Proskauer Rose LLP

European Commission Publishes Anti Tax Avoidance Package

On 28 January 2016, the European Commission published a draft Anti Tax Avoidance Package in order to ensure increased tax transparency and effective taxation within, and outside of, the EU. The package includes a proposed…more

BEPS, Corporate Taxes, EBITDA, EU, European Commission

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One-Two Punch on Hospital Challenges: Is the FTC Down for the Count?

There was a time not long ago when the odds of beating the Federal Trade Commission on a hospital merger antitrust challenge were slim. Two recent defeats, however, may change that some. Late last year, the FTC, in quick…more

Antitrust Litigation, FTC, Healthcare Costs, Hospital Mergers, Hospitals

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MNPI and NDAs: The Alphabet Soup of Getting Restricted

Investors wanting to equip and position themselves to negotiate a debtor's restructuring may temporarily relinquish their ability to buy and sell securities in exchange for access to material nonpublic information ("MNPI"). This…more

Commercial Bankruptcy, Creditors, Investors, Non-Disclosure Agreement, Restructuring

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Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey

Proskauer's Labor and Employment Law Department released its Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey, a resource that illuminates current practices and future trends in managing labor and employment…more

Alternative Fee Arrangements, Arbitration Agreements, Class Action, Electronically Stored Information, FLSA

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District of Columbia Passes Minimum Wage Increase

Earlier this week, the D.C. Council unanimously approved a measure to increase the minimum wage from $10.50 to $15 per hour. Mayor Muriel Bowser has already pledged to sign the measure when it reaches her desk later this summer…more

City Councils, Local Ordinance, Minimum Wage, New Legislation, Tipped Employees

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IRS Eliminates Requirement to Submit Copy of Section 83(b) Elections with Tax Return

The IRS adopted final regulations that no longer require taxpayers who have made Internal Revenue Code §83(b) elections to attach a copy of the election to their annual federal income tax return. Under §83, restricted…more

E-Filing, Filing Requirements, Final Rules, Income Taxes, IRC Section 83(b)

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Policy Fights in the Courts: United States v. Texas

On April 18, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral argument in a major immigration suit, United States v. Texas. This case is a highly-politicized lawsuit in which dozens of states have sued the federal government over what is…more

Administrative Procedure Act, Arbitrary and Capricious, Article III, DACA, Driver's Licenses

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LGBT Rule Affecting Federal Contractors Will Become Effective April 8, 2015

Last week, the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs announced a Final Rule prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity by federal contractors and subcontractors. The Rule implements…more

Barack Obama, Discrimination, Employer Mandates, Executive Orders, Final Rules

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2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds

Proskauer has released the 2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds. The 88-page report is a summary of significant legal changes and developments in the private funds space…more

China, Cybersecurity, EU, Gift Tax, Hedge Funds

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ERISA Litigation Newsletter - July 2016

Editor's Overview - This month we take a look at the plaintiffs' past successes in fee litigations, and the influx of such lawsuits seeking to impose heightened fiduciary standards for 401(k) plans. Regardless of the…more

401k, Best Interest Contract Exemptions, Chevron Deference, CMS, Conflicts of Interest

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Proskauer's 2016 IPO Study

Proskauer's Global Capital Markets Group presents the third annual IPO Study, a comprehensive analysis of U.S.-listed initial public offerings in 2015 and identification of three-year comparisons and trends of U.S.-listed…more

Capital Markets, Corporate Governance, EBITDA, Foreign Issuers, Initial Public Offerings

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DC Council Proposes Common Sense Relief to DC Employers From the Wage Theft Prevention Act

Employers in the District of Columbia have been assessing how to deal with the requirements of the Wage Theft Prevention Act of 2014 (the “2014 Act”) since the 2014 Act was passed last year.  Among other things, the 2014 Act…more

Notice Requirements, Proposed Legislation, Wage Theft Prevention Act

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Who’s the “Real Client”? Attorney-Client Privilege Between Firm In-House Counsel And Other Firm Lawyers

While attorneys provide legal advice to their clients, they are sometimes the recipients of such advice from their own counsel, including in-house firm counsel. Agreeing with recent decisions by the highest courts of Georgia and…more

Attorney Malpractice, Attorney-Client Privilege, Current Client Exception, Email, Fiduciary Exception

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In Conflict With Other Circuits, Seventh Circuit Rules That Certain Transfers Involving Financial Institution Intermediaries Not Immune From Recovery By Bankruptcy Trustee

Section 546(e) of the bankruptcy code prohibits a bankruptcy trustee from avoiding “settlement payment[s]”, or payments “made in connection with a securities contract,” that are “made by or to (or for the benefit of)” qualifying…more

Acquisitions, Bankruptcy Code, Commercial Bankruptcy, Financial Institutions, Insolvency

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Trends in New Jersey Employment Law - July 2014

In recent weeks, New Jersey's primary whistleblower statute—the Conscientious Employee Protection Act ("CEPA")—has been the subject of increased judicial scrutiny…more

Employer Liability Issues, Whistleblower Protection Policies, Whistleblowers

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SEC Overrules Its Own Administrative Law Judge to Clear Customer of Fraud Charges

In a rare reversal of its own administrative law judge in the Matter of optionsXpress, the full Securities and Exchange Commission unanimously held that the SEC’s Enforcement Division had not met its burden of proof that the…more

ALJ, Broker-Dealer, Enforcement Actions, Financial Markets, Market Manipulation

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Proposed Regulations under Section 355 Clarify Device and Active Trade or Business Requirements for Tax-Free Spin-offs

On July 15, 2016, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) published proposed regulations that would modify the device and active trade or business requirements for tax-free spin-offs…more

Active Trade or Business Test, Device Test, Grandfathering Rules, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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California Federal Court Holds That U.S. Securities Laws Do Not Apply to Unsponsored, Unlisted ADRs

