How is Child Support and Alimony Determined in Arizona?

by Jaburg Wilk
Contact

Jaburg Wilk

When divorcing couples have minor children, frequently the amount of child support is an issue in the divorce.  In Arizona, child support can be estimated using the Arizona Child Support guidelines. The courts provide a free calculator that can be used to determine what a divorcing parent's child support obligations might be.  They consider amount of time with each parent, incomes of both parents, ages of the children, medical, child care and educational expenses. The calculator is an estimate of the child support and the amount ordered by the court may be different than the estimated amount.   Once child support is ordered by the court, it becomes a financial obligation that can- and frequently is – deducted from the parent's paychecks and sent directly to the Child Support Clearinghouse.   Under ARS §23-722.01(d), Arizona employers are required to report all new hires within 20 days of hire date.  DES uses the child support computer system to match new hire information against open child support cases.  Even if there is a verbal or written agreement between the parents to change the amount of child support, the employer will still deduct the amount of child support in the court's order.

As with many divorced couples, circumstances change.  The amount of time that the children spend with one parent may increase or decrease or the amount of income that one parent earns may change substantially.  While the parents can make a new child support agreement, we would not recommend that they do. Rather, they will need to go back to court and file for modified child support even if it is for the modified amount that they have already both agreed to.   Going back to family law court for minor adjustments to child support will not be in the best interests of either party.  The circumstances need to be significantly different.  In the event that a spouse remarries, the income of a new spouse is not taken into account for purpose of calculating a child support modification.    

Spousal maintenance, frequently called alimony, may be a very hotly contested issue in a divorce. The general purpose of spousal maintenance is three-fold:

  1. Equalize unfair economic circumstances when a marriage ends
  2. Provide income so that a spouse can obtain education or other opportunities to increase earning potential
  3. Provide the spouse with the standard of living that they had enjoyed during the marriage

There are misconceptions about spousal maintenance being determined by a formula.  It is not determined solely by the length of marriage, disparate income levels, lifestyles or education levels. While those are factors, they are not the only items that are considered.  While many couples will negotiate and agree on both the amount and duration of spousal maintenance, others will allow the family law courts to decide.   The court will take into consideration the amount of child support when determining spousal maintenance – and spousal maintenance is a data point which is used in the child support calculator.  The more one party receives in spousal maintenance, the less they will receive in child support.  If there is not enough income to support both spouses, there may not be any spousal maintenance ordered.  

PREVIOUSLY PUBLISHED on ABC15 SonoranLiving.com

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Jaburg Wilk | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Jaburg Wilk
Contact
more
less

Jaburg Wilk on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
Sign up using*

Already signed up? Log in here

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
Privacy Policy (Updated: October 8, 2015):
hide

JD Supra provides users with access to its legal industry publishing services (the "Service") through its website (the "Website") as well as through other sources. Our policies with regard to data collection and use of personal information of users of the Service, regardless of the manner in which users access the Service, and visitors to the Website are set forth in this statement ("Policy"). By using the Service, you signify your acceptance of this Policy.

Information Collection and Use by JD Supra

JD Supra collects users' names, companies, titles, e-mail address and industry. JD Supra also tracks the pages that users visit, logs IP addresses and aggregates non-personally identifiable user data and browser type. This data is gathered using cookies and other technologies.

The information and data collected is used to authenticate users and to send notifications relating to the Service, including email alerts to which users have subscribed; to manage the Service and Website, to improve the Service and to customize the user's experience. This information is also provided to the authors of the content to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

JD Supra does not sell, rent or otherwise provide your details to third parties, other than to the authors of the content on JD Supra.

If you prefer not to enable cookies, you may change your browser settings to disable cookies; however, please note that rejecting cookies while visiting the Website may result in certain parts of the Website not operating correctly or as efficiently as if cookies were allowed.

Email Choice/Opt-out

Users who opt in to receive emails may choose to no longer receive e-mail updates and newsletters by selecting the "opt-out of future email" option in the email they receive from JD Supra or in their JD Supra account management screen.

Security

JD Supra takes reasonable precautions to insure that user information is kept private. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. However, please note that no method of transmitting or storing data is completely secure and we cannot guarantee the security of user information. Unauthorized entry or use, hardware or software failure, and other factors may compromise the security of user information at any time.

If you have reason to believe that your interaction with us is no longer secure, you must immediately notify us of the problem by contacting us at info@jdsupra.com. In the unlikely event that we believe that the security of your user information in our possession or control may have been compromised, we may seek to notify you of that development and, if so, will endeavor to do so as promptly as practicable under the circumstances.

Sharing and Disclosure of Information JD Supra Collects

Except as otherwise described in this privacy statement, JD Supra will not disclose personal information to any third party unless we believe that disclosure is necessary to: (1) comply with applicable laws; (2) respond to governmental inquiries or requests; (3) comply with valid legal process; (4) protect the rights, privacy, safety or property of JD Supra, users of the Service, Website visitors or the public; (5) permit us to pursue available remedies or limit the damages that we may sustain; and (6) enforce our Terms & Conditions of Use.

In the event there is a change in the corporate structure of JD Supra such as, but not limited to, merger, consolidation, sale, liquidation or transfer of substantial assets, JD Supra may, in its sole discretion, transfer, sell or assign information collected on and through the Service to one or more affiliated or unaffiliated third parties.

Links to Other Websites

This Website and the Service may contain links to other websites. The operator of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using the Service through the Website and link to another site, you will leave the Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We shall have no responsibility or liability for your visitation to, and the data collection and use practices of, such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of this Website and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our privacy policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use the Service or Website following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes. If you do not agree with the terms of this Policy, as it may be amended from time to time, in whole or part, please do not continue using the Service or the Website.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this privacy statement, the practices of this site, your dealings with this Web site, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: info@jdsupra.com.

- hide
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.