Tracking & Analysis of State and Local Orders Affecting Manufacturing & Warehousing Operations

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Governors and local governments are issuing orders daily that are restricting business operations to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Most orders allow for certain "essential businesses" to remain in operation, although the details vary greatly.

Most orders do not require obtaining any special authority to continue to operate for those businesses that are clearly defined as essential in the order. Otherwise, some orders and corresponding guidance provide a process to request an exemption to the order.

We are tracking these orders for our manufacturing and distribution clients across the country, as well as providing tips for what they can do before and after an order is in place.

What Companies Can Do Before or Once an Order Is In Place

1. Review the federal Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency's memorandum. The March 19 memorandum issued by CISA identified "Essential Critical Infrastructure Workforce" during COVID-19. It has been informing many orders and will continue to do so, so companies should review it closely. Note: industries and workforces identified by CISA may be more broad than what individual jurisdictions may allow under stay at home orders.

2. Prepare a concise statement that you can use to request confirmation or designation as an essential business prior to or after the issuance of a stay at home order. This statement can also be the foundation of a request for an exemption from such an order or for responding to any enforcement action. Consider including the following:

  • Brief description of why it is essential for the business to remain open. Note if you have more than one facility or more than one production line and document how each facility and each line is essential.
  • Industry and customers served. Definitely reference the CISA memo if applicable.
  • Procedures and protocols in place to protect those employees still at work (e.g., social distancing, shift staggers, sanitizing, monitoring employee health, sick leave policy, out of work social distancing policy for those still reporting to work, reducing workforce to smallest number possible, deferring non-essential tasks and work, limiting access to the building to only those employees who are supposed to be at work at that time, etc. Note: be sure to internally document these procedures and communications to employees.)
  • Number of employees needed at the site(s) at any given time and explain if this is reduced to critical only from a normal operations level.
  • Steps taken to move workers to remote work and how many/what percentage are currently working remotely.
  • Contact person who can speak for the business and who has authority over the company's workforce.
  • Avoid including privileged or confidential information, and if provided to government officials, note that it is provided for the limited purpose of documentation that the operation is essential and that it should not be shared except as necessary for that singular purpose.

3. If possible obtain supporting documentation from customers that documents their need for continued delivery of your product.

4. In the event a company may not meet any essential business definition in an order, the company should also develop a plan for protecting its inventory, property, and continuation of essential services (payroll, accounting, supporting a now remote workforce) in a manner that would likely comply with a stay at home order (“Minimum Basic Operations”). Based on a review of existing orders, such a plan should involve social distancing and only the most essential personnel working on-site. Keep a statement regarding such a plan ready if there is a need to respond to any enforcement action.

5. While it is unlikely at this time employees will be stopped on their way to work, employees may have concerns about still going to work. Companies that continue to operate under a stay at home order should communicate to employees why the business is essential and clearly designate those employees who are still working as essential. Also communicate steps being taken to minimize spread of COVID-19 at work.

Tracking & Analysis of Orders

Below is our roundup of orders impacting manufacturing and distribution clients across the country. Everything below is subject to change, and we will be updating this daily.

1. Executive Order N-33-20
Date: Issued March 19, 2020

Summary: Everyone in California is to stay home except as needed to maintain operation of the 16 "Critical Infrastructure Sectors" from the CISA memo, critical government services, schools, childcare, and construction. 

Details: The executive order simply states that the 16 "Critical Infrastructure Sectors" shall be maintained. There is currently no guidance in the order or on California state websites on any necessity to obtain a special permit to operate or for employees to work and travel to work for businesses in those 16 sectors.

1. Executive Order No. 7H 
Date: Issued March 20, 2020

Summary: Beginning 8:00 p.m. on March 23, all businesses shall covert to remote work unless an exempt business, which is an essential businesses or entity providing essential goods, services, or functions exempt.

Details: The Department of Economic and Community Development (DECD) has issued guidance as to what businesses are essential. They include "all manufacturing and corresponding supply chains, including aerospace, agriculture, and related support businesses." Requests by businesses to be designated as essential should only be made if they are not covered by the guidance.

1. State of Emergency Declaration, 4th Modification and 5th Modification
Date: Issued March 22, 2020, effective March 24, 2020

Summary: Residents should stay home unless attending to essential needs. Non-essential businesses should close or move their workforces to remote work. Only essential businesses may remain in operation and physically open.

Details: The 4th Modification for the emergency declaration offers very detailed lists of which businesses are essential and which ones are not. Essential businesses that remain open must follow CDC recommendations, have non-punitive sick leave, and maximize sick leave. The state has written recommendations for daily employee screening upon reporting to work. Violations may result in criminal charges. The 5th Modification allows non-essential businesses to conduct minimum basic operations to protect company inventory and property and facilitate a remote workforce. As of March 24, Delaware doesn’t not appear to have any process for obtaining an essential business designation or request a waiver.