The U.S. District Court for the Central District of California held on May 20, 2016 that the federal securities laws do not apply to U.S. transactions in unlisted, unsponsored American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) for a foreign…more

Accounting Fraud, Application of Foreign Laws, Comity, Foreign Issuers, Forum Non Conveniens

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Massachusetts Supreme Court Rules ZIP Codes Are Definitely “Personal Identification Information”

In a recent ruling arising from certain certified questions in Tyler v. Michaels Stores, Inc., Civ. No. 11-10920-WGY (D. Mass. Jan. 6, 2012, the Massachusetts Supreme Court interpreted “personal identification information” under…more

Credit Cards, Data Collection, Data Protection, Personally Identifiable Information, Retailers

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CFTC Issues Record-High Whistleblower Bounty Award

On April 4, 2016, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) issued its third and largest award, of more than $10 million, as part of its Dodd-Frank whistleblower program. As was the case with the CFTC’s two previous…more

CFTC, Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Whistleblower Awards, Whistleblowers

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A Month in UK Employment Law - August 2016

News & Legislation Update - The UK votes to leave the EU - We could not write a roundup of news stories from the UK without referencing the UK's vote to leave the EU. The so-called "Brexit" has created…more

Classification, Corporate Counsel, Employment Discrimination, Employment Tribunals, Entrepreneurs

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - May 2015

Editor's Overview - This month we focus on the EEOC's proposed rules concerning wellness programs. As our colleague, Amy Covert, discusses, a recent change of position by the EEOC provides employers with opportunities to…more

ADA, Affordable Care Act, Best Management Practices, DOL, EEOC

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Illinois Prohibits Non-Compete Agreements with Low-Wage Employees

Effective January 1, 2017, the Illinois Freedom to Work Act (the “Act”) will prohibit private sector employers from entering into non-competition agreements with employees earning a “low wage.” The Act defines low-wage…more

Freedom To Work Act, Low-Wage Workers, Minimum Wage, Non-Compete Agreements, Restrictive Covenants

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Massachusetts Passes Pay Equity Bill Restricting Employers From Inquiring Into Applicants’ Wage History

Massachusetts has passed an amendment to the state’s equal pay law aimed at strengthening prohibitions on gender discrimination in the payment of wages for comparable work. The new bill, signed by Governor Charlie Baker (R) this…more

Affirmative Defenses, Anti-Pay Secrecy, Equal Pay, Gender-Based Pay Discrimination, Governor Baker

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Three Point Shot - Summer 2016

800-Meter Champion Berian Eventually Outpaces Nike Endorsement Suit... Or Did He? World 800-meter champion Boris Berian is seemingly capable of out-running just about anything these days. Berian is just a year removed from…more

Applications, Athletes, Bad Faith, Breach of Contract, Cease and Desist

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The FTC's First Loss in Nearly Half a Decade, Illuminating the Difficulties of Prediction and the Merits of Litigating It

"Prophesy is a good line of business, but it is full of risks." Mark Twain could have been speaking about the FTC's recent challenge to a merger between the second- and third-largest sterilization companies in the world, Steris…more

Anti-Competitive, Competition, FTC, Innovation, Preliminary Injunctions

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U.S. Supreme Court Rules on the Patentability of Software Patents

The U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision Thursday in Alice Corp. Pty Ltd. v. CLS Bank Int'l, et al., holding that an otherwise unpatentably abstract idea does not become patentable simply by implementing it on a generic…more

Alice Corporation, CLS Bank, CLS Bank v Alice Corp, Mayo v. Prometheus, Patent Litigation

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Second Circuit Seeks Guidance From NY Court of Appeals on Scope of Liability for Discrimination Based on Criminal Conviction History

The Second Circuit has asked the New York Court of Appeals for guidance on the scope of liability for discrimination based on criminal conviction history under Section 296(15) of the New York State Human Rights Law (“NYSHRL”)…more

Aiding and Abetting, Appeals, Criminal Background Checks, Criminal Records, Employer Liability Issues

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Board Outs 32-Year-Old Rule Allowing Employers to Oust Mixed-Guard Unions

For thirty-two years, it has been a settled proposition that an employer may, upon the expiration of a contract, refuse to continue to negotiate with a “mixed-guard” union that represents its security guards. Continuing its long…more

Collective Bargaining, Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA), Corporate Counsel, Employer Liability Issues, Expiration Date

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SEC Adopts Higher Net Worth Threshold for Qualified Clients under the Advisers Act

In an order dated June 14, 2016, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted its prior proposal to increase the net worth threshold for "qualified clients" under Rule 205-3 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the…more

Advisory Contracts, High Net-Worth, Investment Advisers Act of 1940, Investment Company Act of 1940, Performance Fee Rule

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Amended Rule 34: No Boilerplate Objections, but Specificity Remains a Question

Amended in December alongside many other rules in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 34(b)(2)(B) now requires that objections to document requests be stated with “specificity.” The early applications of the amended rule…more

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, New Amendments, Objections, Rule 34

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - April 2014

This month we discuss the evolving case law on the issue of whether unpaid employer contributions due under a collective bargaining agreement can be viewed as plan assets such that the individuals who decide to withhold such…more

Breach of Duty, Collective Bargaining, ERISA, Executive Compensation, Fiduciary Duty

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New York Nonprofit Revitalization Act Rollout Challenges

As the July 1, 2014 compliance date of the New York Nonprofit Revitalization Act of 2013 (the "Revitalization Act") quickly approaches, many charities operating in New York are confronting some difficult rollout challenges…more

Board of Directors, Corporate Officers, Economic Development, IRS, Non-Profits

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Department of Labor Announces “Preassessment” Program For Government Contractors

Loyal readers of this blog are well aware of the Fair Pay and Safe Workplaces Executive Order and corresponding regulations which go into effect next month. Those looking to learn more about the topic can access our recent…more

ADA, ADEA, Blacklist, Civil Rights Act, Disclosure Requirements

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ESMA issues advice on extension of the AIFMD Third Country Passport to 12 non-EU countries, including the United States

