News & Analysis as of

Conditions of Payment

Lessons From a Year of Escobar

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

It has been one year since the U.S. Supreme Court’s landmark ruling in Universal Health Services v. United States ex rel. Escobar, which resolved a circuit split as to the validity of the implied false certification theory...more

401(k)/403(b) Loan Borrowers – Check Your Paystubs!

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

A recent tax court case, Louelia Salomon Frias, v. Commissioner, TC Memo 2017-139, illustrates why it is good practice to verify that employee loan repayments have been timely deducted. Plan Loan Requirements. An employer...more

No cross-contract set-off under Security of Payment Act

by White & Case LLP on

In Hua Rong Engineering Pte Ltd v Civil Tech Pte Ltd, the Singapore High Court considered whether counterclaims and set-offs arising outside the context of the contract in dispute can operate as a defence in adjudication...more

Supreme Court of Wyoming Strictly Interprets a Conditional Payment Provision to Trigger Payment Only After GC and All of its Subs...

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

P&N Invs. v. Frontier Mall Assocs., 2017 Wyo. LEXIS 62 (Wyo. 2017) - This payment dispute arose over conditional language in a lease agreement between a mall and a restaurant operator. P&N Investments (“P&N”) leased space...more

Projects Disputes in Australia: Recent Cases

by Jones Day on

Since late last year, there have been several major decisions from Australia's highest courts on important issues for stakeholders in the construction, mining and infrastructure industries. Below, we provide a summary. Some...more

FCA Deeper Dive: Escobar and Its Aftermath – Part II

by Bass, Berry & Sims PLC on

The FCA continues to be the federal government’s primary civil enforcement tool for investigating allegations that healthcare providers or government contractors defrauded the federal government. In the coming weeks, we will...more

Escobar's Impact: Recent Application of "Materiality" in Ninth Circuit

Last year, a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar (Escobar), 136 S.Ct. 1989 (2016), creating important implications for Federal False Claims Act (FCA) cases...more

“Implied Certification” Theory Allowed Under the False Claims Act

by Farrell Fritz, P.C. on

The Supreme Court recently allowed liability through the implied certification theory of the False Claims Act (FCA), which was raised and upheld in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar. The...more

Standby letters of credit, complying demands and the fraud exception – Court of Appeal restores certainty and commercial common...

by Dentons on

In two appeals on the validity of demands under standby letters of credit (SBLCs) and the application of the fraud exception, the Court of Appeal has ruled in each case that...more

Materiality Under FCA: The Lower Courts Grapple With Escobar’s Meaning

by WilmerHale on

The Supreme Court’s decision in Universal Health Services v. Escobar ex rel. United States sought to clarify the standard for materiality under the False Claims Act, but lower courts have already begun to adopt different...more

Letters of Credit: Autonomy Principle is Re-confirmed

by White & Case LLP on

The Court of Appeal has confirmed the "autonomy principle" of letters of credit under English law, holding that PetroSaudi Oil Services (Venezuela) Ltd ("PetroSaudi") and its director and General Counsel, Mr Buckland, had...more

Seventh Circuit Revisits Sanford-Brown, Rejects Implied Certification Claim

by Bass, Berry & Sims PLC on

In one of the few cases to apply the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Universal Health Services v. Escobar, the Seventh Circuit recently revisited and affirmed its prior rejection of an implied certification claim under the...more

On Remand, First Circuit Finds Violations in Escobar Were Material

by Bass, Berry & Sims PLC on

In June, the Supreme Court issued Universal Health Services, Inc. v. U.S. ex rel. Escobar, a landmark opinion in which the Supreme Court addressed the standard for pleading materiality in FCA implied certification cases. The...more

When Can Violation of a Condition of Participation Result in False Claims Act Liability? Update on Escobar’s Materiality Standard

by Ruder Ware on

In June, I published a blog article on a decision of the United States Supreme Court that appeared to change the law applicable to “false certification” in the 7th Judicial Circuit Circuit. The Supreme Court decision in...more

"Escobar and the Implied Certification Theory: Initial Cases Raise the Bar on Materiality in False Claims Act Litigation"

On June 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar1 (Escobar) unanimously upheld the implied certification theory of False Claims Act (FCA) liability and strengthened...more

Business Litigation Report - September 2016

Second Circuit Rejects Massive Class Action Settlement and Affirms Importance of Adequate Representation and Due Process Rights for Absent Class Members - The Second Circuit Court of Appeals recently considered whether...more

False Claims Act Developments Significantly Impact a Broad Range of Industries Doing Business with the U.S. Government

No other area of government enforcement or civil liability has experienced anything quite like the three dramatic developments in initiation, penalties and standards for False Claims Act cases over the last twelve months. FY...more

Harsh Consequences for Contractor’s False Payment Certifications in Massachusetts

On most construction projects, a project owner will require the contractor to certify that it has fully paid each of its subcontractors as a condition to the owner making payment to the contractor. The purpose of these...more

The Materiality Standard In False Claims Actions

by Burr & Forman on

The Supreme Court decided Universal Health Services v. U.S. ex rel. Escobar on June 16, 2016 in which it ruled the implied false certification theory, previously recognized in several circuits, can form the basis for False...more

US Supreme Court False Claims Act Decision in Escobar Has Significant Implications for Contractors

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

On June 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the matter of Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar, 136 S. Ct. 1989 (2016), changing the legal landscape for False Claims Act qui tam claims...more

Pratt's Government Contracting Law Report

by WilmerHale on

In a unanimous decision, the U.S. Supreme Court recently upheld the “implied certification” theory of liability under the False Claims Act, while emphasizing that only material misrepresentations are actionable. In this...more

U.S. Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Implied Certification Using a Fact-Intensive Materiality Standard

The legal landscape for False Claim Act (“FCA”) cases recently shifted when the United States Supreme Court announced its decision in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. U.S. ex rel Escobar, No. 15-7, 2016 WL 3317565 (U.S....more

District Court Grants Motion to Dismiss Relators’ Claims in One of the First Post-Escobar Decisions

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The District Court for the Eastern District of Washington recently granted the defendants’ Motion to Dismiss relators’ claims in a consolidated False Claims Act lawsuit against Monaco Enterprises, Inc. (“MEI”). MEI provides...more

Materiality Is the New Condition of Payment: The Implied False Certification Theory After Escobar

by Pepper Hamilton LLP on

The Supreme Court has made it clear that, even at the pleadings stage, relators (or the government) must plead facts to support materiality with plausibility and particularity. For False Claims Act (FCA) defendants who...more

Risk and Uncertainty for Health Care Providers and Government Contractors in the Wake of Universal Health Services v. Escobar

by Williams Mullen on

The Supreme Court’s decision in the closely watched case of Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar, decided on June 16, 2016, provides a long-awaited interpretation of the False Claims Act (“FCA”)...more

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