Personal Injury Conflict of Laws

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Court Reaffirms Preemptive Effect of Statute Protecting Aircraft Lessors

The District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands has reaffirmed the proposition that an aircraft lessor is shielded from liability for injuries to persons on board an accident aircraft when the lessor is not in possession...more

Ray v. ESPN, Inc. - USCA, Eighth Circuit, April 22, 2015

Eighth Circuit affirms dismissal of professional wrestler’s state-law right of publicity claims arising from ESPN’s re-telecast of wrestling match footage as preempted by Copyright Act....more

Federal District Court Rules Favorably for Medical Device Manufacturer in Off-Label Promotion Lawsuits

On April 13, 2015, in the case of Kathleen Hafer v. Medtronic, Inc., the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee issued a favorable opinion to a medical device manufacturer in the context of...more

Failure to Warn About Dangers of Off-Label Use of Medical Device Preempted Under Federal Law

In Thorn v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA, the Honorable Janet T. Neff dismissed the plaintiff's state law claims of failure to warn and negligence as preempted under the Medical Device Amendments of 1976 ("MDA"), 28 U.S.C. §...more

In Cross-Border Contamination Case, Court Holds That CERCLA Displaces Federal Common Law Public Nuisance Claim

In yet another recent case involving the intersection of CERCLA and state law, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington held that CERCLA legislatively displaced federal common law public...more

Washington District Court Holds that CERCLA Displaces Federal Common Law Public Nuisance Claims

A Washington district court has recently held that the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) displaces federal common law public nuisance claims for damages. (Anderson v. Teck...more

Washington Federal Court Finds Nuisance Claims Displaced by CERCLA

Expanding the reach of the federal displacement doctrine and the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in AEP v. Connecticut, a federal district court for the first time held that the Comprehensive Environmental Response,...more

Product Liability Alert: Failure-To-Warn Suit Against Generic Drug Maker Proceeds Despite Argument of Federal Preemption

On January 20, 2015, the U.S Supreme Court denied cert in Teva v. Superior Court of California, Orange County, refusing to review a California state court ruling allowing patients to proceed with claims that Teva...more

Supreme Court's Petition Denial in Clean Air Act Pre-emption Case Reinforces Threat From Common Law Claims

The United States Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari earlier this month after the Iowa Supreme Court held in June that the plaintiffs' nuisance claims were not pre-empted by the Clean Air Act (CAA) in Freeman v....more

What Preemption? Connecticut State Court Gives Life to Negligence Claims Based on HIPAA Privacy Standard of Care

Like many federal statutes, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) contains a provision governing how the statute is designed to interact with similar or otherwise related state laws. When...more

Abbott v. Banner Health Network - Hospitals Cannot Place Liens on AHCCCS Patients’ Third Party Recoveries

The Arizona Court of Appeals recently handed down this decision holding that hospitals that accept payment from the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (“AHCCCS”) for services to AHCCCS patients cannot later impose or...more

Illinois Supreme Court Agrees to Decide Limits on Self-Insured Car Rental Company's Liability for Customers' Accidents

In the closing days of its November term, the Illinois Supreme Court agreed to decide an issue of considerable importance for Illinois’ car rental industry: can a self-insured car rental company be held liable without...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Allows Plaintiffs to Circumvent HIPAA’s No Private Right of Action Clause

In an opinion released on November 11, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled on whether the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) and its implementing regulations preempt a common law claim for...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Ruling Allows Private Plaintiff to Assert Negligence Claims Based on HIPAA

Recently, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled that a plaintiff may assert state law negligence claims against a healthcare clinic that allegedly released confidential patient health data based on the Health Insurance...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Overturns HIPAA-Based Dismissal of State Law Privacy Claims

On Tuesday, November 4, 2014, the Connecticut Supreme Court announced its decision to overturn a trial court’s determination that a plaintiff could not bring state common law claims for negligence and negligent infliction of...more

A Recent State Supreme Court Ruling Opens the Door for Breach of Privacy Claims Against Health Care Providers

It has long been established that there was no private right of action with regard to HIPAA. All providers must be aware that state courts are beginning to turn the tide regarding such liability. On November 11, 2014, the...more

Health Law Wire: Expanding HIPAA Liability for Healthcare Providers (11/14)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), while requiring protected health information be kept private, does not provide for a private right of action based on a HIPAA violation. Rather, an individual...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Recognizes Right to Sue for Negligence Using HIPAA as Standard of Care

In a decision released November 11, 2014, the Connecticut Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court and held for the first time in Connecticut that (1) HIPAA does not preempt state common law claims for...more

Blog: Connecticut Court Holds HIPAA Does Not Preempt Common Law Claim for Breach of Confidentiality

The Connecticut Supreme Court held that the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) does not bar individuals from bringing negligence and emotional distress claims under state common law for breach...more

"Generic" Logic Helps Branded Drug Achieve Dismissal

A federal district court has held that design defect claims against a brand pharmaceutical manufacturer are preempted by federal law. Booker v. Johnson & Johnson, No. 3:12 oe 40000, 2014 WL 5113305 (N.D. Ohio Oct. 10,...more

Kentucky Federal Court Holds Tort Claims Not Preempted by Clean Air Act

State common law tort claims based on air emissions from a power plant are not preempted by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA), according to the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Kentucky. The court agreed to...more

Arbitration Agreements in Nursing Home Admission Agreements

In response to increasing runaway verdicts with large awards for punitive damages, many nursing homes are including arbitration clauses in their admission agreements. The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Marmet Health Care...more

Dryer v. National Football League - USDC, D. Minn., October 10, 2014

Dryer v. National Football League - USDC, D. Minn., October 10, 2014: District court grants summary judgment in favor of NFL and against former professional football players who claimed that NFL’s use of video footage...more

California Court of Appeal Rules Models’ Right of Publicity Claims Assignable, Not Preempted by Copyright Act

The California Court of Appeal held earlier this month that certain right of publicity claims are freely assignable, and that the Copyright Act does not preempt a right of publicity claim where the defendant has no legal...more

Sixth Circuit says ERISA does not preempt state law claim for fraudulent inducement.

The Sixth Circuit recently held that ERISA did not preempt a plan participant’s claim for state law fraudulent inducement. McCarthy v. Ameritech Pub., Inc., No. 12-4510, 2014 WL 3930572 (6th Cir. 2014). Defendant-API’s...more

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