1. Executive Orders
Date: Issued March 23, 2020

Summary: Across Georgia, the order closes bars and limits businesses to no more than 10 people in a location if six feet of separation cannot be maintained. The Department of Public Health may close any business not in compliance.

2. Atlanta Mayor’s Executive Order No. 2020-21
Date: Issued March 23, 2020

Summary: The order puts Atlanta under stay at home instructions with exemptions for essential businesses. Businesses that meet that criteria include businesses that supply products needed for people to work from home, businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies needed to operate, and businesses that ship or deliver groceries, food, goods, or services directly to residents. 

1. Executive Order No. 2020-10 (8th COVID)
Date: Issued March 20, 2020

Summary: Only essential business and operations (which are health care, human services, essential government, and essential infrastructure) and minimum basic operations may continue to operate. Essential business and operations are meant to mirror those businesses which are set forth in the CISA memo

Details: Essential infrastructure includes food production, utilities, water, distribution centers, ports, and telecommunications systems, all to be construed broadly to avoid impacts to essential infrastructure. Businesses that sell, manufacture, or supply essential businesses may operate. Minimum basic operations include activity to maintain inventory; preserve property, security, and payroll; and support remote workers. Businesses that continue to operate in compliance with the order shall comply with social distancing as defined in the order (six feet of separation, sanitizing, protecting vulnerable populations, etc.)

1. Executive Order 20-08
Date: Issued March 23, 2020

Summary: Residents should stay home unless for limited permitted purposes and all non-essential businesses and operations must cease.

DetailsEssential business and operations may continue, including those businesses which supply qualifying companies. Those include the types described in the CISA memo. If a company does not meet the essential business and operations definition in the order, it may maintain minimum basic operations to protect company property and inventory, as well as facilitate remote work. Social distancing and sanitizing shall be observed at all times. Any employees who can do their job remotely must be accommodated. Allow sick employees to stay home. Minimize activities or suspend activities that can wait. As of March 24, there is not any guidance on requesting waivers from the order or confirmation that a business meets the essential business definition. This order is very similar to Ohio's.

1. Executive Order 2020-246
Date: Issued March 22, 2020

Summary: This order closes all non-life-sustaining in-person retail establishments.

1. Proclamation No. 33 JBE 2020
Date: Issued March 22, 2020, effective March 23

Summary: This is a general order requiring residents to stay home except for certain permitted activities. It closes certain non-essential businesses to the public. All businesses that remain open must practice social distancing and adhere to a 10-person gathering size limit.

1. Governor’s Order “COVID-19 Order No. 13
Date: Issued March 23, 2020, effective March 24, 2020

Summary: The governor’s order directs the public to stay home except for limited circumstances, and it closes all “non-essential” businesses. Massachusetts has defined essential businesses that may continue to operate as “COVID-19 Essential Services." These businesses closely track those in the CISA memo.

Details: The order affirmatively states that businesses that are within the COVID-19 Essential Services list need not take any further steps to continue operating and that no special designation or certification will be given. There is no mention of any consideration of waivers. The commissioner of public health shall issue further guidance for implementation. It specifies that civil and criminal penalties for violations may apply.

1. Executive Order 2020-21
Date: Issued March 23, 2020, effective March 24, 2020

Summary: Everyone in Michigan should stay home except for meeting basic needs and must practice social distancing while doing so. As of March 22, there is not yet any official guidance on requesting an exception if one’s business is not specifically excepted in the order.

Details: The order references and follows the CISA memo in identifying the critical infrastructure workers. “Minimum business operations” are also permitted to maintain the business property and inventory and to support remote workforce and process necessary transactions (payroll and benefits). Businesses who have a critical infrastructure workforce and continue in-person operations must implement social distancing at work, restrict the in-person workforce to no more than those strictly necessary, have cleaning standards, monitor employee health, and restrict those with symptoms or potential exposure from coming to work.

1. Executive Order No. 107
Date: Issued March 21, 2020

Summary: The order closes the majority of retail establishments except for necessities like grocery stores, takeout food, pet stores, medical supplies, etc. Social distancing in public is required. The order also directs people to stay home with some exceptions (getting essentials, going to work, caring for someone, etc.). 

Details: Businesses must accommodate work from home wherever possible. For those at work, companies must minimize the workforce physically present.

1. Executive Order No. 202.6 modified by 202.8
Date: Issued March 18, 2020, updated March 20, 2020

Summary: Work from home is required beginning March 22, except for essential businesses or entities to include essential manufacturing such as food, chemicals, sanitary products, telecommunications, and more.

