Cranfill Sumner & Hartzog LLP

5420 Wade Park Boulevard
Suite 300
Raleigh, NC 27607, United States
Phone: (919) 828-5100
Fax: (919) 828-2277
Areas Of Practice
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)
  • Appellate Practice
  • Business Organizations
  • Business Torts
  • Civil Rights
  • Commercial Law & Contracts
  • Constitutional Law
  • Construction Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Education
  • Environmental Law
  • Family Law
  • Government
  • Health
  • Insurance
  • Intellectual Property
  • Labor & Employment Law
  • Litigation
  • Maritime Law
  • Privacy
  • Products Liability
  • Professional Malpractice
  • Real Estate
  • Toxic Torts
  • Transportation
  • Wills, Trusts, & Estate Planning
  • Workers' Compensation
  • Zoning, Planning & Land Use
See more
Other U.S. Locations
  • North Carolina
Number of Attorneys
50-100 Attorneys

President Trump Takes Executive Action Against COVID-19

On August 8, 2020, President Donald Trump signed one Executive Order and three Presidential Memoranda to boost economic aid as the United States continues to suffer from the COVID-19 pandemic.  President Trump no longer wanted…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Eviction, Executive Orders, Infectious Diseases, Moratorium

See all updates »

Publicly Advertising a Job is Not Essential in Proving Suitable Employment

Suitable employment has been defined as “any job that a claimant is capable of performing considering his age, education, physical limitations, vocational skills and experience.” Shah v. Howard Johnson, 140 N.C. App. 58, 68, 535…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Hiring & Firing, Non-Essential Businesses

See all updates »

North Carolina Court of Appeals Reminds Practitioners that the Rules are NOT Meant to be Broken

Nothing derails a good appeal faster than a jurisdictional problem. And although the rules of procedure can be confusing, they cannot be ignored.  In Doe v. City of Charlotte, NO COA19-497, filed on August 18, 2020, the North…more

Administrative Procedure, North Carolina, Policies and Procedures

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Analyzing Mental Impairments under Workers’ Compensation

It is well established that as long as the resulting disability, meets statutory requirements, mental impairments are compensable in North Carolina. These injuries arise in multiple ways. …more

Mental Health

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Are You A “Professional” Under North Carolina Law: Why You Need To Know

Under the law, the definition of “professional” has broadened significantly over the past several decades as specialization in business and law increase. North Carolina courts have considered many factors in determining whether…more

Professional Liability

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U.S. Department of Justice Requires Qui Tam Relators to Disclose the Involvement of Third-Party Litigation Funding in False Claims Act Cases

In fiscal year 2019, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) secured over $3 billion in judgments and settlements from civil cases brought under the False Claims Act (FCA).  Of that $3 billion, over $2.6 billion related to…more

Compliance, DOJ, Enforcement Actions, False Claims Act (FCA), Fiduciary Duty

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Mediations During The Pandemic

Many of us are learning to do things differently as we cope with stay-at-home orders, restricted operations of the courts, travel restrictions and general reluctance of folks to subject themselves unnecessarily to the risks of…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Cybersecurity, Data Protection, Remote Working, Risk Management

See all updates »

Are Clean Shirts on a Work Trip Necessary?

Did an employee that trips and falls while cleaning laundry on a work trip sustain a compensable workers’ compensation injury? It is common for employees to be assigned to work outside of the office. Many times, such…more

Employer Liability Issues, Workers Compensation Awards, Workers' Compensation Claim, Workplace Hazards, Workplace Injury

See all updates »

Does an Employee Who Contracts COVID-19 at Work from a Co-Employee Have a Legal Remedy?

As more employers begin to open their doors and their employees return to work, unanticipated and unusual issues are likely to arise.  Due to the length of time people have been forced to live without their traditional income,…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Employer Liability Issues, Health and Safety, Infectious Diseases, Policies and Procedures

See all updates »

Does an Employee Who Contracts COVID-19 at Work from a Co-Employee Have a Legal Remedy?

As more employers begin to open their doors and their employees return to work, unanticipated and unusual issues are likely to arise.  Due to the length of time people have been forced to live without their traditional income,…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Employer Liability Issues, Health and Safety, Infectious Diseases, Policies and Procedures

See all updates »

4th Circuit Holds Police Are Not Entitled to Qualified Immunity After Shooting a Secured, Incapacitated Suspect; Supreme Court Refuses to Reexamine the Doctrine in Unrelated Matters

In a recently published opinion, the Fourth Circuit held that even if the City could not be liable under a Monell theory, its police officers were not entitled to Qualified Immunity because a reasonable jury could find that the…more

Law Enforcement, Police, Police Brutality, Police Misconduct

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NC Workers' Compensation Claims & Healthcare Workers

As to COVID-19, are potential claims for front-line healthcare workers compensable? Specifically, for those working in Emergency Rooms or having face-to-face interactions with patients, how is the medical causation analysis…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Employer Liability Issues, Health Care Providers, Healthcare Workers, Occupational Exposure

See all updates »

When Mom Moves in... Key Legal Considerations Before an Aging Parent Moves in with an Adult Child

