Government Contracts Regulatory and Legislative Update - November 2019

Our monthly edition of the “Government Contracts Regulatory and Legislative Update” offers a summary of and insight into the relevant industry developments that occurred during the previous month.


The FAR Council Issues Proposed Rule Increasing the Threshold for Cost and Pricing Data Reporting

On October 2, 2019, the FAR Council issued a proposed rule to increase the threshold for requesting certified cost or pricing data from $750,000 to $2 million for contracts entered into after June 30, 2018. In cases in which a change or modification is made to a prime contract that was entered into before July 1, 2018, the threshold for obtaining certified cost or pricing data will remain $750,000, with one exception. A contractor that was required to submit certified cost or pricing data in connection with a prime contract entered into before July 1, 2018 may request that the contracting officer modify the contract without requiring consideration to reflect a $2 million threshold for obtaining certified cost or pricing data from subcontractors. Comments are due by December 2, 2019.

The FAR Council Issues Proposed Rule Increasing the Micro-Purchase Threshold and the Simplified Acquisition Threshold

On October 2, 2019, the FAR Council issued a proposed rule to increase the micro-purchase threshold for acquisitions from institutions of higher education or related or affiliated nonprofit entities, or from nonprofit research organizations or independent research institutes, from $3,500 to $10,000, or a higher amount as determined appropriate by the head of the agency and consistent with clean audit findings, an internal institutional risk assessment, or State law. The proposed rule also increases the simplified acquisition threshold to $250,000 and increases the micro-purchase threshold to $10,000. The proposed rule, which implements various sections of the FY 2017 and FY 2018 NDAA, makes these changes through amendments to FAR parts 3, 9, 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, and 52. Comments are due by December 2, 2019.

The FAR Council Issues Proposed Rule Limiting the Use of the Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source Selection Process

On October 2, 2019, the FAR Council issued a proposed rule to amend the FAR to limit the use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable (LPTA) source selection criteria in circumstances that would deny the Government the benefits of cost and technical tradeoffs in the source selection process. Under the proposed rule, LPTA source selection criteria may only be used in solicitations when:

(1) An executive agency is able to comprehensively and clearly describe the minimum requirements expressed in terms of performance objectives, measures, and standards that will be used to determine acceptability of offers;

(2) the executive agency would realize no, or minimal, value from a contract proposal exceeding the minimum technical or performance requirements set forth in the request for proposal;

(3) the proposed technical approaches will require no, or minimal, subjective judgment by the source selection authority as to the desirability of one offeror’s proposal versus a competing proposal;

(4) the executive agency has a high degree of confidence that a review of technical proposals of offerors other than the lowest bidder would not result in the identification of factors that could provide value or benefit to the executive agency;

(5) the contracting officer has included a justification for the use of an LPTA evaluation methodology in the contract file; and

(6) the executive agency has determined that the lowest price reflects total costs, including for operations and support.

In addition, the proposed rule requires that the use of LPTA source selection criteria be avoided, to the maximum extent practicable, in procurements that are predominantly for the acquisition of the following services and supplies: information technology services; cybersecurity services; systems engineering and technical assistance services; advanced electronic testing; audit or audit readiness services; health care services and records; telecommunications devices and services; or other knowledge-based professional services; personal protective equipment; or knowledge-based training or logistics services in contingency operations or other operations outside the United States, including in Afghanistan or Iraq. The proposed rule does not apply to the Federal Supply Schedule Program or to DoD, which has its own similar rule. Comments are due by December 2, 2019.

