Burden of Proof

News & Analysis as of

LabMD’s Waiting Game: Lingering Questions over FTC’s Authority in Data Security Matters

A contentious legal battle over data security between the Federal Trade Commission and LabMD, a small medical testing lab, is chronicled in the latest edition of Bloomberg Businessweek. Dune Lawrence’s report raises...more

Paul Watler Speaks: Texas Supreme Court Opinions Firm Up Anti-SLAPP Rights For Online Journalists

Online journalists and scholars from the Americas and around the globe recently gathered at the University of Texas at Austin to assess the state of internet-based journalism. The keynote address of the 16th annual...more

Massachusetts High Court Examines Disparate Impact Theory in Light of Recent Supreme Court Decision

A ruling last week by Massachusetts' highest state court demonstrates courts' vigorous examination of disparate impact housing claims in light of recent judicial guidance, as well as the type of proactive measures property...more

Gutsy Gatekeeping: Plaintiffs’ Experts Excluded in Lipitor MDL

This week, as Drug and Device Law Jews, we are preparing for Passover, which, like most Jewish holidays, begins with a multi-generational dinner at the home of the Drug and Device Law Bubbie (our mother). Although we of the...more

Texas Court of Appeals Issues Important State Superfund Order

In a “case of first impression,” U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit,texascapitol sitting in Austin, in TCEQ v. Exxon Mobil Corporation, et al., issued an important decision interpreting the scope of the Texas Solid...more

Disability Discrimination Claims Face Stricter Standard in the Fourth Circuit

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law over 20 years ago. But until last month, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, which includes North and South Carolina, had never specified a plaintiff’s burden of proving a...more

The ITC Punts on Whether the Presumption of Validity Applies to § 101 Challenges

On April 4, 2016, the U.S. International Trade Commission issued a notice stating that it would not review an Initial Determination by Judge Dee Lord finding the asserted claims of U.S. Patent Nos. 8,398,546 and 8,446,275...more

California Supreme Court Takes a Stand on Employers' Obligations to Provide Seating

On April 4, 2016, the Supreme Court of California ruled on employers’ obligations, under certain circumstances, to provide seating for employees under Industrial Welfare Commission Wage Order No. 7-2001, which states that...more

Proceed with Caution – Update on Indiana’s burden-shifting rules in property tax appeals

When does the burden of proof shift to the Assessor in a property tax appeal? These recent Indiana Board of Tax Review rulings address that question. The Indiana Board of Tax Review (IBTR) addresses Indiana’s burden-shifting...more

TriVascular, Inc. v. Samuels (Fed. Cir. 2016)

Early last month, the Federal Circuit addressed an important question regarding the interplay between a decision to institute inter partes review before the Patent Trial and Appeal Board and the ultimate determination by the...more

Franz Schwarz Delivers 4th Bergsten Lecture in Vienna

Franz Schwarz delivered the 4th Bergsten Lecture on the subject of “Systemic Case Management and Burden of Proof”. Over 400 registered attendees, including senior members of the Austrian and German judiciary and academia,...more

Here We Go Round the Merry-Go-Round: How a § 101 Denial May Inform a Subsequent Motion

With the explosion of 35 U.S.C. § 101 challenges since Alice v. CLS Bank,1 litigants and courts are well familiar with its applicable two-part inquiry. Overlaying and shaping the Alice inquiry, however, are the parties’...more

D.C. District Court Examines an Employer’s Burden to Prove a Failure to Mitigate Damages in an Employment Discrimination Action

As a general principle, an employee alleging employment discrimination has an affirmative obligation to mitigate his or her lost wages by making a good faith effort to secure alternative employment. The employer however,...more

Sensor Maker Cannot Shake Infringement Suit on Summary Judgment

A New Hampshire District Court recently denied defendant sensor makers’ attempt to tilt the case in their favor by denying summary judgment of invalidity and non-infringement. SignalQuest asserted three patents relating...more

OSHA issues new whistleblower investigations manual with aggressive new standard

Employers are familiar with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) enforcement of workplace safety standards, but OSHA also enforces the whistleblower provisions of 21 other federal laws in addition to the...more

Massachusetts SJC Lightens Plaintiffs’ Summary Judgment Burden in Employment Discrimination Cases

Last week, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court issued a seminal ruling in Bulwer v. Mt. Auburn, which clarified the type of evidence an employment discrimination plaintiff needs to defeat a summary judgment motion. In...more

EU & Competition Law Update - March 2016

Welcome to March's edition of our EU & Competition Law Bulletin covering recent legal developments impacting upon you and your business: - ..United Kindgdom: Large pay for delay fine imposed by CMA. ..Germany and...more

Species Claims Invalidated by Genus Prior Art and a Lack of Secondary Indicia of Non-Obviousness (Prometheus Laboratories, Inc. v....

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit upheld the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey’s finding of patent invalidity on the basis of obviousness, but did not reach the issue of invalidity due to...more

Ontario Court Addresses Debt Re-Characterization Argument in CCAA Proceeding

On February 29, 2016, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice released a decision in the ongoing insolvency proceeding of U. S. Steel Canada Inc. (USSC). Two principal issues were addressed by the Court. First, whether amounts...more

Ontario Superior Court Decision Confirms That “Public Correction” Requirement is a Temporal Marker

Under the Ontario Securities Act (“OSA”), a statutory right of action exists for secondary market misrepresentation for any person who acquires or disposes of an issuer’s securities within the relevant time period. An action...more

SJC Rules in Employment Discrimination Cases a Plaintiff Need Only Show the Reason for Discharge was Untrue to Survive Summary...

On February 29, 2016, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (“SJC”), in Bulwer v. Mount Auburn Hospital, articulated the type of evidence required for a plaintiff to survive summary judgment and have his claims heard by a...more

In the Wake of Dynamic Drinkware, PTAB Rejects Prior Art Due to Petitioner’s Failure to Establish Earlier Priority Dates (VMware,...

Addressing the burden-shifting requirements for establishing priority of prior art references, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) recently issued two decisions finding that the petitioners failed to meet their...more

Liability for Brand Drug Manufacturers All But Clear

Earlier this month, a federal district court in Illinois denied GlaxoSmithKline’s (GSK) renewed summary judgment motion based on federal preemption of failure-to-warn claims in an opinion setting tough standards for brand...more

Limiting Employees’ Hours to Dodge the ACA’s Employer Mandate Could Violate ERISA

In a move that brings many employers’ fears closer to fruition, a federal district court recently ruled that an employee may proceed with a class action lawsuit alleging that her employer violated the Employee Retirement...more

Party Raising “First Sale” Defense to Copyright Infringement Bears Initial Burden of Proof - Adobe Systems Inc. v. Christenson et...

Addressing the appropriate allocation of the burden of proof related to the “first sale” defense to copyright infringement, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit confirmed that the initial burden of proof falls on...more

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