On July 19, 2016, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published its final advice (Advice) on extending the application of the marketing passport under the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive (AIFMD)…more

AIFM, AIFMD, Alternative Investment Funds, EU, EU Passport

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Relating a Software Copyright Infringement Claim Back to its Source

In a recent order, Judge Douglas P. Woodlock of the District of Massachusetts untangled a complicated timeline to decide motions for summary judgment regarding several copyright infringement and related claims on a statute of…more

Copyright Infringement, Motion for Summary Judgment, Notice Requirements, Software Developers, Statute of Limitations

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2015 Global High-Yield Bond Study

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Methodology - Definitions - Categories of Analysis - High-Yield Bond Study: ..Call Protection ..Change of Control Portability…more

Bonds, Global Market, High-Yield Markets

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2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds

Proskauer has released the 2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds. The 88-page report is a summary of significant legal changes and developments in the private funds space…more

China, Cybersecurity, EU, Gift Tax, Hedge Funds

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Budget Deal Alters Reimbursement to Off-Campus Hospital-Owned Facilities

On November 2, 2015, President Obama signed into law H.R. 1314, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (the "Act"), which significantly changes Medicare reimbursement for off-campus hospital services. The Act, which Congress passed…more

Barack Obama, Congressional Budget Office, Federal Budget, Health Care Providers, Healthcare

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The Modern Slavery Act 2015 and Supply Chain Transparency

The Modern Slavery Act 2015 is new legislation introduced in the UK with the intention of combatting slavery and human trafficking. Continuing the trend for legislation to have extra-territorial reach, as illustrated by the UK…more

Board of Directors, Disclosure Requirements, Human Rights, Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery Act

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New Sex Discrimination Guidelines Take Effect August 15, 2016

We have previously written about the updated sex discrimination guidelines recently published by OFCCP. Among other mandates, the guidelines require federal government contractors to provide paternity leave on an equal basis to…more

Employee Handbooks, Employment Discrimination, Federal Contractors, Gender Identity, Maternity Leave

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Better vs. Cheaper? – Court Says Cost Trumps Quality in Health Care – Orders Undoing of Physician Group Tie-up

The health care industry is in the midst of a revolution caused by demographic changes, advancements in medical understanding and, of course, Obamacare. As health care providers scramble to adjust to this brave new world, the…more

Affordable Care Act, FTC, Healthcare, Physicians

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New York Publishes Final Rules on Wage Payment Methods

On September 7, 2016, the New York State Department of Labor published final regulations on the methods by which employees must be paid, including with respect to direct deposit of wages and payroll debit cards.  The regulations…more

Debit Cards, New Regulations, Notice Requirements, Payroll Cards, Wage and Hour

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Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey

Proskauer's Labor and Employment Law Department released its Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey, a resource that illuminates current practices and future trends in managing labor and employment…more

Alternative Fee Arrangements, Arbitration Agreements, Class Action, Electronically Stored Information, FLSA

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NLRB Rules That Graduate Students Are Employees

Yesterday, the National Labor Relations Board (“the Board”) issued its long awaited decision in Columbia University. Not surprisingly, the Board, in a 3-1 decision, overturned 12 years of precedent by ruling that “student…more

Brown University, Collective Bargaining, Colleges, Educational Institutions, Graduate Students

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Taming the Bull Rider: Chancery Court Reining in Mootness Fee Awards in Merger Litigation

Last month, the Delaware Chancery Court drastically reduced – from $275,000 to $50,000 – a mootness fee award requested by plaintiffs’ counsel in a lawsuit challenging the merger between PayPal and Xoom Corporation, finding the…more

Breach of Contract, Controlling Stockholders, Corporate Counsel, Derivative Suit, Fee Reductions

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FCC Chairman Announces Proposal to Classify Internet TV Services as Cable Providers

Over the past month, there have been many reports that the FCC would soon publish an NPRM classifying an online video distributor (OVD) that delivers linear streams of video programming as an MVPD ("multichannel video…more

Cable Television Providers, FCC, Internet Streaming, Online Videos, Rulemaking Process

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Private Investment Fund Managers and Other Investment Advisers May Be Affected by the U.S. Department of Labor’s New Fiduciary Rules

On April 6, 2016, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) issued its highly anticipated final rule addressing when a person is considered to be a fiduciary under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) and the…more

Benefit Plan Sponsors, Best Interest Contract Exemptions, Conflicts of Interest, DOL, ERISA

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Proskauer's 2016 IPO Study

Proskauer's Global Capital Markets Group presents the third annual IPO Study, a comprehensive analysis of U.S.-listed initial public offerings in 2015 and identification of three-year comparisons and trends of U.S.-listed…more

Capital Markets, Corporate Governance, EBITDA, Foreign Issuers, Initial Public Offerings

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Major Changes Coming to Canadian Trademark Law

Recent amendments to Canada’s trademark laws, which are expected to take effect as soon as late next year, will introduce a number of significant changes for owners of Canadian trademark registrations and applications. Various…more

Canada, International Harmonization, Trademarks

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S.D.N.Y. Dismisses SOX and Dodd-Frank Whistleblower Claims For Lack Of Protected Activity

On June 22, 2016, Judge Daniels of the Southern District of New York dismissed SOX and Dodd-Frank whistleblower claims, ruling that Plaintiff’s alleged internal complaints did not constitute protected activity, as they did not…more

Conflicts of Interest, Corporate Counsel, Dismissals, Dodd-Frank, Employee Transfers

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Proposed Changes to Financial Accounting for Not-for-Profit Entities

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) has issued an exposure draft of a Proposed Accounting Standards Update, Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Entities, which would make significant changes to…more

Accounting, Audited Financial Statements, Disclosure Requirements, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Financial Statements

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German DPA Plans to Challenge Privacy Shield

The Privacy Shield is now live, having gone into effect on August 1. Perhaps emboldened by the Article 29 Working Party’s late July announcement that European regulators will not challenge the program’s adequacy for at least a…more

