2017 Minnesota Legislature Adjourns But After Special Session

by Stinson Leonard Street
Contact

Stinson Leonard Street

Minnesota lawmakers used every last minute available to them to try and complete their work prior to the deadline for the 2017 legislative session, but it was not enough time. At 12:01 a.m. early last Tuesday morning, Governor Mark Dayton declared a special session was needed to give lawmakers more time to complete their work. The " informal agreement" Dayton had with each of the four legislative caucus leaders called for a narrow special session and a self-imposed 7:00 a.m. Wednesday deadline to complete the legislature's unfinished business.

Wednesday passed and legislative leaders and the Governor still could not come to agreement on major spending and policy bills. Working and negotiating nearly around the clock, a deal was struck late Thursday evening on all of the outstanding issues. The final bills were processed over the course of about six hours, and the 2017 Special Session adjourned after 3:00 a.m. Friday.

The funding bills being sent to Dayton add up to a record $46 billion budget, a tax bill that includes $660 million in tax cuts and a host of policy provisions favored by the Republican-controlled legislature. One key bill that many will watch is statewide preemption language prohibiting cities from passing sick leave and minimum wage laws. This was a top priority for the Minnesota business community. Other provisions include environment, agriculture and economic development policies that could benefit rural Minnesota interests.

Dayton is expected to sign most, if not all, of the omnibus budget bills sent to him. On the bubble for possible vetoes include the preemption provision discussed above and, possibly, the omnibus tax bill. Dayton has three days to sign any bills presented to him that were passed during the regular session and 14 days to sign bills presented to him that were passed during the Special Session.

If you would like to follow the status of each of the chapters of law presented to the governor, go to MN Legislature - Chapter List.

Key Areas Addressed in the 2017 Legislative Session

  • K-12 Education
  • Health and Human Services
  • Environment
  • Energy
      
  • Taxes
  • Transportation
  • Bonding

K-12 Education

The Governor came out strong with his budget recommendation in January to increase the general education formula by 2 percent each year. This is a $330 million initiative. Through negotiations with the legislature, the final education bill includes the 2 percent increase along with additional funding of voluntary pre-kindergarten programs. The most significant policy provision included in the omnibus bill relates to updating the teacher licensure system in Minnesota.

The teacher licensure system currently in place in Minnesota has been under intense scrutiny over the last two years since the Office of Legislative Auditor released their investigative OLA Report. The OLA highlighted the licensure system, because the Minnesota Board of Teaching and the Department of Education share responsibility for licensing teachers in Minnesota, accountability and decision making is not transparent. Key recommendations from the OLA report include:

  • Consolidation of all teacher licensure activities into one state entity.
  • Clarification of statutes regarding teacher-licensure requirements.
  • Restructuring of the teacher-licensure system to ensure consistency and transparency by establishing a tiered-licensure system.

Armed with this information, the 2016 legislature established a working group to address these concerns. The bipartisan group of representatives and senators met monthly with stakeholders to establish recommendations.

The culmination of the years' work resulted in the conference committee report for HF140 which is included in the omnibus education bill. The bill abolishes the current Board of Teaching and replaces it with the Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board that would begin on January 1, 2018. This Board would be the sole licensing organization in the state and would remain separate from the Board of School Administrators.

Additionally, the bill updates the statutes related to teacher preparation programs. With the current teacher shortage in Minnesota, many new and innovative teacher preparation programs have started recruiting and retaining a more diverse teacher corps at the local level.

Lastly, the bill creates a tiered licensure system to encourage teacher candidates to continue to excel in their profession and recruit teachers from out of state. The licensure via portfolio is retained in the licensing process and all candidates are required to participate in the employing district or charter school's mentorship program and evaluation.

Health and Human Services

Controlling health care costs has been a bipartisan goal for years, and in 2017 the Republican-led legislature looked to put their stamp on those efforts. In addition to bills enacted earlier in the year to buy down premiums in the individual insurance market ($326 million) and re-establish a state reinsurance program ($542 million), a budget package cutting $463 million from the 2018-19 HHS budget was also passed.

The omnibus budget bill relies heavily on the Health Care Access Fund, almost completely draining it by the end of FY2021 to pay for Medical Assistance expenditures. Cost savings are also derived from payment delays and new direct contracting proposals. The omnibus bill passed with bipartisan votes as legislators continue to keep a close eye on the federal government; decisions made in Washington over the next several months could cause significant ripple effects in Minnesota.

Environment

The Environment and Natural Resources omnibus bill included a number of streamlining reforms to the state's permitting and regulatory processes. The final version saw a number of changes supported by business and industry, including those related to permit timeline requirements, contested case petitions for a permit to mine, wetland replacement, makeup and operation of the Environmental Quality Board, and implementation of Governor Dayton's signature buffer initiative.

Despite opposition from a number of environmental advocacy groups, the bill passed with significant bipartisan support.

Energy

In January, GOP leaders in the energy area committed themselves to ratepayer reductions across the board. Many of their ideas focused on reworking or removing archaic and inefficient mandates. Ultimately, two primary issue areas were addressed – both related to the Renewable Development Fund (RDF), which itself will get a makeover going forward.

The RDF originated as a fund, assessed as a surcharge on customers, related to nuclear waste casks. That money is then used to spur growth in other, more environmentally friendly energy sectors. It has been used to promote solar, wind, biomass and higher education research. As it stands, the RDF board accepts applications and makes recommendations for project funding to the Public Utilities Commission (PUC). Going forward, the PUC will still hear the RDF's recommendations, but the legislature will have the final word on approval of the slate of expenditures.