Details: A company may apply for a designation as an essential business if it is not listed in the executive order by filing a request with the Empire State Development Department. The request requires description of the business function and an argument as to why it should be considered essential, and it must be signed certifying it to be true.

1. Executive Order 118
Date: Issued March 14, 2020

Summary: As of March 25, North Carolina does not have a stay at home order from the governor, although he has issued an order closing dine-in restaurants. Representative Darren Jackson tweeted on March 21 that although the governor stated on March 20 that a shelter in place order was not planned, businesses could send information to Department of Public Safety regarding why they should be exempt from such a future order.

2. Joint Proclamation of Mecklenburg County and Charlotte
Date: Issued March 24, 2020

Summary: Residents of Mecklenburg County must stay home, except for limited activities that include travel within and outside the county for permitted purposes. Non-essential businesses must close, except for minimum basic operations. Any business still open must practice social distancing. The proclamation lists what businesses are essential, which includes those involved in the manufacturing, distribution, and supply chain of a wide range of industries. 

1. Director's Stay at Home Order
Date: Issued March 22, 2020; effective March 24, 2020

Summary: This order from the director of the Ohio Department of Health requires people to stay home except for limited exceptions. Non-essential business and operations must cease.

Details: Essential businesses and operations may continue, which include those described in the CISA memo. Essential businesses and operations must comply with social distancing. Minimum basic operations are permitted to protect a business’s inventory and property, as well as to support remote work. This order is very similar to Indiana's. 

1. Executive Order 20-12
Date: Issued March 23, 2020

Summary: This order specifies that remote work shall be facilitated to the extent possible. Businesses must designate an employee or officer to establish and enforce social distancing where remote work is not possible. Entertainment venues, dine-in establishments, personal (beauty) services, gyms, and certain retail stores are all closed.

1. Order of Governor dated March 19, 2020
Date: March 19, 2020, enforcement begins March 21, 2020

Summary: No business may operate unless it is “life sustaining” and follows social distancing or its employees telework.

Details: Many manufacturers are considered life sustaining. Any client operating in Pennsylvania should review the list carefully. There is also a statement that in "extenuating circumstances, special exemptions will be granted to businesses that are supplying or serving health care providers.” There is a form that businesses may submit online requesting a waiver from the order. This form requires (1) a justification, (2 a plan to meet CDC guidelines for employee safety, and (3) the number of employees who would need to be present at work (critical workers).

1. As of March 22, there are no orders from the governor in South Carolina, other than an order closing dine-in restaurants and limiting commerce. Governor McMaster tweeted on March 21 that a shelter in place order is not under consideration. Given the rapidly changing COVID-19 response we do not recommend any business take this as a directive to not prepare for such an order.

2. City of Charleston Emergency Ordinance on Stay at Home
Date: Issued March 24, 2020, effective March 26, 2020

Summary: The ordinance placed Charleston under a stay at home order with exceptions for businesses providing essential services, which includes a variety of manufacturers. Those that remain open must "take all reasonable measures, including limiting the number of individuals in their businesses, to facilitate and ensure social distancing of at least six feet."

As of March 24, there were no executive orders from the governor that would restrict commerce beyond dine-in establishments, entertainment, gyms, social gatherings, and the like.

As of March 22, the mayor's orders have only limited dining and entertainment. 

1. Stay Home Stay Healthy Proclamation 20-05
Date: Issued March 23, 2020, effective March 25, 2020

Summary: People must stay home except for limited activities. Non-essential businesses must close, except for activities of minimum basic operations to protect inventory and property and facilitate remote work. Essential business and operations may continue, and they are defined in an appendix to the order. A variety of manufacturers qualify. 

1. Executive Order No. 9-20
Date: Issued March 23, 2020

Summary: People must stay home except for limited activities. Non-essential businesses must close, except for activities of minimum basic operations to protect inventory and property and facilitate remote work. Essential business and operations may continue.

Details: Essential businesses and operations include those addressed in the CISA memo. Businesses with five or fewer employees and where the public is not invited may continue to operate if maintaining social distancing.

1. Emergency Order #12
Date: Issue March 24, 2020, effective March 25, 2020

Summary: People in Wisconsin shall stay at home except for limited activities. Non-essential businesses must cease, except minimum basic operations. Essential businesses and operations that remain open and minimum basic operations must employ social distancing and maximize remote work. The order includes list of essential businesses and operations and references the CISA memo. Violations are punishable by 30 days imprisonment or fine or both. This state order supersedes any local order in conflict with it. 

[View source.]

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP

Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.