European Union European Court of Justice (ECJ)

The European Union is an economic and political partnership comprised of 27 nations within the Eurozone. The EU was established in 1948 to promote stability and cooperation among member states in the aftermath of... more +
The European Union is an economic and political partnership comprised of 27 nations within the Eurozone. The EU was established in 1948 to promote stability and cooperation among member states in the aftermath of WWII. The EU maintains a common currency as well as several intranational institutions, including the European Parliament and the European Commission. less -
News & Analysis as of

The Digital Download - Alston & Bird’s Privacy & Data Security Newsletter – November 2016

Updates on the EU: German DPA Publishes First Privacy Shield Guidelines, Requires German-Law Contracts for Transfers. On June 7, 2016, the European Commission adopted the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield. One question that many...more

EU-US Privacy Shield challenged in the European Court of Justice

Just four months after its adoption by the European Commission, the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield is facing its first formal legal challenge. The challenge comes from the Irish advocacy group Digital Rights Ireland, who is...more

EU Releases Amendments to Model Clause and Country-Whitelisting Decisions – with Good News for Companies

Most privacy professionals are familiar with the European Court of Justice’s 2015 Schrems decision, which struck down the US-EU Safe Harbor mechanism. One lesser-discussed aspect of the ECJ’s decision related to the powers...more

Brussels Regulatory Brief: November

The European Commission (“Commission”) has recently published statistics concerning the European Union (“EU”) merger control review process. Typically, the Commission examines larger mergers with an EU dimension, meaning that...more

For Better or Worse: Privacy Shield Challenges and (Actions for) Annulments

Over the course of the past two months, three privacy groups in France and one in Ireland filed separate actions for annulment with the European Court of Justice seeking the invalidation of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield...more

EU Court of Justice Outlaws German Fixed Retail Pricing System for Prescription Medicines

On 19 October 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a judgment on the compatibility of German legislation setting fixed prices for the sale of prescription-only medicinal products by pharmacies with EU rules...more

ECJ Confirms Dynamic IP Address May Constitute Personal Data But Can Be Logged to Combat Cyberattacks

On 19 October 2016, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held (Case C-582/14 – Breyer v Federal Republic of Germany) that dynamic IP addresses may constitute personal data. The ECJ also held that a website operator may collect...more

Privacy Rights Group Files First Legal Challenge to EU-U.S. Privacy Shield

Digital Rights Ireland, an Irish privacy advocacy group, has filed the first legal challenge to the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, the Trans-Atlantic agreement reached earlier this year to permit the lawful transfer of personal data...more

Court confirms that IP addresses are personal data in some cases

The Court of Justice of the European Union has held that IP addresses are "personal data" in certain circumstances. This decision is significant because it means that the collection and further processing of IP addresses may...more

Dynamic IP Addresses May Qualify as Personal Data

In a key decision, the European Court of Justice has ruled that dynamic IP addresses may qualify as personal data in certain circumstances—ending years of uncertainty about whether such fundamental building blocks of the...more

European Court Of Justice Rules That Dynamic IP Addresses Can Be Personal Data

In a ruling with significant potential impact, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has ruled that a dynamic internet protocol (IP) address may constitute "personal data" under EU Data Protection Directive...more

Member States cannot impose uniform retail prices for prescription-only medicinal products, highest EU Court says

EU law precludes national legislation setting fixed retail prices for prescription medicinal products, as it unreasonably restricts imports - On 19 October 2016, the European Court of Justice issued a ruling concluding...more

ECJ Declares IP Addresses are Personal Data

Today, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) issued its long-awaited decision in Breyer v. Germany. Breyer addresses the question of whether IP addresses are “personal data” for purposes of EU data protection law. As is...more

Holiday pay includes commission (unsurprisingly)

The eagerly-awaited Court of Appeal decision in British Gas v Lock has now been handed down. The hope for this decision was twofold: that it would clarify whether or not holiday pay should take into account commission...more

UK Employment Law Round Up - September 2016, Volume 1, Issue 9

In this issue, we look at whether a job applicant can gain protection under the Framework and Equal Treatment Directives if the purpose of the application is to gain the status of someone who can make a claim to gain...more

European Court Of Justice: Linking To Playboy Pics May Infringe Copyright

On September 8, 2016, the European Court of Justice rendered a controversial decision in GS Media v. Sanoma Media, which has been acclaimed by copyright holders and heavily criticized by internet companies....more

’Privacy Shield’ Replacing Invalidated EU-US Safe Harbor Agreement is Open for Business, but Challenges to its Validity are...

The Safe Harbor agreement between the European Union and the United States permitted American businesses to import personal data of EU citizens based on self-certification of compliance with EU data protection principles....more

Which U.S. Businesses Must Comply with EU Data Protection Laws?

What the recent Amazon decision tells us - On 28 July 2016, the European Court of Justice rendered a decision in a dispute between an Austrian Consumer Protection organization known as VKI (Verein für...more

ECJ: No Discrimination Claims for Mock Applicants in Europe

Just in time for the 10th anniversary of the German General Equal Treatment Act (Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz – AGG) the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has clarified that European anti-discrimination law does not...more

Dress Policy and Religious Discrimination

In Achbita v G4S Secure Solutions NV (Case C-157/15) and Bougnaoui v Micropole SA (Case C-188-15), two Advocate Generals (AG) of the European Court of Justice provided conflicting opinions when considering whether bans on...more

The Privacy Shield: September 30, 2016, Deadline for Early Self-Certification Offers Compliance Opportunity and Risk

The European Commission recently determined that the Privacy Shield Framework is adequate to legitimize data transfers under EU law, providing a replacement for the Safe Harbor program. The Privacy Shield is designed to...more

Receiving Data from Europe: The EU-US Privacy Shield

The European Union ("EU") recently announced that the new EU-US Privacy Shield Agreement ("Privacy Shield") is adequate to meet EU data privacy requirements and allow for the transfer of personal data from the EU to the US in...more

European Competition Law Newsletter – August 2016

Antitrust Liability for the Actions of Third Parties - It is a long-established principle that a company can be liable for the anti-competitive behavior of a third party. Compliance programmes and training, as well...more

Amazon Case Means EU B2C Website Terms May Need an Update

If you operate a website which does business with consumers based in the European Union, read on. In the recent case, Verein für Konsumenteninformation v Amazon EU Sàrl (28 July 2016), brought by Austrian consumer...more

German DPAs Will Not Be Able to Challenge Privacy Shield This Year

Even before the ECJ’s Schrems decision invalidated Safe Harbor, the European Commission had begun working closely with US negotiators to craft what has become the U.S.-EU Privacy Shield. While EU privacy leaders have noted...more

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