The FAR Council Issues Final Rule Expanding the Definition of a “Commercial Item”

On October 10, 2019, the FAR Council issued a final rule to amend the definition of commercial item in FAR Part 2 to reflect the statutory change made to the definition in section 847 of the NDAA for FY 2018. Section 847 amends the definition of “commercial item” at 41 U.S.C. 103(8) to expand the universe of non-developmental items (NDIs) that qualify as commercial items to include items sold in substantial quantities on a competitive basis to multiple foreign governments. The final rule implements this change by adding the phrase “or to multiple foreign governments” at the end of paragraph (8) of the definition of “commercial item” in FAR 2.101. The rule will broaden the definition in the FAR to allow certain additional items developed exclusively at private expense to qualify for the benefits associated with commercial item classification. The rule is effective on November 12, 2019.

EPA Issues Proposed Rule to Address Open Source Software Requirements

On October 18, 2019, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a proposed rule to add a new EPA Acquisition Regulation (EPAAR) clause to address open source software requirements at EPA. The proposed rule will allow the EPA to share custom-developed code as open source code development under its procurements. The proposed rule amends EPAAR Part 1539, Acquisition of Information Technology, by adding Subpart 1539.2, Open Source Software, and section 1539.2071, Contract Clause. The rule will also amend EPAAR Subpart 1552.2, Texts of Provisions and Clauses, by adding EPAAR section 1552.239-71, Open Source Software. The proposed rule is issued in accordance with Office of Management and Budget’s (OMB) Memorandum M-16-21, Federal Source Code Policy: Achieving Efficiency, Transparency, and Innovation through Reusable and Open Source Software. In meeting the requirements of Memorandum M-16-21, the EPA plans to provide an enterprise code inventory indicating if the new code (source code or code) was custom-developed for, or by, the agency; if the code is available for Federal reuse; if the code is available publicly as open source code; or if the code cannot be made available due to specific exceptions. Comments are due by December 17, 2019.

The FAR Council Issues Proposed Rule to Exempt Certain Recreational Services on Federal Land from Contractor Minimum Wage Requirements

On October 21, 2019, the FAR Council issued a proposed rule to amend the FAR to implement a Department of Labor (DOL) Rule that exempts certain contracts for seasonal recreational services or seasonal recreational equipment rental for the general public on Federal lands from the minimum wage requirements of Executive Order 13658. The proposed rule will amend FAR 22.1903(b)(2) and FAR 52.222-55(c)(2) to conform to the DOL rule. . Lodging and food services are not exempted. The rule will also add a definition of “seasonal recreational services” at FAR 22.1901 and 52.222-55, Minimum Wages. Comments are due by December 20, 2019.

DoD Issues Final Rule to Require Reliability and Maintainability in Weapon System Design

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a final rule to amend 10 U.S.C. to add section 2443, Sustainment factors in weapon design. The final rule requires program managers, or comparable officials exercising program management responsibilities, to ensure that reliability and maintainability are included in the performance parameters on sustainment during the development of capabilities requirements for major weapon systems and contracts for: (1) the engineering and manufacturing development of a weapon system, including embedded software; or (2) protection of a weapon system, including embedded software.

DoD Issues Proposed Rule Modifying Requirements for Notification of Anticipated Contract Termination or Reduction

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a proposed rule amending DFARS 252.249-7002, Notification of Anticipated Contract Termination or Reduction, which is included in all contracts under a major defense program and implements the requirements of 10 U.S.C. § 2501. The rule proposes to: (1) update legal and DFARS citations in the clause; (2) remove text that is no longer necessary to implement 10 U.S.C. § 2501; and (3) conform the clause text to the current DFARS convention for referencing dollar thresholds in a clause. This rule also proposes to amend the DFARS clause to cite the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act and to conform the clause with 10 U.S.C. § 2501 note by removing the specification of available services to employees based on the results of the termination or reduction notification. Comments are due by December 30, 2019.

