A Survey of Sustainability Disclosures by Small- and Mid-Cap Companies

White & Case LLPIn light of the heightened focus on environmental and social (“E&S”) disclosure, White & Case’s Public Company Advisory Group1 conducted a survey of E&S website disclosures of 84 small- and mid-cap US public reporting companies.2 Overall, more than one-third of the surveyed companies (approximately 35%, or 29 out of 84 companies) provided some form of website sustainability disclosure. Key trends and takeaways from our survey are set forth below.

Sustainability Disclosure by Industry and Market Cap

Surveyed Companies with Sustainability Disclosure

Industry Trends

In our survey, we reviewed the website disclosures of companies in the following five industries: energy, life sciences, retail, services and technology. The number of companies with sustainability disclosures in each industry group are shown in the chart above. Key trends are discussed below.

Energy Companies in Survey Leading the Way

Of the five industries represented in our survey, companies in the energy sector were most likely to provide some form of sustainability reporting:

  • Approximately 78 percent of the energy companies surveyed (or 11 out of 14) had sustainability pages on their corporate websites, and 50 percent (or 7 out of 14) posted a standalone sustainability report on their websites.
  • Disclosure by energy companies tended to focus on environmental disclosures, including disclosure regarding climate change, use of renewables and greenhouse gas emissions targets and metrics.
  • All 14 of the surveyed energy companies included environmental disclosures, 10 included health and safety disclosures and eight included human capital management disclosures. See the “Sustainability Disclosure Topics” section below for more information on topics covered.

Life Sciences Companies in Survey Least Likely to Provide Sustainability Disclosure

Sustainability disclosures were less common in other industries. For example:

  • Only four of the 27 life sciences companies surveyed (or approximately 15 percent) had any form of sustainability disclosure on their websites. These disclosures focused mainly on environmental sustainability and diversity and inclusion.
  • Eight of the 30 technology companies surveyed (or approximately 27 percent) had some form of sustainability disclosure. Five of the surveyed technology companies included environmental disclosures, including disclosures regarding emissions and energy efficiency and four provided human capital management disclosures, such as disclosures regarding supply chain and diversity and inclusion factors.

Market Cap Trends

In our survey, we categorized companies by market capitalization into four groups: under $1 billion; $1 to $3 billion, $3 to $7 billion, and $7 billion to $10 billion. The number of companies with sustainability disclosures in each market cap group is shown in the chart above. Key trends were as follows:

  • Companies with higher market caps were more likely to report on sustainability.
  • Fifty percent of the companies surveyed (or five out of 10 companies) with a market cap from $7 billion to $10 billion provided sustainability disclosures on their websites, with three of these companies also providing standalone sustainability reports posted on their websites.
  • On the other hand, a significantly lower percentage (36 percent, or eight out of 22 companies) of the companies surveyed with a market cap from $3 billion to $7 billion provided sustainability disclosures on their websites. Similarly, 34 percent of the companies surveyed with a market cap from $1 billion to $3 billion (or 12 out of 35 companies) provided sustainability disclosures on their websites.
  • Twenty-five percent of the 16 companies surveyed with a market cap under $1 billion provided sustainability disclosures.

Governance Trends: Dual Class and Controlled Companies vs. Widely Held Companies

The surveyed companies that were controlled companies (more than 50 percent owned by one shareholder) or dual class (with high vote Class B shareholders controlling the vote) were much less likely to provide sustainability disclosure than companies that were widely held by institutional investors:

  • Out of the 15 surveyed companies that were either controlled or dual class, four (approximately 26 percent) provided some form of website disclosures and one (7 percent) provided a standalone sustainability report.
  • By contrast, out of the 69 surveyed companies that were not controlled and were not dual class, 24 (or 35 percent) provided sustainability disclosures. At nearly all of these companies, institutional investors such as Blackrock, which have called on companies to enhance their E&S disclosures, hold a significant percentage of the company’s shares (in many cases 10 percent or more of the company’s shares).3
Percentage of Surveyed Companies with Sustainability Disclosure by Type of Shareholder Ownership

Trends in Public Company Maturity: Length of Time Since IPO

The surveyed companies that have been public for a longer period were more likely to have sustainability disclosures.

