Robins Kaplan Justice Report December 2021 | Vol. 15 No. 4

Robins Kaplan LLP

Genetic testing had its origins in the 1950s when scientists discovered that an additional copy of chromosome 21 causes Trisomy 21, also known as Down syndrome. Methods for staining chromosomes were used to sort and count chromosomes, a process called karyotyping. That process, combined with the ability to collect fetal cells from a pregnant woman’s amniotic fluid, provided scientists the ability to conduct genetic prenatal screening. Such testing revealed DNA-based diagnoses of genetic disorders caused by biologic irregularities such as too many chromosomes, too few, or clusters of chromosomes in the wrong places. As genetic testing became widespread, scientists began researching the substance of DNA, the chemical structure deciphered in 1953 by Rosalind Franklin, James Watson, and Francis Crick. Over the next several decades, it was discovered that helix-shaped patterns of paired chemical bases — adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine — provided a code that cells would decode into amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Scientists also discovered through research into the human genome that approximately 98% of DNA doesn’t actually code for proteins, and was seen as “junk DNA.”

Please see full Publication below for more information.

LOADING PDF: If there are any problems, click here to download the file.

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Robins Kaplan LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Robins Kaplan LLP

Robins Kaplan LLP on:

Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide
- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.