Additionally, the Made in Minnesota solar program was removed from the RDF funding stream. Some in the legislature made the claim that the fund has done what it can to promote competitive solar manufacturing in Minnesota, and that the industry must mature further in the marketplace. Two biomass plants were also set to be taken offline because of unfavorable economics. Pieces were put in place to buy out the Laurentian plant on the Iron Range and the plant known as FibroMinn in Benson, Minnesota.

Taxes

For the first time in three years, the Republican-controlled legislature passed an omnibus tax bill that includes $660 million dollars of tax relief during the 2018-2019 biennium and about $790 million during the 2020-2021 biennium. This is one of the largest tax cut packages ever passed by the Minnesota legislature and is a direct result of the Republicans running on returning Minnesota's approximately $1.6 billion budget surplus back to taxpayers during last fall's general election. The bill contains numerous deductions, including for Social Security income, student loans and first time homebuyers. The bill also contains an increase in the amount of assets that are excluded from the state's estate tax and a "first $100,000 of value" exemption from small business property taxes. Although the size of the tax cuts were hard for many DFL legislators to swallow, the bill passed easily in both bodies with bipartisan support.

Transportation

As part of the special session, chairs of their body's respective Transportation Committees, Representative Torkelson and Senator Newman brought forward HF3, a transportation bill that was nearly identical to the regular session transportation omnibus bill. Although vetoed by the governor a few weeks ago, HF861, the regular session omnibus bill, was largely agreed upon between the legislature and governor. HF3 did include several important changes that reflected the work of the Governor and Legislature to find compromise. Here’s a quick summary of the bill.

Roads and Bridges

  • Invests roughly $2 billion from the General Fund into the state’s transportation system over the next 10 years, using:
    • $31.5 million/year in FY18 and FY19 and $145 million/year in FY19 and beyond from the sales tax on auto parts (this uses only a portion of the receipts from the sales tax on auto parts, which currently brings in approximately $250 million/year into the General Fund. Chairs Newman and Torkelson were not able to get to the “full take” because of the budget target they had to work within).
    • Roughly $50 million/year from the sales taxes on rental cars (this dedicates 100 percent of these sales tax receipts).
    • $32 million/year from the sales tax on leased vehicles (this completes the full dedicatation of these sales tax receipts. A portion of these receipts was dedicated to transportation as part of the 2008 transportation funding bill).
  • Authorizes $940 million in Trunk Highway bonding, split as follows:
    • $300 million over four years for the Corridors of Commerce Program (the bill also appropriates $50M in cash for the Corridors of Commerce Program to allow for right of way purchase).
    • $640 million over four years for the regular State Road Construction Program.
  • Authorizes MnDOT to spend approximately $650 million in federal funds flowing to Minnesota as part of the FAST Act, which was recently passed by Congress.
  • Establishes a $75 annual fee on all electric vehicles.
  • Requires MnDOT to meet a 15 percent efficiency standard in FY18 & 19, requiring the department to do $1.15 worth of expansion or maintenance work for every $1 in new investment as a result of this bill.

Transit

  • Provides $70 million in FY18-19 to the Met Council to address the current budget deficit in bus service in the metro area.
  • Allows the metro counties to use their own funds to continue the build out of the LRT and BRT system in the metro area. This bill did not include the various provisions carried in the original House bill that would have ended the build out of the LRT/BRT system in the metro area.
  • Continues current law requiring the state to pay for 50 percent of the cost of operating LRT lines – both existing and future – with the exception of the Southwest Light Rail line. All of the funding for SWLRT operations must come from non-state sources.

HF3 is the largest infusion of money into Minnesota’s transportation system since 2008. The work of dozens of stakeholders and legislators is reflected in the bill. Although many in the DFL would have liked an increase in the fuel tax and GOP'ers wanted more robust Metropolitan Council reform, the end product reflected the best agreement that could be achieved by the two parties this session. 

Bonding

Usually the budget year at the legislature does not include a substantial bonding bill. However, since the last substantial bonding bill was passed in 2014 and there is a backlog of major public infrastructure projects statewide, the DFL minority caucuses in both bodies were able to leverage their power to get a nearly billion dollar package passed. A super majority of 60 percent is needed to pass a bonding bill. The package passed overwhelmingly in both the House and Senate. During the regular session, the House attempted to pass an $800 million bonding package that failed to garner the 81 votes needed.

The following is a brief compilation of omnibus bills that passed last week and are awaiting the governor's signature:

Omnibus K-12 Education

Omnibus Environment

Omnibus Health and Human Services

Omnibus Jobs & Energy Affordability

Omnibus State Government and Veterans Affairs

Omnibus Taxes

Omnibus Transportation

Omnibus Bonding

Heading Into 2018

The legislature will get back to work next February 20, 2018. We expect a lot of interim work will be taking place in preparation for what is expected to be a busy year to take up policy that was never under consideration this year due to leadership's insistence on staying focused on bread and butter issues like the budget, tax cuts and capital bonding.

To stay on top of the latest, follow the legislature's interim calendar and committee schedules by visiting the Minnesota State Legislature website.

Written by:

Stinson Leonard Street
Contact
more
less

Stinson Leonard Street on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit www.newrelic.com/privacy.
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit www.google.com/policies. To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit http://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout. This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.