It’s National Caregiver’s Day, and another year filled with countless and unimaginable changes has passed. This year especially, my heart goes out to caregivers and their loved ones everywhere! Even before the COVID-19 pandemic, caregiving was no bed of roses. But this year, caregivers are facing an onslaught of new challenges, not the least of which are combatting senior isolation and reduced access to face-to-face therapies and delayed medical examinations.
How has the COVID-19 pandemic changed care options? Many adult medical day care centers are closed, leaving basically two types of senior care: care in the home and care in a long-term care facility.
The long-term care industry has been hard hit by the pandemic. From a medical standpoint, until the pandemic subsides, full-time care in the home is probably the safest option. A good option for private care in the home would be hiring a home health aide through an agency. Benefits of a full-time caregiver (whether hired or by a loved one) include stronger protection of the vulnerable senior, since the caregiver is not moving from home to home (or from home to a nursing home) caring for multiple patients in multiple settings. It can also give the family members or friends who are overseeing the care an opportunity to recharge, which is important to prevent burn out. The right caregiver can provide social companionship to the senior.
Families considering this option will want to keep in mind that the cost of private, hired care will include the cost of groceries for the home health aide, as well as worker’s compensation insurance. The homeowner’s carrier should be put on notice of the arrangement and the family should work with an accountant to ensure that an accountant or payroll company to ensure compliance with withholding and state insurance requirements. The home’s layout should include a private area with a door that closes for the caregiver, who will need to rest and recharge while the senior is sleeping.
Another option is care in the home financed through the Veteran’s Special Improved pension/Aid and Attendance, which is a government benefits program for eligible United States military veterans or their surviving spouses to help defray the cost of care. In cases where the senior qualifies for Medicaid, and is able to remain in the home, programs such as the Personal Preferences Program (PPP), “can provide a source of funding for the senior to choose and hire their preferred caregivers, which can include relatives and friends.” Under the PPP program, the senior chooses the services and schedule they desire.
The remaining option is care in a long term facility. This may be the best option where the care recipient is a two person assist, has behavioral quirks, or requires a team of trained medical professionals to stabilize and maintain their condition. In some situations, Medicare dollars can be used for limited periods of time as “key” money to admit the senior to the best facility possible, with the goal of later transitioning to payment for the best care through the Medicaid program and the senior’s income.
These are just a few important considerations. For help sorting through your options, consultation with an elder law attorney is recommended.