Food, Dietary Supplement & Cosmetics Update | Vol. IV, Issue 7

by Jones Day

Jones DayTop News

USDA Inspector General Recommends Reform of AMS Organic Program for Imports

The USDA Inspector General ("IG") reviewed the Agricultural Marketing Service's ("AMS") process used in determining whether exporting countries' organic standards are equivalent to USDA's organic standards, and whether imported organic products are in compliance with USDA's organic standards. AMS, through the National Organic Program ("NOP")—which develops rules and regulation for the production, handling, labeling, and enforcement of all USDA organic products, with the goal of ensuring that the products with the USDA organic seal meet consistent, uniform standards—is responsible for administering organic trade arrangements and agreements. Currently, NOP administers equivalency agreements with Canada, the European Union, Japan, Korea, and Switzerland, and has determined through recognition agreements that the countries of India, Israel, and New Zealand do not have organic standards in place or are not equivalent to NOP standards.

Based on the audit, the IG concluded:

  • AMS's process for determining equivalency of organic standards lacks transparency, as NOP officials do not have a methodology in place to disclose the results of that process to the stakeholders;
  • AMS is unable to provide reasonable assurance that NOP-required documents have been reviewed at U.S. ports of entry, as would be necessary to verify that imported agricultural products labeled as organic were from certified organic-offering farms and businesses that produce and sell organic products;
  • AMS has not established and implemented controls at U.S. ports of entry to identify, track, and ensure that fumigated products are not sold, labeled, or represented as organic; and
  • Onsite audits of foreign countries with which AMS has entered into equivalency or recognition agreements have not been conducted in a timely manner.

The IG provided nine recommendations to AMS to overcome these NOP deficiencies, and AMS responded with corrective actions committing to address the recommendations by July 2018.

In addition to the above, on October 25, 2017, USDA's AMS NOP released an interim instruction for all USDA-accredited certifiers and accredited certifiers authorized to operate under USDA organic recognition and equivalency arrangements. It explains the current certification requirements applicable to such certifiers and documentation needed to import organic products into the United States, certifiers' responsibilities in reviewing or issuing import-related documents, and handling instructions needed to maintain the organic integrity of imported organic products. The instructions also recommend best practices and provide examples that certifiers may use in order to comply with the existing regulations. NOP will accept comments until December 26, 2017.

FDA Proposes New Compliance Dates for the Nutrition Facts Label and Service Size Final Rules

On October 2, 2017FDA proposed to extend the compliance dates of the "Nutrition Facts Label" and "Service Size" final rules by approximately 18 months. Both final rules require updated nutrition information on the label of food, including dietary supplements; defined a single-serving container; required dual-column labeling for certain containers; updated, modified, and established certain reference amounts customarily consumed; and amended the label serving size for breath mints. The final rules originally appeared in the Federal Register of May 27, 2016, here and here. For further information on the final rules, see our previous Jones Date Update.

This proposed rule would extend the compliance date from July 26, 2018, to January 1, 2020, for manufacturers with $10 million or more in annual food sales, and from July 26, 2019, to January 1, 2021 for manufacturers with less than $10 million in annual food sales. FDA stated it took this action because, after careful consideration, it tentatively determined that additional time would help ensure that all manufacturers covered by the final rules have guidance from FDA to address certain technical questions and are able to complete and print updated Nutrition Facts labels for their products before they are expected to be in compliance with the final rules. The comment period closed on November 1, 2017.

FDA Publishes Draft Guidance on Menu Labeling

On November 7, 2017, FDA issued a supplemental draft guidance to address concerns raised by stakeholders regarding the implementation of nutrition labeling required for foods sold in restaurants or similar retail food establishments that are part of a chain with 20 or more locations doing business under the same name and selling substantially the same restaurant-type food items. The menu labeling final rule, which has been labeled as too broad and inflexible, enters into effect on May 7, 2018. See our previous Jones Day Update for more information.

This question-and-answer guidance covers several topic areas: (i) calorie disclosure signage for self-service food, including buffets and grab-and-go food; (ii) various methods for providing calorie disclosure information, including those for pizza; (iii) criteria for distinguishing between menus and marketing material; (iv) compliance and enforcement; (v) reasonable basis, including the criteria for considering the natural variation of foods; (vi) criteria for covered establishments; and (vii) standard menu items. For clarity, the guidance includes several examples.

FDA has also decided to withdraw Questions and Answers 5.17 and 5.18 from its previous guidance titled "A Labeling Guide for Restaurants and Retail Establishments Selling Away-From-Home Foods – Part II (Menu Labeling Requirements in Accordance With FDA's Food Labeling Regulations)," effective November 7, 2017. FDA will accept comments on this draft guidance from November 9, 2017, to January 8, 2018, after which FDA has stated it will move to finalize it. The Agency has also stated it is "fully committed" to keeping the May 7, 2018, compliance deadline.

