On June 3, 2021, as described in a previous Cooley alert, the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board adopted revisions to its emergency temporary standards (ETS), which govern workplace safety requirements for California employers with respect to COVID-19. But in an emergency board meeting held June 9, the Cal/OSHA board voted unanimously to rescind the June 3 ETS revisions, pending further updates to the ETS to be discussed at the board’s June 17 meeting. This alert is intended to provide California employers with a quick summary of the ETS history, what the current rules are for workplace safety requirements and what employers should expect next.
How we got here
Cal/OSHA passed the ETS in November 2020. The ETS weren’t updated until the June 3 revisions, which were criticized for not aligning with guidance from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) regarding the use of face coverings by fully vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals. Specifically, on May 13, the CDC had announced that fully vaccinated people no longer needed to wear masks in many indoor and outdoor settings, except where required by federal, state or local law (including local business and workplace guidance). Yet Cal/OSHA’s June 3 revisions to the ETS still required employees to wear face coverings in indoor workplaces, except if everyone in the room was fully vaccinated.
Cal/OSHA’s revisions left many questions unanswered, including how employers could determine whether all employees in a particular room were fully vaccinated, given that an employee’s vaccination status is considered confidential medical information under California law.
In reaction to Cal/OSHA’s June 3 revisions, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) sent a letter on June 7 to Cal/OSHA explaining that it planned to update its guidance on face coverings, effective June 15, to mirror the CDC’s guidance. Two days later, the CDPH published its updated guidance, which states that as of June 15:
- Fully vaccinated individuals don’t need to wear masks indoors or outdoors, except for in the following settings, where masks are required for everyone, regardless of vaccination status:
- On public transportation or in transportation hubs
- Indoors in K-12 schools, childcare or other youth settings (although this may also change, pending updates from the CDC)
- In healthcare settings, correctional facilities, detention centers, homeless or emergency shelters, and cooling centers
- Unvaccinated individuals must wear masks in indoor public settings and businesses
- Businesses have three options in settings where masks are only required for unvaccinated individuals:
- They can provide information to all patrons, guests and attendees regarding vaccination requirements and allow vaccinated individuals to self-attest as to compliance
- They can implement vaccine verification to determine whether individuals are required to wear a mask
- They can require all patrons to wear a mask
- No person can be prevented from wearing a mask as a condition of participation in an activity or entry into a business
The CDPH guidance makes clear that employers are separately subject to the Cal/OSHA ETS with respect to face-covering requirements for employees in the workplace.
In response to the new CDPH guidance, the Cal/OSHA board held an emergency meeting on June 9 to discuss whether to rescind its June 3 revisions. The board unanimously voted to rescind the revisions, which means that the November 2020 version of the ETS – which requires face coverings for all employees, regardless of vaccination status – is again in effect.
Cal/OSHA is planning further revisions to the ETS and will consider whether to align the ETS with CDPH and CDC guidance on face coverings. A proposed revised version of the ETS will be presented by Cal/OSHA to the board at its June 17 meeting; if approved by the board, the earliest date these revisions would take effect is June 28.
Current rules for California employers
California employers must comply with all federal, state and local COVID-19 orders, including federal guidance from the CDC, state guidance from the CDPH and Cal/OSHA, and county-based health orders. With workplace requirements coming from various sources, employers must follow the most restrictive rules.
Because the November 2020 version of Cal/OSHA’s ETS are again in effect, this means that even if the CDC, CDPH and counties allow for looser restrictions on use of face coverings by fully vaccinated individuals, California employers must continue to mandate face coverings for all employees, regardless of vaccination status, until Cal/OSHA updates the ETS.
What to expect next
Employers should continue to monitor for updates from Cal/OSHA. Given the rescission of the June 3 revisions, employers no longer have to comply with any of the other changes highlighted in our previous alert, but should expect that many of the other changes not related to face coverings will likely be carried forward into the new revisions to the ETS. It is also unclear whether the N-95 respirator requirement from the June 3 revisions will reappear in the next set of revisions.