Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

by Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Contact

Financial Industry Developments

SEC Provides Additional Analysis Related to Proposed Pay Ratio Disclosure Rules

On June 4, the Securities and Exchange Commission provided additional analysis related to its proposed rules for pay ratio disclosure. The staff believes that the analysis will be informative for evaluating the potential effects on the accuracy of the pay ratio calculation of excluding different percentages of certain categories of employees, such as employees in foreign countries, part-time, seasonal, or temporary employees as suggested by commenters. The staff is making the analysis available for public comment – comments may be submitted by July 6. Release. Analysis.

FDIC, Federal Reserve and Office of Comptroller of the Currency Reiterate Annual Public Disclosure Requirements for Medium-Sized Financial Companies Under Dodd-Frank Company-Run Stress Tests

On June 2, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency reiterated the disclosure requirements for annual stress tests conducted by financial institutions with total consolidated assets between $10 billion and $50 billion pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act. The medium-sized firms are required to disclose certain information, including: a description of the types of risks included in the stress test; a summary description of the methodologies used in the stress test; estimates of losses, revenue, and net income; post-stress capital ratios; and an explanation of the most significant causes for the changes in regulatory capital ratios. Joint Release.

Rating Agency Developments

On June 1, DBRS released its RMBS Insight 1.2: U.S. Residential Mortgage-Backed Securities Model and Rating Methodology. Report.

On June 1, Fitch released its U.S. RMBS Surveillance and Re-REMIC Criteria. Report.

On June 1, Moody's issued RMBS Rating Methodology Supplement – Israel. Report.

On June 1, S&P issued Revised Assumptions For Rating U.S. RMBS Prime, Alternative-A, And Subprime Loans Incorporated Into LEVELS Version 7.4.3, effective immediately. Report.

On June 1, S&P issued Revised U.S. Residential Mortgage Input File Format, Glossary, And Appendices To The Glossary For LEVELS Version 7.4.3, effective immediately. Report.

On June 2, Fitch released its State Housing Finance Agencies: MBS Pass-Through Bond Rating Criteria. Report.

On June 3, Fitch released its Criteria for Rating U.S. Timeshare Loan ABS. Report.

On June 5, Fitch released its U.S. Nonprofit Institutions Rating Criteria. Report.

On June 5, S&P released its Global Container Lease-Backed ABS Methodology And Assumptions. Report.

Distressed Debt and Restructuring Developments

Supreme Court Says Underwater Junior Liens Survive Bankruptcy

On March 30, we reported on two cases pending before the U.S. Supreme Court: Bank of America v. Caulkett[1] and Bank of America v. Toledo-Cardona[2].  Each involved chapter 7 bankruptcy cases in which the debtors had no equity in their homes because the houses were worth less than the amount outstanding on the senior mortgage loans—that is, the second lien-lenders were "unsecured" or totally "underwater".   

In a chapter 7 case, an individual debtor is able to obtain a discharge of his or her debts, but the debtor's non-exempt assets are liquidated by a bankruptcy trustee, who then distributes the proceeds to creditors. In Dewsnup v. Timm[3], the Supreme Court held that Bankruptcy Code § 506 does not permit an individual chapter 7 debtor to reduce (or "strip down") a first-lien mortgage loan to the value of the real property where the amount owed ($119,000) is greater than the property value ($39,000).  Caulkett and its companion case addressed whether the outcome should be different where the debtor seeks to void (or "strip off") a second lien mortgage that is wholly underwater.

On its decision announced on June 1, the Supreme Court found the question effectively controlled by its prior holding in Dewsnup.  Noting that the debtors had not asked it to overrule Dewsnup, the Court held by unanimous decision[4] that a debtor in a chapter 7 bankruptcy case may not void second mortgage liens under Bankruptcy Code section 506(d) when the debt owed on a senior mortgage lien exceeds the current value of the collateral.  The Court rejected respondents' attempts to limit Dewsnup's interpretation to partially underwater mortgages, concluding that there was no principled way to distinguish those from wholly underwater mortgages within the terms of the Bankruptcy Code.  In Dewsnup, the Court defined an "allowed secured claim" under section 506(d) as "claim supported by a security interest in property, regardless of whether the value of that collateral would be sufficient to cover the claim".  Thus, section 506(d) voids underwater liens only where the underlying debt is invalid under applicable law.  Read More.

