The Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Civil Rights (OCR) recently published a checklist to guide HIPAA-covered entities and business associates through an appropriate response to a ransomware or cybersecurity incident (“Incident”), as follows:
respond to the Incident;
mitigate any impermissible disclosure of protected health information;
deploy contingency plans;
report any cybercrime(s) to the appropriate law enforcement agency (e.g., the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, state or local law enforcement); and
report cyber-threats to applicable federal and information sharing and analysis organizations (ISAOs) (e.g., the Department of Homeland Security or the Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response).
If a breach affecting 500 or more individuals occurs, the covered entity or business associate must report the breach to OCR as soon as possible, but no later than 60 days after it is discovered. If, instead, it is determined that no breach occurred, the HIPAA-covered entity or business associate must document how it made that determination, as well as retain this documentation and all information considered during the Incident’s risk assessment.
We recommend that all HIPAA-covered entities and business associates review their policies and procedures, and ensure they conform to the OCR checklist.
Image source: U.S. Department of Health & Human Services