FDA Allows "Co-Manufacturers" Additional Time to Implement Certain Supply-Chain Program Requirements

On November 6, 2017FDA announced the availability of a guidance for industry titled "Supply-Chain Program Requirements and Co-Manufacturer Supplier Approval and Verification for Human Food and Animal Food." The guidance announces that FDA does not intend to take enforcement action against a receiving facility that is a co-manufacturer and that is not in compliance with certain supply-chain program requirements of the "Current Good Manufacturing Practice, Hazard Analysis, and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Human Food" and "Current Good Manufacturing Practice, Hazard Analysis, and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals" regulations (preventive controls regulations) for food manufactured for the brand owner, under certain circumstances, until November 6, 2019.

The guidance addresses, for instance, situations where the brand owner audits the supplier or evaluates the supplier's performance as part of the process to approve such supplier, and the co-manufacturer describes these actions in its food safety plan and conducts any necessary supplier approval activities not conducted by the brand owner, such as maintaining a hazard analysis of the food or testing the raw material upon entry to its facility. FDA confirmed that in such situations it will not take enforcement action. Under the new final rules, the co-manufacturer is allowed to base its verification of suppliers on review of adequate documentation of the brand owner's supplier verification activities.

Industry has expressed concerns that current contracts between the brand owners and their suppliers may not in some instances allow the brand owner to share certain information about its suppliers to the co-manufacturer. FDA has stated that to provide time for contracts to be reviewed, FDA does not intend to enforce certain requirements of the final rules as described in the Guidance. In addition, it does not intend to take enforcement action under the Foreign Supplier Verification Programs regulation against an importer whose supply-chain program is subject to enforcement discretion under the preventive controls regulations until November 6, 2019.

FDA Releases Training Module for Carriers Subject to the Sanitary Transportation Rule

On September 20, 2017, FDA released a one-hour training module, free of charge, to help carriers meet the requirements of FDA's Sanitary Transportation of Human and Animal Food Rule ("Sanitary Transportation Rule"). The Sanitary Transportation Rule requires rail and motor vehicle carriers covered by the rule to provide food safety training to their personnel engaged in transportation operations when the carrier is responsible, in whole or in part, for the sanitary conditions during transportation. The course is designed to provide basic food safety training to transportation operations personnel, providing personnel training on potential food safety problems, basic sanitary practices, and carrier responsibilities. The course is intended to complement industry best practices.

The course can be accessed by anyone by entering into FDA's website. The individual who completes it will be able to generate a certificate of completion from the website. FDA has stated that carriers subject to the training requirements must establish and maintain records documenting the training of operations personnel, which they may be asked to provide to FDA upon request. The first compliance date for businesses covered by the Sanitary Transportation Rule was April 6, 2017. The compliance date for small businesses covered by the rule is April 6, 2018.

European Parliament Calls for Complete Glyphosate Ban by 2022

On October 24, 2017, the European Parliament adopted a nonbinding resolution opposing the European Commission's proposal to renew the authorization of this herbicide (marketed as Roundup by Monsanto) for an additional 10 years. Instead, according to the resolution, the EU should draw up plans to phase out the substance by 2022. Although the European Food Safety Authority ("EFSA") in their glyphosate assessment of 2015 concluded that the carcinogenic effect had not been established, glyphosate is considered a suspected carcinogen by the UN cancer agency, IARC. The way EFSA carried out the assessment of glyphosate (mainly pertaining to data selection) has been subject to criticism by several EU Member States.

EU Issues New Labeling Regulation on Foods Marketed for Weight Control

On October 7, 2017, the European Commission ("EC") issued Regulation 2017/1798 related to the specific compositional and information requirements for foods marketed as a "total diet replacement for weight control." It sets out statements and additional nutrition declarations that should accompany such foods. In addition, its Annexes provide compositional requirements that such foods must meet in order to be marketed in the EU.

France Introduces "Nutri-Score Labeling" System for Foods

On November 2, 2017, France issued a Decree introducing the voluntary labeling system for food products to reduce obesity. Following the United Kingdom's "traffic light" system, France has opted for its own food score system. The "Nutri-score," as it is called, gives a rating to any food (except single-ingredient foods and water) going from a dark green A (best) to a red E (worst), by weighing the prevalence of good and bad nutrients.

