France

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Securities Law in France: 9 Recent Legal Developments

In the last six months, various legal developments have taken place in the field of securities law in France. 1. The Law of 29 March 2014 introduced certain legal and regulatory provisions relating to takeover bids...more

"Robust Action Dominates Global Government Enforcement Landscape"

In the global criminal and regulatory enforcement arena, robust enforcement actions against multinational companies are likely to continue worldwide in 2015. In North and South America, Europe and Asia, with criminal...more

Free Speech: Paris Mayor Off-Message by Threatening Fox News Suit

The scene of the Charlie Hebdo attacks in Paris ten days later. I returned from Paris on Tuesday after a short vacation.  As a bit of a news junky, it was admittedly an exciting time to be there.  When I arrived on Friday, we...more

A Simplified Norm to Represent an Expanding Power: the Right to Listen in on Employees’ Phone Calls and the Standardization of...

Since 2001, the French Court of Cassation has made a continuous effort to refine and, in some circumstances, narrow the scope of the right to privacy in the workplace with a view to reaching a fair and balanced approach. The...more

Energy Newsletter - January 2015

In This Issue: - Mexico: E&P Regulator Issues First Call for Bids under Round One - Have the Challenges of the Energy Transition been Overcome? - Challenges for energy security in Europe: Do European...more

France: Hard Times for Electricity-Intensive Consumers

Following the liberalisation of energy markets in the 2000s, electricity-intensive consumers have faced high and unpredictable prices. In this context, seven major industrial groups (Air Liquide, Solvay, Rhodia, Arkema,...more

French Data Protection Authority Audit of Open Access Internet and Wi-fi Hot Spots – CNIL Issues Recommendations

Open access internet and free WiFi are ubiquitous. For many denizens of the mobilesphere, especially in urban environments, telephone networks are relics. It’s therefore not surprising that the French Data Protection...more

Top Ten International Anti-Corruption Developments for December 2014

In order to provide an overview for busy in-house counsel and compliance professionals, we summarize below some of the most important international anti-corruption developments in the past month with links to primary...more

Have the Challenges of the Energy Transition been Overcome?

The ongoing debate over environmental issues and their impact on the French energy model raises many issues. Successive governments have taken different approaches to the problem and energy transition has been presented as a...more

The Oil & Gas Law Review - Edition 2: Chapter 9: FRANCE

Located in more than 60 fields mainly in the Paris region and in the south west (Aquitaine Basin), French hydrocarbon deposits produced 790 tonnes of oil and 0.3 tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) of natural gas in 2013,...more

From the Right to be Forgotten to the Right to an “e-Reputation’’: First Enforceability Ordered by French Court under Penalty

A few months after the European Court of Justice ruled on May 13, 2014 that search engines are considered personal data controllers under the EU Data Protection Directive of 1995 and, as such, should provide data subjects...more

The Use of First and Last Names as Meta Tags is not Subject to the French Data Protection Act

"Meta Tags" are HTML codes entered into the source code of a webpage providing for information on the nature and content of such webpage, which are used to facilitate the indexing and referencing of such a webpage in search...more

Does French law recognise a duty to mitigate?

Introduction - On 2 July 2014, the 1st Civil Chamber of the French Cassation Court reaffirmed that a tortfeasor is liable for all consequences resulting from his or her tort. The victim of the tort has no duty to...more

Reed Smith's EME Private Equity Newsletter

In this issue: - Private equity soundbite – Considering growth funding? - Tax update – The evolution of French tax treatment of management packages - Transaction highlights – Recent deals across our...more

Bennett Jones Fall 2014 Economic Outlook

We expect a modest strengthening of global growth over the next two years relative to 2013 and 2014, largely originating from the advanced economies, and the U.S. in particular. Growth in the emerging economies as a whole...more

Implementing EU Directive 2011/83 Into French Law

The Consumer Rights Directive was implemented in France by the so called Loi Hamon of March 17, 2014. The Loi Hamon strengthens the information obligations on traders which cover in particular the main...more

France Posts Report on Nanomaterials Reported as of June 2014

The Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development, and Energy published a report, available only in French, concerning the second round of mandatory reporting of nanomaterials. Under Decree No. 2012-232, companies that...more

FRANCE: What You Need to Know About the CNIL’s New Online Investigative Powers and Enforcement Goals

Earlier this year we reported on the new online investigative powers of the French Data Protection Authority (the “CNIL”). Whereas before CNIL agents could only conduct on-site inspections, since March 2014 they are...more

FRANCE: Broadcasting rights relating Top 14 rugby games are premium rights that must be allocated to Pay TV channels according to...

On January 14, 2014, the Ligue Nationale de Rugby (the French Rugby League or “LNR”) and French premium cable television channel Canal+ entered into an agreement whereby the latter was granted exclusive rights to broadcast...more

New Information Rights for French Employees of SMEs that May Be Sold

A new French law relating to sales of small and medium-sized companies (SMEs) and business cooperation between employees and employers was passed on July 31, 2014, and published on August 1, 2014. As of November 1, 2014,...more

Focus on Regulatory Law - October 2014

In This Issue: - Regulatory Authorities - Energy - Public Economy Law - State Aid - Contract - Public Health - In Brief - Excerpt from Regulatory Authorities: French Competition...more

Cour de Cassation quashes decision that disregarded ICC rule on time limits to arbitrator challenges – 2 takeaways

In the latest installment of a seven-year saga that has captured the attention of the arbitration community, the French Supreme Court for civil matters recently quashed a Court of Appeal's decision that disregarded the...more

France: A Court of Appeals Decision Provides Helpful Guidance Regarding an Employer’s Obligations When Consulting with Employee...

Before agreeing and executing a business sale involving a transfer of a business, an international publishing company (Wolters Kluwer) consulted its works council. The works council refused to deliver its opinion and issued...more

France About to Embark on a Cookies Sweep Day

Impending sweep day to verify compliance with guidelines on cookies - During the week of September 15–19, 2014, France’s privacy regulator, the Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés (CNIL), is...more

French High Court Rules on Parent Companies’ Liability to Subsidiaries’ Employees

The court provides guidance on liability if a subsidiary goes bankrupt because of the misconduct and careless management of its parent company....more

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