Article 29 Working Party (WP29), Data Protection Authority, EU, EU-US Privacy Shield, European Commission

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Wealth Management Update - September 2016

September Interest Rates for GRATs, Sales to Defective Grantor Trusts, Intra-Family Loans and Split Interest Charitable Trusts - The September § 7520 rate for use with estate planning techniques such as CRTs, CLTs, QPRTs…more

Beneficiary Designations, Civil Unions, Clear and Convincing Evidence, Community Property, Constitutional Challenges

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The War on Modern Slavery Continues

On July 30, 2016, newly-elected British Prime Minister, Theresa May, wrote an article detailing how her government would lead the charge in combatting modern slavery. As a major proponent of the UK Modern Slavery Act (and one…more

Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery Act, Slavery, Supply Chain, UK

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Tax Announcements in the UK’s Budget 2016

The UK’s 2016 budget was announced on Wednesday 16 March 2016. Although we are waiting for detailed legislation for most of the tax-related announcements, below is a brief summary of some tax points which have caught our…more

BEPS, Capital Gains, Carried Interest, Corporate Taxes, EBITDA

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2015 Global High-Yield Bond Study

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Methodology - Definitions - Categories of Analysis - High-Yield Bond Study: ..Call Protection ..Change of Control Portability…more

Bonds, Global Market, High-Yield Markets

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Maryland Employers: Are You Ready? The Maryland Equal Pay for Equal Work Act Goes Into Effect October 1, 2016

Maryland’s Equal Pay for Equal Work Act (the “Act”) is scheduled to take effect on October 1, 2016. The Act amends Maryland’s existing Equal Pay law, expanding its protections against wage discrimination on the basis of sex in…more

Anti-Steering Rules, Corporate Counsel, Employer Liability Issues, Equal Pay, Exceptions

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - December 2015

Editor's Overview - In this month's newsletter, we focus on the recent wave of guidance and case law related to the Affordable Care Act. We also discuss IRS Notice 2015-86, which provides guidance on the application of the…more

Affordable Care Act, Attorney's Fees, Automatic Enrollment, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Cadillac Tax

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Proskauer's 2016 IPO Study

Proskauer's Global Capital Markets Group presents the third annual IPO Study, a comprehensive analysis of U.S.-listed initial public offerings in 2015 and identification of three-year comparisons and trends of U.S.-listed…more

Capital Markets, Corporate Governance, EBITDA, Foreign Issuers, Initial Public Offerings

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NLRB Rules That Graduate Students Are Employees

Yesterday, the National Labor Relations Board (“the Board”) issued its long awaited decision in Columbia University. Not surprisingly, the Board, in a 3-1 decision, overturned 12 years of precedent by ruling that “student…more

Brown University, Collective Bargaining, Colleges, Educational Institutions, Graduate Students

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NLRB Takes D.R. Horton One Step Further While the Ninth Circuit Upholds Its Contrary Decision

On January 17, 2014, the National Labor Relations Board Judge Lisa D. Thompson concluded that an agreement that did not prohibit class or collective action still violated Section 8(a)(1) of the National Labor Relations Act…more

Arbitration, Arbitration Agreements, Class Action, Collective Actions, D.R. Horton

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California Employment Law Notes - March 2015

Employee Who Was Working Elsewhere During Medical Leave Of Absence Was Properly Terminated - Richey v. AutoNation, Inc., 182 Cal. Rptr. 3d 644 (Cal. S. Ct. 2015). Avery Richey worked for Power Toyota Cerritos, part…more

AutoNation, CAFA, California Family Rights Act (CFRA), Car Dealerships, Disability Discrimination

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A Yarn Spun, But Advertising Not Tailored to a Lanham Act Claim

In a recent application of the Supreme Court’s 2014 Lexmark decision on standing, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held last month that a yarn retailer who alleged it was misled by its supplier into purchasing…more

Breach of Warranty, Corporate Counsel, False Advertising, Lanham Act, Lexmark v Static Control Components

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2015 Global High-Yield Bond Study

In This Issue: - Executive Summary - Methodology - Definitions - Categories of Analysis - High-Yield Bond Study: ..Call Protection ..Change of Control Portability…more

Bonds, Global Market, High-Yield Markets

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Another SEC Whistleblower Amicus Brief On Whether Dodd-Frank Covers Internal Complaints

On February 6, the SEC filed its third amicus brief defending its interpretive rule on Dodd-Frank’s anti-retaliation provision, 15 U.S.C. §78u-6(h)(1). The impetus is a ruling out of the Southern District of New York in Berman…more

Anti-Retaliation Provisions, Dodd-Frank, Employer Liability Issues, Internal Reporting, SEC

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - May 2016

Editor’s Overview - In this issue of Proskauer's ERISA Litigation Newsletter, we review a recent ruling by the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals concerning the application of controlled group principles to the building and…more

Affordable Care Act, Arbitrators, COBRA, Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA), Construction Industry

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Proposed Regulations Issued for Supporting Organizations

On February 19, 2016, the IRS and Treasury Department issued proposed regulations regarding (i) prohibitions on certain contributions to Type I and Type III supporting organizations and (ii) requirements for Type III supporting…more

Comment Period, IRS, Notification Requirements, Pension Protection Act of 2006, Proposed Regulation

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Partnership-Level Tax Under New Audit Rules

The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, signed into law on November 2, 2015, has significantly changed the partnership tax audit rules, effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. Under the current partnership…more

Audits, Bipartisan Budget, Burden-Shifting, Federal Budget, IRS

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DOJ Moves to Dismiss Public Corruption Charges Against Former VA Governor

Last week, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Virginia moved to dismiss public corruption charges against former Virginia Governor Robert McDonnell, and his wife, Maureen McDonnell. The decision comes after…more

Bribery, Corruption, Criminal Convictions, Criminal Prosecution, Governor McDonnell