Other News

FDA Proposes to Revoke Health Claim that Soy Protein Reduces Risk of Heart Disease (see Regulatory Update section for more information)

The California Environmental Protection Agency's OEHHA Accepts Request on Safe Use Determination for Chlorothalonil in Certain Foods Resulting from Pesticidal Use of the Chemical and Gives Opportunity for Public Comment

FDA Pesticide Analysis for FY 2015 Demonstrates Low Residue Levels

FDA Warns Companies that Dietary Supplements Containing Cannabidiol and Claiming to Treat or Cure Cancer Are Unapproved Drugs

Regulatory Updates

FDA Announces Withdrawal of Food Additive Petitions

In the November 1, 2017, Federal Register, FDA announced the withdrawal, without prejudice to a future filing, of a food additive petition (FAP 2280 and 2276) proposing that the food additive regulations be amended to provide for the safe use of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in feed for swine, and for the safe use of ethoxyquin in vitamin D formulations, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, used in animal food. The food additive petitions were withdrawn on September 13, 2017.

FDA Proposes Revoking the Authorization to Use Health Claims Related to Soy Protein and Coronary Heart Disease

In the October 31, 2017, Federal Register, FDA proposed to revoke its regulation authorizing the use of health claims on the relationship between soy protein and coronary heart disease on the label or in the labeling of foods. FDA is taking this action based on its review of the totality of publicly available scientific evidence currently available and its tentative conclusion that such evidence does not support its previous determination that there is significant scientific agreement among qualified experts for a health claim regarding the relationship between soy protein and reduced risk of coronary heart disease. The claim that soy proteins reduce the risk of coronary heart disease is one of the 12 that FDA has authorized to date, and this would be the first time FDA proposes to revoke a health claim. FDA has also stated that should FDA finalize this rule, the agency intends to allow the use of a qualified health claim, which requires a lower scientific standard of evidence than an authorized health claim, as long as there is sufficient evidence to support a link between eating soy protein and a reduced risk of heart disease. Comments are due January 16, 2018.

FDA Issues Two Guidance Documents on CGMP Requirements and "Solely Engaged" Exemptions for Animal Food

In the October 20, 2017, Federal Register, FDA announced the availability of two guidance documents for industry #235 titled "Current Good Manufacturing Practice Requirements for Food for Animals." This guidance is intended to help domestic and foreign facilities that are required to register as food facilities under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act determine whether and how they need to comply with the current good manufacturing practice requirements ("CGMP") of the Current Good Manufacturing Practice, Hazard Analysis, and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals final rule ("Preventive Controls Rule"). Changes from the previous draft guidance include additional explanation and examples, and the inclusion of a part 507 CGMP Assessment Tool in Appendix B to assist facilities in reviewing the implementation of CGMP requirements at their facility. Information regarding human food by-products for use as food for animals was removed and contained in draft GFI #239, titled "Human Food By-Products for Use as Animal Food" (August 25, 2016).

The second guidance document, titled "Application of the "Solely Engaged" Exemptions in Parts 117 and 507," discusses the applicability of the "solely engaged" exemptions for the Preventive Controls Rule. It explains when facilities are exempt from CGMP or preventive controls requirements because they are "solely engaged" in certain activities, such as the related to the holding or transportation of raw agricultural commodities, the storage of raw agricultural commodities (other than fruits and vegetables), the storage of unexposed packaged food, and other activities tied to the preparation of nuts and the ginning of cotton. The draft guidance also explains that the "solely engaged" exemptions do not apply when a facility is also conducting certain other activities. Comments for the second guidance are due April 18, 2018.

FDA Announces Food Additive Petition

In the September 14, 21, 22, 25, 2017, Federal Register (here, here, here, and here), FDA announced receipt of several petitions to amend the food additive regulations to provide for the safe use of gamma-linolenic acid safflower oil as a source of omega-6 fatty acids in dry food for adult cats in the maintenance life stage; the safe use of glyceryl polyethylene glycol (15) ricinoleate as an emulsifier in animal food that does not include food for cats, dogs, vitamin premixes, or aquaculture; the safe use of glyceryl polyethylene glycol (200) ricinoleate as an emulsifier in animal food that does not include food for cats, dogs, vitamin premixes, or aquaculture; the safe use of chromium DL-methionine as a nutritional source of chromium in cattle feed; and the safe use of silicon dioxide as a carrier for flavors for use in animal feed. Comments on the second and third food additive petitions were due October 23, 2017.

FDA Confirms Effective Date for Final Rule Listing Spirulina Extract as a Color Additive Exempt from Certification

In the September 20, 2017, Federal Register, FDA confirmed the effective date of August 3, 2017, for the final rule that appeared in the Federal Register of July 3, 2017, and that amended the color additive regulations to provide for the expanded safe use of spirulina extract to seasonally color hard-boiled shell eggs at levels consistent with good manufacturing practice.

APHIS Adds Rust-Resistant Species and Varieties to Regulation

In the November 2, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service ("APHIS") published a direct final rule notifying of its intention to amend the black stem rust quarantine and regulations by adding 15 varieties to the list of rust-resistant Berberis species and varieties and two varieties to the list of rust-resistant Mahonia species and varieties. The rule was effective November 6, 2017.

