Class Action Fairness Act

News & Analysis as of

Supreme Court Accepts Certiorari In CAFA Removal Case

On April 7, 2014, the Supreme Court accepted certiorari review in Dart Cherokee Basin Operating Company LLC v. Owens, No. 13-719, to resolve a circuit split regarding whether the Class Action Fairness Act requires a removing...more

Seventh Circuit Reverses Remand Order Based On Supreme Court’s Knowles Decision

In what may become a more common trend in CAFA litigation based on the Supreme Court’s decision in Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles, ––– U.S. ––––, 133 S.Ct. 1345 (2013), the Seventh Circuit reversed the district court’s...more

All or Nothing? The U.S. Supreme Court to Address Whether Evidence In Support of Removal Must Be Submitted with the Notice of...

On April 7, 2014, the United States Supreme Court granted the petition for writ of certiorari in Dart Cherokee Basin Operating Co., LLC v. Owens, No. 13-719 (“Dart Cherokee”), to address whether a defendant must include...more

Supreme Court To Decide Evidentiary Requirements for Removal Notices in Class Actions

The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to review the issue of what, if any, evidence a defendant must present in a notice of removal to remove a case to federal court based on the Class Action Fairness Act (CAFA). In granting the...more

Supreme Court To Decide CAFA Pleading Standard

On April 7th, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in Dart Cherokee Basin Operating Company, LLC v. Owens, a case originating from the Tenth Circuit. In that case, the Court will resolve a circuit split over the pleading...more

Must Claims Severed From A CAFA Class Action Be Remanded To State Court? The Fifth Circuit Says No.

Following Hurricane Katrina, the State of Louisiana filed a class action to recover under homeowners’ insurance policies that the state had received by assignment through a disaster relief program. The insurers successfully...more

Supreme Court To Decide Whether All Evidence Supporting Removal Under The Class Action Fairness Act Must Be Submitted With The...

To remove a civil action from state court to federal court, the defendant must “file … a notice of removal … containing a short and plain statement of the grounds for removal.” 28 U.S.C. § 1446(a). Today, the Supreme Court...more

Dart Cherokee: SCOTUS to Hear Case on CAFA Pleading Requirements

The Supreme Court will now decide whether a 2006 Seventh Circuit decision on Class Action Fairness Act pleading requirements was correct. The Court granted certiorari today in a case that will resolve whether defendants...more

Employment Law

PAGA Suit Belongs in State, Not Federal, Court Says Ninth Circuit - Why it matters: A wage and hour suit brought under California’s Private Attorney General Act (PAGA) belongs in state , not federal , court, the Ninth...more

Knowles Gives Employer Second Chance To Seek And Win Removal

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that neither a damages waiver nor the passage of more than 30 days after receipt of a complaint prevented an employer’s removal under CAFA. A putative class of California store...more

Plaintiffs Can’t Evade Removal Under Class Action Fairness Act By Suing For Only Declaratory Relief

Over the years, the plaintiffs’ bar has used a wide variety of stratagems to try to prevent defendants from removing class actions to federal court. We’ve previously blogged about several of them. A recent Eleventh Circuit...more

Parens Patriae Actions Are Not Removable Under CAFA: A Unanimous Decision of the United States Supreme Court Has Broad...

The United States Supreme Court delivered a unanimous win to state attorneys general earlier this year. In January, the Court held in Mississippi ex rel. Hood v. AU Optronics, 134 S. Ct. 736 (2014), that parens patriae suits...more

Can You Keep Up? Emergence of CFPB and Significant Developments Transform Consumer Finance Landscape

In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, Congress passed significant financial system reform legislation, the Dodd-Frank Act, which created a new regulator of financial institutions, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau...more

Ninth Circuit “Chases” Away Another Option for Removing PAGA Actions to Federal Court

In yet another setback for employers seeking to remove California wage and hour cases to federal court, the Ninth Circuit held that the federal Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”) provides federal courts with no basis to...more

The Class Action Chronicle - Spring 2014

This is the third edition of The Class Action Chronicle, a quarterly publication that provides an analysis of recent class action trends, along with a summary of class certification and Class Action Fairness Act rulings...more

Ninth Circuit Clarifies CAFA Removal Requirements

In its recent per curiam opinion in Rea v. Michaels Stores, Inc., the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit clarified rules and procedures relevant to defendants seeking to remove cases to federal court. In Rea,...more

When 30 Days Just Isn’t Enough: The Ninth Circuit Rules that Defendants’ Right to Remove May Not be Limited to 30 Days

In Rea v. Michaels Stores, No. 14-55008, 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 2928 (9th Cir. Feb. 18, 2014), the Ninth Circuit reversed the district court’s order remanding a wage-and-hour class complaint to state court, ruling that the...more

Removal Evidence Need Not Be Perfect and Declaratory Relief Alone May Satisfy CAFA Amount-in-Controversy Requirement, says the...

Answering a question left undecided in other circuits, the Eleventh Circuit held in South Florida Wellness, Inc. v. Allstate Insurance Co., No. 14-10001 (Feb. 14, 2014) that a complaint seeking only declaratory relief “can be...more

The Eleventh Circuit Declares That CAFA’s Amount-In-Controversy Requirement Can Be Satisfied In Declaratory Relief Cases

On February 14, 2014, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals held that the Class Action Fairness Act’s (CAFA) $5,000,000 amount-in-controversy requirement can be satisfied where the plaintiff seeks only declaratory relief. S....more

Incentive Awards, Bounties, and Adequacy of Representation

A common feature of class action settlements, whether in employment actions or otherwise, is the payment of an incentive award to the named plaintiff. Such payments are frequently approved by courts, but have been criticized...more

En Banc Ninth Circuit Will Clarify When A Subdivided Mass Action Can Be Removed Under CAFA

Back in December, we blogged about two cases in the Ninth Circuit that were the latest skirmishes in the fight over whether plaintiffs can evade removal under the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (“CAFA”) by artificially...more

Antitrust and Competition Newsletter - February 2014

U.S. Supreme Court Holds That Parens Patriae Suits Are Not Removable to Federal Court as “Mass Actions” Under the Class Action Fairness Act - On Jan. 14, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a parens patriae...more

SCOTUS: States are Not “Persons” Under CAFA

In 2005, Congress enacted the Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”) to change the procedures for interstate class action suits. Notably, CAFA created a new type of suit called a “mass action,” which is any civil suit for...more

"Mass Tort and Consumer Class Action Outlook: A Mixed Landscape for Defendants in 2014"

Recent decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court have improved the landscape for defendants seeking to fend off mass tort and consumer class actions. In Comcast Corp. v. Behrend, 133 S. Ct. 1426 (2013), the Supreme Court tightened...more

"US Supreme Court Cases to Watch in 2014"

The U.S. Supreme Court will rule on numerous significant cases in 2014, involving such issues as presidential power, affirmative action, campaign contributions, environmental regulations, intellectual property, commercial...more

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