Affirmative Defenses

News & Analysis as of

N.C. Court of Appeals Addresses Common Affirmative Defenses In Commercial Foreclosure Context

A recent opinion from the North Carolina Court of Appeals addresses some common borrower defenses within the context of foreclosure and statute of frauds issues: compromise and settlement, accord and satisfaction, the...more

Employers Asserting ADA Direct Threat Defense Do Not Have to Prove Actual Threat

The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits employers from discriminating against a qualified person with a disability, or refusing to provide that person with a reasonable accommodation that would allow them to perform the...more

Will Employers Have an Affirmative Defense in EEOC Litigation? A Look at the Supreme Court’s Upcoming Decision

In the coming months, the Supreme Court of the United States will determine the level of judicial review, if any, that will be applied to employers’ pre-litigation negotiations with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity...more

Supreme Court of New Jersey Adopts Faragher/Ellerth Affirmative Defense

On February 11, 2015, the Supreme Court of New Jersey expressly adopted the test created by the United States Supreme Court in Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 524 U.S. 775, 807 (1998) and Burlington Indus., Inc. v. Ellerth,...more

2014 Eminent Domain Year in Review & 2015 Forecast

At first it seemed 2014 had been a relatively slow year for eminent domain cases. But looking back, there was more activity than we initially recalled. There were few decisions that provided any dramatic shift in the...more

Congress Takes Up Patent Litigation Reform – Innovation Act Reintroduced, Supreme Court Cases Examined

Congress v SCtPatent litigation reform has been on the U.S. House Judiciary Committee agenda, with the recent reintroduction of legislation seeking to address patent litigation abuses and a hearing examining recent U.S....more

Foster v. Lee - USDC, S.D. New York, February 25, 2015

Plaintiff Lelanie Foster, a freelance photographer, conducted a photo shoot for JJ Eyelashes, a business that produces silk eyelash extensions and owns several salons at which those eyelashes are made available for sale and...more

You Take the Good, You Take the Bad: NJ High Court Offers Employers Avenue to Limit Vicarious Liability in Harassment Suits; But...

In Aguas v. State of New Jersey, the New Jersey Supreme Court recently adopted an affirmative defense—available under federal law since 1998—allowing employers to use their anti-harassment policies to limit vicarious...more

HCA Holdings Must Present More Than “Speculation” of Affirmative Defenses to Defeat Class Certification, Sixth Circuit Holds

Investors sued HCA Holdings, Inc., alleging that HCA’s registration statement and prospectus contained misrepresentations when HCA made its initial public offering in 2011. The district court certified a class of investors,...more

Several Ounces of Prevention: The New Jersey Supreme Court Reminds Employers of the Importance of Anti-Harassment Policies,...

On February 11, 2015, the New Jersey Supreme Court, in Aguas v. New Jersey, decided three important legal issues regarding employment discrimination claims under the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination (“LAD”). First,...more

New Jersey Supreme Court Erects New Hurdle for Harassment Plaintiffs To Overcome

Last week, the New Jersey Supreme Court analyzed the impact of an employer’s anti-harassment policy on an employee’s claims of negligence, recklessness and vicarious liability against employers under the New Jersey Law...more

U.S. Supreme Court Agrees to Take a Second Look at Takings Case

The burning question, is why? While this is not the first time the U.S. Supreme Court has ever granted a petition for review in the same case, it is certainly not common. And, it is downright uncommon for the Supreme Court...more

New Jersey Supreme Court Provides Guidance to Employers Defending Against Certain Supervisory Harassment Claims

On February 11, 2015, the New Jersey Supreme Court for the first time directly addressed and adopted the standard set forth in the U.S. Supreme Court's 1998 decisions in Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth and Faragher v....more

New Jersey high court decision will reshape employer liability in sexual harassment cases

On February 11, 2015, the New Jersey Supreme Court issued a significant sexual harassment decision that offers something positive for both employers and employees. Employers will be happy that the Court has, after...more

NJ Supreme Court Backs Employer Defense in Supervisor Harassment Suits

The New Jersey Supreme Court recently ruled that an employer may assert an effective and enforced anti-harassment policy as an affirmative defense in cases brought against the employer alleging that a supervisor engaged in...more

NJ Supreme Court Rules on Supervisor Liability in Hostile Work Environment Sexual Harassment Cases

On February 11, the New Jersey Supreme Court issued its decision in Aguas v. New Jersey, No. A-35-13 (072467), holding that an employer’s antidiscrimination policy can be an affirmative defense to sexual harassment hostile...more

Boon to New Jersey Employers: State Supreme Court Confirms that Federal Faragher/Ellerth "Affirmative Defense" Now Applies to...

On February 11, 2015, New Jersey's Supreme Court formally decided an important issue left open for nearly two decades concerning New Jersey's Law Against Discrimination (LAD). In Aguas v. State of New Jersey, __ N.J. __, No....more

Trademark practice tip: Request Interlocutory Attorney attendance at discovery/settlement conferences in opposition proceedings to...

In trademark opposition proceedings the affirmative defense of failure to state a claim is commonly pleaded, yet it is often an inappropriate affirmative defense. Other affirmative defenses that are severely limited in...more

Don’t Ask my Client to Explain my Legal Contentions!

Barry P. Goldberg regularly sees young or inexperienced lawyers attempt to cross examine plaintiffs essentially about the attorney’s legal contentions in the lawsuit. It gets confusing when the cross examiner asks for...more

EPA Proposes Eliminating State Regulations as to Startup, Shutdown, and Malfunction Emissions

Operating conditions during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction (SSM) are not normal and often result in unrepresentative emissions that exceed permitted limitations. Originally published in The Natural Gas &...more

First Circuit Concludes Plaintiff’s Delay Waived Arbitration Clause

Joca-Roca Real Estate, LLC sued Robert T. Brennan asserting claims of fraud and breach of contract arising out of an agreement between the two parties which contained an arbitration clause. Although Brennan raised the failure...more

Checklist of Affirmative Defenses for NC Comp Claims

Although arguably the most important determination an adjuster makes when a claim is filed is whether or not the claim is compensable, before even contemplating that question, the adjuster should consider whether or not the...more

Strategies for Minimizing Risk of Privacy Class Actions

Businesses are increasingly facing class action lawsuits alleging they have violated someone’s privacy, including under state or U.S. laws. Most states have privacy statutes, including California with its Invasion of Privacy...more

With Respect to Discoverability, Indiana Federal Court Distinguishes Between Pre-Suit and Post-Suit Reserves

In May, we reported on a Third Circuit decision holding that loss reserve information was generally irrelevant and not discoverable. In October, a federal court in Indiana came to the same conclusion with respect to...more

PTAB Adopts Broad View of Inherency Doctrine

Ariosa Diagnostics v. Isis Innovation Ltd. - Addressing a variety of issues in a recent inter partes review (IPR), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) determined that...more

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