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Will CMS Consider Your Institution to Be a Hospital? Guidance on the "Primarily Engaged In" Standard

Recent guidance from CMS suggests that some hospitals, and particularly specialty hospitals that provide mostly outpatient care, may soon find themselves the focus of surveyors' scrutiny. In early September, CMS issued...more

Hospitals Plagued by HHS's 2012 Medicare DSH Calculation Obtain Relief from the D.C. Circuit

Hospitals affected by HHS's 2014 decision to include Medicare Part C enrollees as part of the Medicare fraction of the disproportionate share calculation obtained relief late last month when that position was voided by the...more

Provider Taxes: The Battle over Medicare's Treatment Continues

For the better part of a decade, hospitals and CMS have fought over the extent to which hospitals may claim as reasonable costs the provider tax assessments levied on them by the individual states in which they operate. In...more

CMS Issues Instructions to Hospitals Regarding the Implementation of Ruling 1498-R2

In April 2015, CMS issued Ruling 1498-R2 addressing the calculation of the Medicare fraction of the disproportionate share hospital (DSH) adjustment for patient discharges prior to October 1, 2004. CMS has now issued...more

CMS Final Rule and 21st Century Cures Act Include Good and Bad News for Provider-Based Sites

CMS recently published its final outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS) rule, which includes its new policies governing payment related to services furnished at off-campus provider-based departments (OPBDs). 81 Fed....more

D.C. District Court Bucks the Trend and Rules for Hospital in Provider Tax Case

Many states assess taxes against hospitals and other providers as a means of funding their Medicaid and other healthcare-related programs. The revenue generated by the taxes is used, with CMS’s approval, to fund Medicaid...more

D.C. Circuit Precludes Review of DSH Uncompensated Care Data

On July 26, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit decided Fla. Health Sciences Ctr. v. Burwell. In that case, the Court analyzed a statutory bar against judicial review of estimates...more

Proposed Cardiac, Hip, and Femur Episode Payment Models Are Next Generation from BPCI and CJR

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) issued a proposed rule on July 25, 2016, entitled, Advancing Care Coordination Through Episode Payment Models (EPMs); Cardiac Rehabilitation Incentive Payment Model; and...more

Proposed Provider-Based Changes Pose Significant Problems for Hospitals

As we reported in a Payment Matters article last November 12, 2015, Section 603 of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 changes the payment rules applicable to off-campus, provider-based locations that are new as of November 2,...more

D.C. District Court Resolves Challenge to Medicare's Outlier Payment Rules for Banner Health v. Burwell

On March 31, 2016, Judge Colleen Kollar-Kotelly of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia (the “D.C. District Court”) issued a highly anticipated memorandum opinion settling what will probably be the...more

Outliers: CMS Explains its Reasoning for FY2004 Fixed Loss Threshold Calculation

In accordance with the order issued by the D.C. Circuit in District Hospital Partners, LP v. Burwell and related cases, on January 22, CMS issued an explanation of the methodology it used to calculate the fixed-loss threshold...more

Congress Enacts "Provider-Based" Surprise

Hospitals have long tried to expand their footprints by developing, or in many instances acquiring, physician practices and other medical operations to provide services beyond the immediate vicinity of the hospital’s campus....more

Challenges to Medicare's Outlier Payment Rules - the Secretary Largely Prevails

As we reported in an earlier Payment Matters article, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit handed hospitals a partial victory on May 19, 2015, in their challenge to Medicare outlier payments...more

CMS Prevails in Dual Eligible Bad Debt Challenge

In a decision handed down on August 7, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upheld the denial of the providers' bad debt claims associated with dual eligible beneficiaries. Grossmont...more

CMS's "At a Collection Agency" Bad Debt Policy - Confusion Continues

As we reported in previous Payment Matters articles, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia has issued inconsistent opinions regarding Medicare's policy not to allow bad debt when that bad debt is still...more

Key Ingredients of CMS' Proposed Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement Model

On July 14, 2015, CMS released a proposed rule regarding a new, alternative payment model: the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CCJR) program. Modeled in large part on the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI)...more

Partial Victory for Hospitals in Medicare Outlier Challenge

In a decision issued May 19, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for District of Columbia Circuit handed hospitals a partial victory in their challenge to their Medicare outlier payments for 2004. District Hospital...more

Challenge to DSH Adjustment Estimates Barred by Statute

In a decision issued on March 31, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia dismissed a challenge by Florida Health Sciences Center, Inc., also known as Tampa General Hospital, to the calculation of its...more

HHS Identifies Specific Goals to Move Toward Paying for Quality of Care

On January 26, 2015, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced a new initiative to shift Medicare reimbursements from volume to value using new payment methodologies for physicians and hospitals. Such a...more

Recent Changes to Stark Law's Whole Hospital Exception

The federal physician self-referral law, or Stark Law, provides a number of exceptions to the law's prohibition of physician referrals of designated health services to an entity in which the physician has an ownership or...more

Highlights of the 2015 OPPS and ASC Final Rule

On October 31, 2014, CMS published its 2015 Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) and Ambulatory Surgical Center (ASC) Payment System Policy Changes and Payment Rates final rule. This annual rule affects the 4,000...more

Providers Challenge CMS's Non-Hospital Rotation Rules for GME and IME

Prior to the enactment of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), CMS required hospitals to comply with a number of exacting payment and documentation rules in order to include as part of their graduate medical education (GME) and...more

District Court Rejects Hospitals' Challenge to CMS's Rebilling Policy

On September 17, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that it lacked jurisdiction over a challenge brought by the American Hospital Association (AHA) and several hospitals and systems (the...more

CMS Waves Partial White Flag in Appeals of Payment Status Denials

For the last several years, hospitals, on the one hand, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and its contractors (collectively, CMS), on the other, have been engaged in a spirited dispute over claims denials for...more

CMS Publishes FY 2015 Final IPPS Rule

On August 4, 2014, CMS posted its final changes and updates to the Medicare Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) that apply for fiscal year (FY) 2015, effective October 1, 2014. Below are some of the highlights of the...more

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