The Department of Defense (DOD) has issued a new instruction that establishes internal DOD policies for detecting, avoiding, and remediating counterfeit parts in the DOD supply chain, and allocates responsibility among various DOD offices and functions for administering or developing those counterfeit prevention policies. Department of Defense Instruction (DODI) 4140.67, titled “DoD Counterfeit Prevention Policy,” was issued on April 26, 2013, and it represents the next — but far from the final — step in the federal government’s efforts to deal with the epidemic of counterfeit parts that led to the inclusion of a provision specifically targeted at counterfeit electronic parts in the fiscal year 2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). That statutory provision — Section 818 of the 2012 NDAA — requires DOD to adopt regulations that would impose far-reaching counterfeit prevention obligations on defense contractors, including provisions that would describe how contractors are to establish or validate so-called “trusted suppliers.”