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SEC Timeout on Proxy Access Issue Has Wider Implications

On January 16, 2015, the SEC withdrew its December 1, 2014 no-action letter in which it concurred with the view of Whole Foods Market, Inc. that the company was entitled under SEC Rule 14a-8(i)(9) to exclude from its proxy…more

Corporate Governance, Management Proposals, Mary Jo White, No-Action Letters, Proxy Access Rule

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Major Changes Coming to Canadian Trademark Law

Recent amendments to Canada’s trademark laws, which are expected to take effect as soon as late next year, will introduce a number of significant changes for owners of Canadian trademark registrations and applications. Various…more

Canada, International Harmonization, Trademarks

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DOJ Breaks its Silence in 2015 FCPA Enforcement

Last week, the DOJ announced its first corporate enforcement action under the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act (“FCPA”) for 2015. IAP World Services, Inc., a Florida-based defense and government contractor, agreed to pay $7.1…more

Chief Compliance Officers, Compliance, Defense Sector, DOJ, Enforcement Actions

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Three Point Shot - Summer 2016

800-Meter Champion Berian Eventually Outpaces Nike Endorsement Suit... Or Did He? World 800-meter champion Boris Berian is seemingly capable of out-running just about anything these days. Berian is just a year removed from…more

Applications, Athletes, Bad Faith, Breach of Contract, Cease and Desist

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Brexit – No Short Term Regulatory Change but Significant Longer Term Implications

The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU). Although the vote will have long term implications, in the short term there will be no change to the current legal and regulatory status quo; the UK will remain…more

AIFMD, Antitrust Provisions, David Cameron, EU, EU Passport

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter; November 2013

In This Issue: - Labor and Employment and ERISA Class Actions After Wal-Mart and Comcast — Practice Points for Defendants (Part I – Commonality)* - Agencies Release Guidance on HRAs, FSAs, and Employer Payment Plans…more

Affordable Care Act, Class Action, Class Certification, Comcast, Competition

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SEC Announces Settlement with Adviser Found to Have Acted as an Unregistered Broker and Engaged in Conflicted Transactions

On June 1, 2016, the SEC announced a settlement with Blackstreet Capital Management, LLC and Murry N. Gunty, Blackstreet's managing member and principal owner. As a registered investment adviser based in Chevy Chase, Maryland,…more

Civil Monetary Penalty, Conflicts of Interest, Disgorgement, Fund Managers, Neither Admit Nor Deny Settlements

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BMI Wins Summary Judgment of Copyright Infringement After Restaurant Owner Fails to Respond to Requests for Admission

Plaintiff Broadcast Music, Inc. (“BMI”), a music rights management organization that offers licenses to a massive catalogue of popular songs on behalf of copyright owners, brought suit for copyright infringement against the…more

Copyright, Copyright Infringement, IP License, Music, Music Industry

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SEC Issues $26M in Whistleblower Awards Over One-Month Period

In a clear sign of the increased awareness – and effectiveness – of the SEC’s whistleblower program, the SEC awarded five whistleblowers a total of over $26 million for their assistance in four separate enforcement actions…more

Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, Popular, SEC, Securities Violations

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - August 2016

Editor's Overview - This month’s newsletter features an article on the DOL’s recently published interim final rule that increases penalties for notice and disclosure violations, which generally became effective on August…more

Affordable Care Act, Annual Reports, Broker-Dealer, Civil Monetary Penalty, Commercial Speech

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Hong Kong Government to Extend Existing Offshore Funds Tax Exemption to Private Equity Funds

The Hong Kong government has announced in its latest budget a planned extension of the existing offshore funds tax exemption to bring offshore private equity funds investing in or through Hong Kong, within its scope. The scope…more

Hong Kong, Private Equity Funds, SPVs, Tax Exemptions

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New Year: New Regulatory Developments Affecting Managers of Hedge Funds, Private Equity Funds and Other Private Funds

Regulators were busy at the end of 2015, especially in the United States, perhaps being motivated to push forward new rule proposals in anticipation of a change in administration after the presidential elections later this year…more

Accredited Investors, Algorithmic Trading, CFTC, Common Reporting Standard (CRS), Fund Managers

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - January 2016

Editor's Overview - Happy New Year! Because 401(k) plans play an increasingly prominent role as an employee's principal retirement investment vehicle, fiduciaries overseeing those plans face increased pressure to see them…more

401k, Attorney's Fees, Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA), Data Security, ERISA

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Second Circuit Decision Resuscitates EEOC’s Gender Discrimination Suit Against Sterling Jewelers

This week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit sharply limited employers’ ability to challenge the adequacy of the EEOC’s pre-suit investigations. The Court issued an opinion vacating a district court…more

Determination Letter, Discrimination, EEOC, Enforcement Actions, Gender Discrimination

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SEC Issues Another Multi-Million Dollar Whistleblower Award

Less than one month after issuing a $22 million award, the SEC issued another multi-million dollar whistleblower award on September 20, 2016. The SEC’s most recent award exceeded $4 million. The SEC issued its typical…more

Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, SEC, Securities Violations, Whistleblower Awards

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ERISA Litigation Newsletter - July 2016

Editor's Overview - This month we take a look at the plaintiffs' past successes in fee litigations, and the influx of such lawsuits seeking to impose heightened fiduciary standards for 401(k) plans. Regardless of the…more

401k, Best Interest Contract Exemptions, Chevron Deference, CMS, Conflicts of Interest

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - August 2016

Editor's Overview - This month’s newsletter features an article on the DOL’s recently published interim final rule that increases penalties for notice and disclosure violations, which generally became effective on August…more

Affordable Care Act, Annual Reports, Broker-Dealer, Civil Monetary Penalty, Commercial Speech

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Sixth Circuit to Construe Scope of CDA Section 230 Immunity on Appeal of Unusual Jones v. Dirty World Decision

How can a website operator lose the broad immunity for liability associated with user-generated content conferred by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (CDA)? Section 230 has been consistently interpreted by most…more