As Americans are living longer, more and more seniors are turning to family members for care and support as they age.  In some cases, seniors are even moving in with their adult children.  For some families, this dynamic of…more

Caregivers, Elder Care, Elder Issues

See all updates »

The COVID-19 Recovery Act and Limited Immunity for Health Care Providers and Services

On May 2, 2020, the General Assembly ratified Senate Bill 704: the COVID-19 Recovery Act, and on May 4, 2020, Governor Cooper signed it into law. …more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Employer Liability Issues, Employer Responsibilities, Health Care Providers, Personal Protective Equipment

See all updates »

Non-Trucking Liability Policies: Application and Exclusion

Introduction - A policy of non-trucking liability coverage generally applies when a vehicle is being operated for a non-trucking use. If a driver is operating a vehicle in the business of a motor carrier then the motor…more

Auto Insurance, Motor Vehicles, Trucking Industry

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Maritime and Admiralty Presumptions Concerning Damages Caused by Vessels

How are legal issues handled when maritime vessels cause damage to other property? There are a few presumptions that are considered in every case of vessel damage. With the damage from Hurricane Florence, our attorneys are…more

Damages, Force Majeure Clause, Hurricane Florence, Maritime Transport, Shipping

See all updates »

"Vested Interest"

How Shifts in Interest Rates are Affecting the Value of Workers’ Compensation Death Claims - Interest rates affect many aspects of our lives, from the housing market, to credit cards, to student loan debt. One area that is…more

Death Benefits, Workers' Compensation Claim

See all updates »

U.S. and Switzerland Approve Drone Agreement

On July 8, the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Switzerland’s Federal Office of Civil Aviation announced the adoption of an agreement for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) or drones…more

Drones, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Intent, Switzerland, Unmanned Aircraft Systems

See all updates »

Expanded FMLA Leave and Paid Sick Leave

The Families First Coronavirus Response Act is Signed Into Law - On March 18, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (the “Act”).  Many questions remain, and we’ll be filling in the…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), FMLA, Paid Leave, Sick Leave

See all updates »

Republican-Majority NLRB Closes out 2017 With A Bang!

The now Republican majority on the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) was on a roll in December and is not hesitating to revise standards set by its Democratic predecessors…more

Boeing, Browning-Ferris Industries of California Inc., NLRA, NLRB, Political Parties

See all updates »

Extended Compensation Filing Protocol

For North Carolina workers’ compensation claims arising on or after June 24, 2011, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 97-29(b) provides the duration of compensation for temporary total disability is 500 weeks from the date of first disability…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Unemployment Benefits, Unemployment Insurance

See all updates »

Limitation of Liability Clauses

Many industry form documents and custom construction contracts contain provisions shifting or limiting the respective parties’ risks. One of the more potentially significant risk-limiting provisions seen primarily in customized…more

Construction Contracts, Form Documents, Limitation of Liability Clause, Professional Services Contract

See all updates »

FAQ for North Carolina Product Liability Claims

Product liability law in North Carolina encompasses many of the same common law elements as most other personal injury claims, but it is unique in that it is governed by a detailed statutory code. The North Carolina Product…more

Strict Liability

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Top 5 Myths and Misconceptions About Operating Neighborhood Pools During Phase II

With summer in full swing, North Carolinians are looking for ways to beat the heat safely while navigating COVID-19 social distancing protocols.  On May 20, 2020, Governor Cooper issued Executive Order No. 141 that allowed…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Health and Safety, Infectious Diseases, North Carolina, Public Health

See all updates »

New Overtime Rules are Less Than a Month Away – Are You Ready?

Unless you have had your head in the sand, you know that the U.S. Department of Labor (“DOL”) is changing the rules on overtime pay for executive, administrative, and professional employees. These changes go into effect on…more

DOL, FLSA, Minimum Salary, Wage and Hour, White-Collar Exemptions

See all updates »

New Title IX Requirements: Turning Campus Hearings into Pseudo-Courtrooms

The new Title IX regulations, adopted in the midst of COVID-19’s fierce imposition on society as a whole, and education in particular, are set to become effective in less than two weeks – August 14, 2020.  While there are a…more

Burden of Proof, Educational Institutions, Gender-Based Violence, Sexual Harassment, Title IX

See all updates »

Gov. Cooper Signs Uniform Collaborative Law Act Into Law on July 1

On July 1, Gov. Roy Cooper signed the Uniform Collaborative Law Act into law. The new law, which received bipartisan support, details the Collaborative Law process in North Carolina, establishes this practice as a voluntary…more

Dispute Resolution, North Carolina

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Court Order Leads to Changes at the Industrial Commission

After taking office, Governor Cooper filed a lawsuit against the NC General Assembly and Chairman Allen and Commissioner Stith of the NC Industrial Commission challenging on constitutional grounds to changes to NCIC appointment…more

Administrative Appointments, Constitutional Challenges, Governor Cooper, Industrial Commissions, Separation of Powers

See all updates »

The COVID-19 Recovery Act and Limited Immunity for Essential Businesses

Whether your business has remained fully open during Governor Cooper’s “stay-at-home” order, is providing reduced services and offerings, or has temporarily closed, the business community at large has expressed concerns about…more

