Personal Injury Conflict of Laws

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The Patient Safety Act goes [back] to Washington

The scope of a little-known but nonetheless significant federal healthcare law, the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act ("Patient Safety Act), may soon be considered by the United States Supreme Court. In a petition...more

Tenth Circuit Finds Price-Anderson Act Does Not Preempt Nuisance Claims

This decision departs from all other federal circuits that have addressed the issue and, if adopted by other courts, represents a significant expansion of potential liability for operators in the nuclear energy industry....more

Medical Liability Reform – Iowa’s Communication and Optimal Resolution (Candor) Bill Effective July 1, 2015

On July 1, 2015, the Iowa legislature rolled out what is being heralded as its most significant medical liability reform of the past decade: enabling confidential “open discussions” between health care providers and patients...more

Inside the Implied Conflict Preemption Box

Federal preemption in the drug and medical device world is a game of categories. Express preemption versus implied. Conflict preemption versus field preemption. Drugs versus devices, generic versus branded, premarket...more

11th Circuit: Rule 23 Trumps State Law Limitation on Class Actions

Dealing a blow to defendants facing consumer fraud litigation in the 11th Circuit, the court of appeals for that circuit has reinstated a class action under the Alabama Deceptive Trade Practice Act (ADTPA), despite that the...more

Eastern District of Pa. Again Recognizes Montreal Convention Exclusively Governs Claims

Action Item: Until there is appellate resolution of the preemptive effect of the Montreal Convention, airlines sued in state court over damages allegedly arising during the course of international transportation should...more

Court Reaffirms Preemptive Effect of Statute Protecting Aircraft Lessors

The District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands has reaffirmed the proposition that an aircraft lessor is shielded from liability for injuries to persons on board an accident aircraft when the lessor is not in possession...more

Ray v. ESPN, Inc. - USCA, Eighth Circuit, April 22, 2015

Eighth Circuit affirms dismissal of professional wrestler’s state-law right of publicity claims arising from ESPN’s re-telecast of wrestling match footage as preempted by Copyright Act....more

Federal District Court Rules Favorably for Medical Device Manufacturer in Off-Label Promotion Lawsuits

On April 13, 2015, in the case of Kathleen Hafer v. Medtronic, Inc., the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee issued a favorable opinion to a medical device manufacturer in the context of...more

Failure to Warn About Dangers of Off-Label Use of Medical Device Preempted Under Federal Law

In Thorn v. Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA, the Honorable Janet T. Neff dismissed the plaintiff's state law claims of failure to warn and negligence as preempted under the Medical Device Amendments of 1976 ("MDA"), 28 U.S.C. §...more

In Cross-Border Contamination Case, Court Holds That CERCLA Displaces Federal Common Law Public Nuisance Claim

In yet another recent case involving the intersection of CERCLA and state law, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington held that CERCLA legislatively displaced federal common law public...more

Washington District Court Holds that CERCLA Displaces Federal Common Law Public Nuisance Claims

A Washington district court has recently held that the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”) displaces federal common law public nuisance claims for damages. (Anderson v. Teck...more

Washington Federal Court Finds Nuisance Claims Displaced by CERCLA

Expanding the reach of the federal displacement doctrine and the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in AEP v. Connecticut, a federal district court for the first time held that the Comprehensive Environmental Response,...more

Product Liability Alert: Failure-To-Warn Suit Against Generic Drug Maker Proceeds Despite Argument of Federal Preemption

On January 20, 2015, the U.S Supreme Court denied cert in Teva v. Superior Court of California, Orange County, refusing to review a California state court ruling allowing patients to proceed with claims that Teva...more

Supreme Court's Petition Denial in Clean Air Act Pre-emption Case Reinforces Threat From Common Law Claims

The United States Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari earlier this month after the Iowa Supreme Court held in June that the plaintiffs' nuisance claims were not pre-empted by the Clean Air Act (CAA) in Freeman v....more

What Preemption? Connecticut State Court Gives Life to Negligence Claims Based on HIPAA Privacy Standard of Care

Like many federal statutes, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) contains a provision governing how the statute is designed to interact with similar or otherwise related state laws. When...more

Abbott v. Banner Health Network - Hospitals Cannot Place Liens on AHCCCS Patients’ Third Party Recoveries

The Arizona Court of Appeals recently handed down this decision holding that hospitals that accept payment from the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (“AHCCCS”) for services to AHCCCS patients cannot later impose or...more

Illinois Supreme Court Agrees to Decide Limits on Self-Insured Car Rental Company's Liability for Customers' Accidents

In the closing days of its November term, the Illinois Supreme Court agreed to decide an issue of considerable importance for Illinois’ car rental industry: can a self-insured car rental company be held liable without...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Allows Plaintiffs to Circumvent HIPAA’s No Private Right of Action Clause

In an opinion released on November 11, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled on whether the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) and its implementing regulations preempt a common law claim for...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Ruling Allows Private Plaintiff to Assert Negligence Claims Based on HIPAA

Recently, the Connecticut Supreme Court ruled that a plaintiff may assert state law negligence claims against a healthcare clinic that allegedly released confidential patient health data based on the Health Insurance...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Overturns HIPAA-Based Dismissal of State Law Privacy Claims

On Tuesday, November 4, 2014, the Connecticut Supreme Court announced its decision to overturn a trial court’s determination that a plaintiff could not bring state common law claims for negligence and negligent infliction of...more

A Recent State Supreme Court Ruling Opens the Door for Breach of Privacy Claims Against Health Care Providers

It has long been established that there was no private right of action with regard to HIPAA. All providers must be aware that state courts are beginning to turn the tide regarding such liability. On November 11, 2014, the...more

Health Law Wire: Expanding HIPAA Liability for Healthcare Providers (11/14)

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), while requiring protected health information be kept private, does not provide for a private right of action based on a HIPAA violation. Rather, an individual...more

Connecticut Supreme Court Recognizes Right to Sue for Negligence Using HIPAA as Standard of Care

In a decision released November 11, 2014, the Connecticut Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court and held for the first time in Connecticut that (1) HIPAA does not preempt state common law claims for...more

Blog: Connecticut Court Holds HIPAA Does Not Preempt Common Law Claim for Breach of Confidentiality

The Connecticut Supreme Court held that the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) does not bar individuals from bringing negligence and emotional distress claims under state common law for breach...more

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