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Ohio District Court Dismisses Contract-Based Wage and Hour Class Action

We’re used to seeing off-the-clock cases for minimum wage and overtime, but at times such claims aren’t available, such as when the employees are paid well above the minimum wage and either do not work overtime or are paid...more

No Certification Where Loss of Data Prevents Class Identification

Identifying potential class members is not an issue in most employment cases, as the employer likely has any number of employment records for each of the claimants, including personnel files, electronic data, tax forms, time...more

Massachusetts District Court Denies Certification for Claims of Unpaid Meal Breaks

It has become almost part of the plaintiff playbook to bring wage and hour claims despite lawful employer policies by claiming some sort of “class-wide” policy of deviating from those policies. Sadly, this tactic works at...more

Seventh Circuit Rejects Rule 67 Deposit Into Court Account as Easier Alternative to Rule 68 Offer of Judgment

Over the years, Rule 68 offers of judgment have been touted as a means of picking off class representatives and a potentially easy way to terminate a class or collective action before it starts. It rarely really works that...more

Court Dismisses Class Action Claims Based on Afghanistan Labor Code

United States lawsuits involving the law of Afghanistan are uncommon, but it is common for employees to bring suit based on work done abroad generally, and not just in that one country. A recent case, however, illustrates...more

D.C. Court Dismisses Class Action Breach of Contract Case Based on Policy Manual

It’s unusual to see an employment class action based on breach of contract by nonunionized employees. A recent case from the District of Columbia involving the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA), reflects...more

Judges Refuse Certification of Off-the-clock Wage and Hour Cases

The Northern District of Illinois has now either decertified or refused to certify two “off the clock” cases involving hourly workers at O’Hare Airport. Neither case involves O’Hare employees per se, but both involve large...more

Supreme Court Limits Review Of Certification Denials

One of the difficulties of class action litigation that continues to vex employers is the frequent inability to obtain meaningful review of certification decisions. Because, the reasoning goes, certification orders are...more

Professional Cheerleader Case Presents Independent Contractor and Joint Employer Lessons

Unlike, say, mortgage loan officers or computer programmers, the population of professional cheerleaders is relatively small, but an ongoing case involving independent contractor and joint employer issues for one such group...more

Sixth Circuit Narrowly Construes CAFA’s Local Controversy Exception

Congress passed the Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA) in 2005 to address a series of well-documented abuses of the class action process. Among the protections of the act were provisions enabling class action defendants to...more

Court Dismisses California Class Action Due to Limited California Nexus

It is no secret that California is a desired and favorable forum for class action litigation. It is therefore not surprising that plaintiffs might try to take advantage of that forum even when the connection between...more

Chipotle Wins One, Loses One, in Wage and Hour Class Litigation

We’ve commented on numerous occasions about the peculiar paths taken by wage and hour class litigation, particularly with respect to collective actions under the FLSA. Two cases involving the same employer decided only days...more

Court Decertifies Class Challenging Timekeeping Practices

Yogi Berra often has been quoted for the phrase “It ain’t over till it’s over,” and Lenny Kravitz even made a hit song of it in 1991. While no one will likely ever make a popular song out of Rule 23, the phrase applies just...more

Court Refuses to Certify Class Due to Lack of Adequacy of Class Counsel

A recent case reflects that some courts will look not only to the presence or absence of conflicts or litigation misconduct but also to the plaintiffs’ counsel’s experience in other class action cases. In Goers v. L.A....more

Third Circuit Rejects Procedural Runarounds to Appeal Decertification of FLSA Collective Action

We’ve written many times in this blog about the two-step procedure used by many courts in Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) cases in collective actions. The first step is to provide notice to the proposed class and is typically...more

Ninth Circuit Grants 23(f) Review of Denial of Class Certification for Inadequate Representation

We’re all familiar with the basic requirements of Rule 23(a), with the focus most frequently on the issues of commonality and typicality under Rules 23(a)(2) and (3). Numerosity under Rule 23(a)(1) can on occasion be an issue...more

Court Grants Summary Judgment for Employer in California Class Action Vacation Pay Case

Most California employers know that California treats vacation pay largely as a vested benefit that cannot ordinarily be “forfeited.” In common parlance, the state prohibits “use it or lose it” policies. To prevent employees...more

District Court Denies Conditional Certification of Off-the-Clock Case Despite Bad Emails

“As far as overtime, you (like I) can only bill a 40hr work week even though we put in like 60hrs at times.” This isn’t exactly the email you want to see if you are defending an off-the-clock wage and hour claim, but...more

Statistics in Wage and Hour Class Actions: Has Anything Really Changed?

Statistics are kind of a holy grail of class action litigation. Everyone seems to know that they exist, but their understanding is shadowy and the quest to find valid statistical models often proves elusive. Last month’s...more

Sixth Circuit Adopts Bright Line Test for CAFA Removals

Eyeglass case provides focus for employment class action removals - Congress enacted the Class Action Fairness Act, better known as “CAFA,” to address some of the well-documented abuses of class action litigation. Among...more

New York District Court Grants Summary Judgment for Employer in Gawker Intern Case

Litigation Over Interns Dries Up Internship Opportunities - The natural and probable consequence of litigation over unpaid internships was that such opportunities would disappear because the risk of litigation for even...more

Supreme Court Spurns Rule 68 “Pickoffs,” Kind of, in Class Litigation

OK, maybe it’s not a silver bullet, but at least there might be a tin one. Employment class action litigation is difficult, time-consuming, and expensive even if the employer is absolutely right. But what can an employer do...more

Court Grants Summary Judgment for Employer in Apple Class Action Seeking Pay for Time Spent in Security Checks

Free Choice Tanks Plaintiffs’ Claims - Just last year, the Supreme Court held in Integrity Staffing Solutions, Inc. v. Busk, 135 S. Ct. 513 (2014) that employees working at an Amazon.com warehouse were not entitled to...more

Sixth Circuit Grants Summary Judgment as to Class, Based on FLSA Agriculture Exemption

Is the saying “fish or cut bait” dead? If you are ever in need of sleep, pull out your copy of the U.S. Code and traipse through the exemptions contained in section 13 of the FLSA, 29 U.S.C. § 213. We’re all familiar with the...more

Northern District of California Certifies Part of a Class Against Uber

Much is being reported in the media about the decision of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California certifying a class of drivers for the Uber ride service who contended that they were...more

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