Mark Lanpher

Mark Lanpher

Shearman & Sterling LLP

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Second Circuit Accepts Controversial “Inflation-Maintenance” Theory of Securities Fraud Liability

In so-called “price maintenance” securities fraud cases, plaintiffs argue that a misrepresentation that does not cause a stock’s price to rise can nevertheless be actionable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange of...more

10/6/2016 - Best Buy Class Certification Fraud-on-the-Market Halliburton v Erica P. John Fund Material Misstatements Securities Exchange Act Securities Fraud Stock Prices

D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC Administrative Proceedings

On August 9, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued Lucia v. SEC, a significant decision that holds that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or...more

8/17/2016 - Administrative Hearings ALJ Appointments Clause Article II SEC

Securities Enforcement: 2016 Mid-Year Review

The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC or the Commission) brought over 400 enforcement actions in the first half of 2016 and is on pace to surpass its record of 807 enforcements actions in a single fiscal year, which...more

7/20/2016 - Administrative Proceedings Books & Records Broker-Dealer Chief Compliance Officers Cooperation Corporate Counsel Cybersecurity Disgorgement Enforcement Actions Enforcement Statistics FCPA Insider Trading Investment Adviser Municipal Bonds SEC Whistleblowers

Second Circuit Holds a National Bank’s Citizenship Is Determined Exclusively by Location of Main Office, Not Principal Place of...

For purposes of assessing the existence of federal subject matter jurisdiction based on diversity of citizenship, national banking associations—i.e., corporate entities chartered not by any State, but by the Office of the...more

7/12/2016 - Banks Diversity Jurisdiction Principal Place of Business Subject Matter Jurisdiction

Eleventh Circuit Rules Disgorgement Subject to Five-Year Limitations Period, Ruling Against SEC

On May 26, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit issued SEC v. Graham, a significant decision that, at least in the Eleventh Circuit, limits the ability of the Securities and...more

6/13/2016 - Disgorgement Enforcement Actions Injunctive Relief SEC Statute of Limitations

Second Circuit Reaffirms Its View That Extender Statutes Supersede Statutes of Repose

The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) includes a so-called Extender Statute prescribing the limitations period for actions brought by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) as...more

5/24/2016 - Extender Statutes FDIC FHFA FIRREA Statute of Repose

Second Circuit Holds Sarbanes-Oxley’s Five-Year Statute of Repose Applies to Claims Under Sections 9(f) and 18(a), but Re-Affirms...

Twenty-five years ago, in Ceres Partners, the Second Circuit held that the implied private right of action under Section 14 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) was subject to a three-year repose...more

5/4/2016 - Oil & Gas Private Right of Action Sarbanes-Oxley Securities Exchange Act Statute of Repose

To Self-Report or Not to Self-Report, That Remains the Question After the Justice Department’s Latest Effort to Encourage...

On April 5, 2016, the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Fraud Section launched a one-year Pilot Program that invites companies to self-report potential violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act...more

5/2/2016 - Compliance Cooperation DOJ FCPA Federal Pilot Programs Voluntary Disclosure

Second Circuit Stresses Control, Not Attribution, In Applying Janus’s “Ultimate Authority” Test, And Also Allows Expert Testimony...

In Janus Capital, the Supreme Court established the “ultimate authority” test to determine who may be liable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) as a “maker” of a materially misleading...more

4/19/2016 - Control Test Expert Testimony Misleading Statements Pfizer Pharmaceutical Industry

Sanctions Round Up First Quarter 2016

OFAC amends the Cuban Assets Control Regulations to ease Cuban sanctions in response to President Obama’s policy changes announced on December 17, 2014. These revisions have major implications for the banking and financial...more

4/18/2016 - Boeing Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) EU General Licenses Iran Sanctions Myanmar OFAC Russia Sudan Syria United Nations

CFTC’s Publication of Largest Whistleblower Award Follows Increased Focus on Whistleblowing Initiatives

On April 4, 2016, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) announced the issuance of a whistleblower award of more than $10 million for original information that it said led to a major enforcement action over...more

4/6/2016 - CFTC Commodities Exchange Act Dodd-Frank Whistleblower Awards

Second Circuit’s First Published Opinion Applying Omnicare Adopts Strong Contextual Approach to Opinion Statement Liability

In Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, 135 S.Ct. 1318 (2015) (“Omnicare”), the Supreme Court pronounced the standard for determining whether a statement of opinion is actionable...more

3/8/2016 - Material Misstatements Omnicare v Laborers District Council Pension Funds SCOTUS Securities Exchange Act Statement of Opinion

Securities Enforcement 2015 Year-End Review

The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC or the Commission) filed a record 807 enforcement actions in fiscal year 2015, 52 more than it filed in 2014. It also set a record by obtaining approximately $4.2 billion in...more

