This Won’t Hurt a Bit: Employee Temperature and Health Screenings – A List of Statewide Orders (UPDATED)

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Governors and public health officials across the country have implemented stringent measures to help contain the spread of COVID-19, such as safer at home and face covering mandates. Some jurisdictions also require employers to screen the health of employees, often as they begin a shift. These health screening steps, including temperature checks, have become more common as states reopen their economies.

This post, current as of October 23, 2020 at 10:00 a.m. (CDT), covers statewide laws and orders that require employers to take employees’ temperatures and/or conduct other employee health screening procedures, such as asking employees about any COVID-19-consistent symptoms using a questionnaire or checklist. This chart covers only generally applicable requirements and does not cover the heightened requirements applicable to certain types of employees, such as healthcare workers; public health workers; long-term care, assisted living, and nursing home workers; first responders; and law enforcement. We will update this list regularly but expect it will become outdated quickly as new announcements are made.

Note that this list does not include temperature or health screening requirements at the local level. 

In addition, this post does not address other significant issues related to employer screenings of employee health, including potential wage and hour, discrimination, and privacy concerns. As a result, employers should consult with counsel for details on additional orders that may apply to their operations and for guidance on related legal questions.

Employers interested in further information may wish to consult our articles identifying face covering guidance and return to work protocols, as well as our interactive reopening map.

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Jurisdiction

Temperature Screening

Other Health Screening

Alabama

Recommended. "Best practice": employers should take temperatures onsite with a no-touch thermometer each day upon a person’s arrival at work. "Minimum practice": an employee may take his or her temperature before arriving. In either case, a normal temperature does not exceed 100.4F.

Recommended. Employers should screen all employees reporting to work for COVID-19 symptoms with specified  questions.

Alaska

No requirement

Recommended. Reopening businesses should conduct pre-shift symptom screening

NOTE: At least one Alaska locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Arizona

Recommended. Screening should include temperature checks for all personnel, when possible, as they arrive on premises or before opening.

Required. Implement symptom screening for employees prior to the start of their shift, to include wellness/symptom checks, including temperature checks for all personnel, when possible, as they arrive on premises or before opening.

Arkansas

No requirement

Required for restaurant employers. All staff shall be screened for specified symptoms daily before entering the workplace.

Required for gyms and fitness centers. All staff shall be screened for specified symptoms daily before entering the workplace.

Recommended generally. Employees should be screened for fever, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, or loss of taste or smell as they are entering the building at the beginning work.

California

No requirement.

NOTE: Some California localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Required. Employers must train employees on how to limit the spread of COVID-19, including how to screen themselves for symptoms and stay home if they have them.

NOTE: Some California localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Colorado

Required. Employers must conduct daily temperature checks at the worksite to the greatest extent possible, or if not practicable, through self-assessment at home prior to coming to the worksite. State guidance provides that all information about employee illness must be treated as a confidential medical record.

Employers with over 50 employees in any one location shall, in addition to the above requirements, implement employee screening systems that follow the above requirements in one of the following ways: (1) set up stations at the worksite for symptom screening and temperature checks; or (2) create a business policy that requires at-home employee e self-screening each work day and reporting of the results to the employer prior to entering the worksite.

NOTE: Some Colorado localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Required. Employers must implement daily symptom monitoring protocols at the worksite to the greatest extent possible, or if not practicable, through self-assessment at home prior to coming to the worksite. Employers may use an employee health screening form for checking symptoms. State guidance provides that all information about employee illness must be treated as a confidential medical record

Employers with over 50 employees in any one location shall, in addition to the above requirements, implement employee screening systems that follow the above requirements in one of the following ways: (1) set up stations at the worksite for symptom screening and temperature checks; or (2) create a business policy that requires at-home employee e self-screening each work day and reporting of the results to the employer prior to entering the worksite.

NOTE: Some Colorado localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Connecticut

Recommended. Employees should take their temperature before they go to work. If they have a temperature above 100.4F, they should stay home.

Required for personal care services, retail, restaurants, and office-based businesses. These employers must ask employees resuming on-premises work to confirm they have not experienced COVID-19 CDC-defined symptoms and to monitor their own symptoms, including cough, shortness of breath, or any two of the additional symptoms enumerated in the guidance.