DoD Issues Final Rule Applying Non-manufacturer Rule to All 8(a) Contracts

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a final rule amending DFARS 252.219-7010 to replace the outdated text regarding the non-manufacturer rule and implement regulatory changes made by the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) in 2016. The 2016 SBA Rule revised and standardized the limitations on subcontracting and the non-manufacturer rule that apply to small business concerns, including 8(a) Program participants, under procurements conducted pursuant to FAR part 19. To align with the SBA rule, DoD has removed the exemption from the non-manufacturer rule found in DFARS 252.219-7010 for 8(a) participants with contracts valued at or below $25,000 and awarded under the simplified acquisition procedures. The rule makes the non-manufacturer rule applicable to 8(a) contracts at any dollar value, and 8(a) participants that are non-manufacturers will be required to offer end items manufactured, processed, or produced by small business concerns in the U.S. or its outlying areas (as defined in FAR 2.101).

DoD Issues Proposed Rule Clarifying Payment for Subline Items Not Separately Priced

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a proposed rule to modify DFARS 252.204-7002, Payment for Subline Items Not Separately Priced. DFARS 252.204-7002 is included in solicitations and contracts when the value of a not separately priced (NSP) contract line or subline item is included in the price of another contract line or subline item, and it is necessary to withhold payment on the priced contract line or subline item until the related NSP item has been delivered. The clause prohibits contractors from billing the Government for a priced item that contains the values of a NSP item until the related NSP items have also been delivered to and accepted by the Government. Currently, the clause can be read to prohibit the contractor from billing for any portion of a contract line or subline item that is associated with an NSP item until all of the NSP items have also been delivered to and accepted by the Government. This rule seeks to simplify the text and clarify that a contractor can bill the Government for the individual unit price of a delivered item, once the NSP item associated with the individual priced item has also been delivered and accepted by the Government. The proposed rule also adds a prescription for the DFARS clause in the applicable section of DFARS 204.71. Comments are due by December 30, 2019.

DoD Issues Final Rule Consolidating Provisions Related to Disclosure of Information for Litigation Support

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a final rule amending the DFARS to remove DFARS 252.204-7013, Limitations on Disclosure of Information by Litigation Support Contractors, which includes a representation that the offeror agrees to handle and protect all litigation information and documentation, indemnify the Government from any liability or claim that arises from the offeror’s misuse of the litigation information, and ensure its employees are subject to the same use and nondisclosure obligations prior to accessing any litigation information. DFARS 252.204-7014 permits DoD to disclose information to a litigation support contractor if the disclosure is for the sole purpose of providing administrative, technical or professional services to DoD in anticipation of or during litigation. This provision also requires that the contractor agree to and acknowledge specific terms and conditions as a basis for termination of the litigation support contract. Because DFARS 252.204-7014 is included in all solicitations and contracts that involve litigation support services and contains all of the information in DFARS 252.204-7013, DFARS 252.204-7013 is redundant. The rule eliminates DFARS 252.204-2013, the associated prescription at DFARS 204.7403, and related text at DFARS 209.505-4(b)(ii) and DFARS 212.301.

DoD Issues Final Rule Updating References to the Current TEMPEST Standard

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a final rule amending DFARS 252.239-7000, Protection against Compromising Emanations, which is included in solicitations and contracts involving information technology that requires protection against compromising emanations. DFARS 252.239-7000 requires contractors to provide or use only information technology that has been accredited to meet the appropriate information assurance requirements of the National Security Agency National TEMPEST standards or other standards specified by the contract. NSTISSAM TEMPEST 1-92, Compromising Emanations Laboratory Test Requirements, Electromagnetics (U) is the most current TEMPEST standard and supersedes the other NACSEM standards previously identified in the clause.

DoD Issues Proposed Rule Modifying Provisions on Advanced Payment Agreements

On October 31, 2019, DoD issued a proposed rule to amend DFARS 252.232-7000, Advance Payment Pool, which is included in all contracts that will be subject to an advance payment pool agreement with a nonprofit organization or educational institution. The DFARS clause supplements the FAR by notifying contractors that advance payments will be made in accordance with the findings, determinations, and authorization for advance payment and the terms and conditions of the advance payment pool agreement. Comments are due by December 30, 2019.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP

Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.