The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is interfering with the normal function of businesses around the world, including in the form of travel restrictions, quarantines, office closures and employees being encouraged (or required) to work from home. Companies should consider whether to hold their usual shareholder and board meetings as planned, or whether rescheduling meeting dates, changing meeting locations or switching to “virtual-only” or partially virtual meetings may be appropriate in these circumstances.
A few key considerations involved with potential meeting changes are highlighted below:
- Depending on the jurisdiction of a company, “virtual-only” or “hybrid” shareholder meetings may be a viable replacement for physical meetings – even for public companies that have already mailed their proxy materials.
- Corporate boards can postpone directors’ and committee meetings, hold virtual meetings or elect to act by written consent rather than hold physical meetings.
- Companies considering changes to meeting dates or times or switching to fully or partially virtual meetings should confirm that they can do so under applicable state corporate law and their organizational documents and should be aware of certain practical ramifications of holding non-physical meetings.
As businesses and governments begin restricting unnecessary travel and closing offices in the face of the coronavirus outbreak, companies may want to consider whether to postpone or change the location of, or whether to hold “virtual-only” or “hybrid” versions of, their annual shareholder meetings. Virtual-only meetings do not have a physical location and are accessible only through remote communication, while hybrid meetings provide both a physical location and access through remote communications. However, some states’ laws may impose restrictions on making changes to a scheduled meeting or do not permit virtual-only or hybrid shareholder meetings, so companies should review applicable state corporate law to ensure that a proposed course of action is permissible.1 Moreover, companies should confirm whether their organizational documents permit virtual-only or hybrid meetings or impose restrictions on when and how meetings can be changed or rescheduled prior to making a switch. Companies are also advised to check whether any of their significant shareholders/constituencies have policies regarding “virtual-only” or “hybrid” meetings―certain proxy advisory firms, institutional investors and others have opposed or criticized the holding of shareholder meetings that do not offer an option of physical attendance.
Public companies that have already mailed proxy statements to their shareholders contemplating a physical meeting may still be able to switch the date or location of this year’s annual meeting or change it to a virtual only or hybrid meeting. To do so, companies should provide timely notice to shareholders (for example, through a press release) and file supplemental disclosures with the SEC detailing the nature of the change. Fortunately, assuming a company takes these steps in a timely fashion, there is typically no requirement under the federal securities laws that the company re-mail its proxy statement or proxy card (though state law and companies’ organizational documents may impose additional requirements, such as mailing a new notice with updated location information). For public companies incorporated in Delaware, the notices and supplemental disclosures with the SEC are generally sufficient to satisfy any state-law requirements associated with the change, so long as, in the case of a postponed meeting, the new meeting date is within 60 days of the record date. Meetings featuring a contested election or a controversial proposal may raise additional considerations as a matter of state law or corporate strategy.
Public companies that have not yet mailed their proxy materials for this year may want to revise their disclosures to forewarn that the time, location and manner of the meeting may be subject to change as the situation evolves. Importantly, they may have additional time to do so―the SEC has recognized the potential burdens imposed by the coronavirus outbreak, and has issued an order granting qualified companies that have a required filing between March 1, 2020 and April 30, 2020 an additional 45 days to make such filings. To qualify for this extension, an affected company must provide, among other things, a brief description of why the report or form could not be filed in a timely manner and an estimated date of when such document is expected to be filed. If appropriate, the company should also provide a risk factor explaining the impact of the coronavirus on its business. It is highly conceivable that the SEC may institute additional relief later in this proxy season given the extraordinary circumstances caused by the outbreak.
Given the potential risks associated with travel, boards of directors should also consider alternatives to physical meetings and potential alterations to their meeting schedules. Generally, implementing changes, including a shift from a physical to virtual-only or hybrid meeting, is simpler for board meetings than shareholder meetings because formal notice requirements are not as burdensome and the use of remote communication for board meetings has been an established practice for some time. Again, a review of state law and the company’s organizational documents is necessary to ensure that non-physical meetings or schedule alterations are permissible and that there are no additional requirements associated with those steps. Boards can also opt to act by written consent rather than by holding a formal meeting; however, unanimous consent may be required if boards choose to take written action, and action by written consent may not be desirable for matters that necessitate board discussion and deliberation.
As a practical matter, companies that ordinarily hold physical board or shareholder meetings but that are considering at least partially virtual alternatives should prepare for how virtual-only or hybrid meetings could disrupt traditional meeting practices. For example, companies should ensure that their physical materials can be presented through virtual means so that all participants can view the necessary documents. Moreover, procedures must be in place to accurately identify participants and implement necessary security measures. The technology used must also permit participants to communicate effectively and exercise voting rights, as applicable.
We all hope to get back to business as usual as soon as possible. In the meantime, it is helpful for companies to be aware of their alternatives. Although there are a number of issues to consider, most companies will find there is flexibility to adjust to the present circumstances.
1) For instance, § 211(a)(2) of the Delaware General Corporation Law permits virtual-only and hybrid shareholder meetings so long as the corporation: (i) implements reasonable measures to verify that each person deemed present and permitted to vote by means of remote communication is a shareholder or proxyholder; (ii) provides such shareholders or proxyholders with a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and vote on applicable matters; and (iii) keeps a record of any vote or action of shareholders or proxyholders that occurs.