Delaware

Required for high-risk businesses and recommended for all others: each employee must be asked about and report body temperature at or above 99.5F. If a facility has the capability to perform active temperature monitoring, they may do so.

Division of Public Health Essential Services Screening Policy

Required for high-risk businesses and recommended for all others: employers must screen each incoming employee with a basic questionnaire. Division of Public Health Essential Services Screening Policy

NOTE: At least one Delaware locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

District of Columbia

No requirement

Required for non-essential retail, restaurants, retail food sellers (including grocery stores, farmers' markets, supermarkets, convenience stores, food halls, and food banks), personal care services, and gyms/fitness centers. These employers must check employees for symptoms before their shifts and exclude employees with cold- or flu-like symptoms. If an employee exhibits symptoms during shift, exclude that employee.

Recommended for lodging establishments and office spaces: screen employees by assessing symptoms of workers (including fever) with a questionnaire, at the beginning of their shift.

Health Screening Tool Guidance

Florida

No requirement

NOTE: At least one Florida locality has provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Required for restaurants and food establishments. Managers/supervisors shall meet each employee outside the establishment upon an employee’s arrival for a work shift. The manager shall evaluate the employee for obvious signs of illness and send the employee home if symptoms such as cough, fever, shortness of breath, sore throat, or signs of a respiratory infection are directly observed. 

NOTE: At least one Florida locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Georgia

No requirement

Required for restaurants, bars, critical infrastructure and all other non-critical businesses conducting in-person operations. Employers must screen and evaluate employees who exhibit signs of illness, such as a fever over 100.4F, cough, or shortness of breath. Employers must require employees who exhibit signs of illness to seek medical attention and not report to work.

Strongly recommended for all other businesses.

Gyms and fitness centers are also required to screen patrons at entrance and refuse entry to those displaying symptoms.

Hawaii

No requirement

No requirement

NOTE: At least one Hawaii locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Idaho

Restaurant employers, personal care services, bars, wineries, and breweries, and gyms and fitness centers should check temperature with non-contact thermometer; if no fever, which is a temperature greater than 100.4°F, or COVID-19 symptoms are present, require workers to self-monitor and report onset of symptoms during their shift. 

NOTE: At least one Idaho locality has provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Restaurant employers, personal care services, bars, wineries, and breweries, and gyms and fitness centers should monitor employee health by screening employees for fever and symptoms before every shift. 

NOTE: At least one Idaho locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Illinois

Recommended for food and meat processing facilities. Employers should screen and monitor workers, including fever checks and symptom checks.

Recommended. Employers should conduct in-person screening of employees upon entry into workplace and mid-shift screening to verify no presence of COVID-19 symptoms.

NOTE: At least one Illinois locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Indiana

Recommended for reopening businesses but not required.

Required. Open businesses must conduct employee health screenings.

Required for food industry workers.

NOTE: At least one Indiana locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Iowa

No requirement

No requirement

Kansas

Recommended. Employers should monitor employees' temperatures regularly. The state provides a template screening form for logging symptoms.

NOTE: At least one Kansas locality has provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Recommended. Employers should monitor employees' symptoms regularly. The state provides a template screening form for logging symptoms.

NOTE: At least one Kansas locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Kentucky

Required. All businesses, including those that were permitted to remain open, must require employees to undergo daily temperature checks.  Businesses may choose whether to require (1) on-site temperature screenings, or (2) self-screenings conducted by employees at home at least once every 24 hours, ideally just before going to work, and reported to the employer prior to beginning work. Employees with a fever above 100.4° should not report to work.

Required. All businesses, including those that were permitted to remain open, must require employees to undergo daily health assessments for specified symptoms. These assessments may be either self-administered or administered by the business prior to workplace entry. Self-administered assessments may performed at home. 

Louisiana

Recommended. Employers should measure each employee’s temperature and assess symptoms prior to the start of work. Ideally, temperature checks should occur before entering the facility.

NOTE: At least one Louisiana locality has provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Recommended. Employers should measure each employee’s temperature and assess symptoms prior to the start of work.

NOTE: At least one Louisiana locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Maine

No requirement

No requirement

Maryland

Recommended. Employers should implement a daily screening process for workers and other personnel which include CDC or MDH recommended health questions and consider temperature testing.

Recommended. Employers should implement a daily screening process for workers and other personnel which include CDC or MDH recommended health questions and consider temperature testing.

