Articles of Incorporation

News & Analysis as of

Asset Tracing in the British Virgin Islands

In this article, we will discuss some of the tools available to a party in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) to seek to recover property, or proceeds of property, which have been misappropriated. It is not surprising that in...more

2015 Nevada Business Entities Law Update

The 78th Session of the Nevada Legislature made a number of changes to provisions of Title 7 of the Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS) governing business entities, including corporations, limited liability companies and limited...more

NFA Proposes Amendments to Its Articles of Incorporation

On May 29, the National Futures Association provided notice to its members of the unanimous approval by the NFA Board of Directors (Board) of proposed amendments to NFA’s Articles of Incorporation. Subject to approval by...more

4 Things to Know Before Joining a Nonprofit’s Board

You’ve been asked to serve on the board of a nonprofit organization. Congratulations—you can render a real service to the community! Attorneys do make great nonprofit directors, but before you sign on, here are four things...more

Protect Your Corporate Veil

One of the advantages of operating a business in corporate form is the protection a corporation provides to its shareholders from exposure to the corporation’s liabilities. ...more

Amendments to the Michigan Nonprofit Corporations Act

In January 2015, Governor Snyder signed Michigan Senate Bills 623, 624, and 929, which make significant revisions to the Michigan Nonprofit Corporation Act (MCL 450.2101 – 450.3192) (the “Act”). The purpose of these companion...more

Start-Up Pack (Belgium)

In This Issue: - Welcome - An introduction to key legal documents for start-ups - Glossary of useful venture capital and company terms - A step-by-step guide to setting up a company in Belgium - A shareholders’...more

Delaware (again) proposes sledgehammering fee-shifting bylaws

As part of the annual update cycle for Delaware’s General Corporations Law (DGCL), the Delaware Bar has returned to last year’s controversy on fee-shifting provisions in bylaws and certificates of incorporation to propose,...more

Court Of Chancery Explains Hierarchy Of Corporate Legal Principles

This is a helpful reminder that the DGCL governs what may be in the certificate of incorporation and what may be in the bylaws. Giving one director extra tie-breaking voting rights must be in the certificate to be valid....more

Lau: BC SC Corrects Articles of Incorporation After $17.3 Million Reassessment

Many tax rectification cases address situations in which certain transaction documents contain errors that do not accord with the parties’ intent to minimize or avoid taxes. However, there are several cases in which the...more

Where Should You Incorporate?

To succeed at this, you’ll need to do two things: (1) determine the entity structure for your business (see our article Choosing the Correct Business Entity: The Basics) and, if you decide to incorporate, (2) choose a state...more

How California’s New LLC Law Will Impact Existing and New California LLCs

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (“Old Act”) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“New Act”). California legislators were concerned that...more

Why A Form LLC-1 May Be Only Half Right

Under California’s new Revised Uniform Limited Liability Act, an LLC is formed when the California Secretary of State’s Office files the articles of organization. Cal. Corp. Code § 17702.01(d). Only five items of...more

Applying a Legal Bandaid to Defective Acts: Delaware Law Creates New Procedures to Ratify Defective Corporate Acts

On June 30, 2013, the State of Delaware amended the Delaware General Corporations Law (the “DGCL”) to include two new sections, Section 204 and Section 205 (together, the “Ratification Provisions”). Set to take effect on...more

Delaware Law to Provide for Ratification of Defective Corporate Acts as of April 1, 2014

It is quite common during the course of legal due diligence to discover that a target company has issued more stock than it had legally authorized through its certificate of incorporation. Many companies, particularly...more

What You Need to Know About S Corporations in California

Are you looking to start a new business in California? If so, you may have heard about S corporations. However, contrary to popular belief, an S corporation is not a business structure — it is a tax status. Any standard...more

Use Proper Terminology to Protect Your Personal Assets

Do you have a corporation or an LLC? How often do you use the proper name of your company (as it appears in the records of the Secretary of State)? Do you often shorten your name and omit the “Inc” or “LLC” on your...more

The Aftermath of a Section 355 Transaction

In this article: - Mechanics of Section 355 - Framework for analysis - Deviation from asserted corporate business purpose - Post-spin events involving Distributing or Controlled assets -...more

A Summary of the New California LLC Law

Effective January 1, 2014, the existing limited liability company (LLC) statute in California (the “Old Act”) will be replaced by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA). Actions taken by...more

Where Exactly Is It Written That Shareholders Aren’t Liable For Corporate Debts?

Recently, UCLA Law School Professor Stephen Bainbridge took notice of Section 6.22(b) of the Model Business Corporation Act and asked what might lead a corporation to waive the limited liability of shareholders in its...more

Religious Institutions Update: October 2013

The legitimacy of political speech from the pulpit is much debated. Some contend that religious institutions should be silent, because of separation of church and state or the inaccessibility of divine inspiration to...more

In This Church Versus State Battle, The State Prevailed

Borrowing a bon mot from the riding arena, there are two kinds of California corporate lawyers, those who have had a filing rejected by the Secretary of State’s office and those that will. As almost every corporate lawyer in...more

Are there fiduciary duties between members in an Arizona LLC??

In 1992, the Arizona legislature enacted the Arizona Limited Liability Company Act. Since that time the LLC has become the entity of choice for many individuals, businesses, partners and investors. While there obviously are...more

Delaware Corporation Law Statute Amended to Provide for Ratification and Validation of Defective Corporate Acts

As part of recent amendments to the Delaware General Corporations Law (DGCL), two new sections were added to the DGCL to facilitate the ratification of so-called “defective corporate acts” that would otherwise be invalid due...more

The General Corporation Law Is “English Only”

In China’s Hunan province, a written syllabic script was created, used and understood only by women. This script is called NüShu (??), meaning women’s book. As far as I know, NüShu is the only exclusively gender based...more

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