Proposed changes to UK's TUPE will impact outsourcing deals

by Pillsbury Global Sourcing Practice

The UK government has issued a consultation on proposed changes to the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (SI 2006/246) (TUPE).

TUPE is the UK's implementation of the Acquired Rights Directive (2001/23/EC) (ARD) and, broadly speaking, protects employees when the business or undertaking for which they work transfers to a new employer. Critics of TUPE (which revoked the 1981 TUPE regulations) have raised concerns that it 'gold plates' the ARD (i.e. it does more than is strictly required by the Directive) and is too bureaucratic. They also cite a number of practical difficulties. In November 2011, the UK government responded by publishing a Call for evidence on the effectiveness of TUPE, subsequently concluding that the gold plating aspects of TUPE should be removed and the operation of the regulation be made more practical.

What does this mean for outsourcing and other long-term service arrangements? The most significant change being proposed is the repeal of the regulations relating to "service provision changes." The "service provision changes" provisions were introduced in 2006 in an attempt to avoid uncertainty as to when TUPE applied. The 2006 Regulation expressly states that TUPE applies at the end of a services relationship in the same way that it already applied under the earlier TUPE regulation to a "relevant transfer" at the outset. The service provision change operates regardless of whether the work is taken on by another third party as a successor to the original supplier or is brought back in-house by the customer.

Since 2006, the commercial models underpinning outsourcing arrangements with a UK service delivery component have been negotiated on the assumption that TUPE will apply on termination. Because of this, the government plans for a long a lead-in period to apply to this change. The consultation seeks views on whether the lead-in period should be less than a year, one to two years, three to five years or five years or more.

As a result, service providers are advised to review the exit provisions of their current outsourcing agreements with particular focus on those clauses dealing with termination charges and stranded costs, in case the proposed changes would make them liable to bear unexpected redundancy costs should the change be implemented during the life of each such contract. For customers and service providers looking at new agreements, it will be important to understand the impact of the proposed changes on the underlying cost models and the economics of the deal and to ensure that the contract contains robust provisions which protect those economics regardless of when the changes are implemented. Looking ahead, the pre-2006 test will once more be applied, which will mean deciding whether the normal definition of a transfer applies.

The consultation opened on 17 January 2013. Responses are due by 11 April 2013. Changes to the regulation are expected to be introduced in October this year. Other proposed changes include the removal of obligations to provide employee liability information and a right for transferees to consult on collective redundancies with transferring employees prior to the transfer.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Pillsbury Global Sourcing Practice | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Pillsbury Global Sourcing Practice

Pillsbury Global Sourcing Practice on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
Sign up using*

Already signed up? Log in here

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
Privacy Policy (Updated: October 8, 2015):

JD Supra provides users with access to its legal industry publishing services (the "Service") through its website (the "Website") as well as through other sources. Our policies with regard to data collection and use of personal information of users of the Service, regardless of the manner in which users access the Service, and visitors to the Website are set forth in this statement ("Policy"). By using the Service, you signify your acceptance of this Policy.

Information Collection and Use by JD Supra

JD Supra collects users' names, companies, titles, e-mail address and industry. JD Supra also tracks the pages that users visit, logs IP addresses and aggregates non-personally identifiable user data and browser type. This data is gathered using cookies and other technologies.

The information and data collected is used to authenticate users and to send notifications relating to the Service, including email alerts to which users have subscribed; to manage the Service and Website, to improve the Service and to customize the user's experience. This information is also provided to the authors of the content to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

JD Supra does not sell, rent or otherwise provide your details to third parties, other than to the authors of the content on JD Supra.

If you prefer not to enable cookies, you may change your browser settings to disable cookies; however, please note that rejecting cookies while visiting the Website may result in certain parts of the Website not operating correctly or as efficiently as if cookies were allowed.

Email Choice/Opt-out

Users who opt in to receive emails may choose to no longer receive e-mail updates and newsletters by selecting the "opt-out of future email" option in the email they receive from JD Supra or in their JD Supra account management screen.


JD Supra takes reasonable precautions to insure that user information is kept private. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. However, please note that no method of transmitting or storing data is completely secure and we cannot guarantee the security of user information. Unauthorized entry or use, hardware or software failure, and other factors may compromise the security of user information at any time.

If you have reason to believe that your interaction with us is no longer secure, you must immediately notify us of the problem by contacting us at In the unlikely event that we believe that the security of your user information in our possession or control may have been compromised, we may seek to notify you of that development and, if so, will endeavor to do so as promptly as practicable under the circumstances.

Sharing and Disclosure of Information JD Supra Collects

Except as otherwise described in this privacy statement, JD Supra will not disclose personal information to any third party unless we believe that disclosure is necessary to: (1) comply with applicable laws; (2) respond to governmental inquiries or requests; (3) comply with valid legal process; (4) protect the rights, privacy, safety or property of JD Supra, users of the Service, Website visitors or the public; (5) permit us to pursue available remedies or limit the damages that we may sustain; and (6) enforce our Terms & Conditions of Use.

In the event there is a change in the corporate structure of JD Supra such as, but not limited to, merger, consolidation, sale, liquidation or transfer of substantial assets, JD Supra may, in its sole discretion, transfer, sell or assign information collected on and through the Service to one or more affiliated or unaffiliated third parties.

Links to Other Websites

This Website and the Service may contain links to other websites. The operator of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using the Service through the Website and link to another site, you will leave the Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We shall have no responsibility or liability for your visitation to, and the data collection and use practices of, such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of this Website and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our privacy policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use the Service or Website following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes. If you do not agree with the terms of this Policy, as it may be amended from time to time, in whole or part, please do not continue using the Service or the Website.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this privacy statement, the practices of this site, your dealings with this Web site, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

- hide
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.