NOTE: At least one Maryland locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Massachusetts

No requirement

Required for office spaces, personal care services, laboratories, gyms and fitness centers, lodging establishments, manufacturing, restaurants, retail stores, and "sectors not otherwise addressed." Facilities must screen workers at each shift by ensuring that workers are not experiencing any of the specified symptoms and have not had close contact with an individual diagnosed with COVID-19.

Michigan

*On October 2, the state supreme court invalidated the governor's executive orders regarding health and safety requirements for businesses. The state health department and MIOSHA have subsequently issued public health orders and emergency rules to reinstate most of the requirements.

Required for manufacturing facilities and meat and poultry processing facilities. The employee screening protocol must include temperature screening.

Required for casinos. The employee screening protocol must include temperature screening.

Recommended for all employers: the daily entry self-screening protocol should include temperature screening "if possible."

NOTE: Some Michigan localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Required for all businesses. Conduct a daily entry self-screening protocol for all employees or contractors entering the workplace, including, at a minimum, a questionnaire covering symptoms and suspected or confirmed exposure to people with possible COVID-19.

Required for construction businesses. Conduct a daily entry screening protocol for workers and visitors entering the worksite, including a questionnaire covering symptoms and exposure to people with possible COVID-19, together with, if possible, a temperature screening.

Required for manufacturing facilities and meat and poultry processing facilities, which must conduct a daily entry screening protocol for workers, contractors, suppliers, and any other individuals entering the facility, including a questionnaire covering symptoms and suspected or confirmed exposure to people with possible COVID-19. Manufacturers must also create dedicated entry point(s) at every facility for daily screening and ensure physical barriers are in place to prevent anyone from bypassing the screening.

Required for businesses that provide in-home services. These businesses must require employees to perform a daily health screening prior to going to the job site.

NOTE: Some Michigan localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Minnesota

Recommended. Employers may opt to conduct temperature screening if it can be done with proper social distancing, protection, and hygiene protocols.

Required. Employers must establish health screening protocols for workers at the start of each shift (e.g., health screening survey, taking temperature). A health screening must be conducted for each worker upon arrival and check-in at work using the Minnesota Department of Health Visitor and Employee Health Screening Checklist

Mississippi

No requirement

Required. All businesses and non-profit entities shall make reasonable, good-faith efforts to comply with the CDC’s and Mississippi State Department of Health’s regulations and guidelines to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including implementing screening protocols of employees and volunteers for COVID-19 at the beginning of each shift.

Missouri

No requirement. 

NOTE: Some Missouri localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

No requirement. 

NOTE: Some Missouri localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Montana

No requirement

Required. Employers must conduct health assessments on employees at the beginning of each shift. Personal care services businesses must also screen customers prior to appointments for symptoms.

Nebraska

Recommended for restaurants reopening for dine-in. Complete employee pre-screening (e.g., take temperature and assess for any symptoms consistent with COVID-19) prior to starting work.

Recommended for meat processing facilities. The recommended health screening should include temperature checks.

Required for employers that provide congregate or shared housing to employees: perform daily verbal screening and temperature checks of all employees or workers living in employer provided shared or congregate housing.

Recommended for restaurants reopening for dine-in. Complete employee pre-screening (e.g., take temperature and assess for any symptoms consistent with COVID-19) prior to starting work

Recommended for meat processing facilities. All employees and essential visitors/contractors should be screened daily for symptoms.

Required for employers that provide congregate or shared housing to employees: perform daily verbal screening and temperature checks of all employees or workers living in employer provided shared or congregate housing.

Nevada

No requirement

Required. The following employers must perform a daily symptom assessment, including monitoring for fever, cough, and trouble breathing: agriculture, appliance and furniture showrooms, auto dealerships, banks and financial services, personal care services, restaurants and food and drink establishments, general office operations, retail and consumer services, and transportation, couriers, and warehousing.

Recommended for all employers: have employees perform self-assessments for COVID-19-like symptoms each day.

Recommended for grocery employers. Employers should monitor employees for signs of illness and require sick workers to stay home.

New Hampshire

Required. Essential businesses and organizations and those that are reopening all or a portion of their operations must document the temperature of all employees daily before their shift. Employers should take the temperatures of their employees on-site with a non-touch thermometer each day upon the employees arrival at work. If this is not possible, temperatures can be taken before arriving as long as it can sufficiently be authenticated by the employee. Normal temperature should not exceed 100.0F.