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Supreme Court Holds That Criminal Defendants Challenging Pre-Trial Asset Seizure Cannot Contest a Grand Jury’s Determination of Probable Cause

On February 25, 2014, in Kaley v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court held 6-3 that criminal defendants challenging the legality of a §853(e)(1) pre-trial asset seizure may not contest a grand jury's determination of probable…more

Criminal Prosecution, Frozen Assets, Grand Juries, Kaley v. United States, Probable Cause

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When Settlement and Secrecy Do Not Mix

Non-disclosure and confidentiality provisions can be an important aspect of resolving a case through settlement. But when one of the parties is a purported class, and the allegation is an antitrust violation, settlement and…more

Abuse of Discretion, Antitrust Violations, Class Action, Class Members, Confidentiality Agreements

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Can Parties Use Settlement Agreements to Vacate a Prior Judgment?

In Hartford Accident and Indemnity v. Crum & Forster Specialty Insurance et al., the Eleventh Circuit recently reversed a District Court’s decision refusing to vacate its prior judgments even though vacatur was a condition of a…more

Abuse of Discretion, Appeals, Exceptional Case, Hartford Insurance Company, Insurance Litigation

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US EPA Approves New Standard for Conducting Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently issued its final rule amending the standards and practices for conducting environmental "all appropriate inquiries" to include a new standard recently made…more

ASTM, CERCLA, Due Diligence, Environmental Assessments, Environmental Policies

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District Court Dismisses 401(k) Plan Investment Claims Against Chevron Fiduciaries

A federal district court in California granted defendants’ motion to dismiss claims asserted by Chevron 401(k) plan participants that the plan fiduciaries breached their ERISA fiduciary duties by selecting underperforming…more

401k, Breach of Duty, Chevron, Employee Benefits, ERISA

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Delaware Supreme Court Holds Tooley Direct vs. Derivative Rule Is No Bar to Parent Corporation’s Contract Claim

As previously reported, in NAF Holdings, LLC v. Li & Fung (Trading) Limited, 772 F.3d 740 (2d Cir. 2014), the Second Circuit certified to the Delaware Supreme Court an unusual question regarding whether the direct vs. derivative…more

Breach of Contract, Breach of Duty, Complex Corporate Transactions, DE Supreme Court, Demand Futility

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The Modern Slavery Act 2015 and Supply Chain Transparency

The Modern Slavery Act 2015 is new legislation introduced in the UK with the intention of combatting slavery and human trafficking. Continuing the trend for legislation to have extra-territorial reach, as illustrated by the UK…more

Board of Directors, Disclosure Requirements, Human Rights, Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery Act

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Second Circuit To Determine Whether Artful Pleading Can Extend FCPA Jurisdiction

Prosecutors in the District of Connecticut have appealed a district court’s ruling that conspiracy and aiding and abetting charges cannot be used to extend the FCPA’s jurisdictional reach. The FCPA has three…more

Aiding and Abetting, Alstom, Congressional Intent, Corporate Counsel, Criminal Conspiracy

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H-1B Cap: The Receipts Are Trickling In!

On April 7, 2016, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that it received more H-1B petitions than available under the statutory cap of 65,000 general-category visas and 20,000 U.S. Master's visas for…more

H-1B, Highly-Skilled Workers Visa, Lottery, USCIS, Visa Caps

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Policyholders Face Uncertainty after Lapse of Terrorism Risk Insurance Program

Congress' failure to renew the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act (TRIPRA), a 2007 extension of the 2002 Terrorism Risk Insurance Act, could have significant implications for companies that rely upon property…more

Terrorism Insurance, TRIA

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Budget Deal Alters Reimbursement to Off-Campus Hospital-Owned Facilities

On November 2, 2015, President Obama signed into law H.R. 1314, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (the "Act"), which significantly changes Medicare reimbursement for off-campus hospital services. The Act, which Congress passed…more

Barack Obama, Congressional Budget Office, Federal Budget, Health Care Providers, Healthcare

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Antitrust Agencies Propose Updates to IP Licensing Guidelines and Invite Comments

In 1995, the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice first issued the Antitrust Guidelines for the Licensing of Intellectual Property. They represent the antitrust enforcement policy of the agencies with respect…more

Antitrust Provisions, Comment Period, Competition, Copyright, FTC

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The War on Modern Slavery Continues

On July 30, 2016, newly-elected British Prime Minister, Theresa May, wrote an article detailing how her government would lead the charge in combatting modern slavery. As a major proponent of the UK Modern Slavery Act (and one…more

Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery Act, Slavery, Supply Chain, UK

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Hong Kong SFC Continues To Step Up Its Enforcement Action amidst Enhanced Regulation of IPO Sponsors

With the date for the introduction of the new regulatory regime for IPO sponsors now just a matter of weeks away on October 1, 2013, the Hong Kong market has witnessed further action taken by the Securities and Futures…more

Compliance, Enforcement Actions, Futures, Hong Kong, Investors

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Beware Deceptive Trademark Solicitations from Organizations Not Affiliated with the US Patent and Trademark Office

Private organizations not affiliated with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) often use the USPTO's publicly available trademark database to obtain applicant information, and then disseminate deceptive,…more

Patents, Scams, Trademarks, USPTO

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California Employers Down, But Not Out, Concerning Class Certification Issues

Shortly after the California Supreme Court issued its 2012 decision in Brinker Restaurant Corp. v. Superior Court, employers saw an immediate uptick in appellate court decisions supporting the denial of class certification to…more

Brinker, Class Action, Class Certification, Compliance, Employer Liability Issues

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Clearance: Proskauer's Quarterly Antitrust Update - Fall 2013

In Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc., the Supreme Court, in a 5-3 decision written by Justice Breyer, reversed the Eleventh Circuit's dismissal of an FTC complaint under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act[1]…more

Actavis Inc., Anti-Competitive, Antitrust Investigations, Antitrust Litigation, Competition

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Proposed Regulations under Section 355 Clarify Device and Active Trade or Business Requirements for Tax-Free Spin-offs

On July 15, 2016, the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and the Department of the Treasury (Treasury) published proposed regulations that would modify the device and active trade or business requirements for tax-free spin-offs…more

Active Trade or Business Test, Device Test, Grandfathering Rules, Internal Revenue Code (IRC), IRS

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - May 2015

Editor's Overview - This month we focus on the EEOC's proposed rules concerning wellness programs. As our colleague, Amy Covert, discusses, a recent change of position by the EEOC provides employers with opportunities to…more

ADA, Affordable Care Act, Best Management Practices, DOL, EEOC

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Halo Shines Bright in D. Mass.

