News & Analysis as of

Abuse of Dominance

2018 Antitrust Annual Report

by Shearman & Sterling LLP on

Global law firm Shearman & Sterling publishes its sixth annual Antitrust Annual Report today. The 2018 Report discerns two key trends – a global resurgence of controls on foreign direct investment and the focus on ‘fairness’...more

From hipster antitrust to Big Data: fresh challenges to competition law?

by Dentons on

The modern foundations of competition law and policy – with a focus on competitive pricing for consumers rather than a broad and diverse set of social and economic issues – are being shaken by the dual tremors of populism and...more

EU Retail News - February 2018

by Bryan Cave on

Do You Need to Appoint a Data Protection Officer in Your Organisation? Under the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), any company that monitors individuals on a "large scale" or has "large scale" collections of...more

German Supreme Court Issues Landmark Ruling on Unfair Trading Practices

by Jones Day on

The Situation: Market-dominant and powerful companies in Germany are subject to a number of rules that are significantly broader and stricter than the European Union's, Article 102 AEUV, which prohibits the abuse of a...more

When is pricing discriminatory?

by Bryan Cave on

We reported in January 2017 on how a Portuguese Court has asked the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) to provide guidance on when “discriminatory pricing applied to equivalent transactions” amounts to an abuse...more

Relationship between data protection and competition laws - German Federal Cartel Office objects to Facebook’s collection of user...

by Dentons on

Data-related businesses occupy an increasingly important role in the modern economy. During the past decade, companies such as Facebook, Amazon, Alibaba and Google/Alphabet have sprung up and become veritable giants by...more

German regulator alleges abuse of dominance by Facebook over data usage policies

by Bryan Cave on

On 19 December 2017, the German Federal Cartel Office (FCO), issued a press release alleging that Facebook had abused its dominant position on the market for social networks in Germany. It specifically alleges that it...more

European General Court Rules (again) on Mandatory Access and Interoperability in Software Industry

by Jones Day on

The Ruling: A recent European General Court decision provided valuable guidance on applying abuse of dominance rules (Article 102 TFEU) in the context of software products and provided some welcome clarifications regarding...more

Pfizer and Flynn Pharma fined €101 million for charging the UK health service excessive prices for Phenytoin sodium capsules, an...

by Dechert LLP on

The UK Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) recently published its infringement decision of 7 December 2016 that imposed a fine on Pfizer and Flynn Pharma (“Flynn”) for abusing their respective dominant positions by...more

Rewarding Loyalty: ECJ Holds that Loyalty Rebates Do Not Per Se Restrict Competition

by Jones Day on

The Background: In September 2017, the European Court of Justice (Case C-413/14 P) reversed the ruling of the General Court, which had upheld the European Commission's €1.06 billion fine on Intel for abusing its dominant...more

When are prices "excessive": did the Latvian competition authority strike the right note?

by Dentons on

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has just ruled that competition regulators have a "certain margin for manoeuvre" in deciding whether prices are excessive, and that there is no single adequate method for such an...more

Takeaways from the Intel Judgment on the Legality of Exclusivity Rebates in the EU

According to the longstanding case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “Court”), rebates which are conditional upon a purchaser buying all or most of its requirements from a dominant supplier (so called...more

Antitrust Alert: European Court Of Justice Publishes Long-Awaited Judgment In The Intel Case

by Jones Day on

September 2017 What happened? Last week the European Court of Justice ("ECJ") set aside a General Court ruling that had upheld a €1.06 billion fine imposed by the European Commission on Intel for abusing its dominant position...more

What Discount Structures Can a Dominant Firm Use? European Court Quashes €1.06 Billion Fine on Intel

by Reed Smith on

In a recent judgment, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has quashed the judgment of the European Court of First Instance (CFI) which upheld the European Commission’s € 1.06 billion fine on Intel for abusing...more

Intel Ruling: General Court Failed to Examine All of Intel’s Arguments, Court of Justice Says

On September 6, 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) quashed the 2014 judgment of the General Court (GC) that upheld a fine of €1.06 billion ($1.5 billion) on Intel Corporation Inc. (Intel) for abusing a...more

EU Court Orders New Assessment of Intel's Rebates

by Dechert LLP on

The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has quashed a ruling by the EU’s General Court which had upheld the European Commission’s (EC) 2009 finding of abuse of dominance by Intel Corporation Inc. Intel was fined...more

New era dawning in EU competition law? CJEU endorses an effects-based assessment of rebates and sets aside lower court’s judgment...

by White & Case LLP on

Intel and the effects-based approach in EU competition law - On 6 September 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union ("CJEU" or "Court") essentially held in Intel1 that the European Commission ("Commission") cannot...more

The Intel Case – Facts do matter!

by Dentons on

Companies commonly use rebates to maximise sales. From a competition law perspective, such rebate schemes are ordinarily unproblematic. However, dominant companies may apply rebates in a way that distorts competition, in...more

Excessive Pricing in Generic Drug Markets

by Ropes & Gray LLP on

EU and UK antitrust laws make it illegal for dominant firms to charge unfair or excessive prices. These laws have most often been applied in markets that feature high barriers to entry or expansion, which enable a dominant...more

Report of the JFTC/CPRC Study Group on Data and Competition Policy

by White & Case LLP on

On June 6, 2017, the Japan Fair Trade Commission ("JFTC") and the Competition Policy Research Center ("CPRC"), jointly published their "Report of Study Group on Data and Competition Policy" ("Report"). The Study Group kicked...more

CMA Updates its Penalties Guidance for UK and EU Competition Law Infringements

by Latham & Watkins LLP on

On 2 August 2017, the UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) launched a consultation on proposals to amend the Office of Fair Trading’s 2012 guidance as to the appropriate amount of a penalty for infringements of the...more

EU & Competition Law Update – August 2017

by Bryan Cave on

The UK Government’s Brexit strategy took another step forward on 13th July 2017 with the publication of the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, commonly referred to as the “Great Repeal Bill”. There was not much of a fanfare...more

What EU‘s Fine of Google $2.7 Means for Antitrust Exposure

by Kelley Drye & Warren LLP on

The European Commission has fined Google €2.42 billion ($2.7 billion) after concluding the company had abused its dominance in search. According to a letter from the EC announcing the results of its investigation, Google has...more

India – Antitrust Law Update

by Miles & Stockbridge P.C. on

In 2009, the Indian government implemented provisions under the Competition Act of 2002 for prohibition of anti-competitive agreements and abuse of dominant positions in India. More recently, antitrust litigation has...more

An American Tech Company in King Brussels’ Court: A Cautionary Tale

by Poyner Spruill LLP on

The European Union’s antitrust regulator recently imposed a record €2.42 billion fine against Google, finding that the company had “abused its market dominance as a search engine by giving an illegal advantage to another...more

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