AMS Establishes De Minimis Quantity Exemption Threshold for the Softwood Lumber Program

In the October 26, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's AMS established a de minimis quantity exemption threshold exempting smaller manufacturers from assessments relating to a national research and promotion program for softwood lumber. In response to a 2016 federal district court decision, USDA conducted a new analysis to determine a reasonable and appropriate de minimis threshold. Based on that analysis, this rule establishes the de minimis quantity threshold at 15 million board feet (mmbf) and entities manufacturing (and domestically shipping) or importing less than 15 mmbf per year will be exempt from paying assessments under the regulations. The rule is effective November 27, 2017.

AMS Implements Minimum Quality and Handling Standards for Peanuts

In the October 20, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's AMS implemented a recommendation from the Peanut Standards Board to revise the minimum quality and handling standards for domestic and imported peanuts marketed in the United States. This action aims at relaxing the allowance for damaged kernels in farmers stock peanuts when determining segregation, and at increasing the allowance for damaged kernels under Segregation 1 from not more than 2.49 percent to not more than 3.49 percent. The requirements for Segregation 2 are also adjusted to reflect this change. The Peanut Standards Board recommended this change to align the incoming standards with recent changes to the outgoing quality standards and to help increase returns to producers. The rule is effective February 1, 2018.

GIPSA Updates the Public on its Determination on the Unfair Practices and Undue Preferences in Violation of the Packers and Stockyards Act

In the October 18, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration ("GIPSA"), Packers and Stockyards Program ("P&SP") notified the public that after review and careful consideration of the public comments received, GIPSA would take no further action on the proposed rule published on December 20, 2016. GIPSA invited comments on the proposed rule to amend the regulations issued under the Packers and Stockyards Act ("P&S Act"), and intended that the proposed rule would clarify the conduct or action that GIPSA considers unfair, unjustly discriminatory, or deceptive in violation of 7 U.S.C. 192(a).

GIPSA Withdraws Interim Rule Addressing the Scope of Sections 202(a) and (b) of the P&S Act

In the October 18, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's GIPSA Packers and Stockyards Program withdrew the interim final rule ("IFR") published on December 20, 2016. Had the IFR become effective, it would have added a paragraph to the regulations issued under the P&S Act addressing the scope of sections 202(a) and (b) of the P&S Act, further explaining that certain conduct or actions, depending on their nature and the circumstances, could be found to violate the P&S Act without a finding of harm or likely harm to competition. GIPSA accepted and analyzed comments on the IFR received on or before March 24, 2017. In addition, in the April 12, 2017, Federal Register, GIPSA solicited and analyzed comments received on or before June 12, 2017, on four alternative actions regarding the disposition of the IFR. After careful review and consideration of all comments received, GIPSA decided to withdraw the IFR.

AMS Withdraws Proposed Rule to the Export Apple Act and the Export Grape and Plum Act

In the October 15, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's AMS withdrew a proposed rule to change the reporting of export certificate information under regulations issued pursuant to the Export Apple Act and the Export Grape and Plum Act. After reviewing and considering the comments received, the agency decided not to proceed with this action. The proposed rule was withdrawn as of October 15, 2017.

AMS Invites Comments on the Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan

In the September 27, 2017, Federal Register, USDA's AMS invited comments on realigning the production districts under the Watermelon Research and Promotion Plan for producer and handler membership on the National Watermelon Promotion Board, and adding four importer seats to the Board. These changes were recommended by the Board after a review of the production volume in each district as well as assessments paid by importers. The Plan requires that such a review be conducted every five years. This action would increase the number of importer seats from eight to 12, thereby increasing the number of Board members from 37 to a total of 41: 14 producers, 14 handlers, 12 importers, and one public member. Comments were due October 27, 2017.

EU Regulatory Updates

European Parliament Rejects Proposed Criteria for Endocrine Disruptors Identification

On October 4, 2017, the European Parliament ("EP") vetoed the EC's proposal for using certain criteria to identify endocrine disrupting chemicals ("EDCs") in biocides and pesticides, asking it to come up with a new proposal "without delay." In particular, the Parliament objected to the EC's proposal to exempt some substances, designed to attack an organism's endocrine system, from the used criteria. The EC will now have to draft a new version of the text, taking into account Parliament's input.

EFSA Adopts Guidance on Feed Additives Applications

On October 17, 2017, the European Food Safety Authority ("EFSA") adopted a series of Guidance documents related to the authorization of feed additives: (i) Guidance on the assessment of the safety of feed additives for the target species, (ii) Guidance on the assessment of the safety of feed additives for the consumer, and (iii) Guidance on the identity, characterization and conditions of use of feed additives.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Jones Day | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Jones Day

Jones Day on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.