A recent order from the District of Massachusetts sheds light on how the Supreme Court’s June 2016 decision in Halo Electronics v. Pulse Electronics is being interpreted by the district courts. The Memorandum and Order by Chief…more

Enhanced Damages, Halo v Pulse, Induced Infringement, Jury Instructions, Patent Infringement

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Massachusetts Jury Finds Violation of Stored Communications Act and Massachusetts Privacy Laws

In January 2011, David Cheng (Plaintiff) filed a lawsuit against his former co-worker and fellow radiologist, Laura Romo (Defendant), alleging a violation of the Stored Communications Act (SCA) and Massachusetts privacy law…more

Email, Jury Trial, Privacy Laws, Stored Communications Act, Yahoo!

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Digital Music Provider Grooveshark Dismantled in Major Victory for Music Recording Industry

On April 30, 2015, digital music provider Grooveshark—owned by Escape Media Group, Inc. ("Escape")—agreed to permanently shut down its controversial music streaming website following several years of litigation with major record…more

Digital Media, Internet Streaming, Music, Music Industry, Popular

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New Year: New Regulatory Developments Affecting Managers of Hedge Funds, Private Equity Funds and Other Private Funds

Regulators were busy at the end of 2015, especially in the United States, perhaps being motivated to push forward new rule proposals in anticipation of a change in administration after the presidential elections later this year…more

Accredited Investors, Algorithmic Trading, CFTC, Common Reporting Standard (CRS), Fund Managers

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - September 2015

Editor's Overview - It has been a little more than one year since the U.S. Supreme Court altered the legal landscape for litigating ERISA breach of fiduciary duty claims relating to the investment in employer stock funds. …more

Administrative Appeals, Affordable Care Act, Breach of Duty, Burwell v Hobby Lobby, Cadillac Tax

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4th Time is Not a Charm: Android Users Plead Themselves Out of Court

Finding that the Plaintiffs lacked Article III standing to pursue their case, Google, Inc. (“Google”) won dismissal of the Android users’ putative class action lawsuit after more than three years of litigation. In re Google…more

Android, Article III, Data Privacy, Disclosure, Electronic Data Transmissions

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The Renewed Importance of Opinions of Counsel in Patent Infringement Actions

Several recent court decisions in patent infringement actions reflect the significant impact of the Supreme Court's ruling in Halo Electronics, Inc. v. Pulse Electronics, Inc., which dramatically altered the landscape for…more

Abuse of Discretion, Attorney-Client Privilege, Corporate Counsel, Enhanced Damages, Halo v Pulse

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Federal Circuit Revisits and Recasts Means-Plus-Function Claim Interpretation

An en banc decision from the Federal Circuit last week overruled a line of cases governing the interpretation of functional claim language, calling into question how courts, the PTO, and industry will treat such language in the…more

Claim Construction, Expert Testimony, Means-Plus-Function, Patent Litigation, Patents

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FTC Issues Report and Privacy Best Practices for the Internet of Things

On January 27, 2015 the Federal Trade Commission (the “FTC”) issued a report detailing best practices and recommendations that businesses engaged in the Internet of Things (“IoT”) can follow to protect consumer privacy and…more

Best Practices, Data Collection, Data Protection, FTC, Information Reports

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Supreme Court Holds That Criminal Defendants Challenging Pre-Trial Asset Seizure Cannot Contest a Grand Jury’s Determination of Probable Cause

On February 25, 2014, in Kaley v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court held 6-3 that criminal defendants challenging the legality of a §853(e)(1) pre-trial asset seizure may not contest a grand jury's determination of probable…more

Criminal Prosecution, Frozen Assets, Grand Juries, Kaley v. United States, Probable Cause

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Fourth Circuit Issues Ruling Interpreting False Claim Act Whistleblower Amendments

The Fourth Circuit recently issued a decision interpreting the anti-retaliation provision of the False Claims Act (FCA). The decision provides important clarification about how courts may interpret 2009 and 2010 amendments to…more

Anti-Retaliation Provisions, Competitive Bidding, False Claims Act (FCA), Federal Contractors, Hiring & Firing

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Brexit – No Short Term Regulatory Change but Significant Longer Term Implications

The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU). Although the vote will have long term implications, in the short term there will be no change to the current legal and regulatory status quo; the UK will remain…more

AIFMD, Antitrust Provisions, David Cameron, EU, EU Passport

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Oklahoma Partners With U.S. DOL to Investigate Worker Misclassification

On September 13, 2016, Oklahoma became the 35th state to enter into a partnership with the U.S. Department of Labor (U.S. DOL) to share information and conduct joint investigations regarding independent contractor…more

DOL, Employee Definition, Employer Liability Issues, Independent Contractors, Misclassification

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California Employment Law Notes - March 2015

Employee Who Was Working Elsewhere During Medical Leave Of Absence Was Properly Terminated - Richey v. AutoNation, Inc., 182 Cal. Rptr. 3d 644 (Cal. S. Ct. 2015). Avery Richey worked for Power Toyota Cerritos, part…more

AutoNation, CAFA, California Family Rights Act (CFRA), Car Dealerships, Disability Discrimination

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War of the World Wide Webs: D.C. Circuit Refuses Terror Victims’ Attempt to Seize Internet Domain Names

In early August, the D.C. Circuit refused to allow victims of terror attacks to take control of the Internet domain names of Iran, North Korea, and Syria as a means of satisfying previous money judgments awarded to the victims…more

Asset Seizure, Crime Victims, Domain Names, FSIA, gTLD

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Is the Jury Out on Whether the Jury can be Brought Back In?