Required. Essential businesses and organizations and those that are reopening all or a portion of their operations must develop a process for screening all employees reporting for work for COVID-19 related symptoms by asking the questions listed in the order. The person responsible for screening should wear a cloth face covering.

New Jersey

Required for agriculture employers. Employer is to screen workers for symptoms, including temperature and symptom checks prior to work shifts.

Required for restaurants and other food and beverage establishments. Employers must conduct daily health checks (e.g., temperature screening and/or symptom checking) of employees safely and respectfully, and in accordance with any applicable privacy laws and regulations.

Required for gyms and fitness centers and high-touch amusement and recreation activities: a facility shall conduct a temperature screening and questionnaire of staff and clients upon entrance to the facility. Any individual who is found to have a temperature of 100.4 or above, or who answers yes to any of the symptom screening questions, shall be denied entrance to the facility.

Required for agriculture employers. Employer is to screen workers for symptoms, including temperature and symptom checks prior to work shifts.

Required for restaurants and other food and beverage establishments. Employers must conduct daily health checks (e.g., temperature screening and/or symptom checking) of employees safely and respectfully, and in accordance with any applicable privacy laws and regulations.

Required for gyms and fitness centers and high-touch amusement and recreation activities: a facility shall conduct a temperature screening and questionnaire of staff and clients upon entrance to the facility. Any individual who is found to have a temperature of 100.4 or above, or who answers yes to any of the symptom screening questions, shall be denied entrance to the facility.

New Mexico

Recommended as a best practice for retail employers: screen employees and customers with a no-contact thermometer and do not permit entry to those with a temperature greater than 100.4F.

Required. All employers must screen employees for symptoms before they enter the workplace each day, verbally or with a written or text/app-based questionnaire.

New York

Recommended generally as part of an employer's mandatory health screening assessment.

Commercial building owners, retail store owners and those authorized on their behalf to manage public places within their buildings and businesses shall have the discretion to require individuals to undergo temperature checks prior to being allowed admittance, as well as the discretion to deny admittance to (i) any individual who refuses to undergo such a temperature check and (ii) any individual whose temperature is above that proscribed by New York State Department of Health Guidelines.

Required. Reopening businesses must adopt the NY Forward Safety Plan, which includes implementing a mandatory health screening assessment (e.g., questionnaire, temperature check) before employees begin work each day and for essential visitors. Assessment responses must be reviewed every day and the review must be documented.

North Carolina

No requirement

Required. Businesses open to the public must conduct daily symptom screening of workers, using a standard interview questionnaire of symptoms, before workers enter the workplace.

North Dakota

Recommended at the orange risk level for restaurants, banquet and event venues, and personal care services. Screen employees for symptoms, including temperature checks.

Department of Health Employee Screening Tool

Recommended at the orange risk level for restaurants, banquet and event venues, and personal care services. Screen employees for symptoms, including temperature checks.

Department of Health Employee Screening Tool

Ohio

Recommended for restaurant employees: the daily health self-assessment should include taking temperature with a thermometer.

Required. Employees must conduct daily health self-assessments and must not report to work if symptomatic.

Oklahoma

No requirement

NOTE: At least one Oklahoma locality has provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

No requirement

NOTE: At least one Oklahoma locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Oregon

Recommended. Employers should consider regular health checks (e.g., temperature and respiratory symptom screening) or symptom self-report of employees, if job-related and consistent with business necessity.

Personal care services employers should consider temperature checks for clients.

Recommended. Employers should consider regular health checks (e.g., temperature and respiratory symptom screening) or symptom self-report of employees, if job-related and consistent with business necessity.

Personal care services employers must contact clients prior to appointments to screen them for symptoms.

Pennsylvania

No requirement

Required. All businesses conducting in-person operations must screen workers for symptoms before they enter the business.

NOTE: At least one Pennsylvania locality has provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Puerto Rico

No requirement

Required. Employers must implement a protocol to monitor and screen personnel prior to entering the workplace, along with the procedures to follow in case they detect an employee with symptoms.