Best Practices, CARES Act, Coronavirus/COVID-19, Essential Workers, Relief Measures

See all updates »

Supreme Court Rules that a Generic Term Combined with “.com” is Protectable

Recently the Supreme Court affirmed registration on the principal register for what appeared to be a generic term. In United States Patent & Trademark Office v. B. V., 140 S. Ct. 2298 (2020), the Court affirmed…more

Acquired Distinctiveness, Appeals,, Domain Name Registration, Domain Names

See all updates »

2014 NC Case Law Update

Below is a summary of significant 2014 Workers Compensation cases decided by the Courts, along with “practice tips” for addressing these issues. Covered topics include: Medical Causation, notice defenses, subsequent injuries,…more

Workers' Compensation Defense, Workplace Injury

See all updates »

Waiving Legal Arguments

In Bentley v. Jonathan Piner Construction, the N.C. Court of Appeals addressed when a legal issue would be deemed waived by a party. The Court also addressed whether an injured worker was an independent contractor or employee…more

Construction Industry, Employee Definition, Employer Liability Issues, Independent Contractors, Workers' Compensation Claim

See all updates »

Does an Employee Who Contracts COVID-19 at Work from a Co-Employee Have a Legal Remedy?

As more employers begin to open their doors and their employees return to work, unanticipated and unusual issues are likely to arise.  Due to the length of time people have been forced to live without their traditional income,…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Employer Liability Issues, Health and Safety, Infectious Diseases, Policies and Procedures

See all updates »

NC Court of Appeals Sets New Precedent for Employers

Yesterday, in a precedent setting opinion, Gonzalez v. Tidy Maids, Inc. et al., the North Carolina Court of Appeals held that when an employer has accepted a claim for benefits by filing a Form 63 and fails to contest the…more

Appeals, Employer Liability Issues, Filing Deadlines, Workplace Injury

See all updates »

US Supreme Court Makes it Easier to Bring Claims Against Police Officers

Last week, in Kingsley v. Hendrickson, the United States Supreme Court changed the law in the 4th Circuit, which includes North Carolina. North Carolina police officers will now work in a world in which it is easier for a…more

Due Process, Fourteenth Amendment, Harmless Error, Jury Instructions, Kingsley v Hendrickson

See all updates »

U.S. Supreme Court Rules that Title VII Prevents Discrimination against Gay and Transgender Employees | CSH Law

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the most sweeping anti-discrimination law ever enacted in the United States.  By its express terms, it prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, religion, color, national origin,…more

Altitude Express Inc v Zarda, Bostock v Clayton County Georgia, Civil Rights Act, EEOC v RG & GR Harris Funeral Homes, Employer Liability Issues

See all updates »

FAQ: How Does COVID-19 Affect Current WC Claims?

If a WC Claimant refuses medical treatment due to COVID-19 contamination fears, can benefits be cut off? Under NC Law (NCGS 97-25(d)), Defendants cannot unilaterally suspend or terminate benefits if the claimant refuses…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Noncompliance, Return-to-Work Agreements, Temporary Total Disability, Termination of Benefits

See all updates »

Does a Clause in your Commercial Contract Protect you during the COVID-19 Crisis?

What in the world is a “force majeure”? The phrase “force majeure” has gotten more attention in recent weeks than it had for many years, if ever. Force majeure literally means “superior force.” Force majeure clauses appear in…more

Business Interruption, Coronavirus/COVID-19, Force Majeure Clause, Frustration of a Common Purpose

See all updates »

Invalidating Long-Standing Fourth Circuit Precedent, U.S. Supreme Court Holds that Title VII’s Charge Filing Requirement is Procedural, Not Jurisdictional

Before initiating a lawsuit under Title VII, a complainant must first file a charge of discrimination with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) within 180 days of the alleged act of discrimination. Typically,…more

Affirmative Defenses, Amended Complaints, Appeals, Charge-Filing Preconditions, Civil Rights Act

See all updates »

NC COVID-19 Insurance Coverage Lawsuit Filed

One of the first insurance coverage lawsuits related to the COVID-19 pandemic was recently filed in North Carolina.  The Complaint was filed in Guilford County Superior Court by a group of local restaurants and bars.  Plaintiffs…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Federal Loans, Financial Stimulus, Relief Measures

See all updates »

COVID-19 and Compliance with Open Meeting Laws: Going Virtual

The North Carolina open meetings law gives the public a right to attend official meetings of public entities and require public entities to provide notice of and access to official meetings. Amid the current threat posed by…more

Coronavirus/COVID-19, Public Health, Public Meetings, State and Local Government, Virtual Meetings

See all updates »

U.S. and Switzerland Approve Drone Agreement

On July 8, the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Switzerland’s Federal Office of Civil Aviation announced the adoption of an agreement for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) or drones…more

Drones, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Intent, Switzerland, Unmanned Aircraft Systems

See all updates »

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JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

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Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

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How is your information shared?

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How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
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You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

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There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

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JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

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Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

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This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.