2014 - EU Export Controls Exports Reasonable Accommodation

The United States Designates Seven Individuals Under Executive Order 13660 Relating to Separatist Activity in Ukraine

On June 20, 2014, the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) issued further designations under Executive Order 13660 (“EO 13660”). EO 13660, which was signed on March 6, 2014, authorizes the United States to impose...more

6/23/2014 - Executive Orders OFAC Sanctions Ukraine

EU publishes TTIP negotiating positions for five key sectors to increase transparency

On 14 May 2014, in the run-up to the fifth negotiating round taking place 19-23 May 2014 in the US, the European Commission has published its negotiating position in the ongoing Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership...more

5/21/2014 - Automotive Industry Chemicals Cosmetics EU Negotiations Pharmaceutical Transparency TTIP

EU broadens Ukraine sanctions and adds two companies and 13 individuals to sanctions list

On 12 May 2014, the EU Council broadened the scope of EU sanctions in response to the situation in Ukraine. The legal basis for EU sanctions was broadened notably to cover obstruction of the work of international...more

5/14/2014 - EU Sanctions Ukraine

The United States Designates Seven Russian Individuals and Seventeen Companies under Executive Order 13661, Imposes Additional...

Further Sanctions Designations: On April 28, 2014, the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) issued further designations under Executive Order 13661 (“EO 13661”). EO 13661, which was signed on March 16, 2014,...more

4/29/2014 - Executive Orders Foreign Policy OFAC Russia Sanctions

EU adds 15 persons to Ukraine related asset freeze list and travel ban, but holds off imposing broader economic sanctions

In response to the most recent developments in the Crimea crisis, the EU Council decided on 28 April 2014 to add another 15 individuals to the EU’s asset freeze list and travel ban. The names have been published in Council...more

4/29/2014 - EU Frozen Assets Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU expands Ukraine-related asset freeze list to four more persons, work on possible Russia sanctions continues

In an attempt to strengthen European Union (EU) sanctions targeting misappropriation of Ukrainian state funds, the EU has added another four names to the existing list of individuals subject to an asset freeze. These...more

4/16/2014 - EU Frozen Assets Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU adds 12 individuals (politicians, military and one journalist) to Ukraine sanctions, more sanctions may follow

As a further response to recent developments in Crimea, the EU today added another 12 names to the existing list of individuals in Russia and Crimea subject to a visa ban and asset freeze. These restrictions were published in...more

3/24/2014 - EU Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU imposes sanctions on 21 politicians and military officers from Russia and Crimea

In response to the Crimea crisis, the EU Council decided to impose sanctions against individuals in Russia and the Crimea in the form of an asset freeze targeting persons responsible for actions which threaten the...more

3/18/2014 - EU Russia Sanctions Ukraine

EU responds to Ukrainian crisis by imposing asset freeze on 18 politicians, family members and businessmen

I. Introduction Following a promise by the Council of the European Union (EU) on 20 February 2014 to impose various restrictive measures against Ukraine in response to the deteriorating political situation, the EU list of...more

3/6/2014 - EU Foreign Policy Frozen Assets

EU partially suspends Iran sanctions under nuclear deal

I. Introduction - On 20 January 2014, the Council of the European Union (EU) agreed to temporarily suspend certain sanctions against Iran, namely those relating to (re)insurance and transport services for Iranian crude...more

1/22/2014 - EU Iran Iran Sanctions Middle East Nuclear Power Oil & Gas

EU GSP – China, Thailand, Ecuador, Maldives losing GSP benefits; GSP Plus list released

The EU’s new Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) regime started to apply on 1 January 2014; recently, some key announcements were made relating to removal of certain GSP beneficiary countries and granting of GSP Plus...more

1/9/2014 - China EU GSP Regime Tariffs World Bank

New EU procedures for trade defence measures agreed

The Council and European Parliament recently agreed on new procedural rules for the adoption of trade defence measures (i.e. anti-dumping, antisubsidy, and safeguard measures) by the European Commission. The new rules...more

12/19/2013 - Anti-Dumping Duty Anti-Subsidies EU European Commission New Amendments Trade Policy

European Union publishes new Union Customs Code

On 9 October 2013, the European Union (EU) adopted the Union Customs Code (“UCC”), which was published in the EU Official Journal the following day. It will on 1 June 2016 replace the current Community Customs Code as the new...more

10/18/2013 - Customs EU

EU outlines preliminary goals in connection to first TTIP round

Last week, the EU and US met for the first round of negotiations of a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Agreement. In statements following the closing of this round, chief negotiators for both sides...more

7/18/2013 - Competition EU European Commission Negotiations Proposed Legislation Treaties TTIP

EU renews sanctions against Syria (except the arms embargo), and updates/implements measures against Belarus and Libya

I. Introduction - The EU has renewed its sanctions against Syria until 1 June 2014, with the exception of the arms embargo. For Belarus, the Council has decided to delist three parties from the asset freeze...more

6/5/2013 - Arms Embargo EU Frozen Assets Middle East Sanctions

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