Bankruptcy Finance & Banking Constitutional Law

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Supreme Court Considers Preemption of Puerto Rico's Recovery Act

On Tuesday, March 22, 2016, the Supreme Court heard oral arguments in Puerto Rico v. Franklin California Tax-Free Trust and Acosta-Febo v. Franklin California Tax-Free Trust, which address the constitutionality of Puerto...more

You Can Lead a Horse to Water, But You Can’t Call it an Airplane: Supreme Court Oral Arguments Suggest Puerto Rico’s Recovery Act...

A few thoughts on Tuesday’s oral arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court in the litigation over whether Puerto Rico’s Public Corporations Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act, an insolvency statute for certain of its government...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

The PRA Publishes Guidance on Financial Conglomerate Waivers - On January 4, the Prudential Regulation Authority ("PRA") published guidance on the application and supplementary forms that should be submitted by firms...more

Que Certa, Certa: Supreme Court Creates Uncertainty with “Cert” Review of Puerto Rico Recovery Act

It is said that muddy water is best cleared by leaving it be. The Supreme Court’s December 4 decision to review the legality of Puerto Rico’s local bankruptcy law, the Recovery Act, despite a well-reasoned First Circuit...more

Constitutional Clarification for Nevada HOA Super-Priority Foreclosures

Since the Nevada Supreme Court’s infamous decision in SFR Investments Pool 1, LLC v. U.S. Bank, N.A. in September 2014, the mortgage community has continued to fight to save senior deeds of trust from extinguishment due to an...more

Strong Arm Powers: Does Sovereign Immunity Trump a Claim Based on State Law?

Kohut v. Wayne County Treasurer (In re Lewiston), 528 B.R. 387 (Bankr. E.D. Mich. 2015) – The debtor made property tax payments on behalf of several real estate projects.  The chapter 7 trustee sought to recover those...more

The Viability of the Equitable Mootness Doctrine in the Third Circuit: A Moot Point?

In the bankruptcy context, effectively appealing an order confirming a debtor’s plan of reorganization is not always a sure bet, as a court may refuse to entertain the appeal in the name of equitable mootness. Equitable...more

Wellness: Is Consent the Cure?

In Wellness Int’l Network Ltd. v. Sharif, the U.S. Supreme Court has added another piece of the puzzle needed to resolve the long-discussed issue of bankruptcy court authority. This issue stems from the structure of the...more

Illinois Court Strikes Down Chicago Pension Reforms, Deepening City's Financial Crisis

On July 24, 2015, Judge Rita M. Novak of the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois struck down recently enacted legislation designed to shore up two of the City of Chicago’s severely underfunded pension plans by, among other...more

New York Appellate Court Confers Standing on Assignee of Note Previously Discharged in Bankruptcy

A mortgage lender has standing to foreclose even when it obtains assignment of the underlying promissory note after the note has been discharged in bankruptcy, a New York appellate court has ruled. The case arose after the...more

California Supreme Court Grants Review of Homeowner's Wrongful Foreclosure Claims

On July 15, 2015, the California Supreme Court granted review of Boyce v. T.D. Service Company (2015) 235 Cal.App.4th 429. (Supreme Court Case No. S226267.) In Boyce, the Court of Appeal held that a plaintiff's wrongful...more

Meet the New Sharif: Bankruptcy Court Jurisdiction in the Wake of Wellness International

The 1978 Bankruptcy Code was hailed as a comprehensive bankruptcy overhaul, designed, in part, to eliminate the uncertainty as to which matters could be handled by a bankruptcy referee depending on the outcome of a summary...more

Supreme Court Update: Elonis V. United States (13-983), Taylor V. Barkes (14-939) And Bank Of America V. Caulkett (13-1421)

The Court handed down four opinions and a summary reversal to kick off the busiest month of the term. This update will cover Elonis v. United States (13-983), the much anticipated "Facebook threats" case, along with Taylor v....more

Supreme Court Decides to Maintain the Viability of the U.S. Bankruptcy Courts, But a Key Question Remains Unresolved

Four years ago, in Stern v. Marshall, the Supreme Court stunned many observers by re-visiting separation of powers issues regarding the jurisdiction of the United States bankruptcy courts that most legal scholars had viewed...more

Supreme Court Decides Wellness International Network, Ltd. v. Sharif

On May 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Wellness International Network, Ltd. v. Sharif, (No. 13-935), holding that Article III does not prevent bankruptcy judges from entering final judgment on claims that seek only...more

Will “Wellness” Make Us Better?

The United States Supreme Court will hand down its decision in the next few weeks in the case of Wellness Int’l Network, Ltd. v. Sharif (“Wellness”), 727 F.3d 751 (7th Cir. 2013) regarding bankruptcy courts’ jurisdiction. ...more

A Looming Crisis: Illinois Supreme Court Strikes Down Statute Reducing Benefits

On May 8, 2015, the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois struck down recently enacted state public pension reform legislation on the grounds that the legislation violated the “pension protection clause” of the Illinois...more

Suit Challenging Constitutionality of CFPB Fails for Lack-of-Standing and Other Procedural Defects, D.C. Circuit Holds; Morgan...

Last week, in Morgan Drexen, Inc. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, a divided panel of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of an action challenging the constitutionality of the CFPB. The court did...more

USDC For Delaware Affirms Bankruptcy Court’s Denial Of Derivative Standing

On March 13, 2015, the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, in the case of Walnut Creek Mining Company v. Cascade Investment, LLC, Civ. No. 14-738-LPS (In re Optim Energy, LLC, Bankr. Case No....more

Update: Finding the Earliest and Least Expensive Exit from Financial Services Class Actions

In this Newsletter: - Gather The Facts And Assess The Risk Up Front. - If The Class Action Is Filed In State Court, Think Strategically About Whether To Remove. - Invest Time, Effort And Resources In...more

Puerto Rico Debt Recovery Act Ruled Unconstitutional1

On Friday February 6, the Puerto Rico Federal District Court ruled the Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act (the “Recovery Act”) unconstitutional. Franklin Calif. Tax-Free Trust, et al. v. Comm. Of Puerto Rico et al., (D.P.R.,...more

U.S. District Court Holds that Puerto Rico's Recovery Act is Unconstitutional

On February 6, 2015, Judge Francisco Besosa of the U.S. District Court for the District of Puerto Rico held that the Puerto Rico Public Corporation Debt Enforcement and Recovery Act (the “Recovery Act”) is expressly preempted...more

American Bankruptcy Institute (ABI) Reform Commission Releases Report Recommending Significant Changes to Chapter 11

On December 8, 2014, the American Bankruptcy Institute (ABI) Commission to Study the Reform of Chapter 11 published a 400-page report containing far-reaching recommendations. The report is the result of a three-year study...more

“Blinded By the Light of God and Truth and Right”: Constitutional Arguments Carry the Day Against Zealous Insurance Receiver

Insurance receivers have the unenviable job of liquidating failed insurance companies: collecting the insolvent insurers’ assets and paying claims against the failed insurers in accordance with a statutory claim priority...more

Property Tax Foreclosure: Tax Authority May Have to Pay for Equity in Property

A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a property tax foreclosure as a fraudulent transfer and then to recover damages from the foreclosing county. The bankruptcy court agreed that the transfer was a fraudulent conveyance, but...more

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