The jury renders its verdict. No party objects. The judge thanks the jury for its service, discharges them, and tells them they are free to go. The jury exits, but there’s one problem: the jury’s verdict is internally…more

Damages, Dietz v Bouldin, Due Process, Inherent Authority, Jury Recall

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Eleventh Circuit Rules Disgorgement No Different Than Forfeiture, Barring SEC From Seeking Ill-Gotten Gains Outside Five-Year Limitations Period

A three judge panel in the Eleventh Circuit issued a ruling last Thursday in Securities and Exchange Commission v. Barry Graham et al., Case No. 14-13562, holding—contrary to several other circuits—that the remedy of…more

Cause of Action Accrual, Corporate Counsel, Declaratory Relief, Disgorgement, Enforcement Actions

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District Court Rules That Smartphone Passcodes Are Testimonial; Protected by Fifth Amendment

In Securities and Exchange Commission v. Huang, the district court held that the Fifth Amendment protected two former employees against having to disclose their personal passcodes for company-issued smartphones to government…more

Biometric Information, Capital One, Confidential Information, Databases, Discovery

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SEC Issues Another Multi-Million Dollar Whistleblower Award

Less than one month after issuing a $22 million award, the SEC issued another multi-million dollar whistleblower award on September 20, 2016. The SEC’s most recent award exceeded $4 million. The SEC issued its typical…more

Dodd-Frank, Enforcement Actions, SEC, Securities Violations, Whistleblower Awards

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Seventh Circuit Adopts Trulia Standard for Disclosure-Only Settlements

Last week, in an opinion authored by Judge Richard Posner, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit rejected a proposed class-action settlement arising from Walgreen Co.’s acquisition of the Swiss-based pharmacy…more

Acquisitions, Attorney's Fees, Class Action, Disclosure Settlement, Fiduciary Duty

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Real Estate Investments by Qualified Foreign Pension Funds After the PATH Act

The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (“PATH Act”) included a number of significant changes to the U.S. federal income tax rules related to real estate investment trusts (“REITs”) and investments by non-U.S…more

FIRPTA, Foreign Investment, Income Taxes, IRS, Pension Funds

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The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - January 2016

Editor's Overview - Happy New Year! Because 401(k) plans play an increasingly prominent role as an employee's principal retirement investment vehicle, fiduciaries overseeing those plans face increased pressure to see them…more

401k, Attorney's Fees, Collective Bargaining Agreements (CBA), Data Security, ERISA

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Taming the Bull Rider: Chancery Court Reining in Mootness Fee Awards in Merger Litigation

Last month, the Delaware Chancery Court drastically reduced – from $275,000 to $50,000 – a mootness fee award requested by plaintiffs’ counsel in a lawsuit challenging the merger between PayPal and Xoom Corporation, finding the…more

Breach of Contract, Controlling Stockholders, Corporate Counsel, Derivative Suit, Fee Reductions

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Proposed FBAR Regulations Expand Filing Exemption and Reporting Requirements

As reported in our prior client alerts, the Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts, FinCEN Form 114 (FBAR), must be filed by a U.S. person that holds a financial interest in, or signature or other authority over, a…more

Exemptions, FBAR, FinCEN, Foreign Bank Accounts, IRS

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SEC Adopts Changes to Form ADV Affecting Advisers to Private Investment Funds

On August 25, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted numerous substantive and technical amendments to Form ADV, Part 1A, which previously had been proposed in a release dated May 20, 2015. Several of the…more

Form ADV, Investment Adviser, Private Funds, Recordkeeping Requirements, Reporting Requirements

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Placing Limits on the State Action Doctrine, the Supreme Court Subjects Local Government Hospitals to Scrutiny under the Antitrust Laws

Recent major regulatory and technological developments have brought forth historic changes to the health care market. Health care providers have responded to these developments in several ways. One such mechanism, hospital…more

FTC, FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Hospital Mergers, Hospitals, Immunity

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NLRB Says On-Line Planning For Insubordination Is Not Protected Concerted Activity

In Richmond District Neighborhood Center, Case 20-CA-091748 (Oct. 28, 2014), the Board upheld an Administrative Law Judge’s ruling that a conversation between two employees, who were involved with student programming at the…more

Employee Rights, Facebook, NLRA, NLRB, Social Media

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Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey

Proskauer's Labor and Employment Law Department released its Value Insights: Delivering Value in Labor and Employment Law survey, a resource that illuminates current practices and future trends in managing labor and employment…more

Alternative Fee Arrangements, Arbitration Agreements, Class Action, Electronically Stored Information, FLSA

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Tips For Setting Employees’ Salaries And Benefits For MultiNational Companies

Setting the correct salary is never easy and is more an art than a science. In the current economic climate the market fluctuates according to industry, geographical location, budgetary constraints and a whole host of other…more

Bonuses, Discrimination, Employee Benefits, Minimum Wage, Multinationals

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2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds

Proskauer has released the 2015 Proskauer Annual Review and Outlook for Hedge, Private Equity and Other Private Funds. The 88-page report is a summary of significant legal changes and developments in the private funds space…more

China, Cybersecurity, EU, Gift Tax, Hedge Funds

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Fifth Circuit Decision Reinforces The Importance of Clearly Communicating Anti-Harassment Policies

A well-drafted anti-sexual harassment policy and complaint procedure can provide useful defenses for employers defending against claims of sexual harassment. However, a recent decision from the Fifth Circuit should remind…more

Anti-Harassment Policies, Appeals, Complaint Procedures, Corporate Counsel, EEOC

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