Supreme Court Rules "Self-Care" Provision of FMLA Does Not Allow State Employees to Sue States

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On March 20, 2012, the Supreme Court held that Congress exceeded its authority in subjecting the States to private lawsuits under the self-care provision of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA).

Although it is well established that Congress enacted the family care provisions of the FMLA pursuant to its Fourteenth Amendment mandate to ensure equal protection of all citizens, the Court ruled that the FMLA's self-care provision was not tied to an identified pattern of sex-based discrimination on the part of the states and, therefore, does not permit suits against the states by their employees. Coleman v. Maryland Court of Appeals

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