Predominance Requirement

News & Analysis as of

Evolving Private Remedies for Competition Infringements in Europe: Class Actions in the U.K.

Winds of change are blowing through Europe’s national courts, beginning with a new antitrust damages Directive requiring changes in national laws to facilitate private enforcement of competition law. This step was a major...more

Ninth Circuit Holds That Google AdWords Class Can Go Forward, Despite Individualized Damages Calculations

In Pulaski & Middleman v. Google, Inc., the Ninth Circuit recently held that a class could be certified in connection with Google AdWords, even though damages would require some individualized calculations....more

The Ninth Circuit Declares That Individualized Damages Issues Alone Never, Ever Preclude Certification of a Rule 23(b)(3) Class

In Pulaski & Middleman, LLC v. Google, Inc., No. 12-16752, 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 16723 (9th Cir. Sept. 21, 2015), a Ninth Circuit panel held that individualized damages (or restitution) calculations cannot alone defeat Rule...more

Ten Things Class Action Practitioners Need To Know About Potential Amendments To Federal Rule Of Civil Procedure 23

Rule 23 may be in for some major changes. The Advisory Committee has commissioned a Rule 23 subcommittee to investigate possible revisions to the class action rules. That subcommittee issued a report (pdf) discussing its...more

Target Data Breach Class Certified: Data Breaches Potentially Fertile Ground for B2B Class Actions

Retail data breaches are multi-victim crimes, with the retailer, consumers and affected third parties all having legitimate claims to “victimhood” – and each left squabbling as the hacker vanishes into the digital ether....more

The Class Action Chronicle - Fall 2015

This is the ninth edition of The Class Action Chronicle, a quarterly publication that provides an analysis of recent class action trends, along with a summary of class certification and Class Action Fairness Act rulings...more

Predominance Is Lacking Where Some Class Members Have No Injury, Says the Ohio Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court is poised to decide next Term, in Tyson Foods, Inc. v. Bouaphakeo, whether a class can be certified when many class members lack injury (see my June 16 post for more on that). The Ohio Supreme Court...more

California Federal District Court Certifies Class of 160,000 Uber Drivers

In O’Connor v. Uber Technologies, Inc. (Filed 09/01/2015, No. C-13-3826 EMC), the United States District Court, Northern District of California, certified a class of approximately 160,000 current and former drivers of Uber in...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - July 2015

THIS NEWSLETTER AIMS to keep those in the food industry up to speed on developments in food labeling and nutritional content litigation. RECENT SIGNIFICANT RULINGS - District Court Dismisses and Stays False...more

Standing after Neale: Third Circuit Clarifies Jurisdictional Standing and Predominance Analysis in Consumer Class Actions

On July 22, 2015, in Joanne Neale, et al. v. Volvo Cars of North America, LLC, et al., the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit vacated and remanded the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey’s decision...more

Purchasing Credit Monitoring May Not Protect Companies from Data Breach Class Actions

2014 set a record for data incidents, with nearly 30% of the 783 data incidents reported by companies caused by hacking. At least 97 incidents are reported to have occurred from hacking during 2015, affecting approximately 7...more

Eighth Circuit Affirms Denial of “Predominance” Class: The Long Arm of the Missouri Merchandising Practices Act Does Not Reach...

In 2012, California resident Ronald Perras brought suit in federal district court against H&R Block and its affiliates (H&R), which are headquartered in Kansas City, Missouri. Perras alleged that H&R violated the Missouri...more

The Class Action Chronicle - Summer 2015

In This Issue: - The Fairness in Class Action Litigation Act of 2015 - Class Certification Decisions: ..Decisions Granting Motions to Strike/Dismiss Class Claims ..Decisions Denying Motions to...more

Stock-Not So-Well: Officers Denied Class Certification Of Age Discrimination Claims (Again)

As we reported here to our loyal blog readers, in April 2014, the Ninth Circuit overturned an order denying class certification of age discrimination claims filed by a group of police officers in Stockwell v. City & Cnty. of...more

Arthur Miller on Aggregate Litigation

I’ve written before about legal giant Arthur Miller (now with the Lanier Law Firm) and his pessimistic take on modern federal procedure. In the ‘teens, he has largely worried about the effect of procedural rulings on the...more

Some Plaintiffs Just Have No Class

We’ve been thinking a lot about class actions lately. One reason is that the Rule 23 Subcommittee of the (federal) Advisory Committee on Civil Rules just came out with a “sketch” of possible amendments – and from the defense...more

Third Circuit Weighs In On Application Of Daubert At Class Certification Stage

Since the Supreme Court’s decision in Comcast v. Behrend, 113 S. Ct. 1426 (2013) courts evaluating expert testimony at the class certification stage may not simply accept that testimony at face value. The Supreme Court did...more

Court Declines to Certify Class Alleging Off-Label Marketing of Cancer Drug

Third party payors (“TPPs”) responsible for paying the costs of prescriptions for their beneficiaries sued Cephalon, Inc., alleging that it engaged in unlawful off-label marketing of Actiq, a drug approved to manage...more

Predominance Lacking in Telephone Recording Case Involving Caller Consent

In a class action brought under a California penal statute that prohibits the intentional recording of telephone calls without the consent of all parties on the call, a California district court denied class certification on...more

Running on Empty: Defective Gas Class Sputters in Louisiana District Court

The Middle District of Louisiana denied certification of a putative class bringing claims for redhibition and unjust enrichment against Exxon Mobil Corporation (“Exxon”). Plaintiffs allegedly purchased gasoline refined at...more

Can an Indiana Chamber of Commerce’s Building Qualify for a Property Tax Exemption? Not Without Evidence of Predominate Use for an...

In Greater Portage Chamber of Commerce v. Porter County Assessor, Pet. No. 64-016-10-2-8-00001 (January 2, 2015), the Indiana Board of Tax Review confirmed the denial of a property tax exemption where the taxpayer failed to...more

Comcast, Superiority, Predominance and Injunctive Relief Addressed in Recent Second Circuit Class Certification Opinions

The Second Circuit recently addressed a panoply of class certification issues in two opinions. Both decisions ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, but will help defendants tailor their arguments in future cases....more

November 2014: Class Action Litigation Update

Class Action Defense Menu: Statutes of Limitations Served Two Ways. The statute of limitations is an underutilized but potentially potent defense in many consumer class actions. The defense can be raised two ways. First, as...more

Texas District Court Denies Class Certification for Hedge Fund Investors on Numerosity and Predominance Grounds

In 2008, investors in the Parkcentral hedge fund lost as much as $3 billion dollars when Parkcentral’s investment in commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) was devalued. The investors, limited partners of Parkcentral,...more

Fourth Circuit puts teeth into ascertainability, commonality, and predominance requirements for class certification

Sometimes it’s hard to know who’s in a class without substantial individualized inquiries. Can a court certify a class of persons with allegedly similar injuries by pigeonholing the question of class membership as a question...more

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