Rhode Island

No requirement

Required. Businesses must implement and ensure compliance with screening all individuals entering the establishment at any time for any reason including, at minimum: (1) visual assessment, self-screening, or a written questionnaire, or a combination of any of these screening methods; and (2) at all entrances to an establishment, notice that all individuals entering must be screened or self-screened, and to not enter if they are COVID-19 positive, have COVID-19 symptoms, or have had close contact with a COVID-19-positive individual.

South Carolina

Recommended for restaurant employees. The screening process should include temperature taking.

Required for restaurant employees. Employers shall conduct, prior to or at the start of each shift, an employee survey and screening process.

South Dakota

No requirement

Recommended. Employers can ask employees screening questions when they report to work and keep a daily screening log.

Tennessee

Recommended. "Best practice:" employers to take temperatures on site with a no-touch thermometer each day upon arrival at work.

"Minimum:" Temperatures can be taken before arriving. Normal temperature should not exceed 100.4F. 

NOTE: Some Tennessee localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Recommended. Screen employees with questions about symptoms.

NOTE: Some Tennessee localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Texas

Recommended as a minimum standard health protocol. All employees should be screened before coming into the business for specified symptoms consistent with COVID-19, including feeling feverish or a measured temperature of 100.0F or greater. 

NOTE: Some Texas localities have provisions concerning employee temperature screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Recommended as a minimum standard health protocol. All employees should be screened before coming into the business for specified symptoms consistent with COVID-19 or known close contact with a person who is lab-confirmed to have COVID-19. Any employee who meets any of these criteria should be sent home. 

NOTE: Some Texas localities have provisions concerning employee health screenings. Please check with your Littler attorney for additional information about your particular jurisdiction.

Utah

Required for gyms/fitness centers: Employees must go through symptom checking before every shift, including temperature.

Required for gyms/fitness centers and personal care services: Symptom checking of all staff at the beginning of each shift, with a log that can be made available for inspection by health department.

Recommended for all employers: employees who are, or work with, high-risk populations, should undergo daily screening/symptom monitoring.

Vermont

Recommended. It is strongly recommended that a temperature check be conducted by the employee at home or a non-contact temperature check be conducted by the employer or the employee at the worksite.

Required. Prior to the commencement of each work shift, all employees (except those that work alone and have no contact with other people during their shift such as those who work from home remotely) shall complete a health survey either in-person at the worksite or prior to arriving at the worksite. This screening survey shall require an employee to verify that he or she has no symptoms of COVID-19 before entering the workplace.

Virginia

Recommended generally. Employees should also self-monitor their symptoms by self-taking of temperature to check for fever before reporting toork. For employers with established occupational health programs, employers can consider measuring temperature and assessing symptoms of employees prior to starting work/before each shift.

Required for employers with hazards or job tasks classified as "medium," "high," or "very high." Prior to the commencement of each work shift, prescreening or surveying shall be required to verify each covered employee does not have signs or symptoms of COVID-19.

Recommended generally. Prior to a shift and on days employees are scheduled to work, employers should screen employees prior to starting work. Employees should also self-monitor their symptoms by self-taking of temperature to check for fever and utilizing the questions provided in the VDH Interim Guidance for COVID -19 Daily Screening of Employees before reporting to work. For employers with established occupational health programs, employers can consider measuring temperature and assessing symptoms of employees prior to starting work/before each shift.

Washington

No requirement 

Required. All employers must screen employees for signs/symptoms of COVID-19 at the start of their shift.

West Virginia

Recommended for restaurant and bar employers and lodging establishments. Employees are encouraged to take their temperature prior to leaving for work or upon arrival. If their temperature measures over 100F, the employee should notify management and not begin work.

Required for larger retail stores and casinos and gyms/fitness centers. The screening process must include temperature checks.

Required for certain employers. Restaurant and bar employers and casinos and lodging establishments and retail establishments and gyms/fitness centers must monitor their employees daily by asking screening questions about common symptoms of COVID-19.

Small businesses are recommended to screen employees for COVID-19 symptoms daily using a series of questions.

Wisconsin

No requirement

No requirement

Wyoming

No requirement

Required. Restaurant/bar employees, movie theater and live performance venue employees must be screened for symptoms of illness before each shift.

Required. Gym employees must be screened for symptoms of illness before each shift.

Required. Personal care services employees must be screened for symptoms of illness before each shift.

Generally recommended for other employers.

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