  • Out of 21 companies surveyed that had been public for more than ten years, 13 (62 percent) provided website sustainability disclosures and seven of these (33%) also provided standalone sustainability reports.
  • Out of 30 companies surveyed that had been public between four and ten years, nine (30 percent) provided sustainability disclosures and three of these (10 percent) also provided standalone sustainability reports.
  • Out of 29 companies surveyed that had been public between zero and three years, only six (21 percent) provided sustainability disclosures and only one of these (3 percent) also provided a standalone sustainability report.
Percentage of Surveyed Companies with Sustainability Disclosure by Number of Years Public

Sustainability Disclosure Topics Overview

The 29 companies with sustainability disclosures on their websites frequently focused their disclosure on the following topics: environmental impact and risk management (including waste reduction), human capital management (including diversity and inclusion and community engagement) and health and safety. The 11 companies that also provided standalone sustainability reports included disclosure in their reports on these topics, which are more fully described below.

Environmental Disclosure

Environmental disclosure was the most commonly included type of sustainability disclosure. Twenty-two out of 29 surveyed companies with sustainability disclosures on their websites included some information on their environmental practices or goals. In addition, all 11 of the surveyed companies with standalone sustainability reports posted on their websites included environmental disclosures in their reports. 

Below are sample environmental disclosures from the surveyed companies:

Positive Disclosures and Statements:

  • “[Energy Company] negates significantly more emissions than [it] produce[s], making [Company] one of the few companies in America that has a negative carbon footprint.”

Company Policies Regarding the Environment:

  • “[Energy Company] has implemented specific policies to reduce, reuse, recycle, and reclaim materials. [It] continually seek[s] to reduce [its] impact on the environment by examining how [it] design[s] and package[s] [its] products as well as how [it] operate[s] [its] facilities.”
  • “[Energy Company] is committed to managing environmental impact as an integral part of [its] operations. In particular, it is [Company’s] policy to assure the environmental integrity of [its] processes and facilities at all times.”
  • “[Energy Company] minimize[s] [its] environmental impact through pollution prevention, reduction of emissions and natural resource consumption as well as waste recycling.”

Goals or Commitments:

  • “[Energy Company is] committed to reducing [its] environmental impact and continually improving [its] environmental performance as an integral part of [its] business strategy and operating methods, with regular review points.
  • “[Technology Company is] committed to protecting the environment by offering hardware, software, and service solutions that enable our customers to meet sustainability goals and support a circular economy.”

Human Capital Management

Human Capital Management disclosures were also commonly included, with 19 of the 29 surveyed companies with sustainability disclosures reporting on human capital management. These disclosures included information on hiring practices, diversity and inclusion, minority groups, and overall employee wellness. All 11 companies with standalone sustainability reports included human capital management disclosures, such as:

Diversity and Inclusion: “[Energy Company] is building an inclusive and diverse workforce to accelerate [its] performance. [Company] value[s] the unique identities, backgrounds, perspectives, experiences and abilities of [its] employees, and [it is] committed to equality of opportunity in all aspects of employment.”

Diversity in Leadership: “To create an environment that attracts great talent, [Retail Company] must motivate, inspire and recognize high performance among all employees. [It] create[s] the conditions under which women can become leaders through guidance, collaboration and the promotion of inclusive leadership styles.”

Wellness: “[Technology Company] is committed to providing competitive, employee-friendly benefits, with the goal of promoting holistic wellness.”

Health and Safety

Health and safety disclosures were also commonly included in sustainability reporting. Sixteen of the 29 companies (or 55%) with any sustainability disclosure included health and safety disclosures. These disclosures included information on workplace injury prevention, emergency preparedness, and safety trainings. All 11 companies with standalone sustainability reports included health and safety disclosures, such as:

Reducing Safety Incidents: “In 2018, [Energy Company] recorded one of its best safety years matching [its] lowest ever [Total Recordable Incident Rates] of 0.45 in 2015 and having the lowest ever number of recordable cases.”

Emergency Preparedness: “One of [Retail Company’s] requirements for Health and Safety focuses on emergency preparedness. Several years ago, one of [its] factories in central Mexico installed additional emergency exits and conducted evacuation drills to comply with this requirement.”

Employee Safety: “Keeping [Energy Company’s] employees, customers and communities safe is [its] top priority. [Company] ranked in the top quartile of the three key employee safety metrics that are tracked by the American Gas Association.”

Format of Reporting

Disclosure on a corporate website page is typically a first step towards sustainability reporting, while a sustainability report (a standalone document posted on the website in pdf format) can take more time to prepare. Accordingly, of the 84 companies surveyed, 29 companies (or approximately 35 percent) included sustainability disclosures on their websites, with 11 of these companies (or 13 percent) also posting a standalone sustainability report in pdf format.4

Reporting Standards

Of the 11 surveyed companies with standalone sustainability reports, ten (91 percent) disclosed the sustainability reporting standards that they followed. However, the majority of these companies did not follow any one standard completely, but noted that they aimed to follow a certain standard or had looked at several different standards in completing their report.