2/4/2016 - Administrative Hearings Chief Compliance Officers Cybersecurity Enforcement Statistics Insider Trading SEC Securities Fraud US v Newman Whistleblowers

Sanctions Round-Up: Fourth Quarter 2015 and “Implementation Day”

The International Atomic Energy Agency certifies that Iran had complied with all nuclear-related requirements of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action leading to the end of United States sanctions against the country...more

1/21/2016 - Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) IAEA Implementation Day Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

Navigating Iran Sanctions After Implementation Day

Although the United States, the European Union, and the United Nations lifted a number of sanctions targeting Iran on January 16, 2016 (“Implementation Day”) in accordance with the terms of the recent Iran nuclear deal, the...more

1/21/2016 - Embargo EU General Licenses Implementation Day Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

Second Circuit Determines That Tax Memo Shared Between Taxpayers and Banks Is Protected Under the Common Interest Doctrine and...

On November 10, 2015, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit unanimously held in a published opinion that (i) the attorney-client privilege was not waived by appellants-taxpayers who shared a group of documents,...more

11/13/2015 - Audits Common-Interest Privilege Corporate Taxes IRS Work Product Privilege

Sanctions Round Up: Second Quarter 2015

After almost two years of negotiations, the P5+1 and Iran reach a final comprehensive agreement regarding Iran’s nuclear program, which will likely result in the gradual lifting of international and US sanctions by early next...more

8/4/2015 - Cuba Enforcement Actions IAEA Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Weapons OFAC P5+1 Nations Sanctions State Sponsors of Terrorism

Looking Forward to Lifting of Sanctions Against Iran

After almost two years of negotiations, on July 14, 2015, the E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) and Iran reached an agreement regarding Iran’s nuclear program. The Joint...more

7/16/2015 - Banking Sector Energy Sector Foreign Relations IAEA Inspections Iran Iran Sanctions Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) Nuclear Power P5+1 Nations SDN List Trade Relations

Changes to Sanctions on Iran

What are the prospects for business with Iran after the June 30 deadline to complete negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program? In exchange for limitations on Iran’s ability to develop nuclear weapons, the European Union...more

6/18/2015 - EU Foreign Relations Iran Iran Sanctions Nuclear Power Trade Relations United Nations

FIFA and BHP Billiton: The Unique FCPA Challenges Present in International Sports

Recent enforcement actions by the Department of Justice and Securities and Exchange Commission have raised the profile of corruption in international sport and highlight unique FCPA compliance concerns. This note will explain...more

6/15/2015 - BHP Billiton Bribery Compliance Corporate Counsel Corruption DOJ FCPA FIFA Football Indictments Match Fixing Olympics Popular SEC Soccer Sports World Cup

Changes in US Sanctions on Cuba Present Opportunities and Challenges

The Obama Administration’s recent loosening of trade restrictions on Cuba has the potential to open new opportunities for US businesses. However, there are several obstacles to be overcome before US companies may access...more

5/13/2015 - Cuba Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) EAR Economic Development Entrepreneurs Export Administration Regulations Export Controls Exports Imports Regulatory Standards Sanctions Trade Relations

Sanctions Round-Up: First Quarter 2015

In this edition: - US and EU continue targeting Russia for its activity in Ukraine - Cuba-related regulatory reforms announced - P5+1 and Iran reach framework agreement - US enforcement actions:...more

4/23/2015 - Commerzbank Cuba Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) Drug Trafficking Enforcement Actions Iran OFAC P5+1 Nations Russia Sanctions Terrorist Threats Ukraine

SEC Says Confidentiality Agreements May Impede Whistleblowers

On April 1, 2015, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) filed its first enforcement action under Section 21F of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) and Exchange Act Rule...more

4/3/2015 - Confidentiality Agreements Contract Terms Enforcement Actions KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root) SEC Whistleblower Protection Policies Whistleblowers

Supreme Court Sets Standard for Section 11 Opinion Statement Liability in Omnicare Ruling

In its much-anticipated decision in Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund (“Omnicare”), No. 13-435 (Mar. 24, 2015), the United States Supreme Court held that an honestly-held statement...more

3/27/2015 - Issue Preclusion Likelihood of Confusion Omnicare Omnicare v Laborers District Council SCOTUS Trademark Infringement Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Trademarks

FTC Clears Zillow-Trulia Merger Without Conditions

In a ruling on February 13, the FTC unconditionally approved the Zillow-Trulia merger after an intensive six-month antitrust review. Despite reported concerns “that the merger might concentrate too much power in one company,”...more

2/23/2015 - FTC Internet Mergers Trulia Zillow

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