Investment Management

CFTC Staff Issues No-Action Relief from Introducing Broker and Commodity Trading Advisor Registration to Persons Located Outside the United States Engaged in Activities on behalf of Customers that are International Financial Institutions

On June 4, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission's ("CFTC") Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight ("DSIO") issued a No-Action Letter stating that it will not recommend that the CFTC take action for failure to register as an introducing broker or commodity trading advisor against persons located outside the United States that facilitate swap transactions for International Financial Institutions ("IFIs") that have offices in the United States.

The DSIO took the position that the relief is appropriate in light of the unique attributes and status of IFIs, and in consideration of international comity. In addition, the relief granted is consistent with the CFTC's prior treatment of IFIs for purposes of foreign futures and options transactions, the swap dealer definition, and mandatory clearing.

DSIO has defined IFIs, for purposes of the no-action letter, in accordance with prior CFTC policy to be the following institutions and organizations: International Monetary Fund, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, International Finance Corp., Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency, African Development Bank, African Development Fund, Asian Development Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, Bank for Economic Cooperation and Development in the Middle East and North Africa, Inter-American Investment Corp., Council of Europe Development Bank, Nordic Investment Bank, Caribbean Development Bank, European Investment Bank and European Investment Fund (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Finance Corp. and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency are parts of the World Bank Group).

RMBS and Other Securities Litigation

HSBC Motion to Dismiss Denied in Part in Trustee RMBS Suits by Blackrock, Royal Park Investments, and Phoenix Light

On June 1, 2015, Judge Shira Scheindlin of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York issued a Decision and Order granting in part and denying in part HSBC Bank USA, National Association's ("HSBC") motion to dismiss three related actions brought by BlackRock, Royal Park Investments SA/NV, and Phoenix Light SF Ltd., claiming $34 billion in damages.  The suits allege that HSBC breached a fiduciary duty to investors as a trustee in 283 residential mortgage backed securities trusts by failing to require lenders and bond issuers to buy back loans that breached representations and warranties. Judge Scheindlin rejected HSBC's argument that the plaintiffs had failed to plead breaches of representations and warranties on a sufficiently granular basis and also held that plaintiffs had sufficiently alleged that the bank had specific knowledge of breaches of the representations and warranties. Judge Scheindlin dismissed claims for negligent misrepresentation and negligence as time-barred.  Judge Scheindlin gave the plaintiffs 30 days to amend their complaint to attempt to cure the deficiencies in their dismissed claim.  Order.

European Financial Industry Developments

European Commission Extends Transitional Period for Capital Requirements for Banks' Exposures to CCPs

On June 4, 2015, the European Commission published the provisional text of the Implementing Regulation it has adopted to extend the transitional period for capital requirements for EU banking groups' exposures to central counterparties (CCPs) under the Capital Requirements Regulation (Regulation 575/2013) (CRR).

The current transitional period, which was introduced by an earlier Implementing Regulation, expires on June 15, 2015. The new Implementing Regulation will extend the transitional period by six months to December 15, 2015.

In an accompanying press release, the Commission explains that capital charges for exposures to CCPs are higher if the CCP is not authorized or recognized under EMIR (that is, for a CCP not considered as "qualifying"). Since the authorization and recognition processes take time, the CRR provides a transitional period during which the higher capital requirements will not be applied, to ensure a level playing field. As the authorization and recognition processes for existing CCPs serving EU markets will not be fully completed by June 15, 2015, the Commission has extended the transitional phase to December 15, 2015.

EBA Publishes Risk Dashboard of EU Banking Sector for Q1 2015

On June 4, 2015, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published its risk dashboard for the first quarter of 2015, summarizing the main risks and vulnerabilities in the banking sector, together with a press release.

The risk dashboard is based on data from the fourth quarter of 2014 and takes into consideration the evolution of a set of key risk indicators from 55 EU banks. It confirms, among other things, that:

1.  EU banks' capital positions remained strong, with a common equity tier 1 (CET1) ratio of 12.1%. This is an increase of 50 basis points compared to 2013.