  • The two most common standards5 that were noted were the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) standards  and the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB) standards.6
  • One company tied its disclosures to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and others used industry-specific guidelines, such as IPIECA’s Oil and Gas Voluntary Industry Guidance on Voluntary Sustainability Reporting and the American Gas Association’s voluntary sustainability metrics.

Below are examples of disclosure from the surveyed companies on the standards used for reporting:

Based on a variety of standards: “[Energy Company’s] disclosures have been sculpted by a number of third party ESG reporting standards and ratings, including Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), MSCI ESG research, Task Force on Climate Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), Sustainalytics research, ISS Environmental and Social Quality Scores. We will strive to evolve our ESG disclosures in line with any operating developments, and with emerging best practice ESG reporting standards.”

Industry Standards: “The assessment followed a process as recommended by the Oil and Gas Industry Guidance on Voluntary Sustainability Reporting, published jointly by IPIECA, American Petroleum Institute (API) and the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP). …. [Energy Company] also evaluated common reporting frameworks, including those of IPIECA and Global Reporting Initiative (GRI).”

Considerations and Key Takeaways

E&S is one of the most prominent governance and disclosure issues facing companies today, and E&S reporting standards, guidelines, frameworks and rating systems continue to proliferate. When a company considers whether to launch or enhance its sustainability reporting, a number of factors should be considered, including the following:

  • Identify Your Company’s Key Risks, Opportunities and Priorities. The variety and complexity of reporting frameworks can be daunting for a company that is contemplating initial E&S disclosures. Companies should first consider what is most important for them. Asking and assessing what the key risks, opportunities and priorities are for your company before starting to draft sustainability disclosure is crucial to producing effective sustainability reporting that will benefit your company. In addition, it is important to keep in mind that sustainability disclosure on a company’s website is not mandatory, and a company should carefully consider what, if any, information to report, making sure that any statements that are included are accurate and clearly supportable.
  • Focus on Your Investors. One of the main drivers behind a company’s decision to begin sustainability reporting is often a company’s investor base. Understanding your investors and what sustainability information they want to know is key to a successful reporting strategy. In particular, a company’s investor base should help dictate a wide range of items, including (i) when to begin reporting, (ii) which reporting frameworks to use, and (iii) which topics to cover.
  • Assemble the Right Team. E&S reporting is a multidisciplinary effort that can involve accounting, human resources, governance, investor relations, and legal and operations functions, among others. The right individuals and departments at your company should help (i) decide what information to report, (ii) gather the information for reporting, and (iii) review and vet the information drafted for disclosure. In addition, it is important to keep senior management and the board of directors updated, as their support can be critical to the success of the effort.
  • Establish Controls Over Sustainability Reporting. The E&S information that is disclosed in voluntary sustainability reports must be accurate and consistent, as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) may actively compare the information your company voluntarily provides with any information disclosed in SEC filings. In addition, the anti-fraud provision of the U.S. federal securities laws under Rule 10b-5 applies to all public disclosure, including disclosure on a public company’s website. Accordingly, companies should take steps to ensure that they have controls in place to effectively process, summarize, assess and review the accuracy of all of their E&S disclosures. Further, such controls should ensure that a company’s disclosure matches its actions in practice, as companies may face scrutiny from both governmental agencies and investors on this front.

1 In connection with White & Case’s Environmental Group and Business & Human Rights Group.
2 The public companies in the survey had market capitalizations of approximately $500 million to $10 billion.
3 For example, in Blackrock’s Global Corporate Guidelines and Engagement Principles, Blackrock states that it “expects companies to identify and report on the material, business-specific E&S risks and opportunities and to explain how these are managed.” In addition, Vanguard’s Corporate Governance Principles state that Vanguard “engage[s] with boards regarding the oversight of material risks that have the potential to affect shareholder value over the long term—from business and operational risks to environmental and social risks.”
4 10 of the 84 companies (or 12 percent) had some form of disclosure regarding a company’s charitable donations or activities, or similar activities that did not involve the business activities of the company. Companies with this type of disclosure that did not also have sustainability disclosure were not the focus of this survey and are not included in the statistics.
5 GRI is an international, multi-stakeholder and independent non-profit organization that developed the GRI Standards as the first global standards for sustainability reporting. See GRI’s website.
6 SASB developed a set of 77 industry standards that identify financially material sustainability topics and associated metrics “to help businesses around the world identify, manage and report on the sustainability topics that matter most to their investors.” See SASB’s website.

[View source.]

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© White & Case LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

White & Case LLP

White & Case LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit www.newrelic.com/privacy.
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit www.google.com/policies. To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit http://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout. This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.