Of course, our law does protect some people from published truth in certain circumstances. What is the concept of privacy, after all, but a right to hide certain truths? Nearly every US state and territory passed laws against involuntary pornography – a term describing publication where someone posts nude or otherwise compromising pictures of someone he has been intimate with. The pictured subject can use these laws to remove the photos from display on the internet and to gather some measure of punishment against the person posting the pictures. The accuracy of these pictures does not affect the victim’s rights. The information can be removed with no regard to truth or falsity contained in the information. The victims’ rights to privacy in such matters trumps all.
In other matters, however, personal rights of overall privacy are severely limited. While Louis Brandeis in 1890’s Harvard Law Review, prior to his ascent to the U.S. Supreme Court, envisioned a right of privacy where the Boston press could be punished for reporting gossip gleaned at parties of the rich, such broad “right to be left alone” against the press has never emerged in this country. Brandeis and his law partner were concerned about new intrusive technologies like portable cameras, but they would be shocked that 130 years later, given ubiquitous camera phones, audio recorders and IoT technology that strips away all of our private obscurity, that US law has not placed more restrictions on public reporting of private lives.
Instead our current privacy protections are situational and aimed more at the types of entities gathering data than fundamental protection of private lives. In other words, we have some personal privacy restrictions under the Bill of Rights that affect government surveillance and control of our bodies, and we have a few state laws that grant limited privacy rights against private entities and their marketing around personal data or their capture of limited biometric data. We have protections involving publication of certain kinds of data like financial account information and health care treatment data in limited circumstances. Information about children (and, in California, teenage social media use) is given limited protection.