2. The quality of banks' loan portfolios remained weak but bottoming out.

3. Profitability showed a mildly positive trend on a year over year comparison, but return on equity remained subdued and materially below banks' average cost of equity.

4. In 2014, at an EU level, deposits increased more than loans. The EU average loan‐to‐deposit ratio therefore decreased further in Q4 2014 to 108.6%, which is the lowest ratio since 2009.

The EBA risk dashboard is part of the regular risk assessment carried out by the EBA and complements the EBA's risk assessment report.

Events

Orrick Breakfast Briefing:  "BitLicense and the Virtual Currency Regulatory Landscape"

What does the BitLicense require and how will the newly finalized New York State BitLicense regulations affect participants in the virtual currency space? Besides BitLicense, what regulatory requirements are being developed or imposed in other jurisdictions?  This program is meant to inform businesses, investors, entrepreneurs, lawyers and prognosticators on the state of virtual currency regulation. New York CLE credit will be offered.

To RSVP for this event, please click here.

 

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP
Contact
more
less

Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
Sign up using*

Already signed up? Log in here

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
Privacy Policy (Updated: October 8, 2015):
hide

JD Supra provides users with access to its legal industry publishing services (the "Service") through its website (the "Website") as well as through other sources. Our policies with regard to data collection and use of personal information of users of the Service, regardless of the manner in which users access the Service, and visitors to the Website are set forth in this statement ("Policy"). By using the Service, you signify your acceptance of this Policy.

Information Collection and Use by JD Supra

JD Supra collects users' names, companies, titles, e-mail address and industry. JD Supra also tracks the pages that users visit, logs IP addresses and aggregates non-personally identifiable user data and browser type. This data is gathered using cookies and other technologies.

The information and data collected is used to authenticate users and to send notifications relating to the Service, including email alerts to which users have subscribed; to manage the Service and Website, to improve the Service and to customize the user's experience. This information is also provided to the authors of the content to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

JD Supra does not sell, rent or otherwise provide your details to third parties, other than to the authors of the content on JD Supra.

If you prefer not to enable cookies, you may change your browser settings to disable cookies; however, please note that rejecting cookies while visiting the Website may result in certain parts of the Website not operating correctly or as efficiently as if cookies were allowed.

Email Choice/Opt-out

Users who opt in to receive emails may choose to no longer receive e-mail updates and newsletters by selecting the "opt-out of future email" option in the email they receive from JD Supra or in their JD Supra account management screen.

Security

JD Supra takes reasonable precautions to insure that user information is kept private. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. However, please note that no method of transmitting or storing data is completely secure and we cannot guarantee the security of user information. Unauthorized entry or use, hardware or software failure, and other factors may compromise the security of user information at any time.

If you have reason to believe that your interaction with us is no longer secure, you must immediately notify us of the problem by contacting us at info@jdsupra.com. In the unlikely event that we believe that the security of your user information in our possession or control may have been compromised, we may seek to notify you of that development and, if so, will endeavor to do so as promptly as practicable under the circumstances.

Sharing and Disclosure of Information JD Supra Collects

Except as otherwise described in this privacy statement, JD Supra will not disclose personal information to any third party unless we believe that disclosure is necessary to: (1) comply with applicable laws; (2) respond to governmental inquiries or requests; (3) comply with valid legal process; (4) protect the rights, privacy, safety or property of JD Supra, users of the Service, Website visitors or the public; (5) permit us to pursue available remedies or limit the damages that we may sustain; and (6) enforce our Terms & Conditions of Use.

In the event there is a change in the corporate structure of JD Supra such as, but not limited to, merger, consolidation, sale, liquidation or transfer of substantial assets, JD Supra may, in its sole discretion, transfer, sell or assign information collected on and through the Service to one or more affiliated or unaffiliated third parties.

Links to Other Websites

This Website and the Service may contain links to other websites. The operator of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using the Service through the Website and link to another site, you will leave the Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We shall have no responsibility or liability for your visitation to, and the data collection and use practices of, such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of this Website and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our privacy policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use the Service or Website following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes. If you do not agree with the terms of this Policy, as it may be amended from time to time, in whole or part, please do not continue using the Service or the Website.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this privacy statement, the practices of this site, your dealings with this Web site, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: info